Introduction to HPC with MPI for Data Science
Springer, 3 févr. 2016 - 282 pages
This gentle introduction to High Performance Computing (HPC) for Data Science using the Message Passing Interface (MPI) standard has been designed as a first course for undergraduates on parallel programming on distributed memory models, and requires only basic programming notions.
Divided into two parts the first part covers high performance computing using C++ with the Message Passing Interface (MPI) standard followed by a second part providing high-performance data analytics on computer clusters.
In the first part, the fundamental notions of blocking versus non-blocking point-to-point communications, global communications (like broadcast or scatter) and collaborative computations (reduce), with Amdalh and Gustafson speed-up laws are described before addressing parallel sorting and parallel linear algebra on computer clusters. The common ring, torus and hypercube topologies of clusters are then explained and global communication procedures on these topologies are studied. This first part closes with the MapReduce (MR) model of computation well-suited to processing big data using the MPI framework.
In the second part, the book focuses on high-performance data analytics. Flat and hierarchical clustering algorithms are introduced for data exploration along with how to program these algorithms on computer clusters, followed by machine learning classification, and an introduction to graph analytics. This part closes with a concise introduction to data core-sets that let big data problems be amenable to tiny data problems.
Exercises are included at the end of each chapter in order for students to practice the concepts learned, and a final section contains an overall exam which allows them to evaluate how well they have assimilated the material covered in the book.
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The Message Passing Interface
3 Topology of Interconnection Networks
4 Parallel Sorting
5 Parallel Linear Algebra
6 The MapReduce Paradigm
7 PartitionBased Clustering with kMeans
8 Hierarchical Clustering
Practice and Theory of Classification with the kNN Rule
10 Fast Approximate Optimization in High Dimensions with CoreSets and Fast Dimension Reduction
11 Parallel Algorithms for Graphs
Appendix AWritten Exam 3 h
A Resource Manager and JobScheduler on Clusters of Machines
Part II High Performance Computing HPC for Data Science DS