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4. The prisoner was declared innocent. 5. Henry, his son, is chosen king. 6. Louis of France was elected chief of the expedition. 7. He was appointed ruler over the people.

The Secondary Objective.

18. 1. A subtle happiness thou to thyself proposest. 2. Nature to all things fixed the limits fit. 3. Some to conceit alone their taste confine, 4.

His silver hairs Will purchase us a good opinion. 5. The valiant never taste of death but once. 6.

This isle He quarters to his blue-haired deities. 7.

A sable cloud Turns forth her silver lining on the night. 8. Misery acquaints a man with strange bedfellows. 9. A golden mind stoops not to shows of dross. 10. All my engagements I will construe to thee. 11. To whom our fathers would not obey.

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The Subject-Accusative.

19. 1. I know that virtue to be in


Brutus. 2. All men think all men mortal, but themselves. 3. At thirty, man suspects himself a fool. 4. He thought content the good to be enjoyed. 5. We think our fathers fools. 6. He soon perceived me to be unfit for his service. 7. We found her in her answers to have an eloquent



The Infinitive used Substantively.

20. 1. All our knowledge is ourselves to know. 2. Not to know some trifles is a praise. 3. Every man desireth to live long. 4. To spend too much time in studies is sloth. 5. To be dull is construed to be good. 6. To gild refined gold is wasteful excess. 7. It is cruelty to beat a cripple with his own crutches.


8. To seek philosophy in Scripture is to seek the dead

among the living 9. To seek religion in Nature is to seek the living among the dead.

21. 1. Not to know me argues yourselves unknown. 2. To teach a teacher ill beseemeth me. 3. 'Tis phrase absurd to call a villain great. 4. Our humbler province is to tend the fair. 5. That same prayer doth teach us all to render the deeds

of mercy. 6. 'Tis not in mortals to command success. 7. It is not for your health thus to commit

Your weak condition to the raw cold morning.
8. To err is human.
9. To forgive is divine.

Forms in -ing.
A. Infinitives or Gerunds, and
Verbal Substantives.

1. All friendship is feigning.
2. All loving is mere folly.
3. Borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.
4. The falling out of faithful friends

Renewing is of love. 5. Well doing is wealth. 6. Of making many books there is no end. 7. I blame you not for praising Cæsar so. 8. Knowing him is enough. 9. You have condemned Lucius for taking bribes of the

Sardians. 10. Reading maketh a full man. 11. Writing maketh an exact man. 12. Teaching is the best way of learning. 13. Wiving goes by destiny

B. Participles in -ing.

23. 1. The rolling stone gathers no moss. 2. The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,

Doth glance from heaven to earth.


3. Life is but a walking shadow. 4. Poetry is a speaking picture. 5. Envy is that dark shadow ever waiting upon a shining

merit. 6

Wandering o'er the earth,
By falsities and lies the greatest part
Of mankind they corrupted.


Gerund with 'to.'

24. 1. Under leave of Brutus

Come I to speak in Cæsar's funeral. 2. Hither the heroes resort

To taste awhile the pleasures of a court, 3. I have spoke thus much

To mitigate the justice of thy plea. 4. A pious man was duly brought

To shrieve the dying. 5.

Here comes in embassy The French king's daughter with yourself to speak. 6. That is enough to satisfy the senate. 7. I come not to steal away your hearts. 8. I must be cruel, only to be kind.


25. 1. A thing of beauty is a joy for ever. 2. The quality of mercy is not strained. 3. Thou art a monument without a tomb. 4. There is a tide in the affairs of men. 5. I will talk a word with this same learned Theban. 6. Solitude is sometimes the best society. 7. Want of decency is want of sense. 8. Thy wish was father to that thought.

26. 1. This was the noblest Roman of them all. 2. Idleness is not real pleasure. 3. Agreeable occupation is real pleasure. 4. Men are but children of a larger growth. 5. Fair ladies masked are roses in their bud. 6. Tyrants seldom want pretexts. 7. The world is still deceived with ornament. 8. His sceptre shows the force of temporal power.






1. Co-ordinate Sentences, standing side by side, without any

Connecting Particle.


1. E'en from the tomb the voice of nature cries,

E’en in our ashes live their wonted fires.
2. Small herbs have

Ill weeds do thrive apace.
3. Through tattered clothes small vices do appear,

Robes hide all.
4. The cause is in my will; I will not come.
5. To be contents his natural desire,

He asks no angel's wing.
6. Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul;

Reason’s comparing balance rules the whole.
7. Great Nature spoke; observant man obeyed;

Cities were formed; societies were made. 8. Antiquity is the young state of the world; the pre

sent time is the real antiquity. 9. No work is a disgrace; the true disgrace is idleness.

2. Copulative.

1. The vine still clings to the mouldering wall,

And at every gust the dead leaves fall.
2. Thus to' relieve the wretched was his pride,

And e'en his failings leaned to virtue's side.
3. Jason the Thessalian proposed the plan, Agesilaus the

Spartan, attempted its execution, and Alexander the

Macedonian finally achieved the conquest. 4. The people are like the sea ; and orators are like the

wind. 5. Of all virtues, goodness is the greatest; and without it

man is a busy, mischievous, wretched thing. 6. A friend loveth at all times ; and a brother is born for


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7. A fool's mouth is his destruction; and his lips are the

snare of his soul. 8.

His face
Deep scars of thunder had intrenched; and care
Sat on his faded cheek.

3. Alternative.

29. 1. Either there is a civil strife in heaven,

Or else the world, too saucy with the gods,

Incenses them to send destruction. 2. Either he is innocent, or he is the most crafty rogue in

the country. 3. Either your brethren have miserably deceived us, or power

confers virtue. 4. He will either come himself, or he will send a repre

sentative. 5. The king must win, or he must forfeit his crown for


6. He arrived in time, or I should have been lost. 7. Cæsar was an able commander, or Gaul would not have

been conquered.



30. 1. Every subject's duty is the king's; but every subject's soul

is his own. 2. It is an honour for a man to cease from strife ; but every

fool will be meddling. 3. The demonstrations of logic are common to all mankind;

but the persuasion of rhetoric must be varied according

to the audience. 4. A fool speaks all his mind; but a wise man reserves some

thing for hereafter. 5. Counsel in the heart of a man is like deep water; but a

wise man will draw it out. 6. Knowledge puffeth up; but charity buildeth up. 7. The wise man's eyes are in his head; but the fool walketh

in darkness. 8. A superficial tincture of philosophy may incline the mind

to atheism; yet a farther knowledge brings it back to religion.

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