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thinks freshly for himself, on important matters, and dares to utter his thought. Public opinion weighs like a mountain upon the individual soul. Every man says to himself, what will happen to me if I go off the rails ? Thus every perversion is maintained from age to age. The love of bread and butter is stronger than the love of truth. The generality of teachers do not inquire for themselves, and the taught follow in the beaten track. Besides, the system of over-instruction, over-guidance, over-watching, supersedes and stifles the faculty for investigation. Not enough room is given to the doubtful element, and since it is in the area of the doubtful that honest thought must exert itself, honest thought languishes from deficiency of space and air. It would, indeed, be a most uncomfortable world if all were original thinkers, and if there were no amenable multitudes to govern; but at present the reign of stereotype is in excess. It is the extreme rarity of individualism which render it so interesting and useful in the present distress. In a more thoughtful world original people would perhaps retire into obscurity.


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THE POOR CURATE. (From an unpublished series of 'Rural Scenes and Clerical Portraits.'

Yonder he comes with quick and hurried pace,
I meet him often near this well-known place ;
Familiar features ! thought has paled his cheek,
Those shining orbs benevolence bespeak;
Bold swells his high and arched brow, yet there
Methinks I see a lurking shade of care.
Snug livings and poor curates !' how it sounds!
Sharp pinching penury where wealth abounds;
Our starveling workers in the great church hive,
Must moil and toil that parson drones may live.
Our rector rarely to his flock comes near;
He with his easy thousands every year,
Drawn from his parish, wanders as he will ;
Hard is the task his weary time to kill.
Now here, now there, in country or in town,
To half our villagers “the great unknown.'
Not thus unknown our curate; him we love,
Blessings be his—blessings from God above !
Scant are his means, his yearly stipend small ;
Seventy pounds sterling I have heard is all
Our rector's payment for the cure of souls,
While he in luxury and idlesse rolls ;
Just half the coin in weekly wages paid
To Edward Crank, who drives the millwright's trade,
And (wealth unknown) has wife and children three;
Our curate he has none; all lonely he:
Yet he hath loved, aye, he loves deeply now,
In fits of musing, wond'ring when and how
His silent breath shall echo with her voice;
Then bright home visions bid his heart rejoice.
His hands have tied the knot for many a pair,
And who shall blame if he hath longed to share

Such joy as fills the bridegroom when his bride
Stands blushing, trembling, vowing at his side ?
Now hark! what means that loud and merry hum ?
Behind him, laughing swarms of children come.
In days of yore, a shrill and wrinkled dame,
Our sole instructress, till our curate came.
In .raising funds' full many a month he spent,
Undaunted he, in purpose fixed intent:
And none e'er begged like him for others sake,
What for himself his hands had scorned to take.
All pity's pleadings in his words were felt,
While hearts ne'er touched before began to melt.
A school was built, a 'model teacher' found,
And yonder crowd of urchins gathered round,
Matched against youngsters of a former age,
A very owl, as learned as a sage!
But to our curate-lo! he halts before
Yon cottage, entering its half open door,
Home of the widow and the fatherless;
He comes, with words of light and love to bless.
Her boy is sick, is dying, but has caught
The voice of one whose tender love has taught
Lessons of wisdom, promises divine,
That now like stars in death's deep darkness shine.
He turns, he casts his large-orbed lustrous eye
Full on the Man of God, then heaves a sigli,
While back upon the pillow falls his head,
Both start, they raise it, but the soul hath fled.
A tear unbidden wets our curate's cheek,
Yet words of comfort he essays to speak,
Tells her of Heaven, and how its countless throng
Are ever hymning their harmonious song.
There lives her William now, no more to die,
No more to know a pang, or heave a sigh ;
Ilis body sleeps in death, but 'mong the blest
His spirit wakes, in robes of glory drest:
Tells her of Him, the lonesome widow's God;
Bids her bow calmly 'neath His chast’ning rod
Then kneeling on her humble floor, he prays
That Friend above to guide her all her days;
Wishing with all his heart that it were more,
He draws a coin from out his scanty store,
Nor will denial takenor longer stay
To hear her thanks—be quickly moves away:
Such is the course he daily loves to run;
Light-giving, gloom-dispelling, like the sun.
His windows I have often passed at night,
When others were all darkness, his was bright.
I've seen him bending o'er an old old book,
With fixed, with earnest, with enraptured look.
Or pacing round his well-worn study floor,
Repeat aloud what he had thought before.

