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2. If any ship of war of either belligerent shall, after the time. when this Order shall be first notified and put in force in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands, and in the several colonies and foreign possessions and dependencies of Her Majesty respectively, enter any port, roadstead, or waters belonging to Her Majesty, either in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, or the Channel Islands, or in any of Her Majesty's colonies or foreign possessions or dependencies, such vessel shall be required to depart and to put to sea within twenty-four hours after her entrance into such port, roadstead, or waters, except in case of stress of weather, or of her requiring provisions or things necessary for the subsistence of her crew, or repairs; in either of which cases the authorities of the port, or of the nearest port (as the case may be), shall require her to put to sea as soon as possible after the expiration of such period of twenty-four hours, without permitting her to take in supplies beyond what may be necessary for her immediate use; and no such vessel which may have been allowed to remain within British waters for the purpose of repair shall continue in any such port, roadstead, or waters, for a longer period than twenty-four hours after her necessary repairs shall have been completed. Provided, nevertheless, that in all cases in which there shall be any vessel (whether ships of war or merchant-ships) of the said belligerent parties in the same port, roadstead, or waters within the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, there shall be an interval of not less than twenty-four hours between the departure therefrom of any such vessel (whether ship of war or merchant-ship) of the one belligerent, and the subsequent departure therefrom of any ship of war of the other belligerent; and the time hereby limited for the departure of such ships of war respectively shall always, in case of necessity, be extended so far as may be requisite for giving effect to this proviso, but no further or otherwise.

3. No ship of war of either belligerent shall hereafter be permitted, while in any port, roadstead, or waters subject to the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, to take in any supplies, except provisions and such other things as may be requisite for the subsistence of her crew, and except so much coal only as may be sufficient to carry such vessel to the nearest port of her own country, or to some nearer destination, and no coal shall again be supplied to any such ship of war in the same or any other port, roadstead, or waters subject to the territorial jurisdiction of Her Majesty, without special permission, until after the expiration of three months from the time when such coal may have been last supplied to her within British waters as aforesaid.

4. Armed ships of either party are interdicted from carrying prizes made by them into the ports, harbours, roadsteads, or waters

of the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands, or any of Her Majesty's colonies or possessions abroad.

I have, &c.,


QUEEN'S REGULATIONS respecting Customs Duties and Licences in British Central Africa.-Zomba, February 1,


WHEREAS under the provisions of section 99 of "The Africa Order in Council, 1889,"+ as amended by "The Africa Order in Council, 1893," the Consul-General has power to make Queen's Regulations for peace, order, and good government and for securing the observance of any Treaty for the time being in force relating to any place to which the said Orders apply ;

And whereas Her Majesty is a party to the General Act of the Brussels Conference signed at Brussels on the 2nd July, 1890 ;§

And whereas for the better carrying out of the said General Act it is expedient that Regulations should be made respecting the importation, exportation, and disposal of fire-arms and ammunition and gunpowder to, from, and in the British Central Africa Protectorate, and respecting the traffic in spirituous liquors, and respecting customs and licence duties:

It is hereby notified that the Consul-General has, in pursuance of the powers aforesaid, made the following Regulations :

Regulations concerning Customs Duties and Taxation in British Central Africa.||

(A.)-Import Duties.

1. A duty of 5 per cent. ad valorem on all goods except guns, gunpowder, and ammunition (which are subjected to a duty of 10 per cent.), and machinery, agricultural implements, and materials for constructing railways, tramways, or roads (which are allowed to be imported free of duty).

* Approved by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, January 6, 1894. + Vol. LXXXI, page 301.

↑ Vol. LXXXV, page 1050.

§ Vol. LXXXII, page 55.

The term "British Central Africa" includes the British Protectorate of that name (formerly known as Nyasaland), and those adjoining territories north of the Zambezi under British influence which are administered by Her Majesty's Commissioner and Consul-General for the British South Africa Chartered Company.

