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van 2. vb. to turn towards, 8. the direction of, towards; myil van vb. to turn downwards; tal van vb. to turn upwards, hŭ-nun van-lun hum li she turned herself and saith unto him J.; dy.-nun can-bản hả-yum ryak dyat-tůň ši-lůй J. turned and saw them following J.; advly, in comp.-wards: pyil-van thither, yonder; tul-van upwards; tal-van aloft, upwards, on high; tal-iă van id.; myilcan i. q. myil-kón downwards. - vyan caus. to turn towards, să-lon nói ši kón a-bon vyăn hrya turn the head (or mouth) in the direction you would go.
(van 3.) tă-van 8. court of king, presence of king or great man, public court as of justice; ta-van-ka rin li to speak in court of justice; tu-van-bum-bo 8. courtier; tă-van-úúk-bo s. an inspector of courts, ta-van pun-san s. court-dress; tacan pùn-dan s. a court, a hall of justice; t.-v. p.-d.-ka din to stand in court; tuvan nót-ka nón vb. to make a journey on public service.
vap, fă-vap adj. shrunk, shrivelled, contracted, rivelled, fi-vap-li iun núi to
var (see also vor) vb. to make circuit, cur-lùi du vu, to dig round, var-lin làm vb. to make circuit as to avoid hill etc.; met. var-lùù li vb. to equivocate, to diverge from a subject; var var going round, suspicious, var var mat bam to look about suspiciously; var-ră var-ră round about, mi-zer-mo-san-nun un-kyosă car-ră var-ră du bam the Egyptians digged round about the river G.; var-ră vuñ-lă i. q. vuù-lă var-ră — văr-ră completely, altogether, without reserve, entirely, wholly, absolutely, apparently in
emphatic s., (also văr), un var tyok to fling right across river, tŭ-gri bŭ zón vår zuk to do work like a man, manfully, a-re len o-re văr-ră ryu that is better altogether than this, tŭk-tsāk vār-lå klyót to leap over without touching.
val 1. s. periphery, val not vb. to cut round; 2. vb. to prevaricate, to equivocate; to deny, hó ka-sům sam-fyin mă-val-nă tet hik-bu ma-ryak-na-so the cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice J.; to speak indirectly, to speak metaphorically, to make excuse, evasion, val-bam vb. to deny falsely, to equivocate. val-lun li to speak indirectly, to prevaricate; ka-yu sá-ryók hík-ka val-lún li we speak of a tiger-cat metaphorically as a fowl; cal-lăn tăn-bir mat-lăn là to speak evasively; cal lyan ma-nyin-ne no means of evading or val tyå måă-nyin-ne, ka-sum mă-val-nă-nŭñ-nañ din bo tell me plainly, without prevarication; val-lun8 rin indirect language, prevarication, evasion. a-val s. equivocation, a-vul rin li vb. to equivocate.
vi 1. a-vi s. one handful, kă-vi tho full of one hand or rather bason-shaped hand. ví 2, a-ví s. blood M. 134., vi nyo id. M. 136, hon. ku-tal, T. Frag, Tbr. mónsap-bo; vi kor (blood) to circulate, ví kóm (blood) to coagulate, a-ví a-čók-kùn bo fat, a-vi a-čók-kún plám-bo, a-vi a-čóksă a-kйp, a-vi a-cók nyim-bo expressions of endearment; a-vi a-čók fik-bắn lo dák sickness is the portion of humanity; a-ri jók vb. to pour out blood (as upon an altar); vi tóm di (blood) to come violently and in great quantities; ví dă ùun (blood) to stagnate, not to circulate; ví dán (blood) to flow, to be shed; vi dap to stanch blood; vi pla blood to issue; vi gan-nă gan-nă plă to dribble out; ví bóm-là plà to gush out; vi plà hryu-la to pour down; vi ply to cause to blead, to beat a person; vi fyót to sprinkle blood; vi lat (blood) to come, to flow, a-fyak vi lat tet jyok tsa to bow the head till blood comes; vi-lyap to welter in blood vi sŭr
vf 3. fă-vf exhausted as body, sound, sad, melancholy, gloomy, depressed, fåci kûn-kyan-lă li to be much grieved, as at the death or departure of friend; maró lik fă-vi-lā fyo to hear the call of a man indistinctly.
