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half, fell down to 63', although upon its first application, it rose a little, perhaps a third of a degree,—which fully shows that cold is somehow produced by evaporation."
REFLECTIONS ON TIME. Of his philosophical habit of viewing all subjects, and of seeking a rational mode of accounting for phenomena, the following thoughts, extracted from a little memorandum book found among his papers, may be taken as an early specimen.
“ Of Time.-Sunday, July 28th, after 10h. eve'g,-1751. Time seems to bear the same relation to infinite duration, as place does to infinite space,- they are neither of them any thing till they are measured, or bounded. There is one property of time, which is apparent, I believe, to every one who considers any thing about it, (I am sure it has been so to me ever since I have been able to measure time,) which is perhaps something difficult to account for ;-that is, that the last year always appears shorter than any other with which the observer can compare it. I believe the reason of it may be something like this ; viz. that the oftener any idea passes the mind the more slight is the trace that is left behind it. In short, the same idea may pass the mind so often, and become so habitual, that the mind shall not reflect upon it at all. For instance, the first time a man, not born there, sees the city of London,—the concourse of people, the magnificence of the buildings, &c.—the traces left in the mind are deep, and perhaps if he should never see London again, yet he would never forget the first impression. But let him take up his abode there for any length of time, and every day he will be less and less affected with these objects :-at length he will pass crowds without noticing them,—of the magnificence of the buildings he will no more be sensible,-nay, he will hear bow-bells ring without knowing it. This, I say, seems to be the case before us :-spring and autumn have nothing new
them to one who seen them fifteen or twenty times over, —and summer's heat, or winter's cold pass equally unobserved. But if to one in the bloom of life the year appear so short, and the seasons all blended one with another,-what must the last year be to one fifty or sixty years old ? Methinks time can then scarcely be measured,-and ages then appear like years to youth. Yet time is still measured out by hours, days, months, and years, -all of the same length as they were before. What then, if they still appear shorter to me,-to me they are shorter. Oh! may I have time to repent."
SEPTEMBER STORM OF 1815.
The months of August and September, were remarkable for storms and violent tempests upon the ocean, from the line to our latitude. On the 230 September, the wind being at N. E. in the morning, between 7 and 8 o'clock, the wind began to blow & storm, which continued with great violence, nearly approaching to a hurricane, till 2 o'clock, when it began to abate. It blew down the tops of many chimneys, blew in many casements, threw down Lombard poplars, Peach trees, Apple and other fruit trees. But this town suffered comparatively little. The storm seemed to be most severe about Providence, where the lower parts of the town were inundated by the rise of the water in the river, 14 or 15 feet higher than the usual tides, vessels were driven far up on the land, houses, barns, stores, were blown down or washed away by the tide, to the immense destruction of goods and property of every kind. The storm extended northwardly beyond the river St. Lawrence, but how far we have not heard ; on the 20th, (three days before this,) a most violent hurricane was felt at Turks Island, which did immense damage, and more than any other we have heard from ; among other losses 'tis said 400,000 hhds. of salt were destroyed.
N. B. The blast was so violent, that it blew the spray of the salt water of the ocean from the sea coast into the country 30 miles or upwards; most probably 90 miles, certainly as far as Worcester, which destroyed the verdure of the leaves upon all the trees—blew all the apples and other fruit to the ground, and injured but did not destroy, the Indian corn-threw down fences and barns, and killed cattle, but happily few men were lost in this vicinity, though southerly ten or twelve persons were killed and drowned in various places. We have no record of any storm equal to this, since the settlement of the country.
DYSENTERY of 1761, AND DR. Holyoke's TREATMENT. In the beginning of September, of this year, a dysentery be
а gan to prevail, though there were a few seized with it in the middle of August, and it had attained to its height in some towns, (particularly in Marblehead, where it carried off great numbers,) before it grew rife with us. In general the stools were not very bloody, and many had not any severe tormina ; in most it came on with a slight chill or rigor, and pains of the limbs, particularly of the thighs and legs, and great prostration of strength ; but few had any great nausea at first. The stools, in most, degenerated from a lax thin consistence, to mucous slime tinged with blood ; in many the ferer was inconsiderable, but the case was commonly worse in proportion to the degree of it. The general method which succeeded most frequently, and which indeed seldom failed, if gone into early, was this; if there was great nausea, I began with an emetic of Ipecac: and Aat: Vitr: Cer: but in some I began the cure with a dose of Ant: Vitr: Cer: per se, unless, (as sometimes I was forced to,) I disguised it by adding Rhubarb. I generally gave it to adults in this dose and manner; I took about 6 or 8 grs. of the Ant: Vitr: Cer: and put 4 or 5 grs. in one paper and the remainder in another, directing the largest part to be given immediately, as soon as I was called, whether at morning, at noon, or bigbo, in a little molasses, or the pulp of a roasted apple, and the remainder of the dose in 3 hours, if the first did not operate in tba: