Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics

Couverture
University of Chicago Press, 15 nov. 2009 - 376 pages
Winner of the 2007 Pfizer Prize from the History of Science Society. Feynman diagrams have revolutionized nearly every aspect of theoretical physics since the middle of the twentieth century. Introduced by the American physicist Richard Feynman (1918-88) soon after World War II as a means of simplifying lengthy calculations in quantum electrodynamics, they soon gained adherents in many branches of the discipline. Yet as new physicists adopted the tiny line drawings, they also adapted the diagrams and introduced their own interpretations. Drawing Theories Apart traces how generations of young theorists learned to frame their research in terms of the diagrams—and how both the diagrams and their users were molded in the process.

Drawing on rich archival materials, interviews, and more than five hundred scientific articles from the period, Drawing Theories Apart uses the Feynman diagrams as a means to explore the development of American postwar physics. By focusing on the ways young physicists learned new calculational skills, David Kaiser frames his story around the crafting and stabilizing of the basic tools in the physicist's kit—thus offering the first book to follow the diagrams once they left Feynman's hands and entered the physics vernacular.
 

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Table des matières

Pedagogy and the Institutions of Theory
1
Part I Dispersing the Diagrams 194854
25
Part II Dispersion in Form Use and Meaning
171
Part III Feynman Diagrams in and out of Field Theory 195570
251
Appendix A Feynman Diagrams in the Physical Review 194954
389
Appendix B Feynman Diagrams in Proceedings of the Royal Society 195054
395
Appendix C Feynman Diagrams in Progress of Theoretical Physics 194954
397
Appendix D Feynman Diagrams in Soryūshiron Kenkyū 194952
402
Appendix E Feynman Diagrams in Zhurnal eksperimentalnoi i teoreticheskoi fiziki 195259
406
Appendix F Feynman Diagrams in Other Journals 195054
415
Interviews
419
Bibliography
421
Index
461
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À propos de l'auteur (2009)

David Kaiser is associate professor in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society and lecturer in the Department of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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