His serm ons were unwritten, yet gave signs
Of deeper thoughts than those of some divines,
Who read with schoolboy drawl their weary prose,
Nor break their hearers comfortable doze ;'
Fresh from the heart, his glowing words arise,
His tones speak volumes, while his piercing eyes
Have helped to fix the love-directed dart
of God's own truth in many a smitten heart.
This all his aim, to lead the soul to God,
By that blest path the holy Saviour trod;
That, a reward, more noble in his view,
Than all the honours worldlings ever knew.
Teacher of truth, hero of love, work on!
Thy God be with thee till thy work be done.
Thy guerdon then, richer than jewelled crown,
When the Great Judge thy faithfulness shall own.
But O! ye Churchmen, lolling at your ease,
Blush if ye can at contrasts such as these,


Broughton, Manchester.


Common Prayer and Common Sense : are obliged to admit that with such

an argument for Church Expansion views of the meaning of the words as by means of Liturgical Revision. his own it is not necessary to press the By T. Davis, M.A., Incumbent of charge of dishonour home upon him Roundhay. Longman. 1862. in its darker form. He raises a vast

fog of mystification around the bapThis pamphlet is an outcry of con tismal service, in which it may be science and judgment from a man who granted that nothing can be seen could, if any one could, snatch the clearly enough to render subscription live-coal of prophetic nonconformity to it either true or false. But the from our lips ;-a laborious student, system carries its own condemnation a beautiful thinker, a poet, whose gift with it. Here is a man, naturally the is as genuine as the song of the soul of honour and a bard of God, thrushes of Roundhay, a brave, liberal, reduced, in the explication of his reloving soul-but, after all, an Evan ligious position, to a series of argugelical clergyman-involved in the ments and apologies—such as he would horrid meshes of the Church of Eng

be ashamed to apply to the affairs of In these pages,

common life. But he knows inwardly shrinking from the charge of unfaith the difference between sunshine and fulness in the use of words, he does

moonshine, and, therefore, with his best to quash the indictment better nature, calls aloud on Heaven by giving a long and complicated ac and Earth, on Lords and Commons, count of his method of explaining

land formularies.


to support Lord Ebury and reform away the obnoxious phraseology. We the liturgy. But no! The Bishop of


London has already taught us in his

boat. Indeed, there is something speech on liturgical revision, delivered pitiable in the condition of ordinary in the Lords last year, that ·

scrupu readers under the present system of lous men' are out of place in the publication. Books of all sorts lie Church of England-and, we fear, about by millions. Treatises which there is no hope whatever of a victory ought never to pass a college door for the Evangelicals. Besides, many are offered as the common aliment of who call themselves Low Churchmen life to ignorant, positive, and credumaintain baptismal regeneration in

lous multitudes; and books which in the plain grammatical sense of the their condensed virulence of false aswords.' The treatise of the late sertion may require twenty volumes Edward Bickersteth on Baptism con to answer them, are thrown into the tains statements on the spiritual effects midst of society, to work their misof baptism which would satisfy a chief on minds which are too impatient clergyman of the school of Dr. Hook. to look for a single reply. It is imIt is hoping against hope, but we possible to calculate the number of heartily desire for Mr. Davis, Mr. the persons whose faith has been Fisher, and their compeers, full suc

shaken by the “Essays and Reviews.' cess in their honourable endeavours. The good things in the volunt, and Meantime, though it cost what is they are many, have recommended the dearest in life, we will for ourselves evil, and we fear that the evil greatly persist in witnessing to the 'general preponderates. It is true that the necessity' of verbal honesty to salva serious and connected reading of the tion.

Bible is the best, simplest, and the

most effectual counteraction to all the Seven Answers to the senen Essays

assaults of unbelief; but it is precisely and Reviews. By John NORTH

this reading of the Scriptures for which GRIFFIN, M.A., of Trinity College,

men are least inclined in this day of Dublin. Longman. 1862.

excitement and amusement. The mind,

too, is filled with objections against Captain Williams, sitting on the these sacred writings to such an extent quarter deck of the Trent, in the Ba as to indispose the half-learned crowds hama Channel, reading “Essays and Re to examine them for themselves. Noviews,' as the San Jacinto approached thing remains, therefore, except to and fired her memorable shot athwart invite replies to the assailants, in the the bows of the mail steamer, is a hope that seven essays, leaving only a typical picture of the times. We