vík vb. n. to pullulate, to germinate with flower, to sprout forth (with force), to shoot forth, a-li vik (seed) to spear, a-kup vik to be with young; la-vo vik the new (horned) moon, a-fo vik the eyetooth, tusk, fang. a-vik s. the eyetooth, tusk of elephant, of boar, the fang of snake, the spear of seed, a-vik kil vb. to spear (as seed).
vík s. 1. a soldier, vik kük vb. to summon; vik jóù vb. n. to be disciplined, vik-jón-bo 8. a disciplined soldier; vik zón adj. martial, soldier-like, soldierly; vik-lók 8. military exercises, also to exercise, vik-lók mat to perform military exercise; vik-lóm adj. military, martial; vik-hryum 8. martial law; cik-ri hryùm s. id. vik-ri hryŭm tsak vb. to establish martial law; vik-ri hryum fap vb. to place under m. law. 2. a workman. 3. a spec. fish no vík. vín, a-vín (see io-vin) s. the blubber. vin, vin-un s. the river called by Nepalese the Kahel, the western boundary of Darjiling territory.
(vit) pur-vit adj. elegant, beautifully coloured, handsomely marked or striped. vím 1. s. the left, vim-gyóm left and right, vim kā left hand, vim-glen lefthanded, vim-ka to the left M. 73., un-păñ gyóm-kón să vim-kón tũn-gryóp zón gắm the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand and on their left Ex.
(vím 2.) tŭk-vím s. a crook, tük-vin bryók-bo s. a double crook, a doublehooked crook, túk-vim-så huk vb. to catch with crook, luk nák-bo-så túk-vím a shepherd's crook.
vil vb. to fetter, to chain, vil to id, vil-lŭň dam vb. to chain, tūk-vil vil vb. to fetter with chains.
Deriv. tūk-vil s. chains, fetters, fastening, tŭk-vil-nŭn lyót vb. to release from chains, tük-cil-nun for vb. to escape from chains, tük-vil kyóp vb. to chain, tùk-vil tap vb. to put into chains i. q. vil fo, tük-vil trut vb. to be confined with chains, tūk-cil šik-dó-nun not vb. to file thro' chains.
vũ 1. vb. to wind (as cotton, string); — to fly round, to buzz round one (as flies, bees). a-vй s. skein of cotton.
vu 2. reduplic. of ro q. v. fă-vù fă-vo-lǎ the same as fă-vo-lă; fă-vă fă-vo-lå tys to hear indistinctly.
vũ 3. i. q. cũ, sir-ri-là i. q. sur-cu-là etc.
vuk 1. (see vak) vb. n. to be hollow or basin-shaped, as ground, lyan-ruk a hollow b.-sh. place, dă-vuk s. a small basin of water, collected in hollow ground. tuk-vuk s. a puddle, a pool, un tūk-vuk a pool of water.
vuk vb. t. to mix, to mingle (as solids, liquids, ideas), vb. n. met. to be confused, see under món 1., nyen un vuk to mingle water with milk, zo ká-čer vuk to mix wheat with rice, vuk-lun pi vb. to write confusedly. See rók.
vun, vun vb. to turn round, to spin round, to circulate, a-vun vuù, mi kan vun-là nóñ see mi; used in sense of "delay" to put off, to defer, to procrastinate, hó su mat vun bam-mun-gó why are you delying, vun var bam to defer, to put off, ma-ró num ryak ti-ba vun var bam when a person comes to dun, to put him off, used in sense of "to strive, to endeavour by every means” ¿yok run-lùn zuk to endeavour by every means to perform; o-ve-nin pyil-lip-nùn hùm lót
a-vun s. a turning-round, a revolving, a cycle, course of time, past or future, a-vun kat-ka ñák-så-o a threat emplying "your turn will come;" a-vun kat nyat one or two revolutions; a-run kat-să lăyo mat vb. to sin in a former birth; a-run explet. to (a-)za q. v. pur-vun s. 1. a spinning-wheel, a spindle; 2. a revolving car, as at fairs, a legendary flying car, a ballon, pur-vun de to revolve the spinning wheel: met. pùr-vun de-bo the creator; li pur-vun s. the crossbeams. vuñ-là var-ră advly. round about, vunlà var-rà riù circumlocution, periphrasis, run-là var-ră rin li vb. to speak in a round-about way, cui là car-rũ làm vb. to walk a round-about way.
