International Law: Achievements and Prospects

Couverture
Mohammed Bedjaoui
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1991 - 1 pages
1 Commentaire
The arrival of the "International Law: Achievements and Prospects" can fairly be described as a major event in international legal publishing. It has been written by international lawyers from the North, the South, the East and the West, whose differing origins and different, or even opposed, academic backgrounds have ensured that the book encapsulates and brings into focus the main forms of civilization' and the principal legal systems of the world'. The book's most distinctive feature is its international, multi-cultural and polyphonic nature. "International Law: Achievements and Prospects" aims to inform and to educate, to make the discipline of international law accessible to a very broad public, and to promote a meeting of minds on fundamental notions, key concepts, and the guiding principles of international law, over and beyond frontiers, ideologies and doctrines. In addition, it is intended to provide a framework for thought, to describe what international law is today, to specify its nature, define its purpose and show its strengths, and also to point out its weaknesses. All the contributing authors are or have been practitioners of international law. Their contributions express a global view of international law which helps to unravel the complex reality of the contemporary world. "International Law: Achievements and Prospects" has been produced under the auspices of UNESCO; its content also aspires to reflect, in some measure, the imprint of that Organization's sponsorship.
 

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Table des matières

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
xlix
PREFACE
lv
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1
From a Law of States to a Law for People
11
INTRODUCTION TO SUBJECTS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
23
STATES
41
Recognition of States
47
The Doctrine of the Fundamental Rights and Duties
57
Conclusions
759
THE LAW OF INTERNATIONAL ARMED
765
Civilians and Armed Conflict
780
THE LAW APPLICABLE TO NONINTERNATIONAL
793
The Protective Rules of Article 3 Common to
801
DISARMAMENT AND ARMS CONTROL
811
The Impact of the Agreements
818
SEA AND INTERNATIONAL SPACE
825

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
67
II Functions and Powers
78
PEOPLES AND NATIONAL LIBERATION
101
National Liberation Movements
107
INDIVIDUALS
113
TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS
121
The International Legal Status of Transnational Corporations
129
TREATIES
135
Observance Application and Interpretation
143
Amendment and Modification
149
CUSTOM
179
Remarks on the Method to Be Employed
186
A Few Observations on the Voluntarist
202
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF LAW
213
UNILATERAL ACTS OF STATES
221
Validity of Unilateral Acts
230
UNILATERAL ACTS OF INTERNATIONAL
241
NONCONVENTIONAL CONCERTED ACTS
265
EQUITY
271
JURISPRUDENCE AND TEACHINGS
283
THE APPLICATION OF THE RULES
289
of States
301
THE JURISDICTION COMPETENCE OF STATES
307
IMMUNITY OF STATES
327
Specified Areas of Activities Where the Precise
334
INTERNATIONAL STATE RESPONSIBILITY
347
International Crimes and International Delicts
356
Forms of Reparation for the Breach of
367
SUCCESSION OF STATES
381
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
407
between States
415
THE CONCEPT OF COOPERATION
425
Hans Thalmann
431
DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR RELATIONS
437
The Privileges and Immunities of Diplomatic Agents
443
RECOGNITION OF STATES AND GOVERNMENTS
449
THE PRINCIPLE OF NONINTERVENTION
467
The Principle of Nonintervention by International
475
PROMOTION OF FRIENDLY RELATIONS
483
HI Conclusion
496
METHODS OF DIPLOMATIC SETTLEMENT
511
METHODS OF OBLIGATORY SETTLEMENT
519
V
526
VI
533
THE SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES WITHIN
545
Disputes between Member States of
555
Relations
591
PERMANENT SOVEREIGNTY OVER NATURAL
597
INTERNATIONAL LAW AND DEVELOPMENT
619
International Organizations and Development
625
COMMERCIAL RELATIONS
633
MONETARY RELATIONS
645
INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INVESTMENTS
667
State Practice
673
Regulation of Foreign Investment
681
TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY
691
Terms
698
INTRODUCTION TO THE LAW OF CONFLICTUAL
709
THE USE OF FORCE BY STATES
717
THE USE OF FORCE BY INTERNATIONAL
743
Peaceful v Military Uses of Outer Space
831
The Law of the
837
INTRODUCTION TO THE LAW OF THE SEA
839
Territorial Sea
840
Regime of Transit Passage
841
The Exclusive Economic Zone
842
Limits of the Continental Shelf
844
Right of Access to and from the Sea for Landlocked States
845
Settlement of Disputes
846
Some Concluding Observations
847
THE ADJACENT SEA
849
Baselines
850
Bays
851
River Mouths Ports and Harbours
852
Internal Waters
853
The Territorial Sea
854
Innocent Passage
855
Straits
856
Archipelagic Waters
858
The Contiguous Zone
860
Fishery Zones
861
The Exclusive Economic Zone EEZ
862
Delimitation of Adjacent Waters
864
Control of Pollution in the Adjacent Sea
865
Notes
867
Bibliography
869
THE CONTINENTAL SHELF
871
The 1958 Geneva Convention on the Continental Shelf Convention IV
872
Modification of the Conception of the Continental Shelf in the Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982
874
THE HIGH SEAS
885
THE SEABED OUTSIDE THE LIMITS
915
International Machinery
929
AIR
949
OUTER SPACE THE MOON AND OTHER
959
Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
965
ANTARCTICA
977
INTERNATIONAL RIVERS AND LAKES
989
Trends in Perspective
996
INTERNATIONAL CANALS
999
The Panama Canal
1006
The Kiel Canal
1012
Combating Pollution
1020
HUMAN RIGHTS AND RIGHTS
1039
Key Concepts of Human Rights and Peoples Rights
1046
New Trends in the Theory of Human Rights
1053
International Protection of Human
1059
ECONOMIC SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
1083
Conclusion
1094
WOMENS RIGHTS
1105
REFUGEESRIGHTS
1131
Asylum Nonrefoulement and Temporary Refuge
1137
INTERNATIONAL MECHANISMS FOR
1149
INTRODUCTION
1167
THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT
1177
THE RIGHT TO DECOLONIZATION
1205
THE RIGHT TO PEACE
1219
The Positions of Writers
1227
FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
1233
Index
1245
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À propos de l'auteur (1991)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1946 UNESCO was created in 1946 to promote world peace by focusing on the areas of culture and communication, education, natural sciences, and social and human sciences. This is an agency of the United Nations and works closely with them and other intergovernmental organizations. They focus their activities towards three groups: women, African countries, and underdeveloped countries. Their programs include achieving education for everyone, establishing peace through education, promoting a free flow of information between countries, protecting natural and cultural heritage, and supporting the expression of cultural identities. UNESCO has representatives from 181 member states that are the decision making body of the General Conference. The Executive Board has representatives from 51 member states and meets twice and year. In between the sessions of the Executive Board, the General Conference supervises the execution of their 2-year programs. The programs are executed the Secretariat, which is headed by the Director General. The Director General is appointed for a six-year term.

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