Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages
Basic notions in the field of creole studies, including the category of creole languages itself, have been questioned in recent years: Can creoles be defined on structural or on purely sociohistorical grounds? Can creolization be understood as a graded process, possibly resulting in different degrees of radicalness and intermediate language types ( semi-creoles )? If so, by which linguistic structures are these characterized, and by which extralinguistic conditions have they been brought about? Which are the linguistic mechanisms underlying processes of restructuring, and how did grammaticalization and reanalysis shape the reorganization of linguistic, specifically morphosyntactic structures commonly called creolization ? What is the role of language contact, language mixing, substrates and superstrates, or demographic factors in these processes? This volume provides select and revised papers from a 1998 colloquium at the University of Regensburg in which these questions were addressed. 19 contributions by renowned scholars discuss structural, sociohistorical and theoretical aspects, building upon case studies of both Romance-based and English-oriented creoles. This book marks a major step forward in our understanding of the nature of creolization.
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Creolization is a social not a structural process
Defining creole as a synchronic term
Opposite processes in creolization
A cognitive approach to the genesis of tense markers
Evidence from creole and noncreole languages
Restructuring in vitro? Evidence from Early Krio
The development of paragoge in Sranan
The development of the life form lexicon of Tok Pisin
Les cas de SaintBarthélemy et de la Réunion
Le cas du créole louisianais
The anomalous case of Palenquero
Restructuring or creolization?
Centre africain et périphérie portugaise dans le Créole santiagais du Cap Vert?
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
19th century AAVE afﬁxes African languages Afrikaans Afro-Hispanic Amsterdam Arends Bajan Barbados basilectal Bickerton bozal Caribbean Chaudenson classiﬁcation clitic colonies contact language contexts copula créole creole features creole genesis creole languages Creole Prototype créolisation creolists creolization d'une decreolization deﬁnite demographic derived diachronic dialects été être European example fait ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst forms français Freetown French Creole grammar grammaticalization Gullah Haitian Haitian Creole hypothesis identiﬁed inﬂectional inﬂuence Jamaican Krio language contact langue de base lexical lexiﬁer Liberated Africans linguistic linguistique marker McWhorter Mufwene non-creole Palenque Palenquero Papiamentu paragogic paragogic vowels patois peut phonological Pidgin Pidgin and Creole plantation population Portuguese preverbal reﬂect restructuring Réunion Réunionnais Saint-Barth Saramaccan Schwegler semantic semi-creole Sierra Leone signiﬁcant slaves Spanish speakers speciﬁc speech spoken Sranan structural subject clitic subject pronouns substrate languages superstrate tense Thomason Tok Pisin University of Westminster varieties verb verbal vernacular Winford words Yoruba