Independent Television in Britain: Origin and Foundation 1946–62, Volume 1

Couverture
Springer, 14 oct. 1982 - 418 pages
After thirty years of broadcasting in Britain under a public monopoly, the Television Act of 1954 introduced a controversial new force called Independent Television (ITV) which was a plural structure combining private enterprise and public control. Its income came from advertising. This volume, the first of three recording the history of Independent Television, describes the campaign to end the BBC's monopoly in television and tells of the vicissitudes of the early years of ITV, how it survived to become an accepted part of the fabric of British life. The book draws on much previously unpublished information to reveal the inside story of the problems which were encountered and the people principally involved in them. It tells how ITV's programmes captured a major share of the television audience and also how its rapid growth and the way the network was conducted led to a divergence from some of the ideals of its founding fathers. Whilst enjoying great popularity with the audience in general, ITV encountered criticism among people concerned about both 'excessive' profits and the social impact of the medium. The book sets the record straight on a number of questions on which judgements have been based more often on legend than on fact. The story ends on the eve of the Pilkington Report of 1962, which was to advocate 'organic change' in the whole system of Independent Television. The second volume will contain a detailed review of this report, describe the passage of the second Television Act of 1963 and go on to tell what happened to ITV after the arrival of Lord Hill of Luton, the former radio doctor and Postmaster-General, as Chairman of the ITA in the summer of 1963.
 

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Table des matières

BREAKING THE MONOPOLY 1 Beveridge 2 Beyond Beveridge
2
White Paper 1952 I
12
19523
17
White Paper 1953
23
1953
25
The Television Bill
31
1954
41
19545
58
The Authority and the Programmes
113
Publications
125
The London Audience
133
Problems of Balance
141
Financial Affairs
149
Men and Money
183
Scotland Wales and the South
201
Two Obstacles Removed
233

The First Authority
59
Io Competition
63
The Network Companies
68
ii Newspaper Interests in
69
iii AssociatedRediffusion and Granada
73
v KemsleyWinnick
79
vi ABPC and ABC Television
82
Birth of Independent Television News
85
The Programme Contracts
88
The Transmitter Crisis
92
Television Hours
95
The Statutory Committees
98
Proper Proportions of British Material
107
Programme Developments
253
THE NEW MONOPOLY
290
The Network CarveUp
303
PEOPLES TELEVISION
317
Perspectives on Programmes
340
ALARUMS AND EXCURSIONS
367
JNotes and References
375
Extract from the
387
Index
395
2O I
404
279
410
Droits d'auteur

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À propos de l'auteur (1982)

BERNARD SENDALL went to an elementary school, of which his father was headmaster, and subsequently, on scholarship, to the Royal Grammar School, Worcester. At the age of 16 he won an Open Demyship in modern history at Magdalen College, Oxford. He graduated at 20 with a first in modern history and then went on to read modern greats. In 1934-5 he was a Henry Fund Fellow in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University. Entering the Home Civil Service in 1935, he became private secretary to the wartime Minister of Information, Brendan Bracken, 1941-4. He helped to establish the postwar Central Office of Information, where he was Controller (Home), 1946-9. From 1949 to 1951 he was Controller, Festival of Britain, for services to which he was made CBE in 1952. After further service in the Admiralty, he moved into television in 1955 as Deputy Director General of the ITA (later IBA), in which post he remained until 1977. On leaving he received the gold medal of the Royal Television Society for outstanding service to television.

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