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Theology in Yale College, is called themselves under the instruction of the the “ Dwight professorship.” From Professor of Divinity. Several hundreds
of the Alumni who entered the ministhe fact that Dr. Dwight was presi- try, were thus qualified for their work. dent of Yale College, and from his But about thirty years ago, the system distinguished reputation as a theo. of Theological education in this counlogian, it is doubtless generally in. labor of instruction in the several branch
try experienced an entire change. The ferred and believed, that the name es of Biblical criticism, systematic Theof that professorship was given in ology, and the composition and delivhonor of him. That honor however ery of sermons, was found too great for
Institutions belongs to his eldest son, the subject any one man to sustain.
exclusively Theological were therefore of this memoir. We extract the established. The duties which formerly following passage, as an illustration devolved upon a single individual were of an important feature of Christian distributed among three or four Procharacter which may well be imitated his qualifications for a particular depart
fessors, each selected with reference to in its nature and mode of expression, ment, and confined to the discharge of and because it contains a piece of its appropriate duties. A much greathistory respecting a beloved and ven.
er extent and perfection were thus given erated literary institution, which will could possibly be attained by the exer
to a course of Theological education than be interesting to our readers. tions of the most highly gifted individual.
It was not surprising, therefore, that the "From the time of his conversion, he department of Theological instruction in showed it to be his intention to make con- Yale College, (destitute of these advantributions to benevolent objects a matter tages,) should be for some years in a of principle. He laid aside yearly the languishing state. Indeed, the whole inentire profits of one branch of bis busi. fluence of the College was cordially ness for benevolent uses ; having more granted for the advancement of other particularly in mind the raising of a fund Theological institutions which needed its for the benefit of Yale College. This aid, though it was foreseen that the meascircumstance being known to some of the ures which were taken to promote their friends of the College, by whom the de interests would diminish ihe prosperity sign of establishing a Theological de- of the school at New Haven. 'In giving partment was entertained, they applied to this aid, however, it was never contemhim for aid in that enterprise, and received plated to abandon the course of Theolofrom him a very liberal donation for the gical education which had been so long suspurpose of founding a professorship of rained. On the contrary, the late President Didactic Theology:
Dwight, who took so active a part in fa“ The chief design of the founders or vor of the Andover Institution, maintain. Yale College was to make it a school for ed to the day of death, and bequeathed to the preparation of young men for the his successors the duty of extending the Christian ministry. The Professor of Di. department of Theological instruction in vinity in the College is bound by the correspondence with its enlargement in statutes of his office, not only to act as other institutions.' pastor of the church, and religious teach- “ In the year 1822, the question came er of the undergraduates, but likewise to definitely before the officers of College, furnish such students in Theology as may and the Christian public, Shall the dehave been reared in the College, or may partment of Theological instruction be choose to resort to it from abroad, with now abandoned, and Yale College beassistance in the studies preparatory to come merely a school of philosophy, or the ministry. There has, therefore, al. shall an effort be made to extend this deways been maintained in the College, a partment, and to place it on a respectable strictly Theological School. The Rev.
and permanent foundation ?' Fifteen Professors Daggett and Wales, and the young men, Alumni of the College, then Rev. President Dwight in his capacity of made application to the Faculty to be reProfessor of Divinity, have each success- ceived as a Theological class, for the enively given instruction to students in suing year. It was felt that the rejection Theology, and prepared many for the of so many Theological students, under ministerial office, who have been distin- the circumstances, would be a final aban. guished for their usefulness in the church- donment of the object. The Faculty, es.' So long as the only other method of feeling the importance of sustaining this gaining a Theological education was that department of instruction in a manner of studying with pastors, a considerable consistent with the dignity of the Col. number of young men, principally gradu. lege and the interests of the church, and ates of the College, annually placed being especially desirous of retaining, as Vol. III.
