Ecorestoration of the coalmine degraded lands
Springer Science & Business Media, 22 déc. 2012 - 361 pages
The book adopts an application-oriented approach for ecorestoration of coalmine degraded. The theoretical aspects of ecorestoration, and steps involved in ecorestoration process and experimental aspects of thorough analytical procedures have been discussed in detail. It emphasizes on the types of mining, land degradation, and biodiversity conservation while giving details of technical and biological steps, topsoil management, selection of plant species, seeding, nursery practices; adoption of innovative approaches like mulching, biofertlizer application, hydroseeding, superabsorbent; use of grass-legume mix; monitoring and aftercare of reclaimed sites; the indicators of sustainable ecorestoration; and Rules and Acts implemented and followed across the world. Best ecorestoration practices, mine closure issues, collection, laboratory analysis and interpretation of minesoil and topsoil samples, monitoring biological parameters, litterfall and tree growth analysis, erosion management, design of drainage and sedimentation retention basin, and brief description of tree species with identifying character for field people are all part of the book. [Message by Prominent Academician] It is now urgent that methods of coal mining be integrated with engineering for ecorestoration because the larger society will not accept devastated waste land. A book, coming out from the hands of one of the persistent researchers of the field, cannot be more timely. Jayanta Bhattacharya, PhD FNAE Professor, Department of Mining Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721302, India.
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Acacia acid actinomycetes activity afforestation ammonium analysis assessment biodiversity biological biomass bulk density chemical closure plan coal coalmine concentration Conservation Dalbergia sissoo Degraded Lands depth determined dilution distilled water diversity ecological ecorestoration ecosystem environment environmental extract factors fertiliser filter flask forest fungi germination Gmelina arborea grass Grevillea robusta habitat hydroseeding hyphae impacts important increase India kg/ha legumes litter Maiti SK materials measures method microbial biomass minesoil mining moisture content monitoring mulch mycorrhizal natural nitrogen organic carbon organic matter overburden dumps particles Photo plant growth plantation polythene pond potassium Reagents reclamation restoration revegetation rhizosphere root run-off sediment seedlings seeds Shannon index sieve sissoo slope soil pH soil sample soil texture solution spoil spores structure surface Table texture tion topsoil tree species vegetation cover weight Wildlife