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Pages 185-201

IV.-THE PROGRESS OF OLD TESTAMENT RELIGION THROUGH THE OPERATION

OF DOUBT. (1) The growth of individualist morality, 2 Kings

xiv. 6 (Deut. xxiv. 16) Josiah's death—Jer, xxxi. 30, xv. 1; Ezek.

xiv. 14, etc., xviii. 3, 4-Are the Wisdom Psalms post-exilic ?

(2) Deutero-Isaiah's contribution to the Wisdom Problem (liü.

10, 11)-(3) Job's discussion of the Wisdom Problem—(4) The

Wisdom Literature generally ; its function-Proverbs—Job xxi.

19, Ps. xxxvii. 28—Hab. i. 3; Jer. xii. 1—The Wisdom Psalms,

xxxiv., xciv., xxxvii., lxxiii., xlix. (xvi., xvii.)Bereavement not

a theme of the Psalmists—Ps. xxvi., xliv. ; Prov. xi. 31;

Ps. lxxxvii.—(5) Ecclesiastes and the negative Wisdom Job

xxviii. ; Prov. xxx. 14-Sirach—The Maccabee rising-Sum-

mary,

Pages 201-216

V.-SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL FROM ZERUBBABEL TO CHRIST. —

Zerubbabel and Messianic hopes—Ps. ii. cx.—Ixxxix., cxxxii.-

Zech. ix.-xi. -Disappearance of Messianic hope, strictly so called

-Ewald criticised–The high priest—The scribe-Alexander's

conquests—Antiochus Epiphanes—The Maccabees; Ps. cxviii. ?-

cx. ?-The Sadducee party—The Pharisees—Effect of belief in

resurrection-Pompey's conquest revives national feeling—and

Messianic hope—The Jewish diaspora, .

Pages 216-227

VI.—THE REVIVED BELIEF IN A PERSONAL MESSIAH.-A. Its development

in Jewish Apocalyptic literature.—The Sibyl ; longer Jewish passage
-Earliest Book of Enoch—cf. Isa. lxvi., Judith xvi. 17—Psalter
of Solomon-teaches conditional resurrection'-Does that occur
(Schürer) before the Messianic kingdom ?-Sibyl iii. 46-50, etc.-
Enochic Book of Three Parables--Influence of apocalyptic theories
on the Baptist-on Christ's disciples—and on Christ's own language
-Unambiguous names for Messiah-Baldensperger's one-sided
treatment of Jewish eschatology-B. Eclectic Messianic Eschatology
at the Christian Era.-Christ's forerunner-birth-miracles-

function as judge—as conqueror-Length of Messianic age-
Doctrine of the unseen world—How far did the unscientific theo-
logy of the day infect the New Testament?—Isolated fulfilments of
prediction are to be regarded as signs—New Testament facts a
real fulfilment of Old Testament ideals—How far do New Testa-
ment quotations of Old Testament express this ?-Baldensperger's
defective view of Christ-In what respects modern writers are
wiser than New Testament writers,

Pages 227-250

.

VII.-TEACHING OF THE BAPTIST AND OF CHRIST.-—The Baptist contributes

to Messianic hope a doctrine of the Spirit-But also presses an

eschatological hope—Christ's connection with the Baptist—Signifi-

cance of Christ's presenting Himself as a teacher-Subordination

of miracles ; Ecce Homo quoted. A. Christ's first message of moral

salvation,-the 'Good News of the Kingdom'—Christ exercises the

functions of a present Messiah-Early teaching-Lord's Prayer;

Sermon on Mount (Matt. v. 13, 14); Matt. xi. 27—The kingdom

parables—The parables of probation. B. The Transformation of

Christ's Aim by the Certainty of Death.—The 'lost sheep of the house

of Israel'-When did Christ begin to foretell His death ?—(1) The

prediction of resurrection—(2) Prediction of fall of Jerusalem-

(3) Prediction of transition of gospel to Gentiles—Previous events

in Christ's history which lead up to this : Matt. viii. 5, xv. 21,

xi. 20, xii. 41, 42, John iv. and Luke xvii. 12, John xii. 20, Matt.

viii. 11, xxi. 43, xxii. 9, xxiv. 14, xxvi. 13, John x. 16—(4) Prediction

of a Second Coming-(a) not identical with prediction of resurrection

-(1) nor bound up with prediction of fall of Jerusalem—though the

gospel tradition asserts this : Matt. xxiv. 29, 35 (Mark and Luke)

x. 23, xvi. 28 parallels—That expectation not fulfilled—The tradi-

tion examined in detail-Conclusion ; Christ predicted His return

in an unknown futureHis views of Israel's future—The gospel

tradition due to the engrossment of the Twelve with Israel-

Modern views of the Millennium. C. Christ's own teaching on

Future Rewards and Punishments. D. Christ's Prediction of His

Exaltation from Ps. cx. Matt. xxii. 41 (cf. Acts ii. 33, 1 Peter iii.

22, 1 Cor. xv. 24, Eph. i. 20, Col. iii. 1, Rom. viii. 34, Phil. ii.,

Heb. i. 3, viii, 1, x. 12, xii. 2, vii. 25; Rev. v, 1?) xxvi. 64, Luke

xxiii. 43—Renewed promise of Spirit after Christ's resurrec-

Pages 250-283

VIII.--New TESTAMENT ESCHATOLOGY, OR DOCTRINE OF ANTICHRIST.–

Israel's last opportunity-The subject divided. A. Jewish-Chris-
tian writings, hoping for Israel's Conversion and a Millennium; no

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