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THE WORKS AND THE WORD.

enters and abides in the place of death to itself, the "inner man is renewed from day to day, resurrec

tion-life springs up from the tomb. LILIES.

What are the conditions ?–a great deal of labour Consider the lilies how they grow” (Luke xii. 27). and a weariness of care, and then, “ They toil not, When we have in our tiny measure and with our neither do they spin.” This is the manner of their finite capacity a little considered Him whom the growth in its negative side. Placed where they Holy Ghost has bidden us “consider" (Heb. xii. 3), are to be, often under water, they grow; the thought we are perhaps more ready to count it worth while and toiling, if there be any, belongs not to them, to" consider” th: things which the Great Master

but to their owner. We, His lilies, planted in has commended to the consideration of His disci- grace, have to “grow in grace.” Grow where we ples. Strange things sometimes ! He who draweth are; there is no need of restless energy, or fruitless praise from “ dragons and all deeps" and causeth toil, which impedes growth ; "my Father is the the “stormy wind” to yield its wild obedience Husbandman,” and it is our highest wisdom to lie (Ps. cxlviii. 7,8), He chooseth strange messengers to passive in His name. fulfil His behests, and wondrously simple things to Other lily characteristics are these, all have straight make known His lore of love. Consider the veined leaves running from the stem to the edge ravens ” (Luke xii. 24), the Master saith, and far of the leaf. They may be curved, but there is no back in the ages, as one has shown, there is a zig-zag net work as in other leaves. With one marvellous history chronicled, " for our learning," of exception they need abundance of water, and their that 'ravening biru' being 'the sent' of God on succulent stems seem to draw a supply of it to carry a mission of mercy; and again He speaks, “con with them. “As the lily." No crookedness, no sider,” not this time a noxious bird of prey, some deviations from the straight line of the path marked thing far less, far lowlier, a very contrast—"consider out for us, “ with our eyes looking right on and the lilies." Yes, Lord; but why the lilies ? Con- our eyelids looking straight before us." (Prov. iv. 25). sider them, how they grow." There was no grand“ Forgetting those things which are behind" (Phil. story of “lilies " to go back to and learn from. iii. 13). “ And they went every one straight Such lowly ones could scarcely have a story! But forward: whither the Spirit was to go they went, there were a few simple words, spoken long ago, and they turned not when they went” (Ezek. i. 12), with the yearning tenderness of a “ "grieved" we read in that marvellous vision--surely a symbol (Judges x. 16), "wounded” (Zech. xiii. 6), God, of the Church of God. Then there is the abiding,

“. over a returning people, and the Lord knew the first “planted by the waters,” and spreading out the note of the chord He was striking, the depth of “ roots by the river;" and a little further on we find meaning hidden in His utterance; He remembered who the river is-even“ the Lord, the Fountain of it was written that," he," i.e. every returning one, Living Waters” (Jer. xvii. 8, 13). And why? “ he shall grow as the lily(Hos. xiii. 5).

That we may be water-carriers, overflowing at “ Consider . . . how they grow." Springing every step. “The water that I shall give him forth as they do from the parent bulb, with a perfect shall be in him a well of water springing up,” and life in miniature. Yet how like death that life in out of him “shall flow rivers" (John iv. 14; vii. 38). its first stages.

You can keep a lily root stowed "As He is so are we.” away for months, and it will appear as dead Just to touch for a moment on particulars beas may be, yet all its life within is there un- longing to various species, but not common to all touched, imperishablo almost, hidden in that tough, the tribe. One lily flowers in spring, without outer covering; and when the conditions of its leaves till later; it just bursts forth into blossom, existence are fulfilled, it bursts forth into manifesta- -"He shall blossom as the lily”-nothing but tions of life and beauty, and how like resurrection - beauty and sweetness. Another, a solitary one of life it is! And when the life of God has entered its kind, grows in and out of the sand. We read a soul, there is a principle of life within which of Him, “the Lily of the Valley."

