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Art. 9. There shall be no alteration of

Dr. Morse was pastor of the First these articles, without the consent of two thirds

Church in Charlestown; Dr. Griffin of of the members of the Association. New ar

Park Street Church, in Boston. Reuticles may be added by the same majority. With ear nest prayers for the peace and pros

ben Emerson, of the Church of South perity of Ziori, and fervent hopes, that our Reading. Joseph Emerson, of Bevdesigns and measures may be crowned with erly, Samuel Walker, of Danvers, happy success, we subscribe our names to John Codman of Second Church, Dorthese articles.

chester.
JEDEDIAH MORSE. 1
The next meeting was

held at
EDWARD D. GRIFFIN.
REUBEN EMERSON.

Charlestown, Oct. 1811, with Dr. Morse. JOSEPH EMERSON. There were present: Dr. Morse, Dr. SAMUEL WALKER. Griffin, Reuben Emerson, Joseph EmerJohn CODAX."

son, Samuel Walker, and John Codman. Boston, 29th May, 1811.

Rev. Avery Williams, of Lexington,

was present, and joined the Association. 1 Jedediah Morse, D. D., Charlestown. He On recommendation of the General Aswas born in Woodstock, Ct., descendant of An- sociation, this Association voted that thony M., who lived in Newbury, Mass., 1636. “each member of the Association be He was born in 1761, graduated at Yale College requested to acquaint himself with the 1783, and installed, April 30, 1789; dismissed, laws of this Commonwealth, respecting 1821. He established, and was first editor of, the "Panoplist," which merged into the “Missionary the due observation of the Sabbath, – Herald ;

was zealous for the Orthodox faith, to preach on the subject, to read the particularly in regard to the election of the law in public, and to use his influence Hollis professor of divinity at Harvard Col- to have the law carried into effect.” lege. He deserves the title of American Geog- Brother Williams was also appointed to rapher. He first published “Geography Made Easy," 1784; American Geography,” 1789,

prepare a dissertation on the Sabbath. which in 1799 appeared in two volumes and in The next April the Association met many subsequent editions. In 1797 and 1804 at Dorchester. The same members he published the “ American Gazetteer.” He

were present. Three new members published a Thanksgiving sermon, in 1795, joined. Samuel Gile, for many years a 1798, 1799; Fast sermon, 1798, 1799, 1812 ; on the death of R. Carey, 1790; of Thomas Russell, highly respected pastor in Milton, 1806; Masonic sermon, 1798; Address to

where he was a staunch champion of Andover Students, 1799; at the Artillery Elec- evangelical truth in the Unitarian contion, 1803; History of New England, with E. troversy; Daniel A. Clark, the first Parish, D. D., of Byfield, 1804; Reasons why the pastor of the new church which had Election of Divinity was opposed, 1805; at the lately been formed at Weymouth LandAfrican meeting-house, 1808; at the Ordination of H. May, 1803 ; of J. Huntington, 1808; before ing, who was a man of much power the Society for Propagating the Gospel, 1810; in the pulpit; and Richard S. Storrs, at the Convention, 1812; before a Moral Asso- who had been settled over the first ciation, 1812; Appeal to the Public on the Contro- church of Braintree, as colleague with versy concerning Harvard College, 1814; at the Rev. Ezra Weld, in the previous July. Annual Meeting of the Commissioners for For

At that time there existed in eign Missions, 1821; Narrative of a Tour among Norfolk County a minister's meeting, the Indians, in 1820. His wife was granddaughter of Pres. Finley. One of his sons is comprising the clergymen of Brainknown by the electric telegraph, two as editors tree, Randolph, Weymouth, Abington, of the New York Observer.

Bridgewater, and other towns. This Samuel Walker, minister of Danvers, was meeting disappeared as new men came born 1771, graduated at Dartmouth, 1802; or- and connected themselves with what dained 1805; died 1826, aged 47. faithful, and useful, and respected.

has since become the Norfolk AssociaThe aforesaid is taken from Allen's Biography. tion. When the Council was called to

