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Rev. Dr. Blagden, of Boston, was mod- On each side of the roof are three erator. The sermon was preached by trefoil dormer windows. the Rev. Dr. Kirk.
In the front is a large triple window The church and society continued and in the gable above it a circular to worship in the Court House until a window, immediately over which is a suitable building for their permanent white tablet bearing the foundation use could be procured.
date. In the rear gable also there is The determination of the society to a circular window, from which light is avoid both a debt and the necessity of thrown down on the pulpit by windows making the house of worship the prop- in the ceiling of the chancel. erty of pew-holders, together with the The body of the house is 94 by financial embarrassments incident to 50 feet, exclusive of towers and butthe rebellion, delayed the building until tresses; the larger tower is 17 feet the spring of 1863. A lot near the centre square, and with the spire is 114 feet of the city, on the corner of College high, measured from the front sideand Union streets, was procured at a walk. The smaller tower is 13 feet moderate expense, being partly a gift square and 54 feet high. Besides the from the owner, Hon. L. Underwood. pointed windows, there is a row of The edifice was then commenced. De small trefoil windows in both the main lays occurred, caused by an abhorrence tower and the spire. of debt, and the rise in the cost of mate- The basement contains a chapel, rials and of labor.
which is 45 feet square and 12 feet The chapel was occupied for the first high in the clear, with a front vestibule time, Jan. 15, 1865 ; and the building connecting with the main staircase in was finished in February of 1866. It the large tower, and a side vestibule was dedicated on Feb. 27th. The ser- entered from a door in the center of mon was preached by Rev. Dr. Kirk. the west side of the basement. A
A view of the building is given library room joins the chapel, and above.
through the chapel and the rooms adThe basement, for which the natural joining run the two rows of iron colgrade of the lot was well suited, is en- umns that support the main floor. In tirely above ground, while the main the rear of the chapel are two parlors floor is but three feet above the level connected by sliding-doors, and togethof Union street. The walls are built er reaching across the building ; a of a calcareous sandstone from a ledge room for the pastor's use, which has an within a mile of the building.
outer door in the south-west corner of The basement wall is made of dark the building, and a staircase leading to red stone in rubble work, and is sep- the pulpit above ; a kitchen, clothesarated by a belt of blue limestone from room, and water-closets. the upper wall, which is of a pinkish- The wood-work of the basement white color and like the basement wall rooms is of pine, oiled and varnished. laid in rubble.
The chapel is furnished with settees The quoins and other dressings are painted and cushioned, and will accomof hammered blue limestone from Isle modate 250 persons. The windows La Motte. The effect of the three in the basement are of ground glass. combined colors is very pleasing. The The audience-room is 74 by 45 feet, roof and the spire are slated with red- exclusive of the chancel, and is lighted dish slate from the south part of the by six windows on each side, and the State. Several courses of slate upon the large one in the front, before mentioned. spire are in scale and diamond shape. The top of the wall is 21 feet from the floor, and the ceiling rises 13 feet. heated by small portable furnaces in Lock rafters, which support the roof the chapel and parlors, which are found and dispense with tie-beams, rise from amply sufficient to warm the house, the top of the walls, and are cased with both above and below. In the audichestnut; the brackets beneath them ence room, against each of the four and the cornices being also of chestnut. smoke-flues in the side-walls, stands a By these rafters the ceiling is divided in- radiator, through which the smoke from to twelve panels, which are finished in the fire below passes ; a large radiating plaster and colored blue. The plaster surface is thus secured, which greatly of the side-walls has a slight tint of increases the power of the furnaces. umber.
The chandeliers, of three lights each, The windows are of pale chocolate- hang from the points of the brackets colored glass, stained in diamond and under the rafters ; and there are also trefoil pattern. There are three aisles, lights for the pulpit in side-niches in the two side aisles running close to the chancel and for the organ. the walls. The pews are of chestnut, The building was erected from dewith black walnut rails, arms, and signs furnished by J. D. Towle, archimouldings, and are upholstered with tect, of Boston. green damask. There is but one gal- The organ is from the manufactory lery, over the vestibule between the of Messrs. Simmons & Co., of Boston. towers, which is also finished in chest- It has twenty-five stops and registers nut and carpeted and cushioned like the with 1,069 pipes. main floor.