“the Lily of the Valley." "He shall grow awaits only the fulfilling of its conditions to develop as a root out of a dry ground(Isa. liii. 2). into fulness of life. When and as the "outer man Another, we know, opens when the sun appears, and

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closes at night. It must see the sun to live a mani-fulness of life, but life out of death. He would fested life. Yet the lilies which have been gathered never have us forget that the place of death is the (Cant. vi. 2), and the lilies which sleep awhile, we only birthplace of life. When we ignore this law, know shall open once more never to close again, for how dry and lifeless we become! And as those lilies there is “no night there." One more, the little lie there so low, "drinking in the water from below, “ day lily," comes and goes, breathing its breath of and opening out to the sunlight above," they gaze fragrance, as a child-life, only for a day; for what up, and ever upward; as “the lily work” on persume comes with the lilies !

the Temple pillars (1 Kings vii. 22) into heaven, But perhaps the two thoughts of all others which meeting the eye of God; and I think the lily flowers connect themselves in our mind with “lilies are have deep teaching for us here. They lie low, but royalty and purity. How their names seem to mean a they look up! “Lord, keep us looking up while we crown! The "Crown Imperial" of the Holy Land, lie low," some one prayed the other day; and the our own "royal” lily, and the sacred Eastern lilies words have woven themselves into my thoughts ever

- they sit as queens among their peers. The most since. It is blessed thing to be low: we cannot regal king"in all his glory was not arrayed like one of be low enough. I believe the heights of God which these (Matt. vi. 29) said the King, who yet as a we have to climb are like mountains reflected in a lily” beholds and calls His Church ; now as a "lily crystal lake, the highest peak is the deepest down; among thorns ” (Cant. ii. 2). Have you ever put the first step upwards is a step down ; we must one there, in a handful of briars, and seen how soon follow our Leader as He went before. “ Now that the tender petals are cut and the outward beauty He ascended, what is it but that He also descendeil marred ? Presently she will be with Him where first into the lowest parts of the earth" (Eph. iv. 9). He is—a crowned lily !

But lying low we are not to be looking low ! there And for purity! What depth of whiteness there is a danger here : when we are cast down, Satan and is in a lily corolla — tinted only with its golden self would have us gaze at our low place, be occupied dust! Shall grow as a lily," "made white," with our lowness, till we get almost satisfied with it, (Rev. vii. 14), and “they came out of great tribula- instead of outside of it with the Lord, and thus it tion,” they had been “among thorns." Of “ the sea can become to us a very hill of pride or abyss for the priests to wash in" in that first grand typical of despair. Let me not be mistaken : there is a Temple, we read : “ The brim of it (was) like the difference between self-imposed discipline and Godwork of the brim of a cup-like a lily-flower” given discipline. I believe there may be seasons in

| (2 Chron. iv. 5; marg.). As if to show how purity which God, in dealing with some individual soul, was hidden even then under that lily symbol ! may suffer that soul to rest in seeming darkness for And “His lips " are “like lilies” (Cant v. 13). awhile; in which He may judge it in things for

I have just one thing more in my heart to say, which it has not accepted its judgment in the and that is about our own water lilies, which do person of Christ; if we will not learn by faith He seem to repay all the considering the Lord meant us will teach us in other ways. But such is not His to give them. Coming out and resting on the first purpose or will concerning us. It is that when surface of the water; they so seem a very picture of we are laid low, we may gaze up; right up into resurrection-life. “ Buried with Him by baptism the face of our “Sun of Righteousness” as do the unto death” (Rom. vi. 4). "

