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ence was fully started, and its semi- its meetings held during the same week. annual meetings have ever since been About this time, we find the members occasions of deep interest in the com- of the Union Association taking active munity. For a number of years, the measures in helping the churches in

ame person acted as scribe of both Canton and Stoughton, which were feethe Association and Conference, as ble, and had strong foes to contend well as of the Domestic Missionary with in the Unitarian ranks. We find Society, and the records were all kept them, also, taking active measures toin the same book; but, of late years, ward raising subscriptions to the funds the bodies have moved on entirely dis- of the Massachusetts Domestic Mistinct, - in some cases, churches being sionary Society. connected with the Conference, whose At the meeting in October, 1822, ministers are members of other associa- there was a free discussion on the tions, and vice versa.

“subject of ministerial duty in re

lation particularly to the lamentable BENEVOLENT OPERATIONS. state of religious declension in the

churches." At the next meeting, in *From the very first, an active aggres- April, 1823, Dr. Codman, in behalf of sive spirit has been kept up, in refer- a committee previously appointed “to ence to the spread of the truth. The report some plan by which the memconstitution originally commenced with bers of this body may unitedly promote the words, “ The conviction and ref- the interests of the Domestic Missionormation of sinners, the instruction ary Society of Massachusetts," made a and improvement of Christians, and lengthy report, which alluded to the the purity and prosperity of the Church, several feeble churches and societies in are objects which should engage the our immediate vicinity, who are strugfirst desires and labors of every faith- gling for existence, and have a powerful ful minister of Christ.” The time of claim upon the sympathies and exerthe formation of the Association was tions of this Association. To aid them one in which the friends of evangelical was“ both a duty and a privilege." To truth felt the need of zealous warfare. aid these churches, and at the same And warfare it was, in right good ear- time help forward the work of the Donest, for the first twenty years of this mestic Missionary Society of the State, body's existence. The originators of the report embodied a series of resoluthis Association, and the men who com- tions which led to the formation of the posed it during that score of years, Union Domestic Missionary Society, as were staunch warriors. The expe- auxiliary to the State Society. This rience of Codman, in Dorchester, of was composed of the members of the Gile, in Milton, of Sheldon, in Easton, Association, together with lay delegates as well as many others, was such as from the several churches. The meettried men's souls; and none but men ings were held the same day with the of unflinching courage, of steady, firm meetings of the Association. Collecadherence to the truth, could have won tions were taken up at these meetings such victories. Such experience fitted by the Association. Collectors were these men for an active co-operation in appointed, in the several churches, in every home missionary work. In 1818, order to canvass each town. the General Association formed what The home missionary work has althey called the Domestic Missionary ways occupied a good share of attenSociety. It was composed of the mem- tion; although, since the formation of bers of the General Association, and the Conference, it has been carried on

“Carver,

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chiefly under the auspices of that body, James D. Farnsworth, Groton, Ms., July, 1821.

Oct., 1821. some church being continually helped John E. Bray,

Jabez Porter, by the Conference. In July, 1826,

April, 1822. Josiah Bent, Jr., Milton,

July, 1823. there was proposed and adopted, and

Lucius Alden,

July, 1825. a committee appointed to make the Samuel Kingsbury, necessary arrangements for càrrying J. Tucker, out, a resolution in regard to several Freeman P. Howland,

Nov. 1825.

Asahel Cobb, poor and needy parishes,

April, 1826.

Isaac Wheelwright, Rochester, Westport, Fall River, As

Edwin Barnes, sonet, Wellington, and Stoughton.” Thomas Riggs, This resolution provided that the breth- Baalis Sanford, ren should go, two by two, to each of Sylvester G. Pierce,

July, 1826. these places, and spend not less than Edw’ds A. Park, And. Theo. Sem., April, 1831. ten days in laboring and preaching Elias Riggs,

April, 1832. Wethrell,

Jan., 1840. among the people, and, after an inter

Andrew B. Foster, Dorchester, July, 1842. val of four weeks, to be followed by Rich'd S. Storrs, Jr., An. Th. Sem., Jan., 1845. two others.

Joshua S. Gay,
A K. Packard,

April, 1850. PERSONS APPROBATED BY THE AS

L. Cutler, SOCIATION, AS CANDIDATES FOR William E Dickinson,

April, 1853. THE MINISTRY.

J. H. McLeish,

Jan., 1854.

J. Gardiner Vose, 31st October, 1815, the records read

C. C. Torrey,

Jan., 1864. as follows:

Isaac N. Cundall, The Union Association met at Charlestown. Lys'r Dickerman, Jr., An. Th. Sem., Jan., 1856. Present, – Dr. Morse, Brethren Codman, Gile,

Joseph P. Bixby,

Jan., 1861. and Storrs. The Rev. Mr. Perkins, and Messrs.

