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I must again here, as on a for- this is their necessary and unamer branch of the subject, observe voidable effect. “For the love of that no doubt such arguments as Christ constraineth us, because we these will have little or no effect thus judge, that if one died for all upon those who have but an im- then were all dead; and that he perfect belief of them, which, it is died for all, that they which live to be feared, is the case with not a should not henceforth live unto few who go under the name of themselves, but unto him which Christian. But is it not very evi- died for them, and rose again."* dent that they must have the If any shall think proper to asstrongest imaginable influence, sert that favours bestowed are not upon all such as are actuated by a to be considered as the true and lively faith in the doctrine of re- formal causes of love, but the exdemption? They must see them- cellence and amiable qualities of selves indebted to the undeserved the object.—Thus, for example, mercy and love of God for favours supposing any person of a characof infinite value, and therefore ter justly hateful in itself, from camust certainly endeavour to ex- price, self-interest, or any other press their gratitude by an entire sinister motive, to bestow many consecration of their lives to their signal favours upon another, the benefactor's service.
beneficiary might receive and deThis leads me to observe in the light in the favours without essixth, and last place, that those teeming, nay, even when he could who expect justification by the not esteem the giver. If this is imputed righteousness of Christ, considered as an objection against must be possessed of a supreme what I have just now said, and the or superlative love to God, which conclusiveness of the argument is not only the source and princi- to be founded upon it, I offer the ple, but the very sum and sub- two following answers to it. 1st, stance, nay, the perfection of holi- That in the account given in Scrip
That those who believe in, ture of the redemption of the world and hope to be accepted and final- by the substitution of a Saviour, and ly saved through, the imputed the justification of sinners by the righteousness of Christ, must be imputed righteousness of Christ, possessed of a supreme love to there is the
brightest display of all God, appears from what hath the divine perfections. The albeen already said upon the subject mighty power, the unsearchable of gratitude. Love is the most wisdom, the boundless goodness, powerful means of begetting love. the inflexible justice, and inviola# Thus," says the apostle John, ble truth of God, shine in this “We have known and believed the great design, with united splenlove that God hath unto us; God dour. Every attribute that can is love."
."** And a little after,“We in reason claim our veneration and love him because he first loved esteem, as well as our thankfulus.”+ The infinite and unspeakae ness and gratitude, is here to be ble mercies which he hath bestow- seen. Even the perfections of jused on us, with all the circum- tice and mercy (which I will not stances attending them, the means call jarring attributes, as some too and manner of their conveyance, harshly do) but which seem to rewhich been hinted at above, strain and limit each other in their must necessarily excite the most exercise, are jointly illustrated, ardent love in return, and every and shine more brightly by their proper expression of it. This is union, than they could have done their immediate and natural, nay, separately; and, at the same time, * 1 John, iv. 16. 1 John, vi. 19.
* 2 Cor. v. 14. Ch. Adv.-Vol. X.
the purity and holiness of the di- neither death, nor life, nor angels, vine nature, which is the sum of nor principalities, nor powers, nor them all is deeply impressed upon things present, nor things to come, the mind. So that here is every nor height, nor depth, nor any thing that can produce love; worth creature, shall be able to separate and excellence to merit it, love us from the love of God, which is and kindness to excite and raise in Christ Jesus, our Lord.” it. From this it evidently appears Now, is there any thing more that he who believes in the im- necessary to show, that those who puted righteousness of Christ, believe and trust in the imputed must have a superlative love of righteousness of Christ must be God.
holy in their lives, than their beBut 2dly, Lest it should be said, ing under the influence of a suthat many have not this view of preme love to God? Is not this the doctrine in question, as ho- the first and great command of the nourable to God, and representing law, “ Thou shalt love the Lord him in an amiable light, but the thy God, with all thy heart, and contrary; I observe, that there with all tlay soul, and with all thy must have been a discovery of the mind?"* Is not this a never failglory of God, as shining in this ing source of universal obedience? plan of salvation to all who cor- as they love God, will they not dially embrace it. Nothing else love their brethren also: the very could induce them to do so. If its worst of men, because they are the enemies do not see this, and there- creatures of God? and the rightfore set themselves against it; this eous more especially, because they confirms the different and honour- are his saints, his chosen ones? able sentiments entertained by its Can they love God supremely, friends; so that even supposing and yet voluntarily displease him, (what we will never grant) that this breaking his commandments or view of the amiableness of the di- resisting his designs? We know vine nature, as represented in the that love hath a quite different gospel were not well founded; yet effect, in every other and infedoubtless, it is the view of those rior instance, endearing to us eve“who count all things but loss for ry thing related to the person who the excellency of the knowledge of possesses our esteem and affecChrist,"* and glory in nothing tion; how, then, can it be supposed but his cross.
so preposterous in this single case, The truth is, notwithstanding when it is fixed on the greatest and any cavilling objections that may the best of objects? be raised against it, many favours It is a received maxim that received by one to whom they are there can be no true love where absolutely necessary, and by whom there is not some likeness and they are infinitely prized, must conformity of nature and disposinaturally and necessarily produce tion to the object beloved, and an love. This will be reckoned a first endeavour after more. And this is principle by every unprejudiced a maxim that will in no case hold mind; and it is always supposed more infallibly, than in moral subin the Holy Scriptures, where the jects. It is impossible that we saints are represented as under can love purity, if ourselves are the habitual and powerful im- impure; nay, it is impossible that pression of love to God, for his we can understand it. Though an love to them manifested in their unholy person may have a very redemption. Thus says the apos- penetrating genius and capacity, tle Paul,“For I am persuaded that may think acutely, and perhaps * Phil. iii. 8.
