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sfruid his heart would not be right, without which, profession would be in vain, and he was

- wine and women would be his ruine, he should not forbear; but he own'd, and almost a present, when I pray'd, our God was the great and true God, but they were poor Indians, did they did not know him. Of these things, and inuch more, many English witnesses Le alive, but some are dead. - I have heard also the reverend Mr. Fitch did, at the request of the Mohegs, keep a fast

rein, in the time of a great drouth, at the request of the heathen, when their Powaws had honz cried for rain; and God answer'd by sending rain the same day, to the great astonishBeat of the heathen. “ Yours to serve,

“ JAMES NOYCE. *Karington, Mar. 15, 93-4."

Mr. Rowland Cotton, minister at Sandwich, in a letter of June 27, 1693, ariteth thus:

* REVEREND SIR: I have endeavour'd to take an exact account of those Indians, adult persons, who do constantly attend upon the dispensation of the gospel in the place that at Present I am concern'd for. And we do find that in Mashipau, Sanctuit, and Cortuit, villages tordering on each other, and all belonging to the same assembly, there are no less than two bundred and fourteen, besides several straglers that have no settled place, do repair thither. To carry on the work of the Lord's day, there is appointed one Simon Papomint; and at other times I shall diligently intend their good according to my capacity. * Reverend sir, I desire your blessing on your servant,

“Rowl. Cotton. * Sandrich, June 27, 1693."

Mr. Thomas Tupper also has given an account of one hundred and eighty Indians, unto whom he does dispense the word, concerning whom he has charitable hopes that they do (and that with zeal and sincerity) einbrace the gospel. There are moreover in Plimouth colony about five bundred Indians, amongst whom Mr. John Cotton (pastor of the church in Plimouth, and son to the famous Cotton of Boston) hath and doth preach the gospel.

Likewise Mr. Peter Thatcher, pastor of the church in Milton, is a faithfil labourer among the Indians at Punkepaog. So is Mr. Grindal Rawson, pastor of the church in Mendbam, among the Indians in those parts; and Mr. Bondet, who is minister to the French congregation at Oxford, in the Sipmug country

The Indian church at Natick (which was the first Indian church in America) is, since blessed Eliot's death, much dirninish'd and dwindl'd away. But Mr. Daniel Gookin hath bestow'd his pious cares upon it.

Besides the labours of the English in New-England, Mr. Dellius (a Datch minister) at Albany has learn'd the language of the Indians in those parts; God has graciously smild on his endeavours, so as that considerable cumbers of them are converted to the faith of Christ, and there is reason to hope that what is done, is but the first fruits of a great harvest to follow.

Take the account which himself giveth in a letter bearing date the 16th of January last. His words are these:

* REVEREND SIR: I have this to add to my former, that a Jesuit call'd Milet, whom the Oteydes took prisoner about four years ago, and who is now in that Castle a great man

among them, uses all his subtilty to frustrate my labours, by making false impressions upon the Indians concerning our religion; yet Almighty God is pleas'd to strengthen my prose lytes in that way I teach them, more and more. Sometimes there happens difference and disputes between my proselytes and his, concerning the points of religion; but ours alledg they confute the others. This I must say for them, that they take a great deal of pains, au are very zealous to learn, and very devout in their practice. I am, under favour, of opinion that the Jesuit catechism, with the cases of conscience added thereto, writ by their ow! hands, which they learn the Indians, which is either in your or your reverend son, Mr. Cotto: Mather's possession, may be serviceable to convince our proselytes and others, French thu come here, of their pernicious principles; and wish the same might be sent me.

“I had put six or seven psalms in their native language upon our notes, but were do perfected; now they are finish'd, and ihe ten commandments also.

“ The new infant church among the heathen increases, there being seventeen last com munion day, the thirty-first of December last, who took the sacrament with us, and fou others baptiz’d the same day. Thus God is sought of them that asked not for him, and i found of them that sought him not.' I think that God has a great people of them yet: the Lord sending a blessing to those means that are us'd for the enlargement of his kingdoti among them; and bless you, and all that labour in his vineyard; which shall ever be thi prayers of him, who is, Reverend sir, “Your most faithful and obedient servant in our Lord Jesus,

“GODEFR, DELLIUS. “ Albany, Jan. 16, 1693-4."