The church is pronounced by good The organ stands on the east side of judges one of the handsomest buildings the pulpit, behind a paneled screen of of the kind in the State. It is cerornamental blind-work in black ash tainly a very substantial and thoroughand black walnut ; on the west side of ly built structure, and one that will rethe pulpit is a similar screen, behind main a permanent ornament to the which is the staircase leading to the city. The cost, in round numbers, of pastor's room.
the grounds, building, and furnishing, The pulpit with its furniture is of is $40,000, which amount has been black walnut. The main doors are of raised by the liberality of members of chestnut,
the society, assisted to the amount The audience-room without the gal- of a few hundred dollars by generous lery will seat 550 to 600 persons. It is citizens of other religious societies.
THE DUTY OF THE CHURCH IN CONNECTION WITH ITS
BY REV. JAS. CRUICKSHANKS, SPENCER, MASS.
THE subject of which we purpose to year, we have had the painful contreat briefly in these remarks is one sciousness that there was at least one which we think will commend itself to radical defect which has long called for the conscience of every friend of a remedy. A general in the field, on Christ. As we have examined the the day of battle, wants to know, not statistics of our churches from year to only how many forces he has, but
more,- he must know where they are We propose, then, through the Quarand what they are doing, in order to terly, to present a few thoughts in concalculate upon the movement on the nection with the absent members of our enemy.
churches, simply with the hope of stimJust so is it with the forces of the ulating in the minds of the friends of spiritual army : it must be known by Zion a healthy activity touching a subthose whose duty it is to know where ject which must be seen to be closethey are, in order, fully and success- ly allied with substantial Christian fully to complete the commission that progress. has been given by Christ our King. 1. It is to be observed then, first, that
Many evils exist in our church pol- the church in this, owes a duty to its abity which need to be eradicated, and a sent, no less than to its present membetter way introduced, in order to bers. bring all our churches up on to high It will readily be acknowledged and honorable ground, that they may that the church has various duties to be regarded by the world in their true discharge towards its members, each relation to the surrounding darkness, growing out of the covenant entered “ cities set upon a hill that can not be into on the day of public profession. hid.” But the evil of which we speak The language of the solemn engagehere has a significance which can not ment into which the church enters is be overlooked without evading a plain substantially as follows : We, the and positive duty, - a duty evidently members of this church, affectionately incumbent on the churches and their receive you to our communion, and pastors.
in the name of Christ declare you enThe special presence of God's Spirit titled to all its privileges. We joyfully in revivals will not accomplish any- and charitably receive you to this felthing in this direction. Greater spir- lowship with us in the blessings of the ituality in the hearts of God's people gospel, and promise on our part to will not necessarily work a change for watch over you, and seek your edificathe better. Such influences have not tion, as long as God shall continue you hitherto operated upon this evil in any among us. respect. By an examination of the The duty of the church here is plain records of our churches as they stood and obvious. The covenant is solemn previous to the great revival of 1858, and binding ; and the church can no with those same records to-day, it will more withhold its spiritual supervision be found that the sheep that were then over its individual members than the wandering without any “ local habi- latter can withdraw without a breach tation or name," are still wandering as of covenant. It will be noticed that sheep having no shepherd. Such this oversight, and promise to seek the things ought not so to be. There is a edification of the members is to redeep responsibility touching this mat- main so long as God shall continue ter, which needs to be felt in all its them with the branch of the church to consequences, for it is far-reaching which they have visibly united themThe long neglect which has prevailed selves. respecting this subject has and is still But beyond this limit there is another weakening the churches, and is render- condition. The church solemnly deing the work of the ministry inefficient clares, should you have occasion to in an alarming degree.
remove, it will be your duty to seek Of this fact every candid mind must and ours to grant a recommendation be convinced that will give the subject to another church ; for hereafter you a careful consideration.
can never withdraw from the watch
FCFR and communion of the saints without a neighboring city, has been engaged breach of covenant.
during the past year in a most rigid This now would seem to place on examination of its statistics. The lathe individual member the burden of bor, though severe and of a trying nataking the preliminaries, in case of re- ture in some of its developements, is moval, for placing himself in active, still progressing and promises in the personal sympathy with the branch end the most satisfactory results. The of Christ's church in his new home. pastor, in conjunction with a commit
But if the member removing shall tee chosen for the purpose, as I underfail to take the steps indicated in the stand, has written over a hundred letcovenant, as the facts show to be the ters to absentees during the year past. case in numberless instances, can the A glance at the statistics of the church lull its conscience to rest while church for 1863, if compared with those it suffers the wanderer to go out it for 1864, will show how severe the proknows not whither? It cannot be cess of sifting has been ; and we candone without a breach of covenant on not but hope that the work of inquisithe part of the church; for the spiritual tion will go on, and that the church jurisdiction of the church extends over will give the results to the public the individual member though he may through the pages of the Quarterly, have taken up his residence on the op- that others may be led to imitate and posite side of the globe.