* Matt. xxii. 37.
reason justly upon many, or most From the Juvenile Forget Me Not. of the natural attributes of God, THE EVENING PRAYER. he can neither perceive nor admire Alone, alone !—no other face his moral excellence. Instead of Wears kindred smile, or kindred line ; perceiving the glory of God as in
And yet they say my mother's eyesfinitely holy, he hates, and sets
They say my father's brow is mine;
And either had rejoiced to see himself to oppose this part of his The other's likeness in my face; character, or to substitute some- But now it is a stranger's eye thing quite different in its room.
That finds some long forgotten trace. Or, if we can suppose him able, or I heard them name my father's death, from any particular reason in- His home and tomb alike the wave; clined to tell the truth, as to what And I was early taught
Beside my youthful mother's grave. God is, he can never. discern or
I wish I could recall one look feel his glory or beauty in being But only one familiar tone; such. For why?-he himself is un- If I had aught of memory, holy: that is to say, in other words, I should not feel so all alone. he supremely loves, and hath his My heart is gone beyond the grave, affections habitually fixed upon In search of love I cannot find, something that is not God, some- Till I could fancy soothing words thing that is contrary to God's na
Are whispered by the evening wind.
I gaze upon the watching stars, ture, and a breach of his law.
So clear, so beautiful above,
Till I could dream they look on me * This is the true reason why many so warmly oppose God's vindictive justice, and
With something of an answering love. that in the face of many awful examples My mother, does thy gentle eye of it, even in the present partial and imper- Look from those distant stars on me? fect dispensation. That there are many Or does the wind at evening bear marks of God's displeasure against sin, A message to thy child from thee? even in that part of his government Dost thou pine for me as I pine which is at present subjected to our view,
Again a parent's love to share ? and also distinct warnings of a stricter I often kneel beside thy grave, reckoning to come, I should think might be,
And pray to be a sleeper there. to an impartial pereon, past all doubt; and yet, this is derided and denied by many The vesper bell !—'tis eventide ; merely because they can never think that I will not weep, but I will praya perfection in the divine nature, for God of the fatherless, 'tis Thou which they have no love or esteem in their Alone can'st be the orphan's stay! ówn hearts. All who love God, then, must Earth's meanest flower, Heaven's mightibe like him, and even those who will not
est star, be what he really is, are always strongly Are equal in their Maker's love; inclined at least to suppose him what they And I can say Thy will be done, themselves are.
With eyes that fix their hope above.
SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF REV. JACOB
GREEN, A. M.
was obliged immediately to enter on some business for a livelihood. It would have been very agreeable
to me to have spent more time at From my leaving college to the pre- college, and to have pursued my sent time, 1777.
studies, but my worldly circumI took my degree in July, 1744, stances did not admit of my do. and left the college immediately ing it. afterward. I spent nearly or quite I had for a considerable time all my property, in my college before I left college, a fixed princieducation, and had no wealthy ple, that I ought not to be forward friends to help me, and therefore to choose worldly circumstances
for myself, but to be at God's dis- tion, or conscience, often told me posal, and to follow the calls of peremptorily that I had none. I Providence. I therefore deter*
was also afraid I had not learning mined to accept the first offer that enough; had not studied enough; was made me of entering into bu- and I was also bashful and diffisiness; for I did not suppose I dent. But one or two friendly mishould be offered any thing not nisters, and some other people, so becoming and proper for one in my encouraged and persuaded me, circumstances. It was most cus- that I was greatly perplexed, and tomary for persons circumstanced knew not what was duty, or the call as I was, to take a school, for some- of Providence. At length I contime after they came out of col- cluded to bring the matter to a delege, before they preached. And termination, by visiting and talka few days before I took my de- ing with three ministers in and gree, the people at Sutton, about near Boston, whose piety, learnfifty miles from the college, invited ing, and judgment, I had a great me to take a school in that town.' opinion of; and to preach or not, This was the first offer or invita- for the present, according as they tion that I had, and accordingly I advised me. The first I went to took it for a call of Providence, talk with, asked me how long I had and soon after taking my degree, been out of college; and finding I I went to Sutton, and taught a had not been graduated above a school for nearly a year. Mr. Hall, year, he advised me not to preach the minister of the place, was as yet. He asked me no questions agreeable, both as a minister and about my experience, or my views, a friend. Before the year had ex- but observed that we ought not to pired, I was solicited by particular be hasty and sudden, in rushing persons to begin to preach, and into the ministry; that in general, the committee of a vacant congre- scholars ht not to preach till gation came once to invite me; but they had been out of college three I had no license, or regular intro- years, &c.* I was a stranger to duction, and therefore I did not the minister; he knew nothing of see that it was a call of Provi- my character; but his advice in dence to preach. Beside, I was general suited my inclination. I
