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getful of our narrow escape from this mischief by the late Revolution, and the Protestant succession, by the arm of God, and by the best of kings-William our deliverer, and George our defender. Had it not been for these providences of heaven and these princes on earth, our land might have been filled with these superstitions, and they might have been imposed on us under the penalties of imprisonment and poverty, torment and death. And how could we stand under the fiery trial? Awake, O my heart, and let my tongue awake into songs of praise and salvation, that I am not tempted or compelled to disgrace the blood of my Saviour, by having other atonements for sin imposed on my conscience. And in the midst of thy praises to God, O my soul, drop a tear of pity on thy brethren, who dwell in the midst of these temptations: and in the language of Christian sympathy lift up a prayer to heaven for them and say, "How long, O Lord, how long?" (Watts's Works, i. 411, edition of 1800.)




It has been remarked by Bishop Newton, that Jerome greatly wondered that Daniel, when he had placed a lion, a bear, and a leopard in three kingdoms, should compare the Roman empire to no beast. The name was perhaps concealed to make the beast more formidable, so that whatever we might understand most fierce in beasts, that we should understand the Romans to be. The fourth Beast, observes the Bishop, was so great and horrible that it was not easy to find an adequate name for it; and the Roman empire was "dreadful and terrible and strong exceedingly" beyond any of the former kingdoms. If these observations of the Bishop are true of Daniel's fourth Beast before the appearance of the little Horn, that is,

of the Pope, they are no less applicable to it after the little Horn sprang up and plucked up three Horns by the roots. In other words, if this description applies to the Pagan Roman empire, which is Daniel's fourth Beast before the rise of the little Horn, it applies with no less force to Daniel's fourth Beast after the rise of the little Horn, which represents the Papal Roman empire, and which coincides with the Beast before us.

This Beast is indeed " dreadful and terrible and strong exceedingly!" It is a most horrid monster! a more horrid cannot be conceived! a compound of a lion, a leopard, and a bear!

The Papacy has "the mouth of a lion." This is the mouth which is described by Daniel as having great iron teeth," which " devour and break in pieces, yea, which "devour the whole earth." (Dan. vii. 7, 23.) The lion is the king of beasts. In like manner the Pope claims to be king of kings.

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He is, according to Bellarmine, supreme in spirituals, and hence, indirectly, in temporals. To denote this double supremacy, he has two swords carried before him. Gregory the Second styled himself a God upon earth. Surely," says the prophet Amos, "the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret to his servants the prophets. The lion hath roared; who will not fear ?" (iii. 7, 8.) oh! how many millions of Christians have quailed at the roaring of the Papal lion! How many Popes, some of whom have assumed the very name of "Lion," (LEO), have been" drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus!" But, blessed


be God, there is "the Lion of the tribe of Judah," against whom this Papal lion cannot prevail. The strong man armed shall be dispossessed by one stronger than he. The Papacy has "the mouth of a lion, and the feet of a bear." It has "a mouth full of cursing and bitterness." It has "feet that are swift to shed blood." Hear the language of one of the Popes to an Emperor: Unarmed and naked we can only implore the Christ, the prince of the heavenly host, that he will send unto you a DEVIL for the destruction of your body and the salvation of your soul.' (Gibbon ix. 137.)

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The body of the Beast, by which we understand the clergy of the Church of Rome, " was like unto a leopard." The leopard is remarkable for the beauty of its skin, for the spots with which it is covered, for its swiftness, and for its impetuosity. In like manner the Papacy has a beautiful outside, but "within is ravening and all uncleanness." Many of the dresses of the Romish priests, which are spotted all over with crosses, look very much like the skin of a leopard. And from the Papacy being compared to a leopard, we learn the immutability of the Church of Rome. Papists tell us their natures are changed, and their principles not so fierce and bloody as formerly. But alas! what saith the Scripture? "Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard his spots ? then may ye also do good that are accustomed to do evil." (Jer. xiii. 23.) And have not the clergy of the Church of Rome been like leopards for cruelty? We will lay before our readers an account of the barbarities of

Spanish Papists in the West Indies, written by Bartholomew de las Casas, the Papal Bishop of Chiapa in Mexico.

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'The Indies,' says the Bishop, swarmed with multitudes of people as an emmet-hill swarms with emmets. But they were murdered and most cruelly made away with by the Spaniards and the priests, though they never committed any offence that deserved punishment of man. When the country was discovered, these murderers entered like wolves and tigers long famished, and did nothing but tear them in pieces, and torment them by cruelties never read or heard of before. The acts which they committed are the deeds neither of Christians, nor of men, but of devils. No tongue is able to recount the dreadful doings of these enemies of mankind. The miserable people died on the roads when carrying burdens for their oppressors. If through faintness they sunk down, they had their teeth broken by the pommels of the Spanish swords, to make them rise and go on. These tormentors spared neither children nor old persons, nor even women with-child, nor such as lay in child-bed; but would rip them up and chop them in pieces, as if they had been butchering lambs. They would lay wagers who should most readily and nimbly devour them. They kept dogs for hunting down the Indians, and fed them on the bodies they caught; keeping great numbers in chains, whom they murdered like swine, when their dogs were hungry. One man, wanting meat for his dogs, took a child from its mother, and, chopping it in pieces, flung it

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