Cambridge University Press, 26 févr. 1988 - 364 pages
Discourse markers - the particles oh, well, now, then, you know and I mean, and the connectives so, because, and, but and or - perform important functions in conversation. Dr Schiffrin's approach is firmly interdisciplinary, within linguistics and sociology, and her rigourous analysis clearly demonstrates that neither the markers, nor the discourse within which they function, can be understood from one point of view alone, but only as an integration of structural, semantic, pragmatic, and social factors. The core of the book is a comparative analysis of markers within conversational discourse collected by Dr Schiffrin during sociolinguistic fieldwork. The study concludes that markers provide contextual coordinates which aid in the production and interpretation of coherent conversation at both local and global levels of organization. It raises a wide range of theoretical and methodological issues important to discourse analysis - including the relationship between meaning and use, the role of qualitative and quantitative analyses - and the insights it offers will be of particular value to readers confronting the very substantial problems presented by the search for a model of discourse which is based on what people actually say, mean, and do with words in everyday social interaction.
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Background What is discourse?
Prelude to analysis Definitions and data
Questions Why analyze discourse markers?
Oh Marker of information management
Well Marker of response
Discourse connectives and but or
So and because Markers of cause and result
Temporal adverbs now and then
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
adverb anaphoric answer argue argument background cataphoric Chapter clarification clauses conjunctions Consider context continues contrast conversational coordinates Debby defined deictic deixis discourse analysis discourse markers discourse topic discourse units discussion display evaluation example exchange structures expectations explanation focus focuses Freda function Henry Henry's idea structures idea units ideational inference initial interac interactional intermarriage interpretation intonation Irene Irene's Jack Jack's Jewish Jews Labov language linguistic marks mation meta-knowledge meta-linguistic narrative North Philadelphia occur participation framework particular position pragmatic prefaces prior proposition prosodic question/answer pairs reason relation relationship relevance repairs request response role Sally Schiffrin semantic meaning sentence sentence grammar sequence sequential shared knowledge shift shows social sociolinguistic speaker and hearer speaker orientation speaker/hearer specific speech acts story subordinate suggests syntactic temporal transition units of talk upcoming utterance warranted WH-question y'know yes-no questions Zelda
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