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ship or prejudice, that we can discover, up to the pulpit for public prayer in in narrating the facts concerning the behalf of a man gone, going, or about different denominations.
to go on a journey to Boston. The first installation of pastor at the Thankful as we are for the publicaLanding took place in February, 1761, tion of this work, we can not in all rethe services being held “ in the open spects commend it as a model history. field.” We are glad to know that some It would have been more valuable if it passages were omitted in the delivery had been more systematic. It would of the sermon out of compassion to the have been improved if the history had audience. The people were called to- been more definitely marked by pegether on the Sabbath by a drum, after- riods, and the whole had had less of wards by a bell suspended from the a conglomerate character. It would limb of a large tree. In 1787, this have been more easy of reference if the church, after being eight years without contents of chapters had been more a pastor, became reduced to fourteen fully stated, or the general index had members, only two of whom were men. been enlarged. The index of names, A little while later, the congregation, however, is remarkably full and exact, having lost their house by fire, as- being deficient only, so far as we have sembled for three months in the Epis- noticed, in not uniformly referring to copal church, which was tendered authorities cited. We think the author them by the trustees ; and when they fails to appreciate and represent the had rebuilt their church, among their influences which have gone out from precautions against another fire, they Norwich through its sons who have authorized the sexton to demand a moved elsewhere, and that she is lackquarter of a dollar for every foot-stove ing somewhat in that kind of enthusileft in the house after the meetings asm which prompted the centennial were ended.
celebration of 1859. In the first church, Dr. Lord's pas- In various things the book might torate began in 1717 ; sixty-one years have been made more complete. She afterwards a colleague was ordained, tells us, e. g., that the meeting-house whose death did not occur till 1834. built in 1673 was perched up on the Thus their pastorates extend over one rocks above where Dr. Arms' church hundred and seventeen years, besides now stands, with perpendicular ledges six years of joint service,— an instance or abrupt stony declivities on either of ministerial longevity supposed to be side, because troubles were apprehendunequaled in the ecclesiastical history ed, and on this elevated platform it of New England. In Dr. Lord's minis- could not be easily surprised, and might tration, his first prayer at morning ser- serve as a watch-tower and a garrison vice (the “invocation" of our day being post, as well as a house of worship. then unknown,) occupied the full run But she does not tell us why, less than of the hour-glass at his side. “He forty years ago, the Female Academy followed in his prayer the principal at the Landing was put in a place as events of the week, — deaths, acci- inaccessible, near the summit of a hill dents, storms, — and adverted to all overlooking the Thames; a location public events of importance. Notes which we suppose to be due to the imwere sent up to the pulpit, not only in possibility of finding any central spot cases of sickness and death, but by per- for a community scattered among such sons departing on a journey or voyage, valleys and upon such hill-sides as and also on returning from the same.” those of Norwich. She does not tell It is said that a petition was once sent how a previous plan to establish a sem
inary fell through, after the stock had twenty-four ministers of different deall been subscribed, simply because no nominations that look back to Norwich agreement could be reached respecting First Society for their birth-place, or its location. She does not tell what at least for the home of their youth. popular prejudices stood in the way of But this list does not include all that the charter of the Thames Bank in 1825, should be enumerated in it, and it might and how the charter was finally grant- well be supplemented by the names of ed on condition that a bonus of some those who have gone from the other sothousands of dollars should be given cieties, some of which the historian toward improving the navigation of the might have found in “Contributions to Thames.
the Ecclesiastical History of ConnectiThere are some cases, too, where cut.” inaccuracies occur, of trifling impor- These are instances of incompletetance indeed, but sufficient to weaken ness and inaccuracy in respect to events our confidence in other statements. occurring within the life-time of the Thus, on page 649, after a short sketch historian ; they suggest the possibility of the Norwich Savings Society, she of similar errors in earlier times, which states the amount deposited to January no living person can point out. 1, 1866, to be $4,553,580.40. She would But the History, such as it is, reflects have been nearer right in giving that honor upon the town, and we wish that as the amount of liabilities on that day. a hundred other persons would show as The entire deposits for forty years much diligence and zeal in compiling must be far greater.
histories of a hundred other towns in It is not an error of very great con- the State. Some men have a fancy that sequence which is made on page 558, way. They treasure up every scrap of where it is said a third Congregational history ; they carry in their minds the church was formed in August, 1827, traditions of the elders ; they hunt in with ten members, “ and a small brick garrets for neglected letters and manuedifice erected for its accommodation, scripts ; they draw toward themselves, near the Park on what is now Sachem by a kind of magnetic power, rare and Street. It existed only twelve years, curious specimens of antiquity. It is a but during that time was a well sus- pity that their knowledge should die tained, efficient church." But the with them. Let them by all means be church existed fifteen years, and the encouraged to print what they know. brick building which was erected for it Let it be the pride of the people that was under the hill near the cotton-mill, some one is doing justice to the memwhile that subsequently built on Sa- ory of the fathers, and saving from chem Street was of wood.