2. A duty of 10 per cent. ad valorem on guns, gunpowder, and ammunition. [The importation or purchase of guns, gunpowder, and ammunition is subject to the restrictions laid down in the Brussels Act, Articles VIII, IX, and X (vide Regulation 15).]

3. The importation of all forms of alcohol (i.e., any beverage in which alcohol is present) is placed under the following restrictions:-Alcohol can only be imported if the importer can produce a special licence signed by Her Majesty's Commissioner and Consul-General, or his representative, which will be discretionally granted to Europeans and other foreigners requiring alcohol for their personal use, for medical or for scientific purposes, or for sale to Europeans (vide Regulations).

When alcohol is imported under these conditions it will be subject to the usual 5 per cent. ad valorem duty, in addition to the cost of the licence to import.

(B.)-Export Duties.

4. On ivory (elephant), for entire tusks not exceeding 15 lb. in weight, 6d. per lb.

5. Ditto, over 15 lb. in weight, 9d. per lb.

6. On hippopotamus teeth and rhinoceros horn, 1d. per lb.

7. On gold, 1s. an ounce.

(C.)-Custom-houses and Ports of Entry and Exit.

8. These are at present limited to

Port Herald (Lower Shiré).
Tshiromo (Ruo).

Fort Lister (North Mlanje).
Fort Anderson (South Mlanje).

Tshikwawa (West Shiré).
Mikorongo (West Shiré).


Liwonde (Upper Shiré).
Fort Johnston (South Nyasa).
Deep Bay (North Nyasa).
Abercorn (South Tanganyika).
Rhodesia (Lake Mweru).
Kalungwizi (Lake Mweru).

[No one coming from the exterior is allowed to dispose of goods, merchandize, &c., in any place in British Central Africa without first obtaining a clearance from one of the custom-houses above named; nor can any goods liable to duty be exported from British Central Africa across the frontier without the same proceeding taking place.]


9. Licence to possess or carry any gun, rifle, pistol, or other fire-arm, 17. [This licence lasts for five years without renewal. It is issued in accordance with the provisions of the Brussels Act. This licence is obligatory on all persons whom Her Majesty's Commissioner permits to bear arms, excepting when the person is using the fire-arm in the service of Her Majesty the Queen, in the army, navy, or police, or is serving in a similar capacity under the British South Africa Chartered Company.]

10. Licence to kill big game, 257. per annum.

[The animals at present comprised within this designation are the elephant, rhinoceros, and giraffe. The licence once taken out is available for any part of British Central Africa. It is a personal licence and non-transferable.]

*Pieces of ivory, or tusks which have been cut up to reduce them to weights below 15 lb., will be charged at the rate of 9d. per lb.

11. Licence to trade, 10l. per annum. (Applicable only to foreigners, i.e., persons not born in British Central Africa.)


[Trading is defined as buying to sell again, importing goods into British Central Africa for commercial purposes, selling any imported goods or native products in British Central Africa, or exporting any products of the country, except such as are intended solely for scientific purposes and not for commercial The exportation of objects intended for scientific purposes, and not for gain or profit, will not be considered by Her Majesty's Commissioner to constitute trading; nevertheless, unless a special notification is made of the nature and number of such objects at the time of exportation, and a special permit to export as a non-trader applied for to the Collector of Revenues of the districts, the exporter will be considered to be trading, and will be required to take out a licence. But persons who have taken out a licence to kill big game, and who sell the ivory or rhinoceros horns or other product resulting from their sport, will not be required to take out a trading licence in order to sell or export the said ivory or rhinoceros horns. As examples of the above definition, the following may be given:-A person buying food with money or trade goods merely for the consumption of himself and his household or employés is not trading unless he retails the food purchased. Any one exporting coffee, sugar, gold, or cotton (for instance), in quantities larger than mere samples, is a trader; but a naturalist who sends collections of mineral, botanical, or zoological specimens out of the country is not, unless he is sending those collections to be sold.

A special licence to sell alcohol does not relieve the holder from the obligation to first obtain a licence to trade.