Under water, yet water lilies, in peace and joy and great gladness. emerging from it just above it into life: the lilies To Joshua even after defeat came the words, “JVhereare exactly on the surface, a very sudden freshet of fore liest thou thus upon thy face ? " water only will find them submerged, for in their Lying low, and looking up! And the more we stem is a power to rise or sink; a spiral coil which look up the lower we shall lie ; it is the natural expands and contracts according to their need. And consequence. "Mine eye seeth Thee, woherefore I if through any circumstance they rise higher, how abhor myself.” “Woe is me .... for mine eyes tiny and dry and withered they become directly have seen the King." It is the LORD who doeth they leave the top of the water; it is contrary to both, if they are really done. He bringeth low their law of nature. “ As the lily”! I think the and listeth up," and when thy face is up Lord would keep us just there, on the surface; in God," then, “when thou art cast down ... thou

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shalt say, There is lifting up” (Job xxii. 26, 29, unproved deductions, she then becomes inimical to see marg.).

the Bible. There is abundant room for genuine “ He feedeth among the lilies(Cant. ii. 16). honest research, without any conflict with the word The King is satisfied, refreshed among His lilies ! of God. Is it so? The Father gave Him that promise- Beside these two external adversaries, the Bible “ He shall see, ... and shall be satisfied” (Isa. | is still further pressed upon by the natural foe it liii. 10), and His word cannot fail. “ Lord Jesus, finds in the heart; I mean the inborn enmity of the we would not have dared tell Thou wouldst be human will to the Divine. “To be carnally minded satisfied with anything so frail, and worthless, and is death,” and every human heart is by nature weak as we are, but Thy Father hath told Thee; carnal, and not spiritual, and exalts its own pleaand we have heard it, and so our faith is rising sure and inclination above the will of the living to praise Thee and to claim it possible that Thou God. Thus on the one side Popery, with its SHALT BE SATISFIED according to Thy word; for human doctrines and institutions, and on the other Thou hast promised ‘I will not leave thee until I Science, with its popular semi-cultivation, entice have done, until Thou art satisfied !'”

the multitude. The masses sway between these B. G. L. H. two forces without any independent investigation,

and bow before their authoritative utterances.

To all this comes a double influence adverse to HOW SHOULD THE BIBLE BE READ?*

the Bible. The first is the critical spirit in which

many theologians approach it, constituting themBY REV. K. THEURER, OF STUTTGART.

selves its judges, instead of submitting to the Word (Part I.)

of God and being judged by it. The second oppos" Take heed what yo hear: with what measure yo mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear shali ing element proceeds from the mass of ephemeral more be given. For be that bath, to bim shall be given: literature which comes in the way of the reading of and be that bath pot, from bim shall be taken even that the Bible, absorbing not only the time, but the taste, which he bath."- Mark iv. 24, 25.

Who is to be supreme in the domain of human for the study of Holy Scripture. thought and life? Is the Bible, or the Pope, or

But in spite of all this the Bible remains in its Natural Science, with Culture, as it is called, to be glory; in the mighty power which it has exercised the guiding star of the present and of the future? from the beginning, and which it still displays. It This is the burning question of the day.

continues to be the revelation of Divine and saving That the Papacy is the enemy of the Bible, is truth, and is the basis of civilisation, leading to the abundantly proved by its deeds and its decrees. development of man's highest moral and spiritual

faculties. Pius VII. says in his Bull :—“The dissemination of

Its influence among the most degraded the Scriptures is ruin. It is the crafty device and savage peoples is always on the increase, subthrough which the foundations of religion are under duing barbarism and superstition, and introducing mined; a pestilence which must be arrested and material benefits, as well as the pursuit after the exterminated; one of the most destructive defile things of the kingdom of heaven. ments of faith in the soul of man." And in an

How should the Bible be read in order that it Encyclical Letter, Leo XII. calls the evangelical Bible : "the gospel of the devil.” Between the may be best understood, valued and loved ? Bible and the Papacy there can be no peace.

Putting aside the Apocrypha we have sixtyThat Natural Science should be a confederate of five books in the Bible, thirty-eight in the Old, and

a Popery in its opposition to the Bible, would not twenty-seven in the New Testament. As we lay

them down before us on the table, we might be inevitable, if Science would remain in her own sphere; but when she declines to do this

, and employ the simile of entering an extensive wood, or indulges in speculations, and assertions, and nega. Some parts are lighter and more open, some more

a vast park containing a great variety of scenery.

thickly planted than others. And yet its multitu* An Address delivered at the Annual Meeting of the

dinous parts form one united whole, and examining Bible Society, held at Basle, June, 1881.

it more closely we find that the same air blows

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through the leaves; that the same perfumes exhale be discouraged, but read on.