far as possible, the religious character of intended especially for those public an institution of learning, founded for pic religious teachers who can not proous ends, determined to recommend to the Corporation to establish the Theolo- cure, or have not leisure to consult gical department upon an enlarged and many of the more learned commenpermanent basis. But the question now taries; and also for the private use arose, Where shall the funds requisite of intelligent Christians, who wish for this important object, and without which the Corporation will not sanction to understand and to profit by this it, be obtained?' The prospect of raising portion of Scripture. And hence $20,000 for the support of a Professor of it is so drawn up as to hold a midview quite discouraging. But just at this dle rank between the profoundly crisis, Mr. Dwight caine forward and sub- learned commentaries, which aim scribed five thousand dollars toward this to cast new light on the obscure fund. He also pledged himself
privately poem, and those more popular works to make up any deficiency to the extent of $5,000 more, if the remaining $15,000 which avoid all difficult questions, could not be obtained in season to secure
and direct attention only, or chiefly, the action of the Corporation at their next to what is plain and obvious to commeeting. The sum was secured, howev.
mon readers. It is, moreover-as er, and a Professorship of systematic Theology was endowed under the name of might be expected from the opporthe Dwight Professorship. The Rev. N. tunities and avocations of the writer W. Taylor, D. D., then pastor of the first-rather a compilation than an origi. church'in New Haven, was elected to the nal work. Yet the worthy compiler office, which he still holds, and entered upon his duties immediately. Had it not manifestly had before him a good been for the timely encouragement given collection of the best and most elabby Mr. Dwight, though there might have
orate expositions of the book of Job; been an imperfect arrangement made for the instruction of Theological students
and he was able in general, to com. by the distribution of the several branch- prehend and appreciate the argues of Theological learning among the ments of those learned commentaProfessors of Divinity, Rhetoric and Lan: tors, and to judge for himself which guages in the College, the departement interpretations were best supported. probably could not have been placed on its present foundation, at least for many The Introductory Dissertation is years after. It was Mr. Dwight's inten- full of interest. It covers 126 pages; tion to have doubled his original subscrip; and is divided into nine parts, emtion; but the investment which he had made with this end in view, proved un- bracing as many points of inquiry. fortunate, and the embarrassment conse- In the first part, (pp. 3—10,) Mr. B. quent upon this reverse, prevented bim maintains that the narrative parts of from contributing afterwards to benevolent objects on so large a scale as he had the book recount no fiction, but give at first projected.”
us a true history of a real man, who
suffered and had discussions with The sermon delivered at Mr. his friends substantially as this book Dwight's funeral, which is append- describes. Secondly, that the man ed to the memoir, as well as the Job resided in some part of Arabia memoir itself, is written in a style Deserta, bordering upon Idumea, clear, direct, and felicitous.
and situated between Palestine and
the Euphrates, (pp. 11-15.) ThirdNotes, critical, illustrative and prac. ly, that he lived somewhere between
tical, on the book of Job : with a the age of Terah, the father of new Translation, and an Intro. Abraham, and the times of Jacob, ductory Dissertation. By ALBERT or about 1800 years before the BARNES. New York: Leavitt, Christian era, and about 600 years Trow and Company. 1844. after the deluge, (pp. 16—19.) Two volumes, 12mo. pp. cxxvi, Fourthly, that the book was, very 311, 312, 72.
probably composed by Job himself,
during the 140 years that he lived This work appears to have been after his severe trials, (pp. 19–38.)
