Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth
Technology's contribution to economic growth and competitiveness has been the subject of vigorous debate in recent years. This book demonstrates the importance of a historical perspective in understanding the role of technological innovation in the economy. The authors examine key episodes and institutions in the development of the U.S. research system and in the development of the research systems of other industrial economies. They argue that the large potential contributions of economics to the understanding of technology and economic growth have been constrained by the narrow theoretical framework employed within neoclassical economies. A richer framework, they believe, will support a more fruitful dialogue among economists, policymakers, and managers on the organization of public and private institutions for innovation. David Mowery is Associate Professor of Business and Public Policy at the School of Business Administration, University of California, Berkeley. Nathan S. Rosenberg is Fairleigh Dickinson Professor of Economics at Stanford University. He is the author of Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics (CUP, 1983).
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Aeronautics Agency Airbus Industrie American analysis antitrust applied basic research Bell Labs Bessemer process British firms British industry budget chemical commercial aircraft industry competitive components cooperative research costs declined Defense Department discussion domestic economic effective engineering exploitation exports fast second federal R&D foreign firms funding growth important in-house research increased industrial research innovation institutions integrated circuit intellectual property international collaborative ventures Japan Japanese firms jet engine joint ventures major manufacturing firms ment military R&D million Mowery NA NA NA NACA NASA National Science Foundation operating percent performance personnel product development programs R&D expenditures R&D investment R&D system research activity research collaboration research employment research facilities research intensity research laboratories research projects research system role sectors Sematech semiconductor share significant sources spillovers steel structure technical technology policy tion trade policy transportation U.S. firms U.S. manufacturing United VHSIC World War II