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few wicked men were found in the church, after an interview with his sinking friend from whom I suffered much shameful returned the next day to Neuchatel. treatment; but the Lord our God so " The remainder of his days,' Beza strengthened me, even me who am by na
•Calvin passed in almost perpetual ture far from bold, (I here speak what is prayer. His voice indeed was interrupted the fact,) that I yielded to none of their by the difficulty of his respiration; but attempts. I afterwards returned thither
his eyes (which to the last retained their from Strasburg, in obedience to a call brilliancy,) uplifted to heaven, and the which was against my inclination because expression of his countenance, showed the I thought it tended not to usefulness: far fervour of his supplications. His doors,' I knew not what the Lord had appointed; he proceeds, 'must have stood open day and the situation was full of most serious and night, if all had been admitted who difficulties. But, proceeding in my work, from sentiments of duty and affection I found at length that the Lord had really wished to see him; but, as he could not blessed my labours. Do you therefore speak to them, he requested they would also persist in your vocation: uphold the testify their regard by praying for him established order: and see that the people rather than by troubling themselves about be at the same time retained in obedience seeing him. Often also, though he ever to the doctrine delivered to them: for showed himself glad to receive me, he insome are yet wicked and contumacious. timated a scruple respecting the interThings, as you see, are now not ill set- ruption thus given to my employments: tled: on which account you will be the so thrifty was he of time which ought to more criminal before God if by your ne be spent in the service of the church.' glect they are suffered to go to decay.-I The 19th of May was the day on which avow that I have lived united with you, the ministers were again to meet on the brethren, in the strictest bonds of true and affairs of the church, and at this time with sincere affection: and I take my leave of special reference to the celebration of the you with the same feelings. If you have sacrament at Whitsuntide. On these ocat any time found me harsh or peevish casions he was accustomed to partake of a under my affliction, I entreat your forgive. friendly meal with them: and he would
He then returned them his warm- now have the meeting held and supper est thanks for having taken upon them prepared at his house. When the lime the burden of his duties, while he was un- came, he caused himself to be removed able to discharge them; shook hands with from his bed to the room in which they them all; and we took leave of him,' . were assembled, and thus briefly addresssays Beza, 'with sad hearts, and by no ed them: 'I come to you for the last means with dry eyes.'
time, never more to sit down with you at "On the second of May, having re- table.' He then offered up a short prayer; ceived a letter from Farel, (now, an old took a small portion of food, and conversed man of seventy-five, and in infirm health,) with them for a little time in a cheerful stating that he had determined to come to manner: but before supper was finished, see him from Neuchatel, he wrote to him he was obliged to be carried back to his the following brief and affectionate reply; chamber. He looked pleasantly npon his Farewell, my best and most faithful bro- friends as he went out, and said," "This ther! and, since it is God's pleasure that will not prevent my being present with you should survive me in this world, re- you in spirit. He never afterwards left tain the remembrance of our friendship, his bed.” On the 27th of May, he spoke which has been useful to the church of with less difficulty and in a stronger God, and the fruits of which await us in voice : but this was the last effort of naheaven. Do not expose yourself to fa- ture. At about eight o'clock in the eventigue for my sake. I respire with diffi- ing the symptoms of dissolution suddenly culty, and continually expect my breath
Beza, who had recently left to fail me; but it is enough that to Christ him, was sent for, and on hastening to the I both live and die, who to his people in house found that he had expired. He life and death is gain. Again, farewell had departed without even a sigh, and in with the brethren. Geneva, 2d May, the full possession of his powers to the 1564.' The good old man, however, came last."'-pp. 481-484. to Geneva according to his purpose, and,
(To be continued.)
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.
London contains 30 square miles, and of 190,000 houses, and 1,200,000 inhabion the north side of the Thames, about tants ; besides 50,000 strangers. The 140,000 houses, and 850,000 inhabitants; Thames is 310 yards over at London. and on the Southwark side, 50,000 houses, bridge, and 400 yards at Waterloo-bridge.' and 350,000 inhabitants; of course a total
banks as thickly setiled, and as well cultiNo. 1 represents an earthen vase, found vated, as are now the Indus, the Ganges, in digging a cellar, three or four years
and the Burrampooter.".
J. G. since, in the town of Wheeling, Virginia.
Both of these fine relics of ancient art It was first owned by Dr. J. W. Clemens,
are now in the Lambdin Museum at Pittsof that place.
burg, Pa. No. 2 represents a bottle made of earth- A particular description of these vases, en ware, found in Scott county, Mississip
with some remarks on American antiquipi, twenty feet below the surface of the
ties, by Jacob Green, M. D., may be seen ground. It is difficult to conjecture to
in the Cabinet of Natural History, Vol. I. what use this antique bottle was applied. p. 197. st was most probably used in burial cere- Necessity for Atmospheric Pressure.monies, or was in some way connected From experiments made by a barometer, with superstitious rites. I have seen some it has been satisfactorily ascertained that ancient Grecian lachrymatories, not very the atmosphere presses with a weight of unlike it in figure; and perhaps the abo- about fifteen pounds on every square inch rigines of the west, employed this vessel of the earth's surface, and consequently its to gather the tears in honour of the dead.
pressure upon the body of a middle-sized On the upper part of the body of the ves- man is about 14 tons. But immense as is sel, there are four representations of the this weight which we carry about upon our head of some quadruped.
shoulders, it is absolutely necessary to huThat bottles ornamented with various man existence. Were it removed, the devices, were sometimes used by our abo- elastic fluid contained in the finer vessels rigines, for idolatrous purposes, is quite of men and animals would burst themselves certain, from the one found at Natchez, and extinguish life. It is a well attested and now in the cabinet of the American fact, that persons ascending high moun. Antiquarian Society, and also from the tains, or rising to great elevations in bal. three headed bottle,
discovered in a mound, loons, suffer much from the swelling of on the Cumberland river. These heads their limbs, and violent pains in their heads, are supposed by Mr. Atwater, to represent stomachs, &c. Acosta, in his relation of the three principal idols of India, Brahma, a journey among the mountains of Peru, Vishnoo, and Siva. He, therefore, is of states, that " he and his companions were opinion, that the authors of our ancient surprised with such extreme pains of works in the west, originated in Hindos- straining and vomiting, not without casttan. These works, we know, are located ing up of blood too, and with so violent a near our principal rivers.
66 To the con
distemper, that they would undoubtedly secrated streams of Hindostan, devotees have died had they remained two or three assembled from all parts of the empire, to hours longer in that elevated situation;" worship their gods, and to purify them- and Count Cambeccari, and his compaselves by bathing in their sacred waters. nions, who, in 1783, ascended to a great In this country, the sacred places of the height in a balloon; “found their hands aborigines were uniformly on the bank of and feet so swelled that it was necessary some river, and who knows, but that the for a surgeon to make incisions in the Muskingum, the Scioto, the Miami, the skin." These effects are easily accounted Ohio, the Cumberland, and the Mississip- for. The atmosphere, near the earth, is pi, were once deemed as sacred, and their much heavier than at a considerable eleva
tion. The blood is constantly struggling the remarkable fact, that in travelling to expand, and in the cases abovemention through some forests in Columbia, in 1825, ed, the persons ascended to so great a he and his guides, being entirely without height that the atmospheric pressure was provisions, were compelled to eat five pair insufