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patient, nor known of its being used; but it appears to me to be deserving of a trial. I have found benefit from injecting into the vagina a solution of the chlorate of lime. It greatly diminished the offensiveness of the discharge, and seemed to hasten the expulsion of the fætus.

It was my intention to have considered some legal questions which are connected with the subject of abortion; but my remarks have already been extended beyond the limits I had designed for them, and I must defer the discussion of the other part of the subject.








Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society.

When men of eminence and worth are called to pay the universal debt, it is the duty of surviving friends to endeavor to portray their characters for the benefit of posterity. On this occasion, I presume, the propriety of filial affection will not be questioned, which attempts to delineate the character of a beloved parent, a faithful counsellor, and a skilful physician, and especially to the members of the Massachusetts Medical Society, of which body he was for a great number of years an active member.

The character of Doctor Williams is extensively known, and his loss severely felt by a large circle of friends and acquaintances, who have known his worth, and experienced the benefits of his skilful practice as a physician. To them his loss is a calamity which will not soon be repaired. To his family it is irreparable. He was born at Deerfield, Massachusetts, October 11th, 1762, and was the son of Doctor Thomas Williams of that place, for many years the most respectable physician and surgeon in the county of Hampshire.* The subject of this memoir had the misfortune to lose his father in early life, but, notwithstanding, his youth was devoted to study, and about the year 1780 he entered Yale College, and continued there a year or two, but never graduated. In the year 1782 or 3 he commenced the study of Physic with Doctor Sergeant of Stockbridge, one of our most eminent Physicians, and for many years a worthy fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society. Doctor Sergeant was a pupil of Doctor Thomas Williams, and a classmate, and an intimate friend of Doctor Rush of Philadelphia. He continued his pupilage with Doctor Sergeant two years, the customary period, at that time, of professional study. He then commenced practice at Richmond, Berkshire county, where he remained nine months. Soon after he removed to Deerfield, where, after contending with many embarrassments and discouragements he established himself in extensive business, and in honorable practice which he held to the day of his death. He was elected a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical

* See note at the end of this communication.

Society in 1800, and he always endeavored to be governed by its rules and regulations, and he was a warm admirer, and an active supporter of the laws of the society, as long as he lived. He resigned his fellowship in 1819, on account of the difficulty of attending the meetings. He was appointed Surgeon in the 2d Reg. 2d Brigade, and 4th Division of Massachusetts Militia in 1794, and held his commission with honor sixteen years. He received the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Medicine from Williams College in 1823. He was commissioned Justice of the Peace in 1800, and to shew in what estimation he was held as a jurist, he ever afterwards held that office. He was one of the Trustees of Deerfield Academy from its incorporation in 1797, and from the year 1803 he was Secretary and Treasurer in that Institution. His townsmen appointed him their Clerk for 19 years, and an overseer of the poor, and to several other town offices for many years. At the time of his decease, and for several years previous, he sustained the office of Clerk of the first Congregational Society in his native town.

But it is with his character as a physician that the members of this society are more particularly interested. The above facts will show in what estimation he was held as a man. Will it be invidious in a son to state that he was one of the most attentive applicants to books I have ever known? Many a time have I known him to return home late in the evening from tiresome professional duties, and pore over his books till after midnight, investigating the cases which occurred during the day. Educated, of course, in the Boerhaavian school, when no other system was taught, he nevertheless threw off the trammels of the humoral pathology, and to the day of his death he kept pace with the great and important improvements in our profession, and gave to his patients all the benefits of modern improvements and discoveries. His medical library was one of the most select and extensive in this part of the country, and he never purchased a professional book which he did not thoroughly study. At a time when the best standard medical works could not be procured in this country, he regularly sent to Europe for them, and continued so to do, till the embargo, and non-intercourse laws interrupted our commerce with foreign countries; since which our facilities for obtaining standard works in this country are much increased. His library was enriched by the Medical Extracts, by the European Medical and Physical Journal, by the writings of Beddoes, Trotter, Russell, Duncan, and many oth

In this way he was enabled to store his mind with those ample sources of information which so permanently established him as a physician, and which extended his reputation throughout this section of the country. He was more extensively employed as a counsellor, than any other Physician in the county. He was often called into the states of


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