Catapult Aircraft: Seaplanes That Flew From Ships Without Flight Decks
Pen and Sword, 21 sept. 2006 - 224 pages
During World War I, the navies of the opposing forces discovered the value of aerial reconnaissance and many experiments were made to allow larger warships to carry one or sometimes two aircraft aboard. In the early days these were float planes that were lowered by crane into the sea and then lifted back aboard upon their return. This was a lengthy affair and when a speedy departure was necessary, time was of the essence. A new system was devised so that a powerful catapult system and a short ramp could, with the added speed of the ship, get an aircraft airborne in a fraction of the time previously required. Thus was born a highly specialised type of aircraft. This book includes all the major designs that went to war in the First and Second World Wars and includes aircraft used by all the combatants. It looks at how the aircraft evolved and how the warships were modified to accommodate the aircraft and the catapult system. The use of these fixed-wing aircraft was abandoned when the invention of the helicopter was made in the early post WW II years.
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CHAPTER 1 British and Commonwealth Navies
CHAPTER 2 United States Navy
CHAPTER 3 Imperial Japanese Navy
CHAPTER 4 Germany
CHAPTER 5 Italy
CHAPTER 6 France
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
9-cylinder radial Aichi aircraft carrier Author’s Collection aviation battlecruisers battleships biplane Blackburn Shark Bristol Pegasus built CAM ships carried catapult catapult aircraft catapult launching catapult trials class ships cockpit completed conﬁguration crane crew Curtiss destroyers embarked entered service equipped FAA Museum Fairey IIIF ﬁghter ﬁnal ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁrst ﬂew ﬁtted ﬁve ﬁxed MG ﬂeet ﬂexible MG ﬂoatplane ﬂown ﬂying boat fuselage guns hangar heavy cruisers Heinkel Hispano-Suiza hp BMW hp Hispano-Suiza in-line initial installed Kingﬁsher light cruisers liquid-cooled Loire Macchi machine-gun main armament mainmast maximum speed modiﬁed monoplane Nakajima naval O2U Corsair operated Osprey pilot powered produced prototype quarterdeck radial engine reﬁt replaced Royal Navy Seagull seaplane carrier Second World Second World War ship’s shipboard single single-seat SOC Seagull speciﬁcation Squadron stowed submarines subsequently Swordﬁsh take-off torpedo TRH Pictures turret twin ﬂoats two-seat undercarriage Vought Walrus warships