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part of the course, have been reserved for the last four les sons of the grammar portion of the work. Six lessons have been added, on the Study of Words for Composition.

The order of development is principally based on the different parts of the verb, in almost regular succession of modes and tenses. The other parts of speech are brought in at proper intervals, when required by the logical development of the plan.

After the fortieth lesson, the regular Oral Exercises are discontinued, and Reading Lessons take their place, which may be made the subject of conversation between the teacher and his pupils. The first book of Telemachus has been selected for this purpose.

Great attention has been bestowed on lexicology. That part of the Course which is especially devoted to this subject, possesses uncommon interest for the English student. It treats of words which are common to both the French and the English language, and extends through nearly three Lessons—the fortieth, forty-first, and fortysecond.

The author owes a tribute of thanks to Professor Alfred Sardou, of this city, for his careful revision of the proofsheets. His criticism has, in many respects, been beneficial to the work.

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BROOKLYN, November 15, 1872.

CONTENTS OF THE LESSONS.

69

SECTION
PAGE, SEC.

PAGE

1. Noun...

25 44. Pronominal Verbs...

64

2. Article.

25 45. Adverbs of Time..

65

3. Personal Pronouns as Subjects.. 26 48. The Preposition A.

4. Avoir, Present Tense..

27 49. Indirect Object..

70

7. Negative Conjugation with Ne- 50. Personal Pronouns as Indirect

pas..

29 Objects

71

8. Personal Pronouns, 3d Person 51. Collocation of Objective Pro-
Singular, as Direct Objects.... 30 nouns.

71

11. Plural of Nouns, Articles, &c...

33 54. Être, to be, Present Tense.. 75

12. Exceptions...

33 55. Adverbs of Place.

75

13. Interrogative Sentences.

35 56. L'y, Les y, M'y, Vous y.

76

16. Possessive Adjectives..

39 57. The Preposition De..

76

17. Demonstrative Adjectives.. 40 58. Où est Henri ?

77

18. Numeral Adjectives...

40 61. Disjunctive Personal Pronouns. 82

19. Indefinite Adjectives..

41 62. Use of Disjunctive Pronouns.. 82

22. Verbs of the ist Conjugation, In- 63. Chez, at, in the house of..

83

finitive Mode..

44 64. Ce, Cela, Le..

84

23. Participles..

45 65. Neuter Verbs, expressing Direc-

24. Indicative Mode, Present Tense,

tion...

85

Couper, to cut, Model Verb... 45 66. En, of it; Y, to it.

85

25. Interrogative Conjugation...

46 69. Indefinite and Partitive sense of

26. Active Transitive Verbs, Direct

Nouns.

90

Object.

47 70. En, some or any..

90

27. Definite and General sense of 71. Omission of the Article before

Nouns.

47 Partitive Nouns..

91

30. Irregular Verbs, 1st Conj., Aller, 72. Adverbs of Quantity before

to go, Envoyer, to send.. 52

Nouns

92

31. The Infinitive after Verbs... 52 75. Second Conjugation, Infinitive

32. Remarks on Certain Verbs of the

Mode

97

1st conjugation...

53 76. Second Conjugation, Indicative

35. Vouloir, Pouvoir, Savoir.

57 Mode, Present Tense..

97

36. Vouloir and Savoir as Active

Finir, to finish, Model Verb.. 98

Transitive Verbe...

58 77. Second Conjugation, Irregular

37. Vouloir, Pouvoir, Savoir, before

Verbs..

98

the Infinitive.

58 Partir, Venir, Ouvrir.

98

38. Parlez-vous français ?.

59 78. Sortir, Revenir. Couvrir.

99

39. Adverbs of Quantity.

59 79. D'où,' from where; En, from

42. Voir and Connaître..

63

there..

99

43. Personal Pronouns, 1st and 2 82. Third Conjugation, Infinitive

Persons, as Direct Objects.... 64 Mode..

104
ses.

SEO.

PAGE SEC.

PAGE

83. Third Conjugation, Indicative 139. Special Rules of Agreement.... 165

Mode, Present Tense. 105 140. Government of Adjectives. 166

Recevoir, to receive, Model 141. Irregular Model Verbs, 3d Con-

Verb

105

jugation

167

84. Apercevoir and Devoir, before 142. S'asseoir, Etre assis.

168

the Infinitive..