We general result of doubt, may call forth, commend it to some artist for the next if need be, seventy times seven reexhibition of the Royal Academy. joinders of a nature to restore and Here is an average blundering tar, enlighten the popular belief. That trying to get his theological notions belief cannot now be restored without settled or unsettled, as the case may some modifications, but we have no be, by studying a book which is one of fear that the final issue can possibly the most curious pieces of black and be fatal to the influence of the Scripwhite chequer-work-of truth and tures. When good men have at length falsehood—that ever appeared at home learned to claim no more for the or abroad. Captain Williams's veri- Bible than it claims for itself-when fying faculty' will stand him in better they have learned that minute church stead, with its infallible instincts, five formularies dishonestly subscribed minutes hence, in dealing with Cap are the ruin of the religion they tain Wilkes' boarding party, than it are designed to conserve when can do in assisting the Admiralty they have learned that state-patronagent to resist the seven theological age and control of the Church, being pirates who are assailing his religious necessarily encumbered by such subbelief, as he sits a peaceful reader and scriptions, is fatal to honest inquiry, victim, under the awning of his packet and fatal to the independence and


moral authority of either the gospel the service and glory of Christ. At or its teachers, -perhaps Christianity the same time we do not like his style will rest on a stronger foundation of thinking — the style of a great than ever in the public faith. It is Chancery lawyer stopping argument the exaggerations of faith which have by precedents, and extinguishing the caused the exaggerations of scepti human reason by the aid of “Butler's cism, and a return to moderation and Analogy.' On this head we cannot too truth will serve the cause of piety strongly recommend to the notice of better than either the most desperate all similar thinkers the words of Mr. radicalism of doubt, or the most malig Goldwin Smith in his resent treatise Dantly orthodox attacks on the oa Rational Religion, in reply to the doubters.

unfortunate Mr. Mansell :-he says, “I The present volume is a highly have lived in a university where creditable performance, though weak Butler is worshipped almost ened by the suspicion which will cling a fetish; on which his authority to the defence of a clergyman who has weighed like an incubus, and has sicorn to believe. The suspicion where through the weak side of his inevitably arises that the good man's system he has become the unhappy oath governs his understanding. The parent of a pedagogic philosophy position of the established clergy is a which is always rapping people on the serious loss to the side of Christianity: knuckles with the ferule of analoIf half their learning, ability, and zeal gous difficulties,' instead of trying to were enlisted on the side of the gospel, solve the doubts and satisfy the moral apart from their political and social instincts of mankind. When Mr. advantages, they would produce far Napier tells us in this preface that he more faith in the public mind than finds in Bishop Butler ample macan at present accrue from the diligent terials for a sufficient, if not complete use of all their resources.

reply' to the seven essays, we consider never comes right, and that which is that such replies are analogous' to wrong in principle works evil on a the efforts of Mrs. Partington to sweep wider scale than ever occurs to the away the rising ocean. wrong-doer. We much fear, there answer to the seven essays will be fore, that the new 'Aids to Faith' of found only in a more correct and all sorts which come from beneficed fully detailed exposition of the Bible, clergymen will not have that full and such an exposition will not quite weight which they deserve. Secular accord with the doctrines of the and social advantages of such attrac Church of England. Christianity tiveness are by law conjoined with a rightly interpreted, is its own all-sufficertain line of opinion and belief that cing defence. The principal objections it will require more trust in human which are made against the Bible and integrity than usually prevails to per Christianity are made against theories suade the multitude of the impar of inspiration and dogmatic propositiality of the counsel for the defence. tions which are not to be found in either. The Bishop of Oxford's exhortation, If the present struggle were for the to throw doubt from us like a lighted Bible only against scepticism, the rebombshell,' is in itself sufficient to un sult would be neither distant nor do the Christian advocates of a whole doubtful. But it is a contest for university.

church-doctrines as footnotes to the Mr. Griffin's volume is prefaced by Bible, which introduces a new and an introduction from the pen of the dangerous element into the controRight Honorable Joseph Napier, late versy. There are not many men in Lord Chancellor of Ireland. We do England who would think the bible all honour to this Joseph of Arima worth saving if the Church must be thea, . faithful found among the faith destroyed, and it is this fatal compliless,' openly consecrating the intlu cation of interests and authorities ence of a great name and position to which renders the prospect of the


The proper

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