Andrew J. Clapp, Pomeroy, Goodrich, and Fitch, candidates for Joseph B. Clark, the ministry, were invited to sit with the Asso

Calvin Cutler, ciation.

L. R. Eastman, Jr., The meeting was opened with prayer, by

Charles H. Hitchcock, Brother Gile.

John W. Miller, Voted, That it be considered a part of the

D. Warren Richardson, business of this Association to approbate can

Daniel F. Savage, didates for the gospel ministry.

John Whitehill, Proceeded to the examination of Mr. Leon

Edward G. Porter,

Jan., 1864. ard Withington, of Dorchester.

G. H. De Bevoise, Mr. Withington, having read a discourse from Joseph A. Leach, Acts xxvi. 9, and answered a number of ques

Edwin A. Adams, Brooklyn,

July, 1865. tions to the satisfaction of the Association,

Total, Voted, nemine contra-dicente, That he receive the approbation of this Association to preach MEMBERS OF TIIE ASSOCIATION. the gospel, and that a certificate to this effect be

Names of given him, sigued by the moderator and scribe.

Residence.

Charlestown. The full list of men who have been Jed'h Morse, D. D., Yale, 1783,

E. D. Griffin, D. D., Yale, 1790, Boston. approbated by this Association is as

Reuben Emerson, Dartm'h, 1798, So. Reading. follows:

Joseph Emerson, Harvard, 1798, Beverly.

Date. Samuel Walker, Dartm'h, 1802, Danvers. Leonard Withington, of Dorchester, Oct., 1815. J. Codman, D. D., Harvard, 1802, Dorchester. Rich'd C. Morse, And. Theo. Sem., Oct., 1817. Avery Williams, Dartm'h, 1804, Lexington. Caleb Hobart,

Oct., 1818. Sam’l Gile, D. D., Dartm'h, 1804, Milton. Isaac Bird,

Apr., 1820. R. S. Storrs, D. D., Williams, 1807, Braintree. Elijah Demond,

Dan'l A. Clark, Princeton, 1808, N. Weym'h. Elipha White,

Br, Emerson, D. D., Dartm'h, 1802, Salem.

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College
Graduated.

Members.

Name.

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Jonas Perkins, Br. Univ., 1813, E. Braintree. Henry Eddy, Yale, 1832, Stoughton. Thad. Pomeroy, Williams, 1810, Randolph. Dan'l Wight, Jr., Harvard, 1837, N. Scituate. Dan'l Huntington, Yale, 1807,

N. Br'water. Wm. A. Peabody, Amherst, 1835, E. Randolph. Luther Sheldon, Middleb'y,1808, Easton. Hor. D. Walker, Yale, 1841, E. Abington. Sereno E. Dwight, Yale, 1803, Bost., P’k st.

Geo. Denham,

S. Weym'th. Ebenezer Gray, Harvard, 1813, Stoughton. David Dyer, London, Dorch. Vil Philip Colby, Brown, 1817, Middleboro. Wm. B. Hammond, Amherst, 1840, Canton. James Sabine, Hoxton, 1796, Bost., E'x st. F. V. Tenney,

Amherst, 1841, S. Braintree. Wm. Coggswell, Dartm'h, 1811, Dedham. W. M. Harding,

Yale, 1837,

S. Weym'th. Warren Fay, D. D., ---, 1807, Charlestown.

Josiah Tucker,

Andover, 1825. C. Hitchc'k, 1), D., Middleb’y,1811, Randolph. Fred. A Reed, Amherst, 1843, Cohasset. David Brigham, Union, 1818, E. Randolph. E. Porter Dyer, Brown, 1833, Hingham. J. B. Felt, LL. D., Dartm'h, Sharon. James H. Means, Harvard, 1843, Dorchester. Samuel Spring, Yale, 1811, Abington. James P. Terry, Amherst, 1834, S. Weym'th. Chester Isham, Yale, 1820, Taunton. Nelson Clark, Dartm'h, 1838, Quincy. Josiah Bent, Jr., Harvard, 1822, N. Weym'th. E. Russell, D. D., Amherst, 1829, E. Randolph. Jona. Curtis, Dartm'h, 1811, Sharon. Albert Perry,

