Estoire de la Guerre Sainte
Boydell Press, 2003 - 425 pages
The Estoire de la Guerre Sainte, an early example of vernacular chronicle, by the Norman poet Ambroise, presents an eye-witness account of the Third Crusade (1188-92) in a highly-polished rhetorical style. Central is the character of Richard the Lion Heart, Ambroise's hero, but the narrative is also enlivened by short anecdotes, sometimes heroic and sometimes more down-to-earth, about other participants. It depicts clearly the privations and sufferings of the ordinary crusaders, whether at the siege of Acre or on the march, and provides both a detailed record of events and a personal perspective on the Islamic warriors and their leaders, in particular Saladin and Saphadin. Ambroise also shows remarkable knowledge of contemporary weapons of war, such as siege engines and types of ship. This, the first new edition of the Estoire since 1897, offers text and prose translation into English. Detailed notes identify most of the participants and clarify literary, biblical and historical allusions, while the introduction looks at historical, literary and philological aspects of the poem and assesses its significance as literary artefact and historical record, setting it in context and bringing forward new evidence about the identity of the poet. Dr MARIANNE AILES is Lecturer at Wadham College, University of Oxford, and Honorary Research Fellow at Reading University; MALCOLM BARBER is Professor of History at Reading University.
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aﬁer al-Din Ambroise Ambroise’s Archbishop armed army arrived Ascalon attack August Baha Baldwin banners barons battle besieged bishop brother brought Casel castle catapults Chanson chansons de geste Christians chronicle Conrad of Montferrat Cross Cyprus dare death deeds defeat defend died duke emirs emperor ﬁrst ﬂed ﬂeet French galleys Geoffrey of Lusignan God’s heard Holy honour horses Hospitallers Itinerarium Jaffa July June killed King Guy king of England king of France King Richard king’s Kingdom of Jerusalem knew knights lacuna land Landon Latin lord Lusignan marquis men-at-arms messengers Messina mounted Muslim Nicholson no-one noble Normandy October Paris peace Philip pilgrims Pisans Ramla rhyme Roger of Howden Saladin Saphadin Saracens seen sent September ship siege of Acre Stone suffered Syria taken tell Templars Third Crusade took Toron tower town trans translation Tripoli Turks Tyre valiant walls William wished