vut vb. to anticipate, să-iyak vut-lün nyan fo vb. to lay by for a future day, mắn vut-lũn tsam vb. to get before game and catch it, vut-lun par-fo to buy in case it might be required after.
vul, a-vul, kun vul s. a clump of trees. vek, tūr-vek-lă rounded, circular, i. q. tür-cap-la.
vo I., a-vo s. a nest of tame fowls. vo 2., a-nyor vo bam to fancy, to have heard one call; reduplic. fă-vo, fu-vola sound to strike faintly on the ear, fa-co-là fyo to hear indistinctly, fă-vo-là tyat fyo id.; fa-vă fă-vo-lă id.
vo 3, a-vo-s. a husband, ro yù husband and wife. a-vo-ka tyum vb. to be unfaithful to husband; a-ro nyim-bo 8. a married woman; a-vo-mat vb. to marry a wife; a-vo len to to commit adultery with another woman's husband; a-vo lón
to have connexion with husband; ro len lón to turn from husband to play the harlot.
(vo 4.,) pur-vo great numbers, innumerable, see sun-ro, also immensity of space, pur-vo dóp a vast troop or herd.
vok concentrated W. 72 acc. M. i. q. vak, vuk q. v., tur-vok s. adj. breadth, amplitude, wide tur-rok-là expansive, amlem t.-v.-là broad-faced, lyan t.-v.-lă expansive country.
von (to retire?): lyan-von a small thicket as where game or beasts lie. M.
vop vb. to pucker, to corrugate as cloth, hrap-pun-să mă-vop-ne when sewing do not pucker the cloth.
vor 1. vb. to surround, to bind round, to lie clustered round, around, a-yu tanpii-năn ki-să tai-rem vor-lui qiyok tsu your sheaves stood round about and made obeisance to my sheaf G. a-vor 8. a round cluster; fă-vor s. a great assembly fă-vor tùn-tin a noisy assembly; fă-vorla zum vb. to assemble in crowds. See var, vók.
vor 2. s. a class of mun, măn-vor. vó adj. mouldy, see ei vó un-nón. vỏ seo sã-gyen-vó (a kind of arrow).
vók 1. vb. t. to hoop, to encircle with hoop, to encircle round land with paling to shew people that it is private; nyot vók to make a circular clearance round cultivation to guard it against beasts. a-rok s. a hoop, a-vók tap vb. to hoop, tun-gar-så a-vók vók to encircle tŭñ-gar with hoop; nyot pun vók tyót vb. to cut a jungle round a field.
vók 2. (See vuk) vb. to stir up, to mix, to stir together, zo-sú búk vók-lũů zo to mix rice and yam together and eat; tli-să vók to stir up with spoon; purcók 8. mingling, a mixture, combination, pur-vók mat vb. to make a mixture.
vók 3, sŭr-vók-lă monkey-faced, mă-ró a-mlem súr-vók-là a monkey-faced person. vóň 1. probably for van, (van-là gyen to exert in lying, knavery); cóñ-là mat vb. to lie, – vón-lä zón lying, knavish; vón-là yám-bo a liar, a lying, knave.
vốn 3. 8. bushwood, underwood, bush, zá-ryo vón s. a forest with underwood, ui hii cỏi s. bushwood growing or lying
on banks of river.
