The Impact of Climate Change on Drylands: With a Focus on West Africa

Couverture
Ton Dietz, A.J. Dietz, R. Ruben, A. Verhagen, Jan Verhagen
Springer Science & Business Media, 22 juin 2004 - 465 pages
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Sahelian West Africa has recovered from the disastrous droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. People have learned to adapt to risk and uncertainty in fragile dryland environments. They, as well as global change scientists, are worried about the impact of climate change on these West African drylands. What do the experiences of the last thirty years say about the preparedness for higher temperatures, lower rainfall, and even more variability? Detailed studies on Dryland West Africa as a whole, and on Burkina Faso, Mali and Northern Ghana in particular show an advanced coping behaviour and increased adaptation, but also major differences in vulnerability and coping potential. Climate change preparedness programmes have only just started and require more robust support, and more specific social targeting, for a population which is rapidly growing, even more rapidly urbanising, and further integrating in a globalised economy.

This book is the first of its kind with a comprehensive analysis of climate change experiences in West African drylands, with attention for pathways of change and the diversity of adaptation options available. This book is of interest to scientists studying global and climate change, especially dealing with issues of adaptation. Social scientists, economists, geographers and policy makers concerned with West Africa should also read this book.

 

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Table des matières

THE ICCD RESEARCH
3
POPULATION DYNAMICS
4
A CLASSIFICATION
19
CLIMATE CHANGE IN DRYLAND WEST AFRICA?
27
UNCERTAINCIES IN MODELLING CLIMATE CHANGE
33
CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS FOR DRYLAND WEST
42
SAHELIAN LIVELIHOODS ON THE REBOUND
60
DRIVING FORCES FOR CHANGES IN LAND USE
83
LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES AND DEVELOPMENT
267
SOME COMMENTS ON PORTFOLIO DIVERSIFICATION
292
URBANRURAL LINKAGES AND CLIMATIC VARIABILITY
301
CLIMATE DETERIORATION AND REGIONAL SPECIFICITY
323
THE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIOCULTURAL DIFFERENCES
340
CLIMATE VARIABILITY RISK COPING AND AGRARIAN
365
CLIMATE CHANGE AND MANAGEMENT
385
CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND EARLY WARNING
396

COTTON AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN WEST AFRICA
97
A LITERATURE SURVEY ABOUT RISK
116
B CASES FROM THE SUBHUMID AND SEMIARID ZONES
147
PATHWAYS TO MITIGATE CLIMATE VARIABILITY
173
RESPONSES TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY IN THE KAYA
207
CHANGE AND ADAPTATION IN A LIVESTOCKPRODUCING
242
CLIMATE CHANGE PREPAREDNESS IN WEST AFRICA
403
References
409
Index
435
Colour Section
451
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