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* * The end is slightly abrupt,' very likely is Professor Tyler thus describes his last the criticism you offer in reference to the above

hours : effusion; but then, you know, your readers will wish there was more, as Sam Weller ob- “When a surgical examination had removed served to his father in justification of his Valen- the last ground of hope for his recovery, and a tine, to which the ancient Tony was objecting chill came over him which he took for the that it 'pulled up rather sudden.'"

last, he said, “Now death can't be far off;' but

presently he added, “Heaven is a better counOn the 4th of May, 1864, he wrote try than this.' Then, turning to his brother, thus :

he inquired, • Asa, do you think heaven comes * MAY 4, four, P. M.

right off, – that is, immediately after death? “So we did make a move of it, after all. Well, I shall be there, and know all about it, Hadn't fairly finished cutting down our houses pretty soon.' Then followed messages of love before the order came to move. Left camp at to absent friends, tender words to those by his ten, P. M., on the anniversary of the battle of side, particular charges touching his darling' Chancellorsville; marched all night; crossed at children, and thoughtful instructions about his Ely's Ford at nine this morning, and are now affairs, - all as calm and tranquil as if he were resting on the old field of Chancellorsville."

in perfect health. The last night of his life, as

his brother was sitting by his side at midnight, It was his last letter. On the 6th he seemed to be awake and thinking. Presently of May, the second day of the bloody he said, 'I have been running everything over battle of the Wilderness, he fell. in my mind to see if I had left anything undone

Of the circumstances of his fall, Sur- towards them; ' meaning his wife and children. geon Jewett, of his own regiment, assured that he had remembered everything

'I can't think of anything I have left.' When says:

and had nothing to do but just to lay himself “ His regiment, the 14th Connecticut, was in

in Jesus' arms, and rest, he smiled as if well the corps of the gallant Gen. Hancock, and for pleased; and when asked, “You can love and several hours bad sustained its position in the

trust him?' he said, “Yes, I can, perfectly.' line, repulsing one or two furious charges of They repeated hymns to him, such as “Jesus, the desperate rebel hordes. Capt. Fiske fell at lover of my soul,' and 'Rock of Ages, cleft for the head of his company, shot through the col- me;' and he repeated them after them.. His lar-bone and top of the right lung. He was as

brother happening to pass between him and the sisted to the rear, and rode on horseback to the light, he asked, “Who is that?' • Your brother hospital of his division, more than a mile dis- Asa: you must not forget him.' Instantly cartant. He received immediate surgical attend- rying the significance of the words forward to ance; but all efforts to extract the ball proved

that world whither he was so soon going, he unavailing. The next day he was placed in an

said, “ Heaven must be a very forgetful place if ambulance, and conveyed to Ely's Ford, on the I do.' Sabbath morning, the day of his death, Rapidan, on the route to Brandy Station. As he greeted his sister with the salutation, “Tothe country was infested by guerillas, the day I shall get my marching orders: well, I am route was abandoned, and the whole ambulance ready.' His brother asked him how he had train ordered back to Chancellorsville, and

rested. • Oh, beautifully!'he answered; ‘just thence to Fredericksburg, making a ride of like a sleeping angel.' Then he smiled, and forty-eight hours over rough roads. At the end added, “But I don't look much like one, do I ?' of the route, I found him in a state of great ex

Thus cheerfully did he obey his last orders; haustion and fatigue, which was the case with

thus naturally did he die, just as he lived, just hundreds of other wounded men in the train. like himself; thus beautifully did he pass from Comfortable quarters were provided for him in

the Sabbath on earth to the Sabbath in heaven. a private house, and everything which could And now he has fought his last fight, and conbe done for his comfort or recovery was done; quered the last enemy." but, after suffering for sixteen days, he has

It was on the 22d of May, in the died, leaving a large circle of friends to mourn his loss. His dearest and most intimate friends hospital at Fredericksburg, that he were with him, and did much to soothe and passed away. His was one more brilcomfort his last days, and receive his last liant name added to the long, sad, blessing and farewell."

glorious list of patriot martyrs.


Amid the daily business of a body the invitation, and also ventured to ask such as our Council of 1865, it is diffi- various persons to prepare papers on cult to discern clearly the great object different subjects relating to the main in view. The necessary working ma- purpose. The invitation to the churches chinery, however simple, is prominent; was accepted, and the Council came minor or collateral questions are being into being. discussed; the shaping of various meas- There was of course a necessary ures confines the attention. To have amount of friction in the organizing; a comprehensive view of its action, we but it was slight. Considering that must wait until the work has become we had no precedents ecclesiastical, completed, and the subordinate parts and hardly an approach to such a meetgroup themselves into their natural ing since 1680, the common sense of relations to the main purpose. Where the delegates was the only, but safe, church courts or congresses meet from reliance. Such rules were adopted as year to year, a strict unity is not to be seemed necessary; but none which inexpected. They transact “ business.” terfered with entire orderly freedom. Our Council met for a specific object; Such officers and such committees were it was called because the occasion de- chosen as were needed, and no more. manded it, and not because the usual In prosecuting, as a denomination, time had come round again. Hence it the great work of evangelizing this ought to have worked to a central pur- nation, the first thing settled (not in pose. We think it did. Looking back, the order of time, but of nature), was now, upon it, its proceedings display a the doctrinal basis of the denominaclear and simple unity. We think we tion. What are its ministers to teach? recognize God's hand in this, and we What do its churches hold? What praise him for the results we expect, faith are its messengers to carry to the and which seem already to begin. people? This question was answered

