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forbade the calling in of any city physician, declaring his view of his case, and his perfect satisfaction at what was done. sentence, there is a surprising conciseness, clearness, and weight of command, unlike his manner in latter years; and when he has given orders, he adds, “Enough for that point, let me speak of another.” And then, “I have done; you must leave me.” There is not a trifle respecting coal, supplies, &c., which he has not settled. He yesterday ordered a ten-dollar library to be sent to a minister in the West. My father's last publication, we suppose, is “ A Disciple” in the November American Messenger. I am naturally led to think of unseen things, and am strangely beset with mercies, chastenings, and lessons.

NEW YORK, November 26, 1851. We have got into our new house, (22 West Nineteenth street,) but are not yet in any order. What they will do at Princeton I know not. Whatever changes may supervene, I earnestly hope there will be none to lower the general standard of our theological training. There is a view of it in which one minister might teach every thing; but if we would maintain that high ground which I solemnly believe American ministers now have in comparison with those of other countries, we must have at least one well-sustained Seminary. This was my father's great desire, which gained strength in his more sober hours, and formed part of his dying conversations with me. I am troubled in my mind at the sort of church I am coming to. * I certainly should never have accepted the call if I had dreamt of such outlay. I fear the total exclusion of the poor, and the insufficiency of my voice. As I had no hand in it, and know myself to be crossed rather than gratified by it, I hope God will turn it to some good. On Sun day I urged the destitutions of New York, and proposed the erection of a free church down town. On Monday a man whom I never knew before came and offered me $1,000 towards it. We cannot hope to get even into our lecture-room before May.”

Even since I went over the water the changes here are surprising. Sabbath-traffic and grog-drinking have increased. The whole talk now is about Kossuth. The newpaper, the “ Times,” is going full sail. It already has 16,000 subscribers in two months. Greeley ["Tribune"] writes powerfully, when he lays himself out. His late articles on Hughes are

1 Dr. A. Alexander lingered until the 22d day of the month.

2 While the church was building at the corner of Fifth Avenue and Nineteenth Street, the congregation worshipped in the chapel of the University. The first sermon of the pastor, after his return from Europe, was preached there on the 26th October.

tremendous batteries. But he goes full-length with the Chapman-Foxton-Westminster Review party. His book on Europe is worth reading, though sour. P

sends me the proofs of an embryo book on Charity. It is raised to the nth power; abuse of clergy; abuse of churches; abuse of theology; everybody wrong but moi; sneers at societies, creeds, catechisms, &c., &c.; yet, after all, a book that no one can read without deep and anxious reflection. The mixture of truth is great and suggestive, and the style is tip-top, sometimes as keen as Pascal.

Note any thing you can remember or hear, about my father's Philadelphia labours. Do try to see any old people who know. Could not you find old Mr. Nassau ? Addison and I, or one of us, will, Deo adjuvante, write a life. The MS. autobiography is voluminous, but only for material. How strangely we misjudge often. Dr. Miller left not one line of diary !


NEW YORK, December 2, 1851. Surely there are divine uses of pain which we cannot fully understand. · Nor can we reason much about the rules of its mission to individuals. The amount of suffering such persons

and have endured often amazes and puzzles me. Yet in —'s case the spiritual joy resulting is almost as specific as of a medicine. I have thought much of this as a point in divinity. The Papists have missed the right doctrine of pain; but have we made enough of it? Some day we shall see what it was sent on good people for. I have known moments when it has seemed to me a great boon to have the will broken, and self-pleasing mortified.

We are among a good many open lots and much rubbish and to feeling, as far from the New York I knew, as if in another city. I find a good smart walk from here to Trinity Church quite tonical. My mind works incessantly on such themes as these:-the abounding misery; the unreached masses; the waste of church energy on the rich ; its small operation on the poor; emigrant wretchedness; our boy-population ; our hopeless prostitutes; our 4,000 grog-shops; the absence of poor from Presbyterian churches; the farce of our church-alms; confinement of our church-efforts to pew-holders; the do-nothing life of our Christian professors, in regard to the masses; our copying the Priest and Levite in the parable ; our need of a Christian Lord Bacon, to produce a Novum Organon of philanthropy; our dread of innovation; our luxury and pride. I

1" New Themes for the Protestant Clergy." Philadelphia : Lippincott

& Co.

preached twice on some of these things; but I work at the lever very feebly. Since I saw the drinking-customs of Britain, I am almost a tee-totaller, and half-disposed to go for a Maine law against venders of drink.

After settling a little from the shocks of late events, and looking back on my tour, I find my judgment of differences among Christians somewhat modified. Surely our battle is too momentous, to leave much time or zeal to spend on niceties of old school and new. Ah! how I daily feel “I have lost my adviser !” How often, “I must tell this to my father," and then I awake to the reality. But there is no bitterness in the reflection. If it please God to touch our sons, our work will seem more clearly less needed here.


