Attitudes, Personality, and Behavior
McGraw-Hill Education (UK), 1 nov. 2005 - 192 pages
This thoroughly revised and updated edition describes why and how beliefs, attitudes and personality traits influence human behaviour. Building on the strengths of the previous edition, it covers recent developments in existing theories and details new theoretical approaches to the attitude-behaviour relationships.
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Chapter 02 CONSISTENCY IN HUMAN AFFAIRS
Chapter 03 FROM DISPOSITIONS TO ACTIONS
Chapter 04 THE PRINCIPLE OF COMPATIBILITY
Chapter 05 FROM INTENTIONS TO ACTIONS
Chapter 06 EXPLAINING INTENTIONS AND BEHAVIOR
Chapter 07 CONCLUSION
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
African Americans attitude measures attitude object attitude or personality attitude–behavior correlations attitudes and personality behavioral beliefs behavioral consistency behavioral dispositions behavioral tendencies belief strength Chapter college students context control beliefs direct experience evaluative example expected extraversion favorable Fazio given behavior implementation intention Implicit Association Test indicate individuals inferred intention–behavior correlation intentions and behavior interactions investigators locus of control marijuana measures of attitude measures of behavior meta-analysis Mischel MODE model moderating effect moderating variables multiple-act need for cognition negative nonverbal normative beliefs observed obtained occasions one’s participants people’s perceived behavioral control perceived control perceptions performing the behavior personality traits planned behavior predict behavior prediction of behavior predictive validity predictors principle of compatibility questionnaire rated relation relatively relevant scale scores self-efficacy self-monitoring tendency self-reports semantic differential situation Social Psychology specific actions specific behaviors subjective norms theory of planned Thurstone scale traits and attitudes verbal volitional control
Page 28 - An attitude is a mental and neural state of readiness, organized through experience, exerting a directive or dynamic influence upon the individual's response to all objects and situations with which it is related
Page 38 - Taken as a whole, these studies suggest that it is considerably more likely that attitudes will be unrelated or only slightly related to overt behaviors than that attitudes will be closely related to actions.
Page 68 - Once we attend to interactions, we enter a hall of mirrors that extends to infinity. However far we carry our analysis — to third order or fifth order or any other — untested interactions of a still higher order can be envisioned.
Page 41 - I have yet to see any problem, however complicated, which, when you looked at it in the right way, did not become still more complicated.
Page 38 - personality coefficient' might be coined to describe the correlation between .20 and .30 which is found persistently when virtually any personality dimension inferred from a questionnaire is related to almost any conceivable external criterion involving responses sampled in a different medium - that is, not by another questionnaire.
Page 30 - Specifically the subjective value of each attribute contributes to the attitude in direct proportion to the strength of the belief (ie, the subjective probability that the object has the attribute in question).
Page 38 - Mischel (1968) has concluded that "behaviors which are often construed as stable personality trait indicators actually are highly specific and depend on the details of the evoking situations and the response mode employed to measure them (p.
Page 32 - Will you accept members of the Chinese race as guests in your establishment?
Page 38 - With the possible exception of intelligence, highly generalized behavioral consistencies have not been demonstrated, and the concept of personality traits as broad response predispositions is thus untenable
Page 38 - little evidence to support the postulated existence of stable, underlying attitudes within the individual which influence both his verbal expressions and his actions