Stoughton. Erastus Maltby, Yale, 1821,

Taunton. Isaac C. White, Oberlin, 1845, N. Abington. Aaron Pickett, Union, 1818, Cobasset. Philo B. Wilcox, Vt.Univ., 1845, E. Br'water. Baalis Sanford, Brown, 1823, E. Br'water. Albert K. Teele, Yale, 1842, Milton. F. P. Howland, Amherst, 1824, Hanson. Chris. M. Cordley, Wes. Res.,1844, Randolph. William Harlow, Yale, 1826, Canton. Charles L. Mills, Yale, 1835, N. Br'water. William Shedd, Dartm'h, 1819, Abington. Alfred Goldsmith, Bowdoin, 1833, S. Abington. Lyman Matthews, Middle'y, 1822, S. Braintree. D. T. Packard, Amherst, 1850, Campello. David Sairford,

Brown, 1825, Dorch. Vil. Calvin Terry, Amherst, 1840, N. Weym'th. Stephen S. Smith,

Quincy. Dan'l T. Noyes, Yale, 1848, Dorch. Vil. E. A. Park, D. D., Brown, 1826, Braintree. Lyman White, Dartm'h, 1846, Easton. Martin Moore, Brown, 1810, Cohasset. Thomas Wilson, Dartm'h, 1844, Stoughton. Wm. Thompson, Union, 1829, N. Br'water. Theo. T. Munger, Yale, 1851, Dorch. Vill James W. Ward, Dartm'b, 1826, Abington. Fred. R. Abbe, Yale, 1848, Abington. John C. Phillips, Harvard, 1826, Weymouth. Edin. S. Potter, Middle'n, 1838, E. Weym'th. John Turner, Brown, 1788, Canton. Cyrus Mann, Dartm'h, 1806. Paul Jewett, Brown, 1802, Braintree. Ch. Wilkes Wood, Brown, 1834, Campello. Wm. M. Cornell, Brown, 1827, Quincy. Henry L. Edwards, Amherst, 1847, S. Abington. Abel G. Duncan,

Hanover. Stephen H. Hayes, Bowdoin, 1838, S. Weym'th. Calvin Durfee, Williams, 1825, S. Dedham. William Leonard. Paul Couch, Dartm'h, 1823, N. Br'water. H. E. Dwight, Yale, 1852, Randolph. Erastus Dickinson, Amherst, 1832.

Oliver Brown, Yale, 1850, Quincy. Jacob Cummings, Dartm'h, 1819.

H. D. Woodworth, Amherst, 1855, E. Br'water. Sam'l W. Cozzens, Middle'y, 1828, Milton. James P. Lane, Amherst, 1857, E. Weym'th. John Dwight, Amherst, 1835, N. Br’water. Nath. B. Blanchard,

N. Br'water. L. Root Eastman, Amherst, 1833, Sharon. L. R. Eastman, Jr., Amherst, 1857, S. Braintree. Joshua Einery, Amherst, 1831, N. Weym'th. Lys. Dickerman, Brown, 1851, Wey. Land. Daniel Butler, Amherst, 1835, Dorch. Vil. Perley B. Davis,

Sharon. Wales Lewis,

S. Weym'th. Stephen G. Dodd, N.J. Col., '46, E. Randolph. Dennis Powers, Amherst, 1826, E. Randolph. Sam'l H. Lee, Yale, 1858,

N. Br'water. Willard Pierce, Brown, 1818, N. Abington. E. P. Thwing, Harvard, 1855, Quincy. S. L. Rockwood, Amherst, 1836, Hanson. Alex's J. Sessions, Yale, 1831, Scituate. L. R. Phillips, Williams, 1836, Sharon. N. H. Broughton, Amherst, 1847, E. Br'water. Dan'l H. Babcock, Wes. Res.,1836, Cohasset. Cyrus Stone, Dartm'h, 1822, Beechwood. Stephen Bailey.

A. Judson Rich,

Dorch. Vil. Wm. Allen, Amherst,' 1832, Quincy.

ON PASTORAL DUTIES.

(Read before the Rutland (Vt.) Association of Ministers, and published at their request.)

BY REV. SILAS AIKEN, D. D., RUTLAND, Vr.

It is not proposed to bring the entire yourselves and to all the flock, over subject of pastoral duties into con- which the Holy Ghost hath made you sideration, including public preaching, overseers; " and then he reminds them prayer, and the administration of gos- that, during the three years of his lapel ordinances, but rather that part of bors at Ephesus, he had been serving it which relates to the pastor's labors, God, with all humility of mind, with apart from, though intimately connect- many tears and temptations, and had ed with, his public ministry, and upon“ not ceased to warn every one, night which the success of his ministry great- and day, with tears,” and had “ taught ly depends. Indeed the phrase "pas- them publicly, and from house to toral duties,” in its popular acceptation, house; ” wherefore he calls them to has main and almost exclusive regard witness that he was "pure from the to the more private care, oversight, and blood of all men.” Also to the Colosinstruction of the flock.

