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No. 596.-xii. 17. And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.] Many learned men have thought these expressions relate to the manner in which Ptolemy. Philopater persecuted the Jews. “He forbad any to enter into his palace, who did not sacrifice to the gods he worshipped, whereby he excluded the Jews all access to him, either to the suing to him for justice, or the obtaining of his protection, in what case soever they should stand in need of it. He ordered by another decree, that all of the Jewish nation that lived in Alex. andria should be degraded from the first rank of citizens, of which they had always hitherto been from the. first founding of the city, and be enrolled in the third rank amang the common people of Egypt, and that all of them should come thus to be enrolled, and at the time of this enrollment have the mark of an ivy-leaf, the badge of the god Bacchus, by an hot iron impressed upon them; and that all those who should refuse to be thus enrolled, and to be stigmatized with this mark, should be slaves; and that if any of them should stand out against this decree, they should be put to death.”

PRIDEAUX's Connection, part ii. lib. 2. ann.

ante C. 216. No. 597.-xvii. 5. And upon her forehead was a name written, Mystery, Babylon the great.] It has been observed by interpreters, that lewd women were used to have their names written over their doors, and sometimes on their foreheads; and that criminals among the Romans had an inscription of their crimes carried before them. In the first sense, as Mr. Daubuz observes, this inscription will denote a public profession of what is sig. nified by it, or a public patronage of idolatrous doctrines and worship. In the second sense, it will denote the crimes for which she is condemned, and was punished by the foregoing plagues. Mr. Waple thinks this in

scription is rather an allusion to the known inscription on the forehead of the high-priest, Holiness to the Lord. Whereby is intimated, that this idolatrous persecuting government was an antichristian church, of a temper and spirit quite contrary to the true worship of the one true God.

LOWMAN in loc.

No. 598.-xix. 10. I fell at his feet to worship him.] This appears to have been the act of homage usually paid to great men in the East, and which was now performed under impressions more solemn than those which were made by the presence of princes and kings. Mr. Bruce thus describes the ceremony now alluded to: “ The next remarkable ceremony in which these two nations (of Persia and Abyssinia) agreed, is that of adoration, inviolably observed in Abyssinia to this day, as often as you enter the sovereign's presence. This is not only kneeling, but absolute prostration ; 'you first fall upon your knees, then upon the palms of your hands, then incline your head and body till your forehead touches the ground, and, in case you have an answer to expect, you lie in that posture till the king, or some. body from him, desires you to rise.” (Travels, vol. iii. p. 270.)

No. 599.-xxi. 2. Prepared as a bride.] In the East brides frequently change their dress, and are presented each time they do so to the bridegroom. ' DArvieux gives this account of the Arabs, (Voy. dans la Pal. p. 225.) “ When the evening is come, the women present the bride to her future husband. The women who conduct her make him a compliment, who answers not a word, sitting perfectly still, with a grave and serious air. This ceremony is three times repeated the same

evening; and whenever they change the bride's dress, ' they present her to the bridegroom, who receives her always with the same gravity. It is a sort of magnifi. cence in the East, frequently to dress and undress the bride, and to cause her to wear in that same day all the clothes made up for her nuptials. The bridegroom's dress is also frequently changed for the same reason.” An attention to this circumstance throws an energy into the words of St. John, when he speaks of the New Jeru. salem coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride for her husband.

HARMER, vol. ii. p. 122.

No, 600.-xxi. 19. Foundations of the wall.] “ Thisis not only a description of what must be exceeding beau. tiful in its appearance, but is moreover manifestly corresponding with the mode of building amongst the ancient Romans, who, it is well known, constructed their walls from the bottom to the top with alternate layers, or rows of bricks, and of white stone, and sometimes of black flints. Each of these layers was always of a considerable thickness, or breadth ; and whilst their dif. ferent colours formed a beautiful appearance to the eye, and were a most elegant kind of ornament, this mode of placing materials of different dimensions and substance in alternate rows greatly strengthened the work."

KING's Morsels of criticism, vol. i. p. 67.

THE END.

FIRST INDEX.

PASSAGES OF SCRIPTURE

INCIDENTALLY ILLUSTRATED, OR ALLUDED TO,

IN THIS VOLUME

N. B. The Figures refer to the Numbers of the Articles.

Νο1

No

373

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62

Genesis ii. 10 .....

· xxi. 10 .,

xv. 9, 10 .

xxii. 2 . . . .
· xxiii. 6 ....

xxiii. 15. ...
xxvi. 20 .......
xxvi. 28 ......
xxvi. 30.....
xxxi. 54 ...i
xxxii. 22 ..
xxv. 14 ....
xxxviii. 2....
xxxviii. 16 ...

