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3. That the management of the internal affairs of the natives shall be in accordance with their own laws and customs, including the laws and customs of inheritance and succession, and that the native laws and customs shall be administered by the native Chiefs entitled to administer the same in such manner as they are in accordance with the native law and custom at present administering, in so far as the said laws and customs are not inconsistent with civilized laws and customs, or with any law in force in Swazieland made pursuant to this Convention, and the natives are guaranteed in their continued use and occupation of land now in their possession, and of all grazing or agricultural rights to which they are at present entitled; provided that no law made hereafter in Swazieland shall be in conflict with the guarantees given to the Swazies in this Con
4. That in the administration and government of the country by the Government of the South African Republic, no but tax or other tax shall be imposed upon the natives higher than the corresponding tax to which such of the Swazie people as are living within the borders of the Republic may be subject. In no case, however, shall such taxes be able to be imposed until after the expiration of three years from the date of the ratification of this Convention.
III. The Government of the South African Republic agrees to appoint an officer who shall administer Swazieland in terms of this Convention.
IV. The Government of the South African Republic agrees that the Chief Court heretofore established shall continue to exercise and possess all the powers and jurisdiction hitherto exercised or possessed by it; the said Court shall also have such powers and jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it, in accordance with Article II of this Convention, subject to the conditions of the said Article, with full power to decree against all persons execution of every order, judgment, decree, or sentence made by it in the exercise of its jurisdiction.
V. The Laws, Ordinances, Proclamations, and Regulations at present in force in Swazieland shall continue to be of full force and effect therein until altered, amended, or repealed in accordance with the terms of this Convention; and the power and jurisdiction heretofore exercised or possessed by Landdrost Courts and Justices of the Peace shall continue to be exercised and possessed by such Courts and such Justices of the Peace respectively, unless and until other provision be made in accordance with the terms of this Convention.
VI. All Government officers appointed under and by virtue of the Convention of 1890 shall continue to hold and administer the offices to which they have been appointed, and shall be secured in the emoluments and fees of office at present enjoyed by them, until
the date of the ratification of this Convention, or until other provision be made in that behalf by Her Majesty's Government or the Government of the South African Republic, and thereupon all such appointments shall cease and determine; provided that on or after the date of ratification aforesaid the said officials or any of thei may be reappointed to the said offices or any of them, in accordance with the terms of this Convention.
VII. All British subjects residing in Swazieland, or having in Swazieland any property, grant, privilege, or concession, or any right, title to, or interest in, any property, grant, privilege, or concession, shall be secured in the future enjoyment of all their rights and privileges of whatsoever nature or kind in like manner as burghers of the South African Republic, but shall obey the Govern- . ment and conform to the laws established for Swazieland.
VIII. Every white male who shall have been a bona fide resident in Swazieland (even if temporarily absent from Swazieland) on the 20th April, 1893, shall become and be entitled to all the political privileges of a full burgher of the South African Republic as though he had been born in that Republic: provided, however
(a.) That every white male shall make application in writing to an officer to be appointed at Bremersdorp, in Swazieland, by the Government of the said Republic, to have his name enrolled upon a list of persons so entitled, and upon satisfactory proof by a true and solemn declaration of his bona fide residence in Swazieland on the aforesaid day, such declaration to be made within six months from the date of public notification of the appointment of such officer as aforesaid, such officer shall be bound to enrol his name on such list, and such list shall be the list of burghers of the South African Republic so admitted under this head of this Article to the privileges aforesaid.
(b.) That every white son of any person admitted to the privileges of a burgher under the preceding paragraph of this Article, which son shall have been a minor on the aforesaid date, shall be entitled to the like political privileges which he would have had if his father had been a natural-born burgher of that Republic and he himself had been born therein, provided that the right under this section shall be claimed by such minor from the Government of the South African Republic by notice in writing within twelve months from his attaining his majority.
(c.) That every person admitted as a burgher shall, while resident in Swazieland, be entitled to register his vote at any election when and where a burgher resident in some convenient district of the South African Republic adjoining Swazieland would be entitled to vote, such district to be determined by the Government of the South African Republic, and if thereafter he shall come to reside in
any district of the South African Republic such person shall there be entitled to register his vote.
IX. The equal rights of the Dutch and English languages in all Courts of Swazieland shall be maintained. This provision shall be in force so long as the administration of Swazieland by the Government of the South African Republic continues under the provisions of this Convention.
X. The customs duties shall not be higher in respect of any article imported into Swazieland than the duty thereon according to the Tariff at present in force in the South African Republic, or the Tariff at present in force in the South African Customs Union, whichever is now the higher. This provision shall be in force so long as the administration of Swazieland by the Government of the South African Republic continues under the provision of this Convention. Every exclusive right or privilege of or belonging to any individual or individuals, corporation or company, with regard to imposition of or exemption from customs duties on goods, shall be liable to expropriation by the administering authority; provided that no such individual or individuals, corporation or company, shall be deprived of or interfered with in the enjoyment of any such exclusive rights or privileges as have been confirmed by the Chief Court prior to the 8th November, 1893, without due compensation being awarded. The amount of such compensation shall be assessed by means of arbitration in case of difference. Each party interested shall appoint an Arbitrator, and the said Arbitrators shall, before proceeding with the arbitration, appoint an Umpire; should the said Arbitrators be unable to agree upon an Umpire such Umpire shall, upon application of either party, after notice to the other, be appointed by the Chief Court; the decision of the majority of the persons so appointed shall, in case of difference, be final.