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settle Mr. Storrs in Braintree, accord- ing an article on the question, “Is it
ing to the usual custom the candidate expedient to form consociations of
selected such as he wished to perform churches in Massachusetts proper at
the written parts of the ordination this time?”
His father, Rev. Richard S. Storrs, of The next meeting was appointed
Longmeadow, was to preach the ser- with Dr. Edward Griffin, on the last
mon. Dr. Griffin, who had been his Wednesday of October. He, however,
instructor at Andover, was prepared was engaged, on that day, at the ordi-
to give the charge to the pastor, - Dr. nation of Rev. Daniel Huntington, at
Griffin having been at Andover but a Bridgewater, and the meeting of the
short time, and Mr. Storrs wishing to Association was postponed for two
introduce him to the region south of weeks. During the subsequent ten
Boston, and Mr. Codman, a neigh- years, changes took place in many of
boring minister, and a young man had the churches throughout these towns,
come prepared to give the right hand and the new pastors quite generally
of fellowship. But when the Council joined this new Association.
came together, they felt that their The next April, the meeting was
rights had been infringed upon in the held with Rev. Reuben Emerson, of
principal part being assigned to stran- South Reading. His brother, Mr.
gers.' Accordingly, in arranging the Brown Emerson, pastor of the South
parts for the public services, they set Church of Salem, was present, and
aside the previous arrangement, and joined the Association.
permitting the father of the candidate At that time, the Essex South Asso-
to preach the sermon, assigned the ciation was in existence; but a majori-
other parts to men of their own num- ty of its members were decidedly Uni-
ber. Indignant at what he considered tarian in sentiment. Rev. Messrs. Jo-
a great breach of courtesy, Mr. Storrs seph Emerson, of Beverly, and Samuel
joined the Association, which had been Walker, of Danvers, had previously
formed by his friends.

joined this new enterprise. Several
At the meeting in April, 1812, it was years subsequently, however, Brown
Voted by ballot, that the Rev. Profes- Emerson, in connection with Messrs.
sors Stuart and Porter of the Theologi- Walker and Joseph Emerson, and the
cal Institution, Andover, and the Rev. ministers of Marblehead, Lynn, and
Messrs. Sanborn, Reynolds, Bates, and other neighboring places, joined the
Huntington be permitted to subscribe Essex South Association. The evan-
the constitution any time between this gelical part of the Association coming
and the next stated meeting, and that to be the majority, they passed certain
they be considered, upon subscribing, votes, which led the Unitarian portion
members of the Association.” Whether to withdraw, leaving the old records
these gentlemen ever met regularly and name of the original Essex South
with the Association does not appear in the hands of the evangelical minis-
“Brother Clark was requested to pre- ters, where it has continued to the
pare a discourse upon the subject of present.
the Consociation of Churches,” which By that movement, the Union Asso-
was read at the next meeting. Mr. ciation lost its membership in Essex
Storrs also read at a subsequent meet- County. Rev. Mr. Emerson, of South

Reading, soon after connected himself 1 Another account says it was on account of with the Andover Association, though a strong jealousy of Andover, which then retaining his nominal connection with existed, but soon disappeared.

this. It would seem to be about this

time that the name was changed to of examination, and join in the ordina** The Union. Association of Boston tion. and Vicinity." This occurred, Octo- “2. When all the minority are disber, 1816.

satisfied with the candidate, they are Previous to this, we have records of bound to protest against the measures a meeting held at Beverly, with Rev. of the majority, and take no part in the Joseph Emerson, when Brown Emer- ordination. son and Samuel Walker were appoint- “3. When a part of the minority are ed delegates to the General Associa- satisfied with the candidate, and the tion. Rev. Samuel Dana, of Marble- other part are dissatisfied, the last are head, is spoken of as present at the obliged to withdraw. meeting.

The subsequent meeting, " 4. When a part of the minority are April, 1814, was held with Mr. Walke satisfied with the candidate, and the er, at Danvers. Brown Emerson was rest have no possible evidence, either scribe. Dr. Samuel Worcester was for or against him, the latter, as the present, and took part in the discussion case may be, may join with the former, of the following questions:

in assisting in the ordination, on the 1. Is it the right and duty of ordain- ground of testimony.” ing councils to examine the candidate We are now come to the second era for ordination with respect to his doc- in the history of the Association, during trinal and experimental acquaintance which it went by the name of “ The with religion?