oblivion the facts concerning which The author is at some pains to make posterity will inquire. an explanatory statement concerning We believe that such works as this the early date at which Sabbath schools deepen the attachment of people to were established at the town and the their homes, and to the institutions of Landing. Her statement would have their homes ; that this is one means of been more valuable if she had looked keeping patriotism alive, and preservup the evidence that a third school also ing our national unity ; and that the was established at the Falls in the sum- study of our local history will more mer of 1816, especially as these three and more lead men to a devout recogschools, starting almost simultaneously nition of that good providence which fifty years ago, are supposed to ante- has in past centuries been extended date all others in the State.
over our fathers, and on which their On page 560 she gives a list of sons must no less rely.
THE SAVOY DECLARATION OF CHURCH ORDER
O R D E R
We take the following from the is any way needfull, for their carrysame volume with the Declaration of ing on that Order in Worship and Faith, reprinted in our number for Discipline, which he hath instituted July — one of the edition of 1659. for them to observe, with Commands Our reprint follows exactly the orig- and Rules, for the due and right exertinal.
ing and executing of that Power.
V. These particular Churches thus OF THE
appointed by the Authority of Christ, INSTITVTION
and intrusted with power from him for the ends before expressed, are each of
them as unto those ends, the seat of CHURCHES,
that Power which he is pleased to
communicate to his Saints or Subjects And the
in this World, so that as such they receive it immediatly from himself.
VI. Besides these particular ChurchAppointed in them by
es, there is not instituted by Christ
any Church more extensive or CathoJesus Christ.
lique entrusted with power for the ad
ministration of his Ordinances, or the I. By the appointment of the Fa- execution of any authority in his Name. ther, all Power for the Calling, Insti- VII. A particular Church gathered tution, Order, or Government of the and compleated according to the minde Church, is invested, in a Supreme and of Christ, consists of Officers "and Soveraign manner, in the Lord Jesus Members : The Lord Christ having Christ, as King and Head thereof.
given to his called ones (united accordII. In the execution of this Power ing to his appointment in Church-order) wherewith he is so entrusted, the Lord Liberty and Power to choose Persons Jesus calleth out of the World unto fitted by the Holy Ghost for that purCommunion with himself, those that pose, to be over them, and to minister are given unto him by his Father, that to them in the Lord. they may walk before him in all the VIII. The Members of these Churchwayes of Obedience, which he pre- es are Saints by Calling, visibly mani. scribeth to them in his Word.
festing and evidencing (in and by their III. Those thus called (through the profession and walking) their ObediMinistery the Word by his Spirit) he ence unto that Call of Christ, who being commandeth to walk together in par- further known to each other by their ticular Societies or Churches, for their confession of the Faith wrought in mutual edification, and the due per- them by the power of God, declared formance of that publique Worship, by themselves, or otherwise manifested, which he requireth of them in this do willingly consent to walk together, world.
according to the appointment of Christ, IV. To each of these Churches giving up themselves to the Lord, and thus gathered, according unto his mind to one another by the Will of God, in declared in his Word, he hath given professed subjection to the Ordinances all that Power and Authority, which of the Gospel.
IX. The Officers appointed by Christ others also gifted and fitted by the to be chosen and set apart by the Holy Ghost for it, and approved (being Church so called, and gathered for by lawful ways and means in the the peculiar administration of Ordi- Providence of God called thereunto) nances, and execution of Power or may publiquely, ordinarily, and conDuty which he intrusts them with, or stantly perform it; so that they give calls them to, to be continued to the themselves up thereunto. end of the World, are Pastors, Teach- XIV. However, they who are iners, Elders and Deacons.
gaged in the work of Publique PreachX. Churches thus gathered and as- ing, and enjoy the Publique Mainsembling for the Worship of GOD, are tenance upon that account, are not thereby visible and publique, and their hereby obliged to dispense the Seals Assemblies (in what place soever they to any other then such as (being Saints are, according as they have liberty or by Calling, and gathered according to opportunity) are therefore Church or the Order of the Gospel) they stand Publique Assemblies.
