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REVISED AND CORRECTED,
WITH AN INDEX, CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE,
HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,
329 & 331 PEARL STREET,
Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty, by
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO LUKE.
LITTLE is certainly known concerning the time and place of writing this Gospel; or concerning the author. The first time we have any mention of the author, is in his own history. Acts xvi. 10-11. He was then the companion of Paul in his travels; and it is evident that he often attended Paul in his journeys. Compare Acts xvi. 11-17; xxi. 1—6. In all these places the author of "the Acts" speaks of his being in company with Paul. That the same person was the writer of this Gospel is also clear from Acts i. 1.
From this fact, the ancients regarded this Gospel as, in fact, the gospel which Paul had preached. They affirm that Luke recorded what the apostle preached. Thus Irenæus says, "Luke, the companion of Paul, put down in a book the gospel preached by him." He also says, "Luke was not only a companion, but also a fellow-laborer of the apostles, especially of Paul." Origen, speaking of the Gospels, says, "the third is that according to Luke, the gospel commended by Paul, published for the sake of the Gentile converts." The testimony of the fathers is uniform, that it was written by Luke, the companion of Paul, and was therefore regarded by them as really the gospel which Paul preached.
It is unknown where it was written. Jerome says it was composed in Achaia. There seems to be some probability that it was written to persons that were well acquainted with Jewish manners; and as the author does not stop to explain the peculiar customs of the Jews, as some of the other evangelists have done. Respecting the time when it was written, nothing certain is known. All that can with certainty be ascertained, is that it was written before the death of Paul, (A. D. 65.) For it was written before the Acts, (Acts i. 1.) and that book only brings down the life of Paul to his imprisonment at Rome, and previous to his going into Spain.
It has been made a matter of inquiry, whether Luke was a Genti e or a Jew. On this subject there is no positive testimony. Jerome, and others of the fathers, say that he was a Syrian, and born at Antioch. The