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it is unnecessary to speak. The author does not profess, in every case, to have examined the works of the fathers and schoolmen, for himself. Many of them he has. But where he has not done so, he has been careful not to quote from them, without having abundant reason for believing that he might fully rely on the source of his information. This will be found indicated in connection with the quotations made. Since, however, he relies altogether, as a positive argument, upon the authority of the Bible, he has devoted to the scriptural argument the largest portion of the volume.

Every effort has been made to compress what was written within the briefest compass. About one half of what was prepared has, therefore, been omitted. It was found necessary, also, to leave out the chapters on the Republicanism, Liberality, Catholicity, the Security and Efficiency of Presbytery. Some of these topics will be found discussed in another and smaller volume, entitled 'Ecclesiastical Republicanism,' to which the reader is referred.

In conclusion, it is hoped that the manner in which the work is got up will render it more acceptable to the reader, who is requested to unite with the author in the heartfelt prayer that He, whose cause is at stake, would make this, and every similar effort of his servants, effectual to the furtherance of His glory, in the promotion of peace, purity, and charity in his churches, and the overthrow of all error, bigotry, will-worship, and superstition.

Charleston, S.C., 18-13.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

THE TRUE APOSTOLICAL OR MINISTERIAL SUCCESSION CLAIMED BY

PRESBYTERIANS.

§ 1. Introductory remarks, 17.-8 2. Our position defined, 20.45 3. Apos-

tolicity claimed by presbyterians in all ages, 20.—$ 4. Presbytery is the

true episcopacy, 27.- $ 5. The apostles were both extraordinary and

ordinary ministers, 28.-8 6. As ordinary ministers, the apostles were

presbyters, and are succeeded by presbyters, 36.-8 7. The succession of

presbyters is the only ministerial succession that can be certainly proved,

43.

CHAPTER II.

THE CLAIM OF PRESBYTERY TO THE MINISTERIAL SUCCESSION SUSTAINED BY

THE CONDITION OF THE CHURCH DURING OUR LORD'S MINISTRY.

§ 1. The truth of the opposing theories of prelacy and presbytery must be

decided by Scripture, 49.- 2. Some determinate scheme of church

government contained in Scripture, 50.- 3. The character of the

church and its ministry, during our Lord's continuance with it, was pres-

byterian and not prelatical, 57.

CHAPTER III.

THE CLAIMS OF PRESBYTERY TO THE TRUE APOSTOLICAL OR MINISTERIAL SUC-

CESSION, SUSTAINED BY THE CHARACTER AND CONDITION OF THE CHURCH

WHEN OUR LORD ASCENDED UP INTO HEAVEN.

$ 1. The apostles were not commissioned before the delivery of the final

commission by our ascending Saviour, with an examination of John 20 :

21, 70.– 2. The commissions, recorded in the gospels of Matthew and

of John, not different, 72,4$ 3. The final commission delivered by Christ

is the true and only charter of the christian ministry and church, 74.--$ 4.

This commission was not given to the apostles, but to all the disciples, as

representatives of the church universal, and includes in it all ecclesiastical

power and jurisdiction. 76.—$ 5. General inferences as to the nature,

extent, and designed effect of this commission, 88.-$ 6. This commis-

sion applies to presbyters and not to prelates, 91.

CHAPTER IV.

THE CLAIMS OF PRESBYTERY TO THE MINISTERIAL SUCCESSION SUSTAINED BY

AN APPEAL TO THE APOSTOLIC AGE OF THE CHURCH.

§ 1. The powers and titles attributed to the ministry by the apostles, 100—

§ 2. There was but one order of permanent ministers instituted in the

* apostolic churches, 102.—$ 3. The apostles, as ordinary ministers, were

not prelates, but presbyters. Presbyters, therefore, are their successors,

104.- 4. Presbyters, and not prelates, are placed next to the apostles,

in the foundation of the church, 105.- 5. The spiritual officers of the

New Testament churches are ranked under the classification of presbyters

or bishops, and deacons, without any allusion whatever to prelates, 107-

§ 6. The terms bishop and presbyter, both as they refer to the office

and to the individuals holding it, are used throughout the New Testament

as perfectly synonymous, and the very fact, that prelatists have usurped

the title of bishop, is proof positive of the human origin of the system of

prelacy. Many objections are answered, 108.

presbyterian ordination argued, 186.- 2. The objection, that the

ordainers of Timothy were prelates, answered, 187.—$ 3. The objection,

that the word presbytery does not refer to a company of presbyters, but

to the office, answered and Calvin vindicated, 189.-$ 4. The objection,

that Paul alone ordained Timothy answered ; in which 2 Tim. 1: 6, is

explained, 194.- 5. The objection, that neither of these passages refer

to ordination, answered, and the argument for the presbyterial ordination

of Timothy concluded, 198.

CHAPTER IX.

PRESBYTERS ARE CLOTHED WITH THE POWER OF ORDINATION.

CONTINUED.

THE SUBJECT

§ 1. The ordinations referred to in Acts, 14:23, were presbyterial, 200.—$

2. The ordinations conferred by Timothy and Titus were presbyterial,

nor is there provision made, in the epistles addressed to them, for any

other than presbyterial ordination, 201. - 3. Conclusion of the scripture

argument for the power of presbyters to ordain. No evidence to be found

for prelatical ordination, 211.

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TITUS, OF JAMES, AND OF THE SEVEN ANGELS, EXAMINED AND DISPROVED.

§ 1. The claims of Sylvanus, Andronicus, and Junia, to be prelates, con-

sidered, and a general reply given to all such claims, 254.—$ 2. The

alleged prelatical character of Epaphroditus examined, 257.-$ 3. The

alleged prelatical character of Timothy and Titus examined, 258.- 4.

The alleged prelatical character of James examined, 265.—$ 5. The

alleged prelatical character of the seven angels of the seven churches

examined, 270.

CHAPTER XIII.

THE ALLEGED PRELATICAL CHARACTER OF THE JEWISH CHURCH EXAMINED

AND DISPROVED.

§ 1. The argument, founded upon the prelatical character of the Jewish

hierarchy, examined, 278.—$ 2. The argument for prelacy, founded upon

the heavenly hierarchy, examined and disproved, 286.-—§ 3. The argu-

ment of prelacy, founded upon the polity of the Jewish synagogue, ex-

amined and disproved, 287.

CHAPTER XIV.

THE ARGOMENT FOR PRELACY, DERIVED FROM ITS EARLY PREVALENCE AND

ALLEGED UNIVERSALITY, EXAMINED AND DISPROVED; AND ITS GRADUAL INTRO-

DUCTION CLEARLY ACCOUNTED FOR.

§ 1. The argument for prelacy, from its early introduction, examined,

295.-8 2. The argument for prelacy derived from its universal preva-

lence, 307.

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