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Entered according to act of Congress, in 1897, by
LEWIS T. STEVENS,

In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. D. C.

PRESS OF THE

STAR OF THE CAPE PUBLISHING CO..

CAPE MAY, N. J.

PREFACE.

"The History of Cape May County" is the result of many years of research, and the author hopes that it will meet with the approbation of the public. Some ten years ago the author began the keeping of a scrap book of Cape May county history, among other things, and this constant accumulation of facts resulted, about a year ago, in a determination on the part of the author to prepare a history of the county, which would portray its gradual development and the progress of its people from the earliest times. The cause which led to its preparation principally was the fact that no history had ever before been published, excepting the sketch of Dr. Maurice Beesley, in 1857, which contained only fifty printed pages.

The information obtained for this volume was largely supplemented from the collections of the New York Historical Society, the New Jersey Historical Society and the Pennsylvania Historical Society. Many facts were gathered also from the articles of Francis B. Lee, Esq., of Trenton, and the author has also been aided in his work by Colonel J. 'Granville Leach, of Philadelphia; County Clerk Edward L. Rice, and Mr. Aaron Leaming. The diaries of Aaron Leaming the first, of Aaron Leaming the second, and of Jacob Spicer the second have been perused and liberal extracts made from the same. The work of Dr. Beesley has been woven into this volume and proper credit given to him for every fact for which he is responsible.

The county of Cape May has a most honorable history and the one aim of the author has been to tell the facts as he finds them and yet try to keep away from the dryness which characterizes such works. There may be errors in the volume, but the author has been very careful in the verification of dates and names. The different ways of spelling family names is caused by the literal copying of the records from which they are taken.

If this volume serves to preserve to the people the history of the county, the author will feel that he has been repaid for his efforts. LEWIS T. STEVENS.

Cape May, May 15, 1897.

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Thy daughters' praise truth gladly speaks, While fond emotions rise;

The glow of beauty gilds their cheeks
And sparkles in their eyes;
And hearts of love and tenderness
Within their bosoms play;

Their virtues fair adorn and bless
Thy happy homes, Cape May!
Chorus.

Thy sons, a generous patriot band,
Hospitable and brave,

Love loyally their native land,

Their homes, and circling wave;
Bold are their hearts where duty lies,
Or honor points the way;
And noble, honest men arise,

Thy proudest boast, Cape May!
Chorus.

I love to breathe thy healthful air;
I love thy sky and sea;

I love thee, for my friends are here,
And all that's dear to me.

I love thee, for thou art my home,
And wheresoe'er I stray

The golden chain of memory
Still binds me to Cape May!

Chorus: Cape May! Cape May! etc.

Contents.

Chapter I-The Indians and the Dutch Explorers.... 9
Chapter II--Pioneers and Whaling.

23

Chapter III-The Settlers and Their New Homes.... 36
Chapter IV-Life Early in the Eighteenth Century... 59
Chapter V-Development of Religious Denominations 70
Chapter VI-Maritime Tendencies and Cattle Owning 79
Chapter VII-Ancient Loans and Taxes..
Chapter VIII-The Religious Controversies.
Chapter IX-West Jersey Society Rights..
Chapter X-Jacob Spicer and His Sayings..
Chapter XI-Aaron Leaming and His Times.
Chapter XII-John Hatton, the Tory..
Chapter XIII-Preparations for War
Chapter XIV-The Revolution Begins
Chapter XV-Cape May Patriots
Chapter XVI-The Ending and Independence.
Chapter XVII-The County in 1800...
Chapter XVIII-The War of 1812...
Chapter XIX-Progress After the War.
Chapter XX-Noted Men of a Generation...
Chapter XXI-The Decade Before the Rebellion....280
Chapter XXII-Opening of the Civil War..
Chapter XXII-First New Jersey Cavalry..
Chapter XXIV-The Enlistments of 1862....
Chapter XXV-The Campaigns of 1864 and 1865....344
Chapter XXVI-Life Following the Rebellion. ..355
Chapter XXVII-Fifteen Years of Prosperity.

..375

Chapter XXVIII-Distinguished Visitors

· 393.

Chapter XXIX-Cape Island

.405

Chapter XXX-Cape May City....

429

...

90

98

.106

116

132

143

171

183

195

.208

.224

.233

248

.267

. 301
..316

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