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are the genuine Produ&t of their parents the Old COVENANTERS: For I think I may fafely affert it as Fact, that fince their Establishment, they have not let any one Opportunity Nip, of Difturbing, Insulting, Scandalizing, Robbing, and Ruining all those of Episcopal Principles, especiá ally the Clergy, whom they could by any manner of way come at : Per Fas aut Nefas, by fair Means or foul. They pretend a great Averfion to Popery, and yet have incorporated into their Scheme of Politicks, the very worst Principles of the worst Papists, such as KING-KILLING, PERSECUTION, and if not Fire and Faggot, yet Halters and Gibbets, and have turned the Laws which were made in King Charles II's Reign to Juppress and prevent their frequent REBELLIONS, now against the peaceable People of the Episcopal Communion, who have ever declared their Abhorrence of al Rebellion.

SO soon as they were Eftablished, they employd all their Invention to raise Scandals upon the Clergy, who were turned out, and harrassed them from Court to Court, imprison'd them, fin'd them, and banilh'd them, after having first mobb'd many of them, wounding fome, and beating others, even to Death; and turning their Wives and Children out of their Houses, stript of their Cloaths, without any regard to the Image of GOD, the Laws of Nature, or of CHRISTIANITY, even in Winter. Full Accounts of all

, which barbarous Usages were printed and publifbed in London Soon after

AND altho they pretend their Presbyterial Government is of Divine Right, get when it was offered them to have it declared to be so by Parliament, they declined it, and seem'd then contented to



The PRE FACE: have it stand as it was, only upon the Bottom of the Inclinations of the People; from which I think 'tis very evident,

First, That if it be Falt, That the Inclinations of the Generality or Majority of the People were not then for Presbytery, 'tis founded in a Lie. And that the Majority of the People were then againft it, is too apparent from the History of those Times, yo be deney'd.

Secondly, That allowing, giving, and not granting, That the Majority of the People was then for Presbytery; if the People have now chang'd their Minds, and are inclin'd to Episcopacy, in this Case Presbytery ought to be discharg'd, and Episcopacy ought to be Re-establish'd : And that a Majority of the People are adverse to Presbyter ry now, and defirons of Episcopacy, is so certain, That if their Votes are either to be Number'd or Weigh'd throughout all Scotland, the Majority will be found against Presbytery: And if they deny or dispute this, let them put it to the Trinl; I do adventure to say in the Name of the Episcopal Communion, That they will be contented to be banisb'd their Country, if they have not a Majority for them.

Thirdly, This phews, that their Cry of Divine Right notwithstanding ; their chief Concern is the Poffeffion and Enjoyment of the LIVINGS, and of POWER: Why else did they refuse to have their Government declared by Parliament to be of Divine Right? 1

Fourthly, This shews the Cruelty of their Nature, fince they are so Arbitrary, Jo Insolent, and of such a perfecuting Spirit, when after all, they ere Establish'd upon à Lie, and at best upon the precarious Bottom of the Inclinations of the People, which now are againft them.


iv The PRE FA Ċ E.

THEY Shew greater Civility to, or at least are less outragious against the Quakers, Anabaptists, and Independents, than the People of the Episcopal Communion ; nay, the Papilts live more afely under their Government, thań the Afferters of Episcopal Principles; and they choose to have Peon ple turn Papists, as many have done in the North of Scotland, and particularly in the Highlands, rather than allow them to have an Episcopal MiniIter amongst them.

BUT of all things they have à térrible Aversion to all Liturgies; and the Reason is very plain, That the Beauty, Symmetry, and Harmony of Regular Worship, doth so outshine their Extemporary Rhapfodies, that they are not able to bear it; because they either do Affert, or at least by Innuendo's would have the People believe, that they are Inspired by the HOLT GHOST in all their Prayers; which get are not Proof of being read without Horror; when catch'd by the Pen of a Short-Hand Writer;

I REMEMBER to have been told, That when King CHARLES I. of Blelled Memory, was a Prisoner to his own Rebellious Subjects at Newcastle upon Tyne, the famous Mr. Henderson fors ced himself with great Rudeness to Pray before His Majesty, which the good King did all he was able to hinder : But the other would do it, and the King could not help it, being under Durance. And when he perceived how Irregular, Indigested, Flat, and often Wicked, Mr. Henderson's Prayers were, he order'd two or three of his Servants who could write fhort Hand very well, to Catch Mr. Henderson's Prayer, but so secretly, that Henderson did not perceive it. When this was done, the King ordered them each of them apart, to write out at Length what they had thus Catch'd, and finding the Copies to agree

exactly The PREFACE. Y exa&tly, he told Mr. Henderson that he had a Pray er in Witing which he desired him to read, and to give him his Opinion of it. Henderson was about to read it then ; rio, Said the King, take it with you, read it carefully, and next time I see you, tell me how you like it. Accordingly, Henderson brought it with him next time he came, and told the King, I was one of the most Ridiculous, Impertinent, Nonsensical, Wicked, Blasphemous Prayers he had ever seen in all his Life ; and that the Composer must have been an Illiterate, Pedantick Blockhead, unacquainted with Religion, and the Spirit of Prayer, and that he could scarce read it with Patience, nor without Horrour, and much more to this Purpose. Upon which the King modestly and meekly told him, Thou art the Man; and satisfied him that it was his own, and how he came by it. And to give Henderson his due, it mortified him so thoroughly, that he became much easier to the King after this, and conceived a better Opinion of him, than he had entertained before: and he continued to think well of him to his last Breath, and told his Brethren upon his DeathBed, how wicked he and they had been in their undutiful Behaviour to their Natural Prince, and one of the best Men in the World. Thus he died a Penitent, but could not perswade his Brethren to be such.

THIS hews what strange things these People are capable of saying in their Prayers, when their Imaginations are heated; and when a Henderson, a leading Man amongst them, and a Man of good natural Parts, and of a Competency of acquired Learning, could

pray in such a Manner, with such Fervency, such Blalphemous Nonsense, as himself did Condemn, and could not remember, for a few Days what he had said, what may not the Teachers amongst them not say, who are many of them Men of Low



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dings, Illiterate, Malicious, but Conceited and Proud?

OF WHICH Number I take this Melvil of Aberdeen to be, to whom the following Letter is directed.

I HAVE not the. Honour to be acquainted with the Ingenious Gentleman who is the Author of it; but by Chara&er, he is a Man of a Regular Life, an Admirer of Primitiye Doctrine, Discipline, Worship, and Government; a Diligens Enquirer after Truth, Orthodox in Principle, and one who spends his. Time very much in Books, and to very good Purpose ; one who has suffered much for his zealous Adherence to the Interest of the diftrelled Church, and yet who laments her defolate Condition, more than his own particular Afflicti ons. The Obligation he conceived himself to be under of Undeceiving his poor, 'well-meaning Neighbours, and to that important Article of Worship, put him upon this Ejay, which he has solidly and judiciously perform'd, and from which I shall no lona ger

detain the Reader. And I wish that the bleled. Time may foon come, when all who name the Name of Jesus may depart from Iniquity, may die unto Sin, and live unto Righteousness; and that the greatly distressed, and severely. Persecuted Church of. Scotland may become like Gold tried in the Fire feven Times, Pure and Undefiled; and may GOD forgive ber Persecutors.


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