. much afraid to take a step toward did not go to talk with the other the ministry. It appeared to me two ministers, but went back, saa great and weighty thing. I had tisfied that I ought not to preach at times considerable fears and as yet. dark apprehensions concerning When my time for keeping the state of my soul; and I fully school at Sutton was expired, and believed that a graceless person I on a visit to my friends, waiting, ought not to go into the ministry. as it were, to know to what, or I feared I had not grace; tempta- where, Providence would call me
* The editor thinks it may not be impro. next, the famous preacher, the per for him to state, that his father ear- Rev. George Whitefield, then tranestly inculcated on him the adoption of velling through these parts, invited the principle which he here mentions as having governed his own conduct, and * This surely was good advice, and it is that the paternal advice has been remem- to be regretted that it is not oftener given bered and followed with the greatest ad- and taken. It is believed that what prevantage, through the whole of the editor's cedes and follows this reference from the past life. And he has realized what his narrative, is worthy of the consideration of father remarked, that on the plan recom- candidates for the ministry generally, as mended, when unavoidable difficulties oc- well as of those to whom they look for adcurred, self-reproach would be avoided, vice and direction. There is much mig. and prayer for divine aid and direction take and much sin committed, by rushing might be made with freedom.
prematurely into the sacred office.-EDIT.
me to go to Georgia, to take the I had great fears, anxiety and care of the orphan house. It was difficulty, as to entering into the an unexpected and surprising ministry. Some months before I thing; but upon the advice of was ordained, I thought at times I some friends, and viewing it as the would give over preaching. I first call I had after I was out of found much corrupt nature unmorbusiness, I concluded to go. Mr. tified, and I had times of being in Whitefield went on in his cir- great darkness. I viewed the micuitous preaching southward. I nistry as a great and difficult work; agreed to settle my affairs and go I was but a poor speaker; and on to him at New York, in about four the whole, I shrunk away from the weeks from the time of our agree- work. I made known my difficulment. After visiting my friends, ties to two or three ministers, who &c. I went towards New York, I thought did not fully enter into and overtook Mr. Whitefield at my case, but told me it was Elizabethtown, in New Jersey. temptation, and the design of SaUpon finding him, he told me that tan to keep me out of the ministry since I had seen him, he had re- —
-or to that purpose. Some short ceived letters from Georgia, in- time before the appointment of my forming him that some subscrip- ordination, I had such dark appretions, &c. had failed, so that he hensions of my own case, and such could not manage the orphan house discouraging views, that I was deas he expected—that he would, termined to give up preaching. however, fulfil his agreement with To accomplish this, I wrote my me for half a year, if I chose to case largely, and represented mygo on with him; and that if I self so bad that I supposed the chose to stop, he would defray the ministers would not encourage my expense I had incurred in coming preaching. I gave the writing to thus far. I consulted Mr. Dickin- Mr. Burr, with my own hand, tellson, at whose house we then were, ing him I would have him show it and he advised me to stop; and he, to other ministers, if he thought with Mr. Burr, of Newark, pre- proper. He read it through delivailed with me to stay, and be li- berately, and then put it into the censed and preach here, and not fire before my eyes, and talked to return to New England. I had a me in a very friendly and encougreat regard for Mr. Dickinson raging manner. If my difficulties and Mr. Burr-their advice sway- were a temptation, the Devil was ed me. Accordingly, I was li- disappointed; but if they produced censed in September, 1745, at Eli- the proper remonstrance of conzabethtown, and the first place science, I got into the ministry that invited me to preach, was when I ought to have kept out of Hanover, in Morris county, New it. God knows how it was. I have Jersey. I endeavoured to be as been a poor, unprofitable creature passive as I could conveniently be, in the ministry, and have many a as to being disposed of; and thus time thought that I was never realfollowing the calls of Providence I ly fit for the work.* was led to Hanover. Here I
(To be continued.) preached one year on probation, * The son of this humble minister of the was called to settle, and was or gospel of Christ may be permitted to say, dained in November, 1746.*
what he knows to be true, that his father's
attainments and qualifications for the sa* The subject of the sketch remained cred office, were estimated by others very the pastor of this congregation till the differently from the estimate made by himtime of his death, and appears to have self. He was an erudite man, both in preached his first sermon where he deliver the learned languages, and in mathema. ed his last
tical science. His knowledge of Hebrew “ He pe’er had changed, nor wished to was surpassed by fow in our country. He
change his place.