We venture, for historical use, to in the paper adopted at Plymouth. group the actions of the Council, in this There had been discussion, free and light.

full. The paper presented by the preThe great object of this convocation liminary committee had been referred, was well indicated in the vote of the and a new draft reported. On all the “ Convention of the Congregational phrases in that draft there was not Churches of the North-West,” which unanimity, although there was as to its was the first formal suggestion of such meaning. A paper which embodied a meeting: for “the Congregational much of that, but in a new draft, avoidchurches of the United States to in- ing the language which had excited quire what is their duty in this vast differences, proved acceptable, and was and solemn crisis, such as comes only solemnly adopted and again ratified. once in ages; and what new efforts, This declaration was merely a decmeasures, and policies they may owe to laration. It legislated no new faith this condition of affairs, this new gene- into existence; but simply stated what sis of nations."

was the permanent and united belief of A preliminary meeting of delegates, the churches. It imposed no tests appointed for that sole purpose, issued whatever. It said only, this is the faith which we hold, as did our fathers. set forth in the Statement of Polity, Nothing had occurred to modify our and emphatically reaffirmed at Plymbelief in the substantial truth of the outh, pleading for co-operation with old symbols. This faith was made all who held the great truths of Chrisprominent. When a paper was under tian faith, without regard to minor difdiscussion, which advocated the spread ferences. It was settled that Congreof our polity, the Council inserted gationalists are not to be a sect; for “ faith” also. The faith was more they claim no exclusive privileges. than polity.

They recognize every body of believers, Polity, however, came next. This organized as a church, to be a church was elaborately stated in a document of Christ. They have no right to revery carefully and fully drawn up, and fuse fellowship, or a church title, to in a much briefer one for convenient any organized church, whatever be its use among our churches. Each of government, or its rules; for all these these papers, drawn up independently, bodies have the essential, whatever had been compared with, and adjusted non-essentials they may have added. A to, the other. They were adopted sect is a body which “cuts” itself off and placed in the hands of a large from the body, of Christ, which is committee for final revision, editing, the church ; and every body which and publishing This declaration of cuts off any part of the church of Christ, polity, like that of faith, was no code only cuts itself off. In the freedom of of laws. It was merely a statement of Congregationalists, the Council gladly the practice of our churches, held by welcomed salutations from France and them to be scriptural ; and only valu- Italy, and one Methodist body, and able because believed to be scriptural would gladly have welcomed more. In principles developed by Christian ex- the same spirit of co-operation it apperience.

pointed delegates to the proposed Fellowship was an important subject.“ American Protestant Assembly.” Of our own household of faith, breth- In the various minor matters, it reren came delegated from the British ceived with enthusiasm a visit from the Provinces, from England and Wales; Governor of Massachusetts, and it tenand they were cordially received. The dered its respectful salutations to the rather distinct ripple caused by the President of the United States. It previous course of our English breth- honored the memory of the Pilgrims ren as to our national affairs, did not by services at Plymouth ; and rememinvolve the question of fellowship. bered to place a tablet on John RobinGrieved at that course, some tolerably son's house at Leyden. It honored plain and necessary truth was uttered, the memory of the patriots by services and a calm and elaborate expression at Bunker Hill on its memorable anniof our regret was adopted. But fel- versary. It advocated Temperance, and lowship was unbroken. Of fellowship appointed its delegates to a National with other Christians, the principles Temperance Convention. It gave its were distinctly stated. While in the distinct utterance, with a loyal ring, on reply to a communication from the the state of the country, and insisted “ Massachusetts Convention of Congre- on the rights of manhood, as became a gational Ministers," it was distinctly body representing churches which had understood that faith, not polity, was unitedly thrown themselves against the ground of general fellowship, yet slavery, and had given their sons to to all evangelical bodies the hand was the battle. It pronounced as clearly cordially extended. This was clearly as ever upon the great work of Foreign Missions, as became a people which ject was adopted, which not only adoriginated the American Board. For vocated a Christian literature, but also its special denominational institutions, showed the discriminations necessary it limited itself to encouraging the as to the publications of various socieerecting of a Congregational House in ties. Boston.