sians, “ warning every man, and teachThe Scriptures give such instructions, ing every man, in all wisdom, that we in regard to the right discharge of the may present every man perfect in pastoral office, as involve the special Christ Jesus.” The same apostle's care and oversight now under consid- charge to Timothy was, “Preach the eration. Mark the Saviour's descrip- word, be instant in season, out of seation of the good shepherd, in the tenth son, reprove, rebuke, exhort with all chapter of the gospel of John. The long-suffering and doctrine.” And to good shepherd so well knows his sheep, the Hebrews he said, “ Obey them that that he calls them by name, and leads have the rule over you, for they watch them out; and they follow him, for they for your souls, as they that must give know his voice. Whereas, the hireling, account.” Other passages, of like imwho careth not for the sheep, and is a port, might be cited; and it is obvious stranger to them, they will not follow, that neither the letter nor spirit of these for they know not the voice of stran- instructions is obeyed by the pastor gers. Again, in the parable of the lost who ignores this particular oversight sheep, when but one of the flock has of his people, and confines himself algone astray, the faithful shepherd no- most exclusively to the labors of the tices the loss, leaves the ninety and pulpit. nine in the wilderness, and goes in Says Richard Baxter, in discoursing search of the one that is lost, until he on pastoral duties, “ Our taking heed finds it. “I am the Good Shepherd,” to all the flock necessarily supposes said Christ," and know my sheep, and that we should know every person that am known of mine.” If the Christian belongs to our charge; for how can we pastor should be like Christ, these par- take heed to them, if we do not know ables clearly indicate his duty in regard them? We must labor to be acquaintto a personal and familiar acquaintance ed as fully as we can, not only with the with his people.

persons, but with the state of our peoAgain, mark the charge of Paul to ple, – their inclinations and conversathe elders of Ephesus: “ Take heed to tions, what are the sins they are most

in danger of; what duties they neglect, the oversight of souls, — and for such both with respect to the matter and the reasons as follow:manner; and to what temptations they 1. A particular oversight and care are peculiarly liable. If we know not of the flock, as already intimated, is inthe temperament or disease, we are volved in the idea of the pastoral work, likely to prove unsuccessful physi- is a part of it, - and can no more be cians.”

pushed aside or ignored, than any other Being thus acquainted with all the part. If the teaching of Christ, enflock, we must do the work of a pastor forced by an example which perfectly toward every individual. And one fulfilled the words of the prophet, would imagine that all reasonable men " He shall feed his flock like a shepwould be so well satisfied in regard to herd; he shall gather the lambs with this, that nothing need be said to rec- his arm, and carry them in his bosom;" ommend it. Does not a careful shep- if the example and teaching of the herd look after every individual sheep, apostles furnish the true pattern and and a good physician attend every par- law of a pastor's work, -- then the man ticular patient? Why, then, should not who assumes the sacred office, and, in the shepherds and physicians of the the neglect of the personal inspection church take heed to every individual and private instruction of the souls member of their charge?”

committed to his care, thinks to disBaxter then proceeds, after his own charge his obligations by his pulpit lagraphic and pungent manner, to say bors, is sadly derelict in duty. He sets how the pastor should deal with the aside the scriptural model, and sets up different characters and conditions a standard of his own devising instead. found among his people: as with those He does not take heed to all the flock who are ignorant in the matters of their over which the Holy Ghost has made salvation; with awakened and inquir- him overseer. Just as consistently ing souls; with families, - to see that with the pastoral office might he negthey are well ordered, that catechetical lect to teach publicly, as from house to instruction, the daily reading of the house. Just as consistently refuse to Scriptures, and prayer, are maintained preach to the Athenians on Mars Hill, in them; with the sick and dying; as to the jailer and his household at with scandalous offenders, seeking to Philippi, or to the woman of Samaria bring them to repentance, before their at Jacob's well.

are reported for public dis- 2. The pastor needs the knowledge cipline; and with humble, upright derived from these more private labors, Christians, who adorn their profession, in order to the most effective performfor their due encouragement in the ance of his public duties. ways of God. Without affirming that By familiar acquaintance with the just this manner of personal inspection families and individuals of his charge, and private instruction, in the form he learns, as he can learn in no other here set forth, is adapted to all times way, the character of the minds he has and circumstances, we think it must be to deal with, their errors, dangers and conceded, that, in substance and de- temptations, the extent of their knowlsign, these suggestions of the noted edge, the current of their thoughts and pastor of Kidderminster are right, and feelings, and by what avenues he can in accordance with the revealed will of best find access to the hearts of his God; and that, substantially, such a people. In this way grave and imcourse of pastoral labor is incumbent portant subjects of discourse are conon every one who takes upon him tinually suggested to his mind, such as

cases

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