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MOVEABLE AND IMMOVEABLE FEASTS;
TOGETHER WITH THE
DAYS OF FASTING AND ABSTINENCE, THROUGH THE WHOLE YEAR.
To know when the Moveable Feasts and Holy-Days begin.
EASTER DAY, on which the rest depend, is always the first Sunday after the Full Moon, which happens upon or next after the twenty-first day of March; and if the Full Moon
happen upon a Sunday, Easter-Day is the Sunday after.
Advent-Sunday is always the nearest Sunday to the Feast of St. Andrew, whether before
On which the Church requires such a Measure of Abstinence as is more especially suited to Extraordinary Acts and Exercises of Devotion.
I. The Forty Days of Lent.
II. The Ember-Days at the Four Seasons,) The First Sunday in Lent.
The Feast of Pentecost.
Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after September 14, and December 13. III. The three Rogation-Days, being the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday before Holy Thursday, or the Ascension of our LORD.
IV. All the Fridays in the Year, except Christmas-Day.
In addition to the above, the first Thursday in November (or, if any other day be appointed by the civil authority, then such day) shall be observed as a day of Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the Fruits of the Earth, and all other Blessings of his merciful Providence.
A TABLE TO FIND EASTER-DAY,
FROM THE PRESENT TIME TILL THE YEAR 1899, INCLUSIVE.
HIS Table contains so much of the Calendar as is necessary for the determining of Easter; to find which, look for the Golden Number of the year in the first column of the Table, against which stands the day of the Paschal Full Moon; then look in the third column for the Sunday Letter, next after the day of the Full Moon; and the day of the month standing against that Sunday Letter is Easter-Day. If the Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, then (according to the first rule) the next Sunday after is Easter-Day.
To find the Golden Number, or Prime, add 1 to the year of our Lord, and then divide by 19; the remainder, if any, is the Golden Number; but if nothing remain, then 19 is the Golden Number.
NOTE, That in all Bissextile or Leap Years, the Letter found as above will be the Sunday Letter from the intercalated day exclusive, to the end of the year.
make use of the preceding Table, find the Sunday Letter for the Year in the uppermost line, and the Golden Number, or Prime, in the column of Golden Numbers, and against the Prime, in the same line, under the Sunday Letter, you have the Day of the Month on which EASTER falleth that year. But,
NOTE, That the name of the Month is set on the left hand, or just with the figure, and followeth not as in other Tables, by descent, but collaterally.
A TABLE OF THE DAYS ON WHICH EASTER WILL FALL
A TABLE OF THE MOVEABLE FEASTS,
According to the several days that EASTER can possibly fall upon.
Septuages. First Day Ascension
Jan. 18 -19
May 10 27
3 Feb. 1
NOTE, That in a Bissextile or Leap-Year, the number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the same as if Easter-Day had fallen one day later than it really does. And, for the same reason, one day must, in every Leap-Year, be added to the day of the month given by the Table for Septuagesima Sunday, and for the first day of Lent: unless the Table gives some day in the month of March for it; for in that case, the day given by the Table is the right day.
HE Golden Numbers
Tin the foregoing Ca
lendar will point out the days of the Paschal Full Moons, till the year of our Lord 1900; at which time, in order that the Ecclesiastical Full Moons may fall nearly on the same days with the real Full Moons, the Golden Numbers must be removed to different days of the Calendar, as is done in the annexed Table,which contains so much of the Calendar then to be used, as is necessary for finding the Paschal Full Moons, and the Feast of Easter, from the year 1900, to the year 2199,inclusive. This Table is to be made use of, in all respects, as the first Table, before inserted, for finding Easter till the year 1899.
FOR FINDING THE DOMINICAL OR SUNDAY LETTER, AND THE PLACES OF THE GOLDEN NUMBERS IN THE CALENDAR.
To find the Dominical or Sunday Letter for any given year of our Lord, add to the year its fourth part, omitting fractions, and also the number, which, in Table I., standeth at the top of the column wherein the number of hundreds contained in that given year is found; divide the sum by 7, and if there be no remainder, then A is the Sunday Letter; but if any number remain, then the Letter which standeth under that number at the top of the Table, is the Sunday Letter.
find the month and days of the month to which the Golden Numbers ought to be prefixed in the Calendar in any given year of our Lord, consisting of entire hundred years, and in all the intermediate years betwixt that and the next hundredth year following, look in the second column of Table II. for the given year, consisting of entire hundreds; and note the number or cipher which stands against it in the third column; then in Table III. look for the same number in the column under any given Golden Number, which, when you have found, guide your eye sideways to the left hand, and in the first column you will find the month and the day to which that Golden Number ought to be prefixed in the Calendar, during that period of one hundred years.
The letter B, prefixed to certain hundreth years in Table II., denotes those years which are still to be accounted Bissextile or Leap Years in the new Calendar; whereas all the other hundredth years are to be accounted only common years.