Fifthly, that the book is a didactic independently, and might more poem, in the form of a dialogue be easily be consulted by clergymen tween Job and his three friends, who may wish to quote from it. with a prosaic narrative for an intro- The notes are, as the title-page duction, and another prosaic narra. correctly states, exegetical, illustrative for a conclusion. In this place tive and practical. The exegetical Mr. B. gives us a pretty full and remarks are for the most part, conlucid account of the peculiar char. cise statements of the results to acteristics of Hebrew poetry; and which different interpreters have likewise describes the economy of arrived, brief notices of the grounds this poem, or its distribution into of those results, and the judgment parts, and the manner in which the, of the author as to their merits. In discussion was carried on, (pp. 38 a few instances the author advances -77.) Sixthly, he briefly main- new interpretations of his own. He tains the canonicity and inspiration gives us no protracted philological of the book, (pp. 77–84.) Sev. discussions, but he often mentions enthly, he exhibits a general view the parallel use of a Hebrew word of the patriarchal religion, or that or phrase in other parts of the Bible. religion which prevailed in the times The illustrative remarks are more of Job, and anterior to the days of full, more varied in character, and Moses, (pp. 84–99.) Eighthly, he more frequently original. The illusdescribes the state of human learn- irations from passages in the pagan ing in the times of Job, or the attain- writers, Latin, Greek and Oriental, ments the world had then made in though occurring in all the more the various sciences and arts, (pp. learned commentaries, are not al. 99--114.) And lastly, he gives us ways very appropriate ; yet some of a pretty ample list of versions and them are so, and are very properly expositions of the book, ancient and inserted in this work. The illustramodern, with brief remarks on their tions derived from a knowledge of character and value as exegetical the human heart, or from the knowhelps, (pp. 115–126.) On all these ledge of the trials and conflicts of topics, Mr. B. has shown himself the human soul in this imperfect well acquainted with the arguments state, which a faithful pastor has the and hypotheses of the principal best opportunity to acquire, are writers who preceded him, and has everywhere introduced with the manifested a soundness and inde. happiest effect. Such illustrations pendence of judgment which do him may sometimes be too protracted, credit.
or may run into a kind of disquisition The new translation, which is on points of experimental religion ; thrown into an Appendix to the but they are always pertinent, and second volume, is a respectable per- can not fail to interest the pious formance, and well expresses the reader. The practical remarks are exact meaning of the original as it generally introduced at the close of is explained in the notes. Had it chapters and speeches, and are very been placed beneath or beside the judicious. They are suggested by common version, which occupies the the subject, and are seldom so protop of the pages, over the commen- tracted as to become tedious. tary, it would have facilitated the After this detailed account of the comparing of the two versions, and work, we scarcely need to say that would have helped to throw light on we regard it as a valuable book for the exposition of the book. It was parish ministers, and for all intelliprobably placed by itself at the end gent Christians who are able to posof the work, that it might be read sess it.
Elements of Geometry, on the basis and trigonometry, chemistry, natu
of Dr. Brewster's Legendre, to ral philosophy and astronomy; his. which is added a book on Propor. tory, political economy, and rhetoric. tion, with notes and illustrations, By these elevated and intellectual adapted to the improved methods studies, the mind of the pupil is so of instruction in schools and much improved, and his capacity so academies. By JAMES B. THOM. much enlarged, that a comparative. SON, A. M. New Haven, Durriely small portion of his time, will & Peck; Philadelphia, Smith & serve to perfect him in those hum. Peck.
bler rudiments, which formerly con.