Relating Things Greatly Remarkable, fetch'd from one Little Island of Christianized Indians

It is not among the English only, but among the Indians also, that our glorious Lord Jesus Christ hath been glorify'd in "doing of wonders." And altho' some of those wonders have been mention's elsewhere, but more of 'em have been faultily bury'd in such oblivion that they are never like to have any mention at all in this world, yet I am able to furnish one con siderable part of a chapter in our church history, with a collection of remarkables, fetch'd from no more than one little party of Christianiz'd Indians; even those upon the one little island of Martha's Vineyard. It is possible that some of the Americans may be the posterity of those Canaanites

, who after the wars of Canaan, set up their pillars in Africa, with that inscription, "We are of those that fled from the face of Joshua the robber!"

But behold how Jesus the Saviour has follow'd them, and conquer'd them with his glorious grace!

Reader, "stand still, and consider the wondrous works of God!"

(I.) THE “UNKNOWN GOD” wonderfully making Himself Knoun to a Poor Pagan.How far our sovereign and gracious God may in an extraordinary manner discover of himself unto some among the poor Pagans that have not enjoy'd the preaching of the gospel, who can particularly determine?-Wonderful is the story which we have in Aquinas, of a corpse taken up out of a sepulchre in the days of Constantine and Irene, which had on it a plate of gold, whereon these words were engravid:

"Christus nascetur ex Virgine, Ego credo in illum: 0 Sol, sub Irenes et Consuntini Temporibus iterum me videbis.* A story so wonderful will not engage me to write pro Salute Aristotelis ;t or to defend a problem advanc'd even by some of our own great reformers, de Animabus Paganorum ; # lest I incur the censure passed by one of the ancients, on those who endeavour to prove Plato a Christian, till they prove themselves little better than heathen. It is indeed a principle in the Alcoran of Mahomet, that “let a man's religion be what it will, he shall be sav'd if he conscientiously live up to the rules of it.” And it is fitter for Mahometans than for Christians to maintain a principle so derogatory unto the vertue of the gospel, which, “if it be hid, it is hid unto them that be lost.” None more sincerely than we non-conformists, do subscribe unto that article of the church of England, they “are to be held accursed, who presume to say, that every man shall be sav'd by the law or sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that law and light of nature: for holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be sav'd."

But I will wholly leave my reader to his own judgment on another story somewhat wonderful.

Pammehanuit, an Indian of prime quality on Martha's Vineyard, and lis wife, having buried their five first children successively, every one of them within ten days of their birth, notwithstanding all their use of powaws and of medicines to preserve them, they had a sixth child (a son) born about the year 1638, which was a few years before the English first settled on that Vineyard. The mother was greatly perplexed with fear that she should lose this child, like the former: and utterly despairing of any help from such means as had been formerly tried with so little success, as soon as she was able, (which among the Indians is quickly and within less than ten days) with a sorrowful heart, she took her child, and went out into the Geld, that she might there weep out her sorrows. While she was here masing on the insufficiency of all humane help, she felt it powerfully suggested unto her mind, that "there is one Almighty God who is to be pray'd ento;" that “this God hath created all the things that we see;" and that " the God who had given being to her self and all other people, and given her child unto her, was easily able to continue the life of her child.”

Hereupon this poor blind Pagan resolv'd that she would seek unto this God for that mercy, and she did accordingly. The issue was, that her child liv'd; and her faith (such as it was) in Him who thus answer'd her prayer, was wonderfully strengthen'd: The consideration whereof caus'd her to dedicate this child unto the service of that God who had preserv'd bis life; and educate him, as far as might be, to become the servant of God. Not long after this, the English came to settle on Martha's Vineyard;

• Christ shall be born of a virgin ; I believe in Him: 0 son! thou shall see me again in the times of Cone Bailla and Irebe. + In favor of the salvation of Aristotle. Concerning the souls of the heathen.

and the Indians, who had been present at some of the English devotions, reported that they assembled frequently together; and that the man who spoke among 'em often look'd upwards. This woman, from this report, presently concluded that their assemblies were for prayers; and that their prayers were unto that very God whom she had addressed for the life of her child. She was confirm'd in this, when the gospel was not long after preached by Mr. Mayhew to the Indians there; which gospel she readily, and cheerfully, and heartily embrac'd. And in the confession that she made publickly at her admission into the church, she gave a relation of the preparation for the knowledge of Christ, wherewith God in this wonder ful way

had favour'd her. But that which adds to this wonder is, that this very child has prov'd an eminent preacher of Christ unto the other Indians. He is living at this time (1696) a very religious Christian and a laborious minister, and one who not only is pastor to an Indian church on Martha's Vineyard, consisting of some scores of regenerate souls, but also has taken pains to carry the gospel unto other Indians on the main land with a notable effect thereof. His name is Japhet.