New York, December 20, 1851. This morning, being on an errand, I saw a black-garbed whitenecked procession going into the Irving House. It was the

Evangelical Clergy." I followed, and saw Kossuth again. He looked commoner and worn, Spencer sermonized him, with specs and MS. The following is a correct report of the Governor's speech, as I heard it: “m-m-m-(sh-sh-sh–) country' (sh-sh) the most free country,'-(sh,) 'Gentlemen, (sh) m-M-m

I heard every word of Spencer's. I believe K. was saying he could not make a harangue, but would answer in writing. He declares himself a Lutheran. I greatly admire his frankness. He loses no chance of showing it. He is getting to think himself a messenger of God. Some of his expressions smack of the Hegel doctrine of God's voice being the voice of humanity. Colwell

, in his episcopo-mastix, [“ New Themes,"] seems to be in favour of a plan which shall dissolve all churches, charities, and associations, and solve the great social problem by this formula, “Let every man be perfectly good.” This is the avowed conclusion of his strange book. The reason why people go to Cardinal Hughes is, I think, to be found in one character of the Church of Rome, its matchless organization. Me judice, we shall as little counteract it by the dissolving plan, as we should benefit warfare by disbanding troops, and setting each warrior on his own hook. B- comes out quite a war-man; so suddenly do the movement-people change to any tune which will make the mob dance. Furnaces, gas, and Croton pipes have almost literally employed every day since our “ flitting, with amendments. Pipes frozen, gasometer ditto. My rent is $900, in a very narrow, tawdry, shelly, ambitious, half-done house. The neighbourhood, however, is as quiet as a country village.

NEW YORK, December 31, 1851. Christmas Day saw me in nine churches, St. Francis Xavier's, St. Patrick's Cathedral, St. Joseph's, St. Vincent de Paul, St. somebody's, (German) Bellows's, Grace Church, Calvary, and Muhlenberg's little Gothic free-seat chapel, where there was at 7 and 8 communion, and at 9 a baptism. I never heard a Unitarian sermon before in English. B- said the Unitarians were endeavouring to resume the “ feasts and fasts." He is a scholarly writer, and a theatrical though Yankee speaker. Progress, no matter what Jesus held; theology rising ; let every man believe as much as he can ; inspiration untenable; all men are Christians; Jesus the Head of the Church, i. e. of humanity; the great matter is the truth, which is not dogma, but being conscientious, kind, fond of freedom. All Christians in three classes, church-men, creeds-men, and life-men. All through he essayed a sort of mysticism, and wrought himself into a factitious peroration-heat about coming days, fight of freedom, martyr spirit, &c. It was fearful to see genteel and moneyed sons of New England trying to take in his Emersonian rhetoric and ultra-liberality. There was nothing redeeming but the style, which was elegant, novel, startling, and a little affected. Voice very rich in low notes; but he plays with it, and lapses when earnest into a Yankee tune. I feel a great admiration of Kossuth, especially since reading Madame Pulsky's Memoirs, and History of the War. But the tide already ebbs here. Stocks would fall if the Hungarian tricolour should rise; and our canny capitalists go by that. Young men and workies take on the natural enthusiasm. The ministers who preached against the slave-law, preach for Kossuth. As you will see by my "Travels," I was quite prepared to hear of the coup d'etat. The great quality which it needs is yet to be revealed-military genius; this made Cæsar, Cromwell, and “mon oncle.” I do not believe any true news gets to us yet by newspapers. The Canada brings three days later, but no change.

NEW YORK, Jarruary 19, 1852. My young men are about to employ a man who speaks the Irish, and has laboured twenty years in Connaught, to look up the " strangers scattered abroad” in this city. My late church is occupied by several hundred emigrant families. What a pathos there is in every thing connected with Mr. Clay's last days! There seems to be some good reason to view him as a converted man. At no time have we had a greater concurrence of good news from our Foreign Missions: accessions of converts in almost all. The China men are an extraordinary corps, and their work is going on with great energy. We to-day appropriated $1,000 for another chapel at Ningpo; and had notice of an equal gift from an individual for the same purpose. After years of defeat our Foreign Board is at length incorporated, under the recent law of this State. Broadway is a carnival of sleighs. The noise, glee, turn-outs, and throngs are quite a Russian spectacle. Schaff has a vehement and very able article against Kossuth's notions. Dr. Spring told me he lately sat at his sermon-desk from 9 A. M. to 7 P. M. without dinner ; but felt worse for it. His morning services are over-crowded, which can be said of no other Presbyterian assembly here. One can't help feeling an admiration for Louis Napoleon's quiet force in his coup d'état. Several priests said to me in Paris, that the only hope for religion was the putting down of the rouges, (sc. rogues.) They talked of this much as we should have done, but I dare say with an eye to their own power. Father Delual, once principal of St. Mary's College, Baltimore, but now retired at the great College de St. Sulpice, (page 146,] spoke to me in his nice little chamber with high admiration of Sibour, the archbishop of Paris, who was also a Sulpician, and his coeval. The adhesion of Louis Napoleon to a church very much in the ascendant in France gives a basis to his power which was wanting to “mon oncle” at the eighteenth Brumaire. M- reports the Popish churches as unfrequented. I spent much of my days in them at Paris, and saw a very different sight. Not women only, but men in great numbers. I was particularly struck with the great numbers of children and youth under drill, often hundreds together, preparing the motions, &c., for processions. At Dijon, I was present at a catechizing, in an ancient church; the curé sat, and was lecturing a host of boys on a point of Christian morals. I spent my time on the pictures, but Maj. Preston heard it for some time and pronounced it very sound. When we consider that France was all but atheistic, we must regard even the acquisitions of Popery as conversions to a sort of Christianity. I find it very hard to swallow the tenet, that the existing church of Rome is incapable of being improved, and is to be looked at only as for hell-fire. My prophetic specs are very dim. When Louis XVIII. was restored, Bernadotte said to him at a dinner of the sovereigns : “Faites-vous craindre, Sire, et ils vous aimeront: sauvez seulement avec eux l'honneur et les apparences : ayez un gant de velours sur une main de fer." He knew the French, and Louis Napoleon seems to adopt his maxim.'

1 While this is in the printer's hands, “ the eldest son of the Church” is giving a new exemplification of the velvet glove on the iron hand, in his policy with the Pope.


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