stituted the sum of a common school We regard it as most auspicious education. to the interests of general education, We hold it to be the duty of our that the elements of the higher pastors, to regard this subject with branches of knowledge, such as were special interest; to acquaint them. formerly supposed to belong exclu. selves with the new books that are sively to colleges and academies, prepared for the use of schools ; to are making their way into our com- examine them critically, in regard mon schools. We well remember both to their literary merits and their the time, when the entire catalogue moral tendency; and to use their in. of studies taught in our village fluence, with just and careful disschools, consisted of spelling, read. crimination, to have the best books ing, writing, and arithmetic. Les placed in the hands of the children sons in reading and spelling were and youth of their charge. As it is the great burden of the day; pen. at present, far too great a propormanship received in quantity, what tion of this influence is wielded by it lacked in method and rule ; and booksellers and their agents ; the arithmetic seldom unveiled its mys. gift of a book to the teacher or the teries further than the rule of three. school-committee, has, it is found, Indeed this meagre list of studies a far greater share in introducing remained in our schools, long after and perpetuating the school books the noble school fund began to scat- actually in use, than the voice of the ter its treasures over this favored pastor. commonwealth. A better state of The preparation of works suitathings, we trust, is beginning to pre- ble for young learners, whether in vail, even in Connecticut. New our common schools or in our acad. York, however, has of late exbibit- emies, requires in the author, at ed a degree of energy and zeal, in least two qualifications; a thorough elevating the standard of common acquaintance with the subject, and school education, which threatens the experience of the teacher. The to leave the New England states greatest scholars sometimes fail in far behind. The excellent system preparing books for the young,
beof supervision she has adopted, and cause, for want of the experience the determination she evinces, to of the instructor, they are unable to make every village school an“acad
commune with the minds of child. emy,” or something better, author- ren; and the elementary teacher izes the expectation, that her rising sometimes proves himself incompeyouth will form one of the most en- tent to write text-books, especially lightened and best educated com- on subjects of science, for want of munities on earth. Besides the those comprehensive views, and acsimple elements of knowledge be- curate attainments, which character. fore mentioned, her plan embraces, ize the accomplished author. It is among other things, English gram- where these two qualifications are mar, geography, algebra, geometry united, that we find a school book at once instructive and easy ; in- Reserve College. New Haven, structive, by containing a choice published by A. H. Maltby. Price selection of the most important truths, 75 cents. and easy, by appearing in a simple dress, and adapted by happy illus- Dr. Rush's treatise on the Human trations, to the apprehension and Voice, must sooner or later produce taste of the learner.
an entire change in the mode of Mr. Thomson, in his abridgment teaching elocution. The analysis of Day's Algebra, exhibited that is so strict, and the fact disclosed so union of the thorough scholar with important to the practical elocution. the experienced instructor, upon ist, that nothing but the difficulty of which we lay so great a stress; and fully understanding the work, and we think he has evinced these qual. reducing its principles to practice, ities in the preparation of the pres. has prevented it from creating an ent work on geometry. We earn. entire revolution in this science. estly desire to see this subject stu. The work before us will contribute died, not only in our academies, but materially, we hope, to bring the in all our common schools. No results of Dr. Rush's inquiries withstudy so well as geometry, disci. in the reach of the great body of plines the youthful mind, at once intelligent teachers. Prof. Day has enlarging its capacities, and strength- gone over the subject with much ening its faculties ; while it enriches care, and endeavored to form an the understanding with principles art where Dr. Rush had created a of great value, preparatory to the science. He has laid open briefly, practical branches of mathematics, but clearly, the great facts relating as trigonometry and surveying, or to the voice, in connection with a to the ennobling studies of natural series of exercises, designed to give philosophy and astronomy. Nor is the pupil a perfect command of the geometry, in the easy form in which organs of speech, and a clear conit is here presented, a subject at all ception of what he actually does unsuited to the capacities of the pu• with his voice, in expressing the vapils of our common schools. Ac- rious modifications of thought and companied, as the propositions usu- feeling. Such a course of exercises ally are, by figures which exhibit is admirably adapted to break up truth to the eye, they often awaken the dull, inarticulate, mechanical in young minds a higher interest mode of speaking, formed by so than the more abstract conceptions many in early life, and perpetuated of arithmetic and algebra. We by the hurried and declamatory have known a boy of nine years style of speaking prevalent in most of age, acquire a good knowledge schools. We are not sure that his of the first four books of Euclid; readers will be able to follow Prof. and we have found nothing better Day at once into every part of his suited, than geometry, to the taste treatise, especially that part which and capacities of young ladies, due relates to the waves; but his explacare being taken to prevent the ten nations are far more clear and prace dency, too often indulged, to make tical than those of any writer we the lessons a mere matter of mem- know of, who has attempted to lay ory, instead of a vigorous exercise open the subject so fully; and we of the intellectual powers.
do trust that much good will result
from a general circulation of this The Art of Elocution, exemplified work among teachers. It will give
in a systematic course of exercises. definite views on many subjects, By Henry N. Day, Professor of which were wrapt in mystery till Sacred Rhetoric in the Western Dr. Rush commenced his investiga