105 143. Falloir, to be necessary.

168

85. Devoir, to owe; Payer, to pay. 106 146, Comparison of Adjectives and

86. Price, Unit of Weight, Measure,

Adverbs..

174

&c...

106 147. Irregular Comparative Forms.. 175

89. Fourth Conjugation, Infinitive 148. Formation of Adverbs..

175

Mode:

111 149. Adjectives used as Adverbs.. 176

90. Fourth Conjugation, Indicative 150. Modification of Adjectives and

Mode, Present Tense.

112

Adverbs.

177

Vendre, to sell, Model Verb.... 112 151. Names of Metals and Materials. 177

91. Fourth Conjugation, Irregular 152. Irregular Model Verbs, 4th Con-

Verbs..

112

jugation...

178

Boire, Croire, Faire.

113 155. Comparative Adverbs with

92. The Infinitive after Entendre,

Verbs and Nouns.

184

Croire and Faire..

113 156. Negative Words...

185

95. Verbs, Principal Parts. 118 157. Omission of Pas, with certain

96. Present Tense, 1st Person Sin-

Verbs...

186

gular....

118 158. Irregular Model Verbs, 4th Con-

97. Formation of Present Tense... 119 jugation, continued..

187

98. Dire, Lire, Écrire.

120 159. List of the 25 Irregular Model

99. Idioms with Avoir.

120

Verbs of the 4th Conjugation 188

100. The Infinitive as the Object of 162. Formation of Compound Ten-

a Noun.

121

193

103. Numeral Adjectives..

126 163. Infinitive Mode, Past Tense.. 194

104. Remarks on Numeral Adjec- 164. Indicative Mode, Past Indefi-

tives...

128

nite Tense..

194

105. The Days of the Week. 130 165. Position of Objective Pronouns

106. Être, as an Impersonal Verb... 130 and Adverbs.

196

107. Depuis, since; Jusque, until... 131 166. Agreement of Past Participles

108. Compter, to intend, before the

of Active Verbs.

197

Infinitive...

132 169. Past Indefinite Tense of Irregu-

109. Dans, En, in...

132

lar Verbs, 2d. Conjugation.... 202

112. Y avoir, there to be..

137 170. 3d Conjugation...

203

113. Il y a, with reference to dis- 171. 4th Conjugation..

203

tance, &c..

137 | 172. Faire, as an Impersonal Verb.. 204

114. Months and Dates........ 138 173. Remarks on the Agreement of

115. Seasons.

139

the Past Participles of Active

116. Names of Countries..

139

Verbs..

205

117. Sur, Dessus ; Sous, Dessous, &c 140 176. Use of Auxiliary Verb Être.... 210

120. Indefinite Adjectives... 144 177. Past Participles of Neuter Verbs

121. Autre, Même..

145

conjugated with Être... 210

122. Chaque, Tout.,

145 178. Arriver, to arrive, Model Verb. 210

123. Plusieurs, Quelque.... 146 179. Neuter Verbs, with Être.. 211

124. N'est-ce pas ?..

146 180. Neuter Verbs, with Avoir or

125. The Infinitive after Preposi-

Être...

211

tions..

147 181. Être or Aller, to go.

212

126. Pour, before the Infinitive...... 147 182. Use of the Past Tense of the In-

129. Qualifying Adjectives... 152

finitive Mode.

212

Formation of the Feminine.... 152 185. Compound Tenses of Pronom-

130. Formation of the Plural. 155

inal Verbs.

217

131. Remarks on Adjectives. 155 186. Se Couper, Model Verb.

217

132. Irregular Model Verbs, 2d Con- 187. S'en Aller, to go away..

218

jugation...

157 188. Government of Pronominal

135. Derivation of Adjectives.. 162

Verbs.

219

136. Verbal Adjectives..

162 189. Aller, S'en aller, Se promener,

137. Nouns as Adjectives, and Ad-

Marcher, Faire, to go. 220

jectives as Nouns.

163 190. A pied, A cheval, 'En voiture. 221

138. Position of Adjectives.... 164, 191, Aller à cheval, Monter à cheval. 221

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SEC.

PAGE | SEC.