institute a similar work, and so bring The obligation remains in all its the statistics of our churches into a conforce as long as there has been no re- dition that shall be satisfactory and quest made and no grant given of rec- complete. ommendation; and even after those 2. Again, the church, in this connecsteps have been taken, until the church tion, owes a duty to itself, whose long has been informed that the absent neglect has recoiled upon it with the member has identified himself with the most disastrous results. church to which he was recommended, Each member of the church is a the arms of the church having the orig- component part of the church, which is inal jurisdiction cannot be withdrawn. the body, of which Christ is the Head .
It is the failure of the churches to If one member suffer, all sympathize recognize their responsibility in these with it ; if one member rejoice, they respects, that has brought them into rejoice together. the loose condition that we find them When once united in the bonds of in to-day. So far as our knowledge the everlasting covenant with church and observation extend, and of late A, until a separation takes place our inquiries have been made over a through the proscribed means, and a large field, we are assured that, for union with church B is recognized by years, the churches of our denomination certificate, the membership of church have utterly ignored all interference A, remains a unit. with those who, without the least in- The covenant originally entered into timation of these designs, have gone by the church with its members conout from them and their communion. tinues in all its binding force upon the
Instances there are, however, worthy church, whatever may be the status of of honorable mention as exceptions, its members. one' especially, now in mind, in a If the individual member “cannot
withdraw from the watch and commu1 The Union Church, Worcester, Rev. E.
nion of the saints without a breach of Cutler, pastor.
covenant,” so likewise the obligation
of the church continues “to watch over, Jesus Christ, to Walk worthy of the and seek the edification ” of all who high vocation wherewith they are callcompose its membership.
ed, and to be faithful in every good The fact that certain members take word and work even unto death. up their residence in other places does Now the duty of the church to Christ not, and cannot weaken the responsi- may be found, we think, by implication bility of the church in this matter. in such passages as the following: The profane maxim, “ Out of sight “Whoso shall offend one of these little out of mind,” is one that will not hold ones which believe in me, it were better in the spiritual relations which God for him that a millstone were hanged has instituted between the souls of his about his neck, and that he were creatures. Yea, the church cannot in drowned in the depth of the sea.” Sto any more forcible way discharge its Matt. xvii : 6. “Inasmuch as ye have obligations to itself than by reversing done it unto one of the least of these the maxim, never more in mind my brethren, ye have done it unto than when out of sight. In no more me.” St. Matt. xxv.: 40. effectual mode that we can suggest can The engagement which the church the church fulfill its covenant engage- makes before God, angels, and men, to ments and meet the solemn vows that watch over its members, and seek their are recorded on high, than in following edification, becomes virtually a covthose who have gone out from it, with enant with Christ, which is accepted by its prayers, its faithful admonitions, its' him to this effect. tender reproofs, its earnest and affec- Accordingly, as the church treats its tionate enforcement of their mutual members so is its spirit manifested toobligations to manifest their personal wards Christ himself ; so is Christ identity with Christ's church and peo- either wounded or honored in the ple wherever they may be.
house of his friends. And thus, while the church recog- The breach of covenant on the part nizes the great fact that it is its of the church, in this respect, has, as we brother's keeper, it likewise acknowl- have reason to believe, become fearcdges its imperative duty to care, with fully alarming ; and we feel that it all the solicitude of a loving mother, needs only to be mentioned to be apfor her children as she would for her preciated. own flesh. But the churches have not It cannot but be seen, on a moment's hitherto appreciated the importance of reflection, that the responsibility of our this care for the absent ones as a duty churches has, in this view of our subdirectly pertaining to themselves; hence ject, already reached to a tremendous the deplorable condition in which we magnitude. now find the statistics of our denomi- It is often the case that individuals nation.
lose their personal identity in the mass ; 3. Again the church, in its care for but it is found here that even the mass, the absent members, which we claim, though under the most solemn obligaowes a duty to Jesus Christ.
tions, ignore the plainest intimations The solemn covenant into which the of their covenant. And by this means church enters with its members is not the cause of Christ is made to suffer only a mutual agreement giving rise to through the most criminal neglect of reciprocal duties between the two those who have solemnly promised to parties; but each of the parties con- keep and guard it against all reproach. jointly enter at the same time into the 4. But, finally, the church, in its care most solcmn covenant with the Lord