It is the same in from them, and that every part is animated by the nature. Travellers have to pass through many an same directing, informing spirit. But let us pene inhospitable region, before they attain the sunny trate farther into the wood, and inspect it more uplands, and see the fair prospect spread out before minutely

them. Patience and resolution are as necessary in I should like to dwell on three ways of reading reading the Bible as they are in prayer. Do not the Bible.

give up till you have read at least one chapter. I would call the first the straightforward way. II. We now come to the second way of reading the A man goes straight into the wood, proceeds from Bible, in which the whole wood is not traversed one part to another, reads one chapter after another, step by step, but various parts are visited, the and having finished the Old Testament begins at lighter and clearer spots are sought out, and the the New; or he reads a chapter of the New Testa- heavier and darker left for awhile. Portions of ment in the morning, and of the Old in the evening, the Bible are selected which carry their own exso as to get into the wood on both sides the same planation with them, or are calculated to make a day. When the whole is read through, some (though special impression on heart and mind. This will certainly not many) begin at the end and read back- be done more particularly on special occasions, wards towards the beginning. By adopting this such as a birthday, or other anniversary, a parting, method, the stream, to employ another simile, is a meeting, a happy reminiscence, or when placed in traced from its mouth to its source, and then fol- a solemn, and perhaps sad and anxious position. lowed down the current and investigated again. I At such times a portion of God's word embodying have myself found it interesting and edifying, first our gratitude may be chosen, or some part containing to read a chapter from the beginning, and then to petitions for instruction, guidance, or consolation. begin at the end, and read it back again. We A Bible calender can also be used, and in this led to ask, “What says the chapter at the end, what way there is the consciousness of being in comat the beginning, what in the middle ?” and so to munion with a large portion of the Christian Church, get a better general view and a clearer insight, and to and the feeling of brotherhood is vivified and see the connection between the various thoughts; for strengthened. in reading the Bible many people commit the opposite The third way of reading the Scriptures is neither fault to Lot's wife. She looked back upon burning going straight through the wood, nor visiting indiSodom; but many Bible readers, though they read vidual places, but taking a separate detached portion further on, never look back upon what they have for thorough study and investigation, and becoming read, and (in the worst sense) forget what is behind. acquainted with it according to its position and

If we read the Scriptures straight through, and its arrangement. In this way we master the contents individual books from the beginning to the end, it of the portion we have selected, in all its extent is highly necessary to look back at what has been and bearings, making the thoughts that run through read, or else the reader misses the connection in it less of a study, than the external connection of which the chapters stand to one another. And yet the various parts. As with an interesting house, or it is just the insight into the connection, and the an old castle, which we first consider from the progressive thoughts, that make the heart glad. In outside, contemplating its walls, its position, its this way attention is kept awake, and the words of windows, its towers, its external form and apparent our text are fulfilled : “Take heed how ye hear, or capabilities, and afterwards enter to examine its what ye read.” If we bring zeal, attention, and rooms more in detail, with the furniture and decoralonging for the truth to our reading of the Bible, tions,--so may we take the several books of the we shall find God's Spirit ministering to us much Bible, and study them with regard to their outward understanding and knowledge of it, and if we hold construction, and the relation of the chapters to fast that which we have gained, we shall have more one another. given us in our continual reading, till we arrive at It is not necessary to enter now into the history the full measure which God has promised us. of the division of the Bible into books and chapters.