[Natives of British Central Africa are not required to take out trading licences unless they export goods from the country.]

12. Special licence to import alcohol, 2s. 6d.

[Each separate importation requires a separate licence. Each licence will clearly state the amount allowed, and no more can be admitted without another licence, nor can the licence be used to cover more than one consignment. Her Majesty's Commissioner reserves to himself the right to refuse to grant these licences.]

13. Licence to sell any form of alcohol or beverage containing alcohol to Europeans only, 10l. per annum.

[Only available for one fixed establishment or place of sale, which will be named on the licence. A fresh licence must be taken out for each further establishment or place of sale distant more than one mile from the first named.]

14. Perambulating licence, authorizing the holder to sell alcohol, to Europeans only, anywhere within British Central Africa (except in those districts where the sale may be forbidden by Her Majesty's Commissioner), 1007. per


Her Majesty's Commissioner reserves to himself the right to forbid the sale of alcohol to Europeans in any part of British Central Africa for any length of time which may seem needful to him in the interests of the public good; but in such cases, if the prohibition should extend to a longer period than one month, a rebate at the rate of 10s. a-month will be allowed to the holders of licences for specified places on each licence affected by the prohibition. No rebate, however, will be granted in the case of perambulating licences.

15. Licence to import or to purchase fire-arms or ammunition, 2s. 6d.
[Each separate importation or purchase requires a separate licence. Each

licence will state the amount allowed, and no more can be admitted or purchased without another licence, nor can the licence be used to cover more than one consignment. Her Majesty's Commissioner reserves to himself the right to refuse to grant these licences.]

(E.)-Conditions as to Payment of Dues and Taxes, &c.

16. All the above-mentioned licences must be taken out and paid for in advance, and none will be granted for lesser periods than twelve months, except in the case of No. 12 (licence to import alcohol). All the above-mentioned licences are non-transferable. They must bear the name in full of the person or association to whom they are granted, the date of issue and period of duration, the signature of Her Majesty's Commissioner or his authorized representative, a stamp or stamps of his administration indicating the cost of the licence, the purport for which it is granted, and the signature of the licensee. The gun licences (No. 9) must also bear a description of the mark made on it. Any omission or subsequent alteration of these particulars will render the licences invalid. All licences are to be submitted to the inspection of all persons authorized to inspect them whenever required. The non-production of a licence for inspection, unless a good and sufficient reason is given, will entail the same penalties as the non-possession of a licence.

If a licence is lost or destroyed, the licensee can obtain a fresh one for the remainder of the term for which the lost licence was available on payment of a sum calculated at the same ratio as the sum total for the whole term.

17. Licences can only be taken out (for the present) at the revenue offices named in the list of ports of entry. All customs duties, fees for licences, fines, taxes, or any disbursement due to the Administration in British Central Africa must be made in cash.

18. English money-pounds, shillings, and pence-is the only legal tender throughout British Central Africa; but when it cannot be obtained and tendered in payment of sums due to the Administration, the following coinage will be accepted at the following rates:

The coinage of the Latin Union and Congo Free State, at the rate of 25 fr. 20 c. to the pound sterling.

The Portuguese coinage, at the rate of 5,000 reis to the pound sterling.

The Indian coinage, at the rate of 15 rupees to the pound sterling, i.e., 1s. 4d.

1 rupee

The Maria Teresa dollar, at the rate of seven to the pound sterling.

Silver will not be accepted in payment of sums due to the British Central Africa Administration for sums over two pounds sterling in value; nor copper coins for sums exceeding one shilling.

19. The weights and measures used throughout British Central Africa in all matters concerning the administration and the collection of revenue will be the English standard weights and measures.

(F.)--Prohibited Actions.

20. The sale or gift of alcohol to natives of British Central Africa in any form whatever is absolutely forbidden, except when given by a qualified medical man as medicine.

21. The sale, assignment, or gift of guns, pistols, gunpowder, caps, cartridges, or any form of fire-arm or ammunition, is absolutely forbidden, except on the

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