180

297

87

230 Leviticus xix. 15 ...... 572
230 Numbers xxiji. 1 i..... 373
294 Deuteronomy iv. 48. .... 189

xxii. 8... 246, 426
. xxiv. 1.... 369

xxy. 4..... 258
. xxv. 9. ....

61
11

xxvji. 14 ... 87
294

xxviii. 58. .. 390
294 · .. xxix. 9 .... 390

xxxii. 13 ... 371

. xxxii. 36 ... 115
470 Joshua vi. 27 ........
453 vii. 6 .... .... 100
266 ..xix. 19 ..
88 Judges iii. 20. ...

286
410

iv. 19. ..
278
v. 30 ....

540
467

vi. 2........ 231
391
vi. 37 ......

· 111
ix. 45 ........
448

xi. 34 ....... 40
176

xiv. 8 ....... 369
321 xv. 1...... 351, 453
405

xvi. 21.
319

xvi. 27. :

[ocr errors]

189

83

xlii. 23 ......
xlix. 7.
xlix. 12 ......

xlix. 22 ......
Exodus iv. 16 .......

xi. 5.. .
xii. 11. ..
xxii. 31 ....
xxv, 20. ...

XXX. 15. ...
Leviticus xiii, 45 :::

414

[ocr errors]

71

8

86

3 G

293

111

[ocr errors]

278

. 13

[ocr errors]

351

249

101

. 577

261

245

[ocr errors]

No

N.
Ruth ill., 11........... 15 11 Chronicles ii. 55 ...... 410
1 Samuel i. 5 ......... 445

xii. 1.. 115
11. 8

449
. . . . . . . . . 303

xü. 33 ...
iv. 13 ......... 161

xxiii. 29 ...

8
ix. 7 .......... 892 Chronicles ix. 14 .... 370
IX. 25 . . . . . . . . . 246

xvi. 14 .....
xiii. 6 ......... 231

xyiii. 9 .....
xiv. 24 ......

xxvi. 23 ..., 137
xiv. 33 .....

xxxii. 33.. 241, 247
xvi. 12 .....

xxxiv: 13 410
xvi. 20 ...

xxxvi. 4.. 461
xvii, 42 .... 278 Ezra ix. 8.....
xvii. 43 .... 176 Nehemiah ii. 8... 304
xvii, 6:...

iv. 7... . . 188
xxi.7 ...

viii. 10.

.. 147
xxv. 2...

259
ix. 38 ..

261
xxx. 21 ...

180

X. 29 ..
2 Samuel i. 2..........
100 Esther i. 7....

341
i. 21.........

ii. 19 ...:::
iv. 247..... 287

iy.'1.......
vi. 14 .........

v.1........
vi. 19 ..... .. 445 Job ii. 12 .....

100
xi. 8-10...
.... 145

vi. 17, 18 .... 187
xiii. 8 .....

. 81
xvič. 5.....

288
xiii. 19...

xxi. 17 ....

288
1 Kings i. 1,2 ....

xxii, 25 ....

240
i. 52 ...:
508 xxiii. 10 ....

240
ii. 25. ...

xxvii. 18 ....

228
X. 21 ....

. . 185
xxyii. 23 ....

133
xi. 36 ....

. 288
xxxiii. 23 ......

88
xviii. 26 ... 381 xxxvii. 18 .......
xviii. 45 . .
126 xlii. 6.........

.... 444
XX. 31 : ...

100 Psalms i. 3 .........
xxi. 4 .....

.. 124

i. 5 ...... 113
xxij. 10 ....
....... 111
111 ix. 18 ...

113
xxii. 38 ...
...... 123

xyi. 5 ...
2 Kings jii. 27 ....

xviii. 5...

110
v. 10 ...

xix. 5 .... 466
v. 23 ...

xix. 10 ...
.. ..

240
viii. 9 ..

xxxviii. 1 ...
viii. 13..

xlv. 1....

410
ix. 30 .......

xlvii. 1 ....... 133
x. 15 .......... 195 lvii. 4. ........ 279
xi. 12 ......... 133 lix. 7 ........ 583
xii. 10 ........ 152 lix. 6, 14, 15 ..... 176
xiji. 7...... . 258

lxiii. 5........ 351
xiv. 26 ..... 115 Ixiv. 3........ 279
xx. 2......

lxix. 28 ....... 284
xxiv. 17 ....... 461 Ixxv. 5 ....... 113
xxv. 7......

438

lxxv. 8. ....... 402
xxv. 19. ......

Ixxviii. 20 ...... 41

· 444

446

.. 199

48

230

445

113

278

124

410

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