XI. The Government of the South African Republic agrees to prohibit the sale or supply of intoxicating liquor to Swazie natives in Swazieland.
XII. No railway beyond the eastern boundary of Swazieland shall be constructed by the Government of the South African Republic save under the provisions of a further contemplated Convention between Her Majesty the Queen and the South African Republic, or with the consent of Her Majesty's Government.
XIII. Articles X and XXIV of the Convention of 1890 are here again set forth for convenience of reference :
"Article X. The Government of the South African Republic withdraws all claim to extend the territory of the Republic, or to enter into Treaties with any natives or native tribes to the north or north-west of the existing boundary of the Republic, and undertakes to aid and support by its favouring influence the establishment [1893-94. LXXXVI.]
of order and government in those territories by the British South Africa Company within the limits of power and territory set forth in the Charter granted by IIer Majesty to the said Company."
"Article XXIV. Her Majesty's Government consent to an alteration of the boundary of the South African Republic on the east so as to include the territory known as the Little Free State within the territory of the South African Republic."
XIV. Her Majesty's Government reserves the power of exercising diplomatic representation in favour of Swazie natives or British subjects in case any provision of this Convention shall not be fairly and faithfully observed.
XV. Her Majesty's Government reserves the right to appoint a British Consular officer to reside in Swazieland.
Signed and sealed on the Border of Natal and the South African Republic, near Charlestown and Volksrust, this 10th day of December, 1894.
(L.S.) HENRY B. LOCH, High Commissioner.
Signed and sealed on the Border of Natal and the South African Republic, near Charlestown and Volksrust, this 10th day of December, 1891.
(L.S.) S. J. P. KRÜGER, State President of the South African Republic.
DR. W. J. LEYDS, Stants Secretaris, Z.A. R.
TREATY between Great Britain and the Chiefs of Benin River and Jekeri Country. -Benin, August 2, 1894.
ART. I. Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, in compliance with the request of the Chiefs and people of Benin River and Jekeri country, hereby undertakes to extend to them, and to the territory under their authority and jurisdiction, her gracious favour and protection.
II. The Chiefs of Benin River and Jekeri country agree and promise to refrain from entering into any correspondence, Agreement, or Treaty with any foreign nation or Power, except with the knowledge and sanction of Her Britannic Majesty's Government.
III. It is agreed that full and exclusive jurisdiction, civil and criminal, over British subjects and their property in the territory of Benin River and Jekeri country is reserved to Her Britannic Majesty, to be exercised by such Consular or other officers as Her Majesty shall appoint for that purpose.
The same jurisdiction is likewise reserved to Her Majesty in the said territory of Benin River and Jekeri country over foreign subjecte enjoying British protection, who shall be deemed to be included in the expression "British subject" throughout this Treaty.
IV. All disputes between the Chiefs of Benin River and Jekeri country, or between them and British or foreign traders, or between. the aforesaid Chiefs and neighbouring tribes, which cannot be settled amicably between the two parties, shall be submitted to the British Consular or other officers appointed by Her Britannic Majesty to exercise jurisdiction in Benin River and Jekeri country territories for arbitration and decision, or for arrangement.
V. The Chiefs of Benin River and Jekeri country hereby engage to assist the British Consular or other officers in the execution of such duties as may be assigned to them; and, further, to act upon their advice in matters relating to the administration of justice, the development of the resources of the country, the interest of commerce, or in any other matter in relation to peace, order, and good government, and the general progress of civilization.
VI. The subjects and citizens of all countries may freely carry on trade in every part of the territories of the Chiefs parties hereto, and may have houses and factories therein.
VII. All ministers of the Christian religion shall be permitted to reside and exercise their calling within the territories of the aforesaid Chiefs, who hereby guarantee to them full protection.
All forms of religious worship and religious ordinances may be exercised within the territories of the aforesaid Chiefs, and no hindrance shall be offered thereto.
VIII. If any vessel should be wrecked within the Benin River and Jekeri territories, the Chiefs will give them all the assistance in their power, will secure them from plunder, and also recover and deliver to the owners or agents all the property which can be saved.
If there are no such owners or agents on the spot, then the said property shall be delivered to the British Consular or other officer.
The Chiefs further engage to do all in their power to protect the persons and property of the officers, crew, and others on board such wrecked vessels.
All claims for salvage dues in such cases shall, if disputed, be referred to the British Consular or other officer for arbitration and decision.
IX. This Treaty shall come into operation, so far as may be practicable, from the date of its signature.
X. This Treaty is regarded merely as a ratification of existing Treaties between the parties thereto, and it is understood that if