PAGE

194. Formation of Imperfect Tense, 253. Verbs that govern the Infinitive

Indicative Mode.

226

directly,

300

195. Imperfect Tense, Paradigms.. 226 254. Verbs that require A before the

196. Exercises on Imperfect Tense.. 227 Infinitive.

301

197. Pluperfect Tense, Indicative 255. Verbs that require De before

Mode

227

the Infinitive.

303

198. Use of the Imperfect and Plu- 256. Verbs that require A or De be-

perfect Tenses..

228

fore the Infinitive..

305

199. The Article before the Parts of 257. Venir, Venir pour, Venir de,

the Body

229

Venir à.

307

202. Future Tense of Avoir and Être 235 258. The Infinitive as the Object of

203. Formation of the Future Tense 235

a Verb..

307

204. Future Anterior Tense.

236 261. Imperative Mode, form of Verb 312

205. Use of the Future Tenses. 237 262. Position of Objective Pronouns

208. Irregular Future Forms.. 242

with a Verb in the Impera-

209. Irregular Verbs.

243

tive Mode..

314

Group under Venir

243 263. Remarks on the Imperative

Partir..

244

Mode

314

Ouvrir

244 | 264. Remarks on Rendre and Faire.. 315

210. Appartenir, Etre, to belong. 244 267. Formation of the Conditional

211. Convenir, to agree, to suit. 245

Mode..

320

214. Possessive Pronouns.

250 268. Use of the Conditional Mode.. 321

215. Interrogative Pronouns.

251 271. Remarks on the Conditional

216. Que de, Quoi de, &c..

251

Mode..

327

217. Irregular Verbs, continued. 252 272. Plutôt and Plus tôt.

328

Group under Mettre.. 252 273. Entre and Parmi..

329

Prendre. 252 274. Words that are common to both

Connaître..

252

Languages—Verbs..

329

220. Demonstrative Pronouns 257 278. Nouns and Adjectives.

336

221. Use of the Demonstrative Pro- 279. Derivatives with Inseparable

noun, Ce,....

257

Prefixes...

344

222. Use of Ceci, Cela..

258 280. Derivatives with Suffixes, 347

223. » Celui, Celui-ci, Celui-là.. 259 281. Verbs derived from Nouns and

224. Voici, Voilà..

260

Adjectives..

350

225. Irregular Verbs, continued.. 260 282. Dimersion..

354

Group under Conduire. 260 283. A Noun as the Object of another

Plaindre, 260

356

228. Relative Pronouns..

265 284. Plural of Compound Nouns....

357

229.

as Subjects., 265 285. Plural of Proper Nouns... 357

230.

as

b- 286. La plupart, most, Bien, many.. 358

jects... ... 266 287. Past Definite Tense.

361

231.

Indirect 288.

of Irregular

Objects... 266

Verbs...

362

232. Quoi, Où, D'où, Par où. 268 289. Past Anterior Tense.

363

233. Remarks on Relative Pronouns. 268 290. Use of the Past Definite and Past

234. Demonstrative Pronouns

as

Anterior Tenses.

364

antecedent to Relative Pro- 291. Subjunctive Mode, Pres. Tense. 368

nouns..

269 292. Exercises on Subjunctive Pres. 369

237. Indefinite Pronouns.

274 293. Subjunctive Present, Irregular

233. Remarks on Indefinite Pro-

Forms..

359

nouns.

275 294. Subjunctive Mode, Past Tense. 370

211. Formation of the Passive Verb 285 295. Use of the Subjunctive Mode.. 371

Être aimé, Model Verb. 285 296. Verbs that require Ne before the

242. Remarks on the Passive Verb.. 286

dependent Verb in the Subj.. 372

243. Verbs, Neuter in French, Tran- 297. Remarks on the Subj. Mode... 373

sitive in English..

287 298. Subjunctive Mode in Relative

244. Arriver, to happen.

288

Sentences..

377

217. Pronominal Verbs..

293 299. Subjunctive Mode after Con-

218. Compound Personal Pronouns. 293

junctions.

378

219. Pronominal Verbs, Accidental 300. Remarks on the Conjunction

and Essential..

294

Que....

378

250. Remarks on the Pron. Verbs... 295 301. Quelque-que, Quelque, &c.... 380

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