If, in reading the Scripture, we come to some we take it up and read it in the form in which it apparently barren and unattractive parts, let us not lies before us. We thus form an external acquaint

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ance with it, and prepare ourselves for a more The third little book, containing Psalms 73 to 89, intimate knowledge of its contents. This is an concludes with the doxology, “ Blessed be the Lord excellent plan to adopt with children either at for evermore : Amen and Amen.” We find in it school or at home.

eleven psalms of Asaph, and it begins with the Permit me for a few moments to illustrate my remarkable psalm concerning the happiness of the meaning, as if we were in a school.

wicked, and the sorrows of the righteous, " Truly Let us take up the Psalms. Children are gene-God is good to Israel." rally told that there are psalms of praise and thanks- The fourth book, from Psalm 90 to 106, ends giving, of petition, penitence, complaint, consolation, with the words, "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel instruction and admonition, and also Messianic from everlasting to everlasting; and let all the people psalms. These divisions are certainly correct, but say, Amen, praise ye the Lord." Its first psalm is a great confusion remains, notwithstanding, in the the glorious, sublime prayer of Moses—the Man of children's minds. The Psalms appear to them like God—“ Lord, Thou hast been our dwelling-place a heaving sea, with glittering waves, and not like a in all generations." It appeals to us as one of the well laid out garden, with defined beds and paths. oldest psalms, and the outpouring of the heart of It would be far plainer if we said : The Psalms one of the mightiest men of history. fall into five little books, each concluding with a The fifth book begins with the 107th Psalm, doxology, or ascription of praise to God, and a “O give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good; for double amen or hallelujah. The first book extends His mercy endureth for ever.” In this division is from the 1st to the 41st Psalm, which concludes the 119th Psalm, which declares the glory of the with, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel from Divine Word, and, according to the letters of the everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen and Amen." Hebrew alphabet, is divided into twenty-two porThe children eagerly find this out, and their atten- tions—each eight verses long; so that the precioustion can then be drawn to those Psalms which ness of the Word of God is celebrated 176 times. stand forth as high mountains : like the 2nd Psalm, Children generally show a great pleasure in thus which proclaims the Kingdom of the Son of God; studying the Psalter, and easily learn many of the the 12th, which describes the revolt of man from God; psalms by heart. They know their way among

, the 22nd, which prophesies the sufferings and death them, so to speak, and their pleasure in reading them of the Son of God; and the 32nd, which expresses alone is much increased. the blessedness of the man whose sins are forgiven.

(To be continued.) The children's favourite Psalm, the 23rd, will also be pointed out—"The Lord is my Shepherd.”

WE HAVE TO DO WITH JESUS.* The second little book embraces the Psalms between the 42nd and the 72nd, at the end of which

There is one passage, that links itself with others, are the words, “Blessed be the Lord God, the God - I would bring before you, 1 Tim. ii. 5, 6, R.V.,

, of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things

, and "For there is one God, one Mediator also between blessed be His glorious name for ever; and let the

God and men, Himself man, Christ Jesus, who gave whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen and Himself a ransom for all; the testimony to be Amen." If the first of these little psalters began

borne in its own times.”—“I am thy God who with the words, “Blessed is the man that walketh brought thee out of the house of servitude.” One not in the counsel of the ungodly,” the second God and one Mediator, Jesus Christ; and what I opens with the longing cry, “ As the hart panteth should like to tell once more is simply this-we

— after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after have to do with Jesus in all things. We have to

do with Jesus in all questions. Thee, O God.” It has at the beginning seven precious songs

“for the children of Korah." And Helper, I will not fear what man shall do unto me.” just in the middle five golden jewels of David, They shall be all taught of God.” We receive, Psalms 56 to 60. But the most striking Psalm in instruction, direction, food, keeping, protection, alí

, this collection is the grand penitential Psalm, the from Him. We have to do with Jesus. The Lord has 5 1st, “ Have mercy upon me, o God, according to given Him as a Mediator. “Thereisone Mediator," and

" Thy lovingkindness.”

* Notes of an Address delivered at Keswick, July 31st, 1881.

BY PASTOR STOCKMAYER.

)

" The Lord is my

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