vốn 2. vb. to be in crowds, to beta-gum kín mák-lũi cóm dùm-pe sun nón numerous, to be in plenty, to be in his wife looked back from behind him, abundance. a-vón s. abundance, plenty, and she became a pillar of salt G.; vóm(said of persons, beasts or things). zón like salt, good, mór vóm-zóñ-sả rin mellifluous language; cơm-sử to năn d (lit. to suffer from salt etc.) to be ungrateful, hủ ki-sẽ cóm-sd to-nin duk he has been ungrateful to me; vóm-să tenũn dāk-bo (or yắm-bo) 8. an ungrateful person, or unfaithful to one; cóm-så tyap fa to dip into the salt and eat, to eat with salt, cóm kri vb. to be too salt, to be bitter from salt; róm tap vb. to salt; róm at nyi the salt has strong flavour; - vóm-là nearly ripe, fam-pót vóm-lā bam the fruit is nearly ripe.
(vốn 4.) pün-v6n s. new settlers in a place, new comers, půn-vóù súñ-gryen an immigrant, p.-v. lat new settlers to come. vón fam-blyǎk s. a species of butterfly. vón lük nói 8. a slug.
vót 1. s. a bee, larger spec. than hu q. v. vót tu honey of ditto, vót-ha wax of ditto.
vót 2. vb. to cut back of bamboo in a transverse way, see på-tsum, på-tsum rót-fo to carve round; pă-tar-ka mă-vótne the pa-far is not cut in that way. vón 1. vb. to roost (as bird), to retire to rest, appl. to any beast. a-von s. the place where fowls roost; a-vón lyan. vón 2. vb. to enter into, to pass into, to initiate, to enter into the spirit of a thing, to look well after one's Own affairs or after anything, li-ka vớn vh. to euter into house; ngót cón nón gone to look after one's fields; tek-han-ka vón to enter into servico; a-re-păn hă-yu tā-bākla còn gửi lũ hi-yu từ-buk-ka cón gũi ma-ya-ne when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them Ex.; (sex. interc.): hủ lyai-ka cón-nă go into her G.; a-lutka vón to enter into heart, to be pleased; hó su vón-bam-mun gó what are you prying at. cón lyais. entrance, inlet. a-zón 8. 1. id. a-con lyai, the place of entrance, 2. explet. to a-tsák. vyón caus. cyón lyo to receive J.
vóm 1. s. salt, vóm-klyam the flavour of salt, salt is good; vóm klyom nón to have lost its flavour; a-yu fắt a-re-să róm re gùm yaù vóm-re klyom nón gàù să-lom mat-ba klyam te ye are the salt of the earth but if the salt have lost its savour wherewith shall it be salted; hủ yù-re
(vóm 2.) num-vóm s. a couple, a pair, united for sexual intercourse (man or animal); fo num-róm a pair of birds, adj. married, coupled, tă-gri (tå-ảyù) nămvum a married man (female); BẢN CỦA byok or mat vb. to be united in wedlock, said of man or beast; nùm-cóm-re matbùn duk kyon-si a-bui go-pa marriage is
the source of all trouble.
vóm 3., a-vóm s. damp, half wet and half dry, šań a-vóm wood green within and dry without.
vór 1. vb. to clasp, to take a grasp of (as of hair, clothes), ki vór vb. to wind cotton; to grub up (as pig earth).
tuk-vór s. tŭk-vór kat a shoulder- and armful (load).
vór 2. s. a fish-hook, vór-ka tá-ryck bú lám vb. to bait hook with worm, vớr ham sun-hi s. a hook, rod and line, vór-jū s. the barb of hook.
tuk-vór see pg. 131 (from tük-po and
(vór 3.) tük-vór s. a drain, ditch, gutter i. q. tuk-či-vo Tbr. M. See under so (rain).
vól vb. t. to carry, the shoulder pressed against the upper side of chest, să-dyar mi vól to carry gun that way, čo ról to carry book, yen bón vol to carry or tuksupport child in ditto position. vol s. a bundle as of sticks, not cloth. tuk-vól tak adj. as much as a bundle.