Union Association,” more fully, “of . 2. In case a majority of the council Boston and Vicinity.” This period decide against the right, what course lasted till after the Boston ministers ought to be pursued by the minority? formed the Suffolk Association, which

These questions tell a history of the first appears on the minutes of the Gentimes.' The records say, “The former eral Association, in 1823. The name of question was decided in the affirma- the Union was changed to Norfolk in Jutive. The latter question was contem- ly, 1826. During the greater part of this plated in four views:

period, the Union comprised the min“1. When all the minority, from an isters of Charlestown, Boston, and the acquaintance with the candidate, are towns south of Boston, namely, Dorsatisfied with his faith and experience, chester, Braintree, Randolph, Weyit is the opinion of this Association, that mouth, Sharon, Bridgewater, Abingthey ought to enter a formal remon- ton, Middleboro', Taunton, Easton, and strance against the refusal of the right Stoughton.

The Minutes of the General Associ1 " No ecclesiastical council, called even for ation for 1819 mention S. E. Dwight as the simple purpose of ordination, could act hurmoniously and with satisfaction to all parties. The different views of the members frequently call, as to lay the foundation of an ecclesiastical caused jealousies, discussions, unpleasant de- relation and a legal contract, and then to lays, and great dissatisfaction. Some desired sanction the relation, and confirm the contract. no examination of the candidate, as to senti. The consequence was, that those ministers who ment and experience, but his own voluntary heeded the apostolic direction, to lay hands statement. Some were unwilling to go, in suddenly on no man,' were sometimes not pertheir inquiries, beyond certificates of moral mitted to make the requisite inquiries to satisfy character and church fellowship. It was even their minds whether the candidate did or did contended, by some, that, when a council was not possess the required qualifications for a called to introduce a man into the ministry, and Christian bishop. Hence, divisions sometimes ordain him as a pastor and teacher, their whole ensued: at least, great delay was occasioned, business was, to ascertain whether he had been and often great offence given." - Memoir of 80 called to the work, and had so answered the John Codman, D. D., p. 180.

the delegate from “Union.” And in teen clergymen have been connected the Report on the State of Religion, say, with the Association. “ Union Association is composed of The moderators have been Rev. Reufourteen churches in Boston and vicin- ben Emerson, Rev. Jedediah Morse, ity."

D. D., 1811-1819; Rev. John Codman The following names appear as con- D. D., 1819–1831, and 1833–1848; Samnected with the Association in 1819: uel Gile, for 1831–2; Rev. R. S. Storrs,

1848. Previous to 1831, the oldest Jedediah Morse, D. D., of Charlestown, James Sabine, of Essex St. Ch., Boston,

member was moderator. SubsequentSereno Edwards Dwight, of Park St.,"

ly, the office has been filled by ballot. John Codınan, of Dorchester,

The scribes (who have acted as treasReuben Emerson, of South Reading, urers and statistical scribes), have been Samuel Gile, of Milton,

Rev. John Codman, D. D., from May, Richard S. Storrs, of Braintree,

1811, to April, 1819. Rev. Daniel HunDaniel Huutington, of Bridgewater, Luther Sheldon, of Easton,

tington, from April, 1819, to April, 1822. Thaddeus Pomeroy, of Randolph,

Rev. Jonas Perkins, from April, 1822, Jonas Perkins, of Weymouth Landing, to April, 1825. Rev. Samuel Spring, David Brigham, of East Randolph, from April, 1825, to April, 1827. Rev. Ebenezer Gay, of Stoughton,

Josiah Bent, Jr., from April, 1827, to Win. Coggswell, of Dedham, and

April, 1832. Rev. David Sanford, Phillip Coloy, of Middleboro'.

from April, 1832, to April, 1838. Rev. Joseph B. Felt, of Shuron, and Sam- Samuel W. Cozzens, from April, 1838. uel Spring, of Abington, joined in 1822; to April, 1844. Rev. Wm. A. PeaChester Isham, of Taunton, in 1824; body, from April, 1844, to October, Josiah Bent, Jr., of North Weymouth, 1849. Rev. Samuel L. Rockwood, 1825; Jona. Curtis, of Sharon, in 1825; from October, 1849, to April, 1855. Erastus Maltby, of Taunton, in 1826. Rev. D. Temple Packard, from April,