(II.) A MIRACLE.—A Christian Indian, living at Martha's Vineyard, had his arm so wither'd, that he could make no use of it. Upon which occasion he went unto divers of his relations, desiring them to join with him in prayer for the recovery of his arm.

of his arm. He could find no faith in any of 'em about the matter, except some little in his wife; with whom there. fore he set apart a time solemnly to seek after Christ in the case which thus distress'd him: And behold, he was quickly after this perfectly restor'd, unto the astonishment of all his neighbours.

It is a remarkable passage which Mr. Daniel Rogers hath (in his "Naa. man”) about our New-English plantations, “Who can or dare deny but that the calling of those Americans to the knowledge of the truth, may seem a weighty occasion to expect from God the gift of miracles?” Behold, reader, the expectation remarkably accommodated!

(III.) WONDROUS ANSWERS OF Devour PRAYERS AMONG THE CHRISTIAN INDIANS.—Our Christian Indians are distinguish'd by the name of "praying Indians:" And when they have become Christians, they have been favour'd by Heaven with notable successes of their praying. There liv'd at Martha's Vineyard a godly Indian, call'd William Lay, who was both a magistrate and a minister among his countreymen. This man was in the year 1690 visited with a sore fit of sickness, which prevail'd upon him so far, that he lay speechless, in the last conflict with death, as his friends apprehended, for several days together. At length his wise, supposing his end very near, desired Japhet, the pastor of the Indian church,

with him, who, coming to the house, could scarce perceive any life now left in him. However, Japhet would not pray at this time with

to pray

at first singing a psalm; and particularly the eleven first verses of the Eighty eighth psalm. Now, they had bardly sung two verses before the dying man began to revive, and stir up his eyes, and move his lips, and lift his hands; and then he began to sing with them, and quickly his voice was as high, if not higher, than any of theirs. Thus he continu'd singing, with his hands lifted up, until they concluded; and then, laying down his hands, he seem'd again fallen into his dying posture. Japhet then goes to prayer, and soon after prayer was begun, the sick man began once more to revive: And lifting up his hand, he got Japhet by the hand, and held him till prayer was ended;. and then he immediately open'il his mouth in the praises of God, who, he said, “had heard prayer on his behalf, and graciously restor'd him from the mouth of the grave, that he might see his goodness in this world; and he believ'd would bestow life eternal upon him in the world to come.”—The man recover'd, and walk'd abroad: But about half a year after this, he fell into another sickness, whereof he dy'd.

Another very notable answer of prayer did Abel Aosoowe, an elder of the Indian church at Martha's Vineyard, count himself oblig'd unto Heaven for. In the month of January, 1685, he with his wife undertook to pass over Monument Bay, about five leagues, in a little canoo; but when they were got a little more than half way, the ice came so upon Liem, as to enclose them on every side, and cover the water as far as ever they could see. They were now in extream distress, and cry'd unto God with earnest prayers for deliverance; but especially for the salvation of their souls, which they thought was all they had now to hope for. In this distress they continued for several hours; but at length, immediately after one of their prayers, the ice open'd just at the head of their canoo, and went on opening to them; so that they had a free, though a streight passage to the shore, for divers miles together; the ice closing still together again just as the canoo had passed it. Their friends on the shore, luholding some of their distress, but unable to help them in it, beheld also with astonishment the relief thus granted them, and gave them a jorfal welcome.

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(IV.) A NOTABLE CONVERSION OF AN OBSTINATE INFIDEL.—Reader, behold "one saved as by fire!" No longer ago than the year 1695, about the beginning of October, the Spirit of our Lord Jesus Christ mov'd the heart of Japhet for to carry his gospel unto the Indians in a plantation which hitherto were without the knowledge of the "great salvation." These Indians were, by the blessing of Heaven on the preaching of Japhet, brought generally to subject themselves unto the gospel. Yet there was one man among them at first very obstinate; who nevertheless, after mach obstinacy, promised at length to forsake his heathenism, and embrace the religion of Christ. But when Japhet was gone off, this man goes to

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