vyǎt vb. t. to ask, to inquire, c. c. -ka, ryat-ta-yam-o (he) asked; ryak vyat soo ryak and under län 3.; vyat lat or nón vb. to come to ask, vyắt lyan 8. source of information, sun-gye lóm vyất lyan yukmun the source of information (or inquiring place for-) on religious (buddhistic) affairs is the priest, vyat-kim-bo or -xum-bo an inquirer, ryat-bo-re s. the questioner.aryat s. inquiring, asking, a-cyat riùs. inquiry. fam-ryat s. 1. a question, inquiry after, 2. salutation, famcyat mat vb. to question, to salute, to send compliments, fam-ryat tup vb. to pass the question (marriage).
vyán vb. t. to set up, to plant, to fix, i. q. fyan? má-ró ryan to carry sick man Tbr. M.
vyăn caus. of ran 2. q. V.
vyár: cyár-rå cyár-ra thoroughly ripe, 20 cyár-rá vyár-rà nun (rice) to be thoroughly ripe.
vyǎr 1. 8. a snare for birds; seo vyer. vyăn 2. adj. quick, kyoi "yür-lě dải về. to run quickly.
(vyǎr 3.) a-vyar explet. of a-nyor (ear). vyār-jũ, vyăr-rik ». name of a climbing shrub: a spec. Acacia.
vyǎl vb. t. to shake, to wag, to toss, to flutter, to wave, see under kā-ju, afyak; vyál nyón vb. to sell Tbr.
vyál vb. t. to darn, to stitch up a hole in a cloth, dùm ryal to stitch up hole (not to patch) in cloth (simply to stitch with-out adding cloth) - ryal-la adv. through out, nam vyál-lá búk hám zo bam to eat plain yam throughout the year.
vya vb. t. to hang round (as shoulderbelt, necklace), lyak vya to put on necklace, see tük-zóň vya; fă-vya-là or fumcyam-la open-mouthed, as basket with 11 short folding front tun-dan fü-rya-la; lower jaw projecting a-krik fă-vya-là; sco fă-vyór-là under vyór.
vyak vb. to shake (as water in vessel) ai bà nói-ba cyak; eyah-lui duyên vl, to shake and fling away water; vyak-ka
vyak-kǎ the sound of shaking of water, when there is but very little in vessel, hence "very little water in vessel”, un vyak-ká vyak-ká mát ma-nyin-ne there is very little in. See vyók.
vyan 1 vb. to talk much, also to curse or swear, a-krik vyań to jaw, šu mat vyan bam-mun-gó what are you jawing about or why are you swearing or cursing.
vyan 2. vb. to bread maggots, also (maggots) to putrify, cyan-bй s. a maggot, chui núi to become maggoty, chai bi rum-mă rum-mă tyй to be creeping with maggots, to be alive with maggots i. T. cyan rum-mă rum-mă tyù; vyan hrăm vb. to putrify; vyan-bŭ and vyan-mót s. two spece. of ferns, infusion of both ferns used as an application to kill vyań.
vyań 3., a-vyań s. a noose, a lasso, handle of scissars, anything in shape of ring; reduplic. fan-ryan-là crescent moon see l-to.
vyam-lă (fum-cyam-la) i. q. fù-cya-li see eya.
vyar vb. to flash (as lightening or anything bright), mik vyar flashing eyes.
vyal, a-vyal, also vyel s. a side, a part, a-ryal zuk vb. to divide into parts, h kor-ka o-re gun-na-pän lyo-ban plón plónnă cen-lũn a-vyel kat kat-să a-nan-ka rik fo he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another G.
vyik see vik.
vyik vb. to handle, to meddle with, to fidget, to disturb, to create contrition, mi ma-vyik-nun do not meddle with fire, má-rá ayok-ka ma-vyik-nun do not disturb the men at work; fyăn-nun lyan vyik the country is disturbed by the enemy; fat un-ka vyik to cause universal disturbance, mun-nin eyik to be deranged in mind, possessed by a demon, a-lût-ka mun-sä vyik T. bdud-la dban bsgyur-ba P.; sak vyik to have mind disturbed; eyik-bo s. a mischief-maker.
vyil see cyól.
vyum 8. a creeper, from which a red