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CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.

THE FOURTH BOOK, ENTITULED, SAL GENTIUM.

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IT cuulains an account of the New-English University,

THE INTRODUCTION.

PIRT 1.–The Laws, the Benefactors, and the Vicissitudes of Harvard-Colledge; and a Catalogue of its

Graduates; with Remarks upon it,

PART II.—The Lives of some Eininent Persons therein educated,

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THE FIFTH BOOK, ENTITULED, ACTS AND MONUMENTS.

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li contains, the Faith and Order in the Churches of New-England, agreed by their Synods: with Historical

Reinarks upon all those Venerable Assemblies; and a great variety of other Church-Cases, occurring and
resolved in those American Churches, .

177
THE FIRST PART.-The Faith professed by the Churches of New-England. With Remarks,

179
THE SECOND PART.-The Discipline practised in the Churches of New-Engiand. With Historical Remarks ;

and a Rich Collection of Church-Cases happily decided,

APPENDIX.---The Heads of Agreement, assented to by the United Ministers, formerly called, Presbyterian

and Congregational,

273

THE THIRD PART.-The Principles owned, and Endeavours used, by the Churches of New-England, concrni-

ing the Church-state of their Posterily. With Remarks,

276

TUE FOURTH PART.-The Reforminy Synod of Now-England; with subsequent Essays of Reformation in

the Churches,

316,

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CHAPTER 1.

Mille Nocendi Artes ; or, some General Heads of Temptation, with which the Churches of New-England have

been exercised,

CHAPTER II.

Little Foxes; or, the Spirit of Rigid Separation in one remarkable zerl.t, vexing the Churches of New-Enge

lund, and the Spirit of Giddy Familism in another; and suine lesser Controversies arising upon sundry
occusions,

195

of

THE FOURTH BOOK.

THE

HISTORY OF HARVARD-COLLEDGE.

INTRODUCTION.

If there have been Universities in the world, which a Beza would call Flabella Satana, and a Luther would call Cathedras Pestilentia and antichristi luminaria, † and a third ventures to style Synagogas perditionis and puteos Abyssi;s the excellent Arrowsmith has truly observed that it is no more to be inferred froin hence that all are so, than that all books are to be burnt, because the Christians did burn the magical ones at Ephesus. The New-Englanders have not been Weigeliuns; or the disciples of the furious fanatick, who held forth (Reader, let it never be translated into English!] Nullam esse in universo Ter. rarum Orbe Academiam, in qua Christus inveniatur; in Academiis ne lantillam quidem Christi cognitionem reperiri posse : Noluisse Christum Evangelicum prædicari per Diabolos; ergo non per Academicos. ( Lest all the Hellebore of New-England (a country abounding with Hellebore) should not suffice to restore such dreamers unto their wits, it hath produced an University also, for their better information, their utter confutation. Behold, an American University, presenting herself, with her sons, before her Europæan mothers for their blessing—an University which hath been to these plantations, as Livy saith of Greece, for the good of literature, there cultivated, SAL GENTIUM; an University which may make her boast unto the circumjacent regions, like that of the orator on the behalf of the English Cambridge, Fecimus (absit verbo invidia, cui abest Falsitas) ne in Demagoriis lapis sederit super lapidem, ne deessent in templis theologi, in Foris Jurisperiti, in oppidis medici; rempublicam, ecclesiam, sedatam, exparatis, quo magis eruditi fuerint: || Finally, an University which has been what Stangius made his abbey, when he turned it into a Protestant Colledge; Της Θεογνωσίας παιδευτηρίων και ψυχών διρασκαλείαν Λογικών. Η And a river, without the streams whereof, these regions would have been meer unwatered places for the devil! • Satan's fans.

Seats of pestilence and beacons of Antichrist. Synagogues of perdition and sinks of bell. | That there is no institution of learning in the world, whero Christ is to be found: in such institutions, not a particle of the knowledge of Christ can be obtained: Christ was unwilling that the gospel should be preached by devils; consequently, he is unwilling that it should be preached by scholars.

| We have provided, (and let envy be as far removed from this declaration as is falsehood,) that in popular assemblies stune should not talk to stone-that the church should not lack priests, or the bar, jurists, or the community, physicians: we have supplied the government, the church, the senato, the army, with accomplished men, who are the better qualified to serve the public interest in proportion to the superiority of their acquirements.

A seminary of the knowledge of God, and a school for logical minds.

PART I.

ITS LAWS, BENEFACTORS, VICISSITUDES, AND ITS GRADUATES.

§ 1. The nations of mankind, that have shaken off barbarity, have not more differed in the languages, than they have agreed in this one principle, that schools, for the institution of young men, in all other liberal sciences, as well as that of languages, are necessary to procure, and preserve, that learning amongst them, which

Emollit mores, nec sinit esse feros.*

To relate the thousandth part of the brave things, which have been done by the nations of Asia, in former, or the nations of Europe, in latter ages, pursuant to this principle, would be to fill huge folio volumes, with transribing from Hospinian or Meddendorpius, from Alsted, from Junius, and from Leigh, and from very many other authors. America is the part of the world whereto our history is confined; and one little part of America, where the first academy that ever adorned any English plantation in America was erected; and an academy which, if majores nostri academias signato vocabulo appellavere Universitates, quod Universarum Divinarum Humanarumque Rerum Cognitio, in ijs, ut Thesauro conservato aperiatur,t it may, though it have otherwise wanted many priviledges, from the very foundation of it pretend unto the name of an UNIVERSITY. The primitive Christians were not more prudently careful to settle schools for the education of persons, to succeed the more immediately inspired ministry of the apostles, and such as had been ordained by the apostles; (and the apostle Julian truly imagined that he could not sooner undo Christianity than by putting of them down!) than the Christians in the most early times of New-England were to form a COLLEDGE, wherein a succession of a learned and able ministry might be educated. And, indeed, they foresaw that without such a provision for a sufficient ministry, the churches of New England must have been less than a business of one age, and soon have come to nothing: the other hemisphere of the world would never have sent us over MEN enough to have answered our necessities; but without a nursery for such MEN among ourselves "darkness must have soon covered the land, and gross darkness the people.” For some little while, indeed, there were very hopeful effects of the pains taken by certain particular men of great worth and skill, to bring up some in their own private families for public services; but much of uncertainty and of inconveniency in this way was in that little while discovered; and when wise men considered the question handled by Quintilian, Utilius ne sit domi, atque, intra privatos Parietes studentem con

• Chastens the manners and the soul refines.

+ Our forefathers called academies by the significant name of Universities, because in them are revealed, like a hidden treasure, the universal stores of knowledge, both in divino and human things.

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