At the meeting in July, 1822, Messrs. 1855, to April, 1857. Rev. Theodore Fay (successor of Dr. Morse), Coggs- T. Munger, from April, 1857, to 1859. well, of Dedham, and Dwight, of Park Rev. F. R. Abbe, from April, 1859, to Street, were dismissed, to join the April, 1863. Rev. L. Root Eastman, Suttolk Association, just then formed. Jr., from April, 1863, to October, 1865. This took away all the membership The churches originally mentioned north of Norfolk County, and led to by the connection of their pastors with another change of name, in 1826, when the Association, were six, namely: The it was "Voted, To change the name First Church, in Charlestown; Park which this Association bears to that of Street Church, Boston; Church in So. • Norfolk Association.?” In 1827, an- Reading; Dane Street Church, Beverother delegation went off, Messrs. ly; Church in Danvers; Second Church Colby, of Middleboro', and Maltby, of in Dorchester. The following other Taunton, — to form, with other minis- churches have been similarly connectters, the “Association of Taunton and ed. They are given in the order of Vicinity.” From that time to the pres- joining: Church in Lexington; Church ent, the active membership of the Asso- in Milton; First Church in Braintree; 'ciation has been contined chiefly to the Union Church, Weymouth Landing; eastern half of Norfolk County, and the South Church, Salem; First Church, northern part of Plymouth County. Randolph; First Church, No. Bridge

The original membership of the body water; Church in Easton; First was six. The present membership is Church in Stoughton; North Church, forty-two. One hundred and seven- Middleboro'; Essex Street Church, .

Boston; Church in Dedham; Second tions. Where once the friends of the
Church in Randolph; First Church, truth felt that there were “signs of
Abington; First Cong. Church, Shar- woe that all was lost," now is seen
on; First Church, Weymouth; Evan. great strength.
Cong. Church, Taunton; Second Cong.
Church, Cohasset; Church in Hanson;

FORMATION OF CONFERENCE.
Union Church, of E. and W. Bridge-
water; Evan. Cong. Church, Canton; At the meeting in April, 1827, “ the
South Church, Braintree; Village report of Dr. Codman and Bro. Storrs,
Church, Braintree; Evan. Cong. respecting the expediency of adopting
Church, Quincy; South Cong. Church, A Conference of the Churches within
Dedham; First Church, Hanover; the bounds of this Association, was ac-
South Church, No. Bridgewater; Sec- cepted, and a vote passed, that such a
ond Church, Weymouth; Second measure is, in the opinion of the Asso-
Church, Abington; Fourth Church, ciation, highly expedient. The meth-
Abington; Trin. Cong. Church, No. od of adopting and conducting the con-
Seituate; Third Church, Abington; ference was then discussed, and the
Union Church, So. Weymouth; First following motion, made by Bro. Hitch-
Trin. Church, Bridgewater; Evan. cock and seconded by Bro. Gay, was
Cong. Church, Hingham; Trinitarian passed into a vote, “That the Asso-
Church, Berkley; Trin. Church, E. ciation invite the churches connected
Bridgewater; Second Evan. Cong with the several ministers to send such
Church, Railway Village, Milton; a number of delegates as they may
Porter Church, No.' Bridgewater; Pil- choose, to attend a Conference of
grim Church, No. Weymouth; Win- Churches, to be held at Dorchester on
throp Church, E. Randolph; Cong. Thursday, 14th June next, at ten
Church, E. Weymouth; Evan. Cong. o'clock, A. M., and, if thought proper,
Church, Needham; Cong. Church, to make arrangement for similar meet-
Beechwoods, Cohasset. Total, fifty- ings in future.'” In compliance with
one.

the above invitation, there assembled, Of these churches, thirty are now at the time specified, the ministers, connected, by their pastors, with the with their delegates, of twelve churchAssociation. Of the fifty-one, twenty- es. Reports were heard, in the foresix have been organized since the for- noon, on the state of religion in the sevmation of the Association; and, besides eral churches. In the afternoon, these, there have, during the same time, general narrative was given by Rev. been twenty Evangelical Congrega- Mr. Storrs, and a sermon by the Rev. tional Churches formed in the various Dr. Beecher, of Boston, and the admintowns and cities, whose ministers have, istration of the Lord's Supper.” Dr. during a portion of the time, belonged Beecher was present as delegate from to this body, namely: in Beverly, one; the Suffolk Conference, which had been Danvers, one; Salem, one; Bridgewa- previously formed. “After public worter, one; Hanover, one; Boston, thir- ship, the Conference met, according to teen; Taunton, two. On the ground, adjournment, and passed the following a large part of which has, at different unanimous vote: That it is the sense times, been included within the limits of this body, that these meetings promof this Association, there are now the ise great good to the church.”” Deletwo Suffolk Associations, comprising gates were appointed to other conferone 22, and one 27 churches; the Es- ences, and permanent officers were sex South and the Taunton Associa- chosen for the year. Thus, the Confer

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