The subject of Christian Benevolence To the great and special work before was considered, not only in its princithe churches in our country, most of ples, but also and practically as to the the thought was given. That work in- various channels which are open to cluded all those measures necessary to the gifts of the churches. The “ mamake effectual the great purpose of chinery” was discussed, and a few preaching the gospel.

organizations specially mentioned in Assuming the Bible to be the ground- the various departments of Christian work both of education and religion, it effort. The need of this was evident, found first among the agencies the min- because through these channels the istry.

great work must necessarily be asThe ministry was recognized as a sisted. distinct body of men ardained to that Of the fields of home labor, these work, whether in or out of the pastoral spheres received attention. First, paoffice; but it was declared to be no rochial work; in which every church hierarchy. The education of the min- was to be a missionary body of itself, istry was most ably discussed in a pre- and every pastor the superintendent of liminary paper, and the needs of the it, to carry the gospel to the people, times fully debated. It was distinctly especially in old districts, who are pracavowed that the highest possible cul- tically not now reached. Secondly, ture is imperatively demanded,—as well the work of Home Missions, technically the labor of gifted men whose time or so called, -that of sending ministers to circumstances would allow only a brief preach the gospel, explore districts, and practical course of study; and, in and found and build up churches. both, a deep and warm piety was held This work, which has been so well to be the first essential.

conducted by the American Home Colleges and schools, therefore, re- Missionary Society, was the subject of ceived careful attention, and the neces- earnest debate, and, with all the light sity of their liberal endowment shown, derived from the experience of minisespecially in the newer sections of the ters and laymen, felt to be safe in the country. Pecuniary aid to young men hands of that society, which was to during their course of study for the have its means greatly augmented. ministry was insisted upon as a duty Thirdly, the work at the South, both of the churches.

among freedmen and whites. It was Ministerial support, considered in felt that God had laid a great reone of the papers previously prepared, sponsibility upon our churches, to give received attention, and a distinct utter- a pure gospel to that part of our counance upon the duty of the churches to try from which our principles as to the make liberal provision for this object, rights of man had hitherto excluded had the unanimous approval of the us. Among the various organizations Council.

offering, it seemed that the American Of those aids to ministerial and Missionary Association was entitled to other laborers,reliyious books and rank first, and it was adopted as our tracts, --- a careful analysis was had, special agency. and the thorough report upon the sub- Following the preaching of the Word,


church-building, was held to be essen- work,- a feeling which showed itself tial. The array of facts upon the ad- every day, when, at a set hour, all busivantages of assisting feeble congrega- ness was laid aside for prayer,-it tions in erecting houses of worship earnestly besought the churches to was overwhelming. To ensure perma- seek God's help; and particularly nence of results, it was unitedly felt named a day for special prayer in all that the minister and church must the churches, to secure God's favor have a place to dwell in. The only, upon the plans adopted. and tried organization was the Ameri- The results are with God. The can Congregational Union; and to present cannot declare them. that, with commendations of efforts at are the results,” well said Dr. Todd, a few important points, it was com- we can tell fifty years hence, or a mitted.

hundred years hence, better than toAll these things were held to their day.” But among the promising feattrue subordination to the evangelizing ures there, was the hearty unity visiof this country. When minor matters ble in the Council: unity in faith which had been considered, and the means put to shame predictions from opposnecessary for this work were before ers; unity in polity; unity in the great the Council, Prof. Bartlett well ex- plans adopted; and, above all, unity in pressed the feelings of every member: the great object before the churches. “I feel as though we had now just Men from the Atlantic and Pacific reached the great thing for which we shores, alike with men from the center, were together. It is a great thing to found themselves one. Men high in declare theoretical principles,- to set public station, governors, senators, forth our faith, our polity; but the high in the church's favor,— and men great thing we have to do, after all, is faithfully laboring in the retired valley to go to work and take care of our or on bleak mountains, found themland for Christ.” And after the ma- selves equal brethren in the household. ture deliberations and determinations, So far as denominational interests are Dr. Todd equally expressed the united ncerned, doubtless they received a feeling: “We have a great burden laid unity and cohesiveness not before felt. upon us.

I begin to feel it already, For the special work of this age, the and I have no doubt that before we signs are auspicious. Already, the leave this Council, we shall feel that contributions are coming into the treaswe go home with such a burden rest- uries. Men begin to offer for the speing upon us as we have never before, cial work. Churches are awakening and can never have again while we live to the needs of the destitute. Promion God's footstool.” This “burden" nent centers are being occupied and was the evangelizing of our country. garrisoned. Prayer is ascending to

So far as men are needed, the Coun- God. Rejoicing in the activity of other cil called upon the churches to furnish Christian bodies, ours feels its own them for this great work. So far as duty; but not yet with that burden money is wanted, it asked for $ 200,000 which ought to press upon our own. for the Union; $ 250,000 for the Amer- So far as the great Cause is concerned, ican Missionary Asssociation; and it rests with the praying, working, giv$300,000 for the Home Missionary ing, men and women of our churches. Society. And, thoroughly imbued Let us hope for great results for the with the need of the Holy Spirit's souls of men.


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