Ontology

Couverture
McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2002 - 348 pages
In the first part of the book, Dale Jacquette explores questions of pure philosophical ontology: what is meant by the concept of being, why does something exist rather than nothing, and why there is only one logically contingent actual world. The author argues that logic provides the only possible answers to these fundamental problems of pure ontology. In the second part of the book Jacquette examines issues of applied scientific ontology and provides a critical survey of some of the most influential traditional ontologies, such as the distinction between appearance and reality and the categories of substance and transcendence. The ontology of physical entities - space, time, matter, and causation - are examined as well as the ontology of abstract entities - sets, numbers, properties, relations, and propositions. The special problems posed by the subjectivity of mind and of God are also explored. The book concludes with a chapter on the ontology of culture, language, and art.
 

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Table des matières

Being as such
1
What it is to be on Heidegger
12
Combinatorial ontology
42
Why there is something rather than nothing
89
Why there is only one logically contingent actual world
109
Concepts of existence in philosophical logic and
134
Ontological commitment on Quine
156
Appearance reality substance transcendence
182
space time matter and causation
193
numbers
206
Subjectivity of mind in the world of objective physical
233
God a divine supernatural mind?
253
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À propos de l'auteur (2002)

Dale Jacquette is professor of philosophy at Pennsylvania State University and author of Ontology, A Companion to Philosophical Logic, and The Cambridge Companion to Brentano.

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