Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again

Couverture
MIT Press, 23 janv. 1998 - 292 pages

Brain, body, and world are united in a complex dance of circular causation and extended computational activity. In Being There, Andy Clark weaves these several threads into a pleasing whole and goes on to address foundational questions concerning the new tools and techniques needed to make sense of the emerging sciences of the embodied mind. Clark brings together ideas and techniques from robotics, neuroscience, infant psychology, and artificial intelligence. He addresses a broad range of adaptive behaviors, from cockroach locomotion to the role of linguistic artifacts in higher-level thought.

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Page 254 - Jefferson D, Collins R, Cooper C, Dyer M, Flowers M, Korf R, Taylor C and Wang A 1991 Evolution as a theme in artificial life: the Genesys/Tracker system...
Page 205 - We can now appreciate how such migrations may allow the communal construction of extremely delicate and difficult intellectual trajectories and progressions. An idea that only Joe's prior experience could make available, but that can flourish only in the intellectual niche currently provided by the brain of Mary, can now realize its full potential by journeying between Joe and Mary as and when required.
Page 61 - Not only can we manipulate the physical environment and then process it, we can also learn to internalize the representations we create, "imagine...
Page 25 - Uexkiill explains, in this way 'the whole rich world around the tick shrinks and changes into a scanty framework consisting, in essence, of three receptor cues and three effector cues' (Uexkull, A Stroll through the Worlds of Animals and Men', 12). 31 NP, 8. From a Nietzschcan perspective, any given 'object itself is force, expression of a force' and 'all reality is already quantity of force
Page 230 - RULE 85 IF: 1. The site of the culture is blood, and 2. The gram stain of the organism is gramneg, and 3. The morphology of the organism is rod, and 4. The patient is a compromised host THEN: There is suggestive evidence (.6) that the identity of the organism is pseudomonas-aeruginosa.
Page 210 - ... is not doomed to alter or change every time we are exposed to new inputs or information, and which fixes the ideas at a fairly high level of abstraction from the idiosyncratic details of their proximal origins in sensory input. Such a mental object is, I suggest, ideally suited to figure in the evaluative, critical and tightly focused operations distinction of second-order cognition. It is an object fit for the close and repeated inspections highlighted by Jackendoff under the rubric of attending...
Page 194 - Clark (1997) refers to this type of action as "scaffolded action" in that it relies on some kind of external support. "Such support could come from the use of tools or from exploitation of the knowledge and skills of others; that is to say scaffolding . . . denotes a broad class of physical, cognitive, and social augmentations - augmentations that allow us to achieve some goal that would otherwise be beyond us
Page 218 - ... a weaker conclusion — one that merely implicates our linguistic capacities in some highly productive transformations of our overall computational powers. This power of computational transformation constitutes a neglected virtue of linguistic practice. It reveals language as the ultimate upgrade: so ubiquitous it is almost invisible; so intimate, it is not clear whether it is a kind of tool or an added dimension of the user. But whatever the boundaries, we confront a complex coalition in which...
Page 177 - They could go through the face of America muddling people's minds, but it's a momentary high, and the bus would be gone, and all the Fab foam in their heads would settle back down into their brain pans. So the Hieronymus Bosch bus headed out of Kesey's place with the destination sign in front reading "Furthur" and a sign in the back saying "Caution: Weird Load.
Page 85 - Our own body is in the world as the heart is in the organism: it keeps the visible spectacle constantly alive, it breathes life into it and sustains it inwardly, and with it forms a system.

À propos de l'auteur (1998)

Andy Clark is Doctor of Philosophy at the School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences at the University of Sussex.

Informations bibliographiques