Pondering on Problems of Argumentation: Twenty Essays on Theoretical Issues

Couverture
Frans H. van Eemeren, Bart Garssen
Springer Science & Business Media, 11 févr. 2009 - 306 pages

In Pondering on Problems of Argumentation twenty essays are collected that deal with theoretical issues in the study of argumentation. Although the list of theoretical issues discussed in these essays is by no means comprehensive, the issues that are treated are certainly representative of the kind of problems the international community of argumentation scholars is pondering on at the moment. Characteristically, this international community includes scholars from different academic backgrounds, varying from classicists, philosophers, and linguists to logicians, and social scientists. These scholars favour different approaches to argumentation, varying from formal and dialectical approaches to informal and rhetorical pragmatic approaches. Because most of the perspectives on argumentation that are en vogue are represented, this volume provides a multidisciplinary – and as far as different approaches are combined even interdisciplinary – outlook on the current state of affairs in argumentation theory.

In all contributions to Pondering on Problems of Argumentation the emphasis is on sharing theoretical reflections on argumentation rather than presenting the results of empirical experiments, qualitative analysis, case studies, or applications of theoretical instruments. Some of the contributions deal with problems of argumentation that have been recognized as theoretical issues for a considerable time, like the problems of fallaciousness and identifying argumentation structures. Other contributions discuss issues that have become a focus of attention only recently or regained their prominence, such as the relationship between dialectic and rhetoric, and the strategic use of the argumentative technique of dissociation. In line with new developments that have taken place, a new input to the theoretical study of argumentation is offered by researchers coming from disciplines that have matured during the past decades, such as pragmatics and discourse analysis. All the same, scholars stemming from long-established disciplines, such as the classics, also play a part in the renewal by shedding a new light on the problems of argumentation. For all contributions goes that their authors really ponder on problems of argumentation without claiming to have found the final theoretical solution to these problems. As it should be in the study of argumentation, all essays that are presented here are fully open to criticism.

 

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Table des matières

Seizing the Occasion Parameters for Analysing Ways of Strategic Manoeuvring
3
Manoeuvring Strategically with Rhetorical Questions
15
Dissociation Between Rhetorical Success and Dialectical Soundness
25
Strategies of Refutation by Definition A PragmaRhetorical Approach to Refutations in a Public Speech
35
Norms of Reasonableness and Fallaciousness
52
Nonfallacious Rhetorical Design in Argumentation
55
Normatively Responsible Advocacy Some Provocations from Persuasion Effects Research
79
Duets Cartoons and Tragedies Struggles with the Fallacy of Composition
91
Structure of Argumentation
179
Against Making the LinkedConvergent Distinction
180
Argument Strength the Toulmin Model and Ampliative Probability
191
Modalities as Indicators in Argumentative Reconstruction
206
Five Theses on Toulmin and Visual Argument
229
Rules for Advocacy and Discussion
242
On How to Get Beyond the Opening Stage
243
Testing for Acceptable Premises Within Systems of Belief
253

Deductivism and the Informal Fallacies
105
Types of Argument and Argument Schemes
116
From Figure to Argument Contrarium in Roman Rhetoric
117
Comparing the Incomparable Figurative Analogies in a Dialectical Testing Procedure
133
Argument Schemes Typologies in Practice The Case of Comparative Arguments
141
Whether and How Classical Topics can be Revived Within Contemporary Argumentation Theory
157
The Duties of Advocacy Argumentation Under Conditions of Disparity Asymmetry and Difference
269
Actually Existing Rules for Closing Arguments
287
List of Contributors
299
Index
301
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