related to, as Pastors or Teachers ; XI. The way appointed by Christ yet ought they not to neglect others for the Calling of any person, fitted living within their Parochial Bounds, and gifted by the Holy Ghost, unto but besides their constant publique the Office of Pastor, Teacher, or Elder, Preaching to them, they ought to enin a Church, is, that he be chosen quire after their profitting by the thereunto by the common suffrage of Word, instructing them in, and pressthe Church it self, and solemnly set ing upon them (whether young or old) apart by Fasting and Prayer, with the great Doctrines of the Gospel, even Imposition of Hands of the Eldership personally, and particularly, so far as of that Church, if there be any before their strength and time will admit. constituted therein : And of a Deacon, XV. Ordination alone without the that he be chosen by the like suffrage, Election or precedent consent of the and set apart by Prayer, and the like Church, by those who formerly have Imposition of Hands.
been Ordained by vertue of that Power XII. The Essence of this Call of a they have received by their OrdinaPastor, Teacher, or Elder unto Office, tion, doth not constitute any person a consists in the Election of the Church, Church-Officer, or communicate Officetogether with his acceptation of it, and power unto him. separation by Fasting and Prayer : XVI. A Church furnished with And those who are so chosen, though Officers (according to the mind of not set apart by Imposition of Hands, Christ) hath full power to administer are rightly constituted Ministers of all his Ordinances ; and where there is Jesus Christ, in whose Name and Au- want of any one or more Officers rethority they exercise the Ministery to quired, that Officer, or those which them so committed. The Calling of are in the Church, may administer all Deacons consisteth in the like Election the Ordinances proper to their particand acceptation, with separation by ular Duty and Offices ; but where there Prayer.
are no Teaching Officers, none may XIII. Although it be incumbent administer the Seals, nor the on the Pastors and Teachers of the Church authorize any so to do. Churches to be instant in preaching XVII. In the carrying on of Churchthe Word, by way of Office; yet the administrations, no person ought to be work of preaching the Word is not so added to the Church, but by the conpeculiarly confined to them, but that sent of the Church it self; that so
love (without dissimulation) may be semblies, or the Administration of any preserved between all the Members Ordinances upon that pretence, but to thereof.
wait upon Christ in the further proXVIII. Whereas the Lord Jesus ceeding of the Church. Christ hath appointed and instituted XXII. The Power of Censures beas a means of Edification, that those ing seating by Christ in a particular who walk not according to the Rules Church, is to be exercised onely toand Laws appointed by him in respect wards particular members of each of Faith and Life, so that just offence Church respectively as such ; and there doth arise to the Church thereby) be is no power given by him unto any censured in his Name and Authority: Synods or Ecclesiastical Assemblies Every Church hath power it [in] it self to Excommunicate, or by their pubto exercise and execute all those Cen- lique Edicts to threaten Excommusures appointed by him, in the way and nication, or other Church censures Order prescribed in the Gospel. against Churches, Magistrates, or their
XIX. The Censures so appointed people upon any account, no by Christ, are Admonition and Ex- being obnoxious to that Censure, but communication : and whereas some upon bis personal miscarriage, as a offences are or may be known onely to Member of a particular Church. some, it is appointed by Christ, that XXIII. Although the Church is a those to whom they are so known, do Society of men, assembling for the first admonish the offender in private ; celebration of the Ordinances accord(in publique offences where any sin, ing to the appointment of Christ, yet before all) and in case of non-amend- every Society assembling for that end ment upon private admonition, the or purpose, upon the account of cohaboffence being related to the Church, itation within any civil Precincts or and the offender not manifesting his Bounds is not thereby constituted a repentance, he is to be duly admon- Church, seeing there may be wanting ished in the Name of Christ by the among them, what is essentially rewhole Church, by the Ministery of the quired thereunto ; and therefore Elders of the Church ; and if this Believer living with others in such a Censure prevail not for his repentance, Precinct, may joyn himself with any then he is to be cast out by Excom- Church for his edification. munication with the consent of the XXIV. For the avoiding of differChurch.
ences that may otherwise arise, for XX. As all Believers are bound to the greater Solemnity in the Celebrajoyn themselves to particular Churches, tion of the Ordinances of Christ, and when and where they have opportunity the opening a way for the larger useso to do ; so none are to be admitted fulness of the Gifts and Graces of the unto the Priviledges of the Churches, Holy Ghost ; Saints living in one City who do not submit themselves to the or Town, or within such distances as Rule of Christ in the Censures for the that they may conveniently assemble Government of them.
for divine Worship, ought rather to XXI. This being the way prescribed joyn in one Church for their mutual by Christ in case of offence, no Church- strengthening and edification, then to members upon any offences taken by set up many distinct Societies. them, having performed their duty re- XXV. As all Churches, and all the quired of them in this matter, ought members of them are bound to pray to disturb any Church-order, or ab- continually for the good or prosperity sent themselves from the publique As- of all the Churches of Christ in all