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upon the earth, becomes the great exponent of its desires. It seeks to have only what God wills it to have; it joyfully foregoes what He would have it to forego. Life is indeed a state of blessedness when the soul becomes altogether moulded to the will of God. It is heaven coming down to earth, and penetrating our earthly life with its peace. What an immense advance is implied between the first wish of the penitent, to be delivered from evil, and this holy desire that our wills should become, not absorbed into, but one with the will of God! Both the heaven and the earth are in man. here means the inmost desires of the soul for goodness. The earth means our natural and external life. The petition means, May our external lives be brought into full conformity with our internal desires for goodness, purity and peace. It implies that we have attained the state of having such desires. This is a high state, an advanced state of spiritual life. Yet the intermediate stages of spiritual experience are distinctly marked, and divinely exhibited in the subsequent petitions of the prayer.
Only by the will of God being done on earth as it is in heaven, does the kingdom of God really come into the soul. The Lord is truly the ruler only where His will is supreme. With all the glory of His presence, the joy of His countenance, the fulness of His peace, the amplitude of His wisdom, can the Lord enter into the sanctified souls of His children who attain this state, and having entered He can reign therein for ever and ever. They truly pray in desire, in thought and in life, Thy kingdom come! In them fear is then swallowed up
in certainty, doubt is lost in knowledge, sin ceases to trouble, for where God is there is holiness. Such, if such there be on earth, sail
along the river of life lifted up far beyond the reach of storms, or the dread of shipwreck; and when the friendly messenger of death comes to close their eyes to this mortal sphere, they wake and rise in heaven.
Those who have realized this high state of spiritual union with God can then learn how fully to claim the parentage of the Lord, and only to seek to hallow His name. This petition of the prayer is suited to the lips, as it describes the state of the angels. To them God is all, and they are what they are by immediate derivation of live from the Lord. They are the " sons of God," truly formed and fashioned after His image and likeness, having no other wish and seeking no other purpose than to make the name of their Father holy in themselves, holy by themselves, and holy in and by all others.
The lofty height of this condition of thought and feeling is attainable through the previous steps. Deliver us from evil, in order that we may be led by the Lord, that so we may forgive and be forgiven, that so we may be fed in every state by the Lord,-that so His will may be done-that so His kingdom may come,-that so His name may be hallowed,—that so He may indeed be "Our Father," and we his sons and daughters! The petitions are linked together descriptive of every state of the regenerate life. They form the ladder of prayer that first descends from heaven to earth, and on which also man may afterwards re-ascend from earth to heaven.
The Lord's Prayer is thus the inimitable perfection of all prayer, God-given for the use of God-seeking souls. We cannot exhaust its significance, we cannot transcend its application, we cannot add to its fulness. Every other prayer is referable to some portion of this; or it is the amplification of some of its clauses. May we reverently use it, and devoutly feel the meaning and value of its petitions when we pray! J.
DUTCH AND JEWISH TRADING.
NOTES OF A SERMON BY THE REV. 0. PRESCOTT HILLER.
"Behold the Lord maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down."-ISAIAH Xxiv. 1.
THE world, at present, is truly, as the text declares, "turned upside down." That which should be at the head is at the foot: that which should be at the foot is at the head. The things of self and the world, which should be last, are put first-and the things of heaven and eternity, which should be first in man's regard, are little thought of. The love of self is the ruling principle, and with too many, the neighbour and his interests are counted as nothing, trampled under foot. The Church has come to its end. and foretold in the 24th of Matthew: the love of many shall wax cold."
The state is upon us, described "Because iniquity shall abound,
The Divinity is split into address no one is sure.
The Church no longer knows its Lord. three persons, and which of the three to Whether it is faith or works that saves, men are at a loss to tell. As a verse in this chapter (Isa. xxiv. 6) declares, "the inhabitants of the earth are burned up, and few men left." By the earth is signified the
Church by being "burned up" is meant, filled with the fire of selfish and evil passions, for, as declared, "wickedness burneth as a fire.” There are few true men-few in God's image and likeness,-few that know the Lord and live according to His commandments-few “in the measure of a man, that is, of an angel.”
Such is the state of the world at large. But the Lord is now establishing a new Dispensation in which and by which the world is to be reformed and remodelled. And we who have been permitted the happy privilege of seeing the light of this New Church, should have distinct ideas as to those great points of practice as well as theory which men generally are in the dark upon.
I wish to speak to-day particularly in regard to the love of the world-business-profits.
The doctrine of the New Church teaches that a man's end should be use, and money only the means to that end. But to have money as the end, and to have one's business, profession or employment, only as the means, is a perversion of the true order. This is plainly enough seen if we look at some high use, as that of the ministry for instance. What would be thought of a minister, whose first end was his salary and getting money, and usefulness and duty only the means to that end? Would any one respect that man? Yet the earth is turned "upside down" even in this particular. This is shown from the very expression used in the Established Church-a "living:" a person, we hear, is appointed to a "living of £500 a year." Does not this expression show what idea is uppermost in men's thoughts!—not to do good, and save souls, but to have a comfortable livelihood. All who reflect, feel this to be a perversion of Divine order.
So with a statesman: what should we think of a man who sought to be prime minister or a judge, if he had honour and salary first in his mind, and serving his country last?
In these marked cases, all can see that use should be first, money or profit or self last. But what is true in these cases is true in all. In common business and trading, the doctrine of the New Church teaches that the use of the business should be first is a man's mind and profits last; use the end and money the means. This our author calls Dutch trading but the opposite he terms Jewish trading.*
Yet we know how widely at this day "Jewish trading" prevails, that is, having the making of money or profits as the end, and busi
*See "The Christian Religion," 801.
ness only as the means to that end. Does not this show that the world is, as the Scripture says, "turned upside down."
We should look at life in this way. The world is full of uses, high and low, great and small. We call them trades, professions, businesses. But in a light truly philosophical and religious, they will be looked upon as uses-uses performed for society and for the good of mankind. Consider any one of them, and you will see this to be the true view. Take one of the humblest forms of use-as for instance, that of sweeping the streets. How necessary to our comfort is the faithful performance of that use! The man who "works at it," as it is termed, thinks perhaps only of his eighteen shillings a week, but the philosopher and religious man thinks of the use to society. So with the trade of building houses, manufacturing furniture or clothing, selling groceries or merchandise of any kind-are not these all uses, the faithful or unfaithful performance of which affects our daily comfort and enjoyment!
Now, men in this perverted age are apt to think of their businesses and trades only as means of getting a living or making money, not of serving society. Hence all the selfishness, scrambling for gain, fraud and deception in the world around us.
It all comes from putting profit first and use last money as the end, and trade only as the means. Hence men do their work unfaithfully, dishonestly, and make unfair profits. This is all perverted order.
See now how the opposite cause would work, and how things would be if the world came into heavenly order.
A man, we will suppose, puts his use first. He loves his use. He wishes, by that use, to be of service to his fellow-men. The result will be, that he will try to perform it well, whatever it is. And in that effort and that thought, the Lord and angels would be with him, and would inspire content and happiness into his heart. He would not push and drive and overwork himself, because he is working for the Lord, not for self. The Lord is not a hard master, and does not require excessive labours of any man.
But the "world and the devil" and self and the love of money, which as the apostle says, is the "root of all evil," these are hard masters and tyrants, and make a man sweat under his burden. Hence so many overworked and oppressed and wretched masters and servants at this day. It is because the love of self, not the love of use, rules all.
The Things which are of the Light of the World. 129
Now, it is time to make a change in this respect, and let each man begin with himself. Let him contemplate the world as one of uses, just as heaven is a world of uses. No one is idle there, but all perform uses for the sake and from the love of uses, and, as we are instructed, no one who puts self first and use last can find a place in heaven.
Then the same law must be formed for heaven here day by day. the use which I have chosen in life, or to which I have been led under Divine Providence. Let me perform it faithfully and uprightly, and try to take pleasure in it and love it because it is a benefit to mankind." Or if it happens to be one he cannot make himself love, let him at least fulfil it resignedly and faithfully, and the Lord will bless him in it. "If I do this prudently and wisely," he says to himself, "I shall be supported and my family. I shall not be allowed to want. For the Lord has said, 'Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all things needful shall be added to you,' and the kingdom of the Lord is a kingdom of uses."
cultivated here: the character is Let a man say to himself, "This is
Duty first, and pleasure and profit afterwards: that is the rule. The hand does not labour for itself, but for the whole body:-the stomach does not toil for itself, but for the whole system, and thus it is itself supported. Such is the true order of society. Each should labour for all by performing some use, and then society will make return and support each. This is the order of heaven, and should be the order of the world. Let each one do what he can to bring it back into this order, so that the Lord's "kingdom may come and His will be done on earth as it is in heaven."
THE THINGS WHICH ARE OF THE LIGHT OF
IN No. 222 of the "Spiritual Diary" there occurs the following striking passage :—
"That there are three solar atmospheres which operate upon the natural mind; not however on the interior. But God Messiah is the Sun in the interior and inmost (mind).
“222. There are four natural spheres which arise from the sun; the atmosphere which causes hearing is known. A purer atmosphere