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tation to repentance, in which the prophet reminds the people of the judgments which overtook their fathers for the rejection of similar appeals.
The Second Prophecy contains nine visions, all seen in one night. In the Vision of the Horseman, Michael, the Angel of the Covenant, appears as a warrior seated on a red horse, accompanied by other horsemen, who have been reconnoitreing the nations, and report them, in contrast to unhappy Judah, to be prosperous ; whereupon the interpreting angel (i.e.
, Gabriel, Dan. viii. 16) offers a prayer for Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, which is answered by assurances that the city and temple shall be rebuilt, the towns overflow with prosperity, and judgments fall
upon the oppressing nations—assurances which were partly fulfilled in the time of Zechariah, and more fully in the following century, under Ezra and Nehemiah. In the Vision of the Four Horns and Four Smiths, the destruction is foretold of the four great Empires which had oppressed, or should oppress, Judæa. In the Vision of the Surveyor is figured the rebuilding of Jerusalem; the captives yet in Babylon are exhorted to return, and promised Jehovah's presence in the holy city, and blessings are foretold to come upon them, and on many nations through them. In the Vision of the High-Priest advocating the cause of the people (“ The Body of Moses”) before the Angel Michael, and in the Vision of the Golden Lampstand, is promised the restoration of the State and of the Church, under Joshua and Zerubbabel, the “two anointed ones;" the latter, the legal heir to the throne of David, being specially designated “The Branch," and both being types of the Messiah. In the Vision of the Flying Roll we have a representation of the judgments which should
purge the holy land; while in that of the Woman in the Bushel is shown the promised removal of the sin and idolatry of the people to their more appropriate home in Babylon. In the Vision of the Four Chariots are represented the emissaries of divine judgment on the Northern and Southern enemies of Judah, and especially the satisfaction of divine justice in the overthrow of Babylon, partially accomplished by the dismantling of its walls a few years later, before the close of the reign of the same Darius. The concluding section describes either a vision or a symbolical action actually performed by the prophet, who is directed to take of the precious metals, recently brought by three Jews from Babylon as gifts to the temple, and form crowns, to be placed on the head of the High-Priest, and afterwards to be laid up in the sacred courts as a memorial of the donors and of their host, and as a pledge of future tribute from afar,
THE FIRST PROPHECY.
(B. C. 520).
(c. 1. 1-6). In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came to Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the prophet, saying, “The Lord hath been sore displeased with your fathers; but say thou unto them :
Thus saith the Lord of Hosts ; Turn ye to me
THE SECOND PROPHECY.
(cc. 1. 7— VI. 15.)
§ 1 (1. 7–17.)
THE VISION OF THE HORSEMAN. On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came to Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the prophet, saying, I saw in the night, and behold a Man riding on a red horse, and he stood among the myrtles in the valley; and behind him were red horses, bay, and white. Then said I, “O my lord, what are these?” And the angel who talked with me said unto me, “ I will cause thee to see what these are.” And the Man who stood among the myrtles answered and said, " These are they whom the Lord hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth.” And they answered the Angel of the Lord who stood among the myrtles (i.e. the Horseman) and said, “ We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth remaineth still, and is at rest.” Then the Angel of the Lord answered and said, “O Lord of Hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these seventy years ?" And the Lord answered the angel who talked with me with good and comfortable words. And the angel who talked with me said unto me, Cry thou saying,
Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, I, even I,
$ 2 (c. 1. 18-21.) THE VISION OF THE HORNS AND SMITHS. Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold four horns. And I said unto the angel who talked with me, “What are these?” And he answered me, “ These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem. And the Lord showed me four smiths. Then said I, “What are these come to do ?” And he spake, saying, “ These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man lifted up his head; but these are come to break them off, to cast away the horns of the nations who lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it."
§ 3 (c. II.)
THE VISION OF THE SURVEYOR. I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a surveying line in his hand. Then said I, “Whither goest thou?" And he said unto me, “I measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof."
And, behold, the angel who talked with me went forth and another angel went out to meet him, and said unto him, "Run, speak to this young man,” saying :
Soon shall Jerusalem be full of men
I spread you, saith the Lord.
My glory shall be shown no more on thee,
$ 4 (c. 111.) THE VISION OF THE HIGH-PRIEST. And he showed me Joshua the High-Priest standing before the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him. And the Lord said unto Satan, “The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord who hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire ?" Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the Angel. And he answered and spake to those that stood before him, saying, “Take away the fiīthy garments from him." And to him he said, “Behold I have caused thine iniquity to pass away from thee, and I will clothe thee with goodly raiment.” Then he said, “Let them set a fair mitre upon his head.” So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the Angel of the Lord was standing by. And the Angel of the Lord testified unto Joshua, saying :
Thus saith the Lord of Hosts, If thou wilt walk
(c. iv. § 5) THE VISION OF THE GOLDEN LAMPSTAND. And the angel who talked with me came again and aroused me, as a man that is waked out of sleep, and said unto me, “What seest thou?" And I said, “I have looked, and behold a lampstand all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and its seven lamps upon it, and seven pipes to the seven lamps which are upon it, and two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side of it. And I answered and spake to the angel who talked with me, saying, “What are these, my lord ?" Then the angel who talked with me answered and said unto me,“ Knowest thou not what these are ?" And I said, “No, my lord.” Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, “This is the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel,” saying:
Not by the arm of might, nor human power,
And joyful cry, Grace! Grace be on it poured !
Behold Zerubbabel's own hands have laid
Are the Lord's eyes, which run through all the earth. Then I answered and said unto him, "What are these two olive trees on the right side of the lampstand and on the left side of it?" And I answered again and said unto him, "What are these two olive branches, which, through the two golden pipes, empty out of themselves oil into the gold ?” And he answered me and said, “Knowest thou not what these are ?" And I said, "No, my lord.” Then said he, “These are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth.”
§ 6 (c. v. 1-4.)
THE VISION OF TIIE FLYING ROLL. Then I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and, behold, a roll flying. And he said unto me, " What seest thou ?” And I