Water in the Middle East and in North Africa: Resources, Protection and Management
Freshwater is the most precious and valuable natural resource essential for all kind of life on the land surface. Especially man depend on the availability and quality of the water, it is vital for the socio-economic growth of societies and nations as well as for the sustainability of the environment. Freshwater resources are not distrib uted in an equal way over the continents. Regions with surplus facing areas with shortage or even lack of water. From their nature arid and semi-arid areas are char acterized by scarcity of water with all the affiliated unfavourable attributes. In the Middle East this lack of sufficient water coupled with the high growth rates of pop ulation constitutes serious water problems which has become e real political issue. The German-Arabic Society for Environmental Studies, Frankfurt, in co-opera tion with the Centre for Environmental Studies at the University Frankfurt has raised up this problems for a scientific discussion. With the Symposium on "Water of the Middle East and North Africa: Resources, Protection and Management" in Frankfurt on November 25 and 26, 2002 a platform was created, which enabled participants - scientists and politicians - from twelve countries to discuss the water problems facing the region. It was the intension of the organisers to deepen the knowledge about the hydrologic regimes, to increase our understanding of the complex integrated processes and to draw the necessary conclusions with regard to an integrated sustainable water management.
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Water in the Middle East and in North Africa: Resources, Protection and ...
Fathi Zereini,Wolfgang Jaeschke
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agricultural Amman annual aquifer Arab canal catchment climate coastal concentration conflict consumption contamination cooperation countries Dead Sea discharge distribution drainage basin drinking water eastern economic ecosan effluent environmental Euphrates Euphrates and Tigris flow Gaza Strip Geology Germany email Gophen groundwater groundwater protection groundwater resources Groundwater Vulnerability Mapping Herodion Hula Valley hydraulic hydrogeological hydrological increase inthe Iraq irrigation Israel Israeli Jenin Governorate Jordan River Lake Agmon Lake Kinneret Lake Tiberias Lebanon Litani located longterm mcm/y Mediterranean MENA region mg/l Middle East nitrate North northern nutrient ofthe ofwater olive mill Orontes Palestine Palestinian Water parameters political pollution problems quantities rainfall Ramallah recharge riparian runoff sewage socioeconomic soil springs surface water sustainable Syria Table treatment tributaries Tripartite Session Turkey Turkish virtual water Wadi wastewater water level water management water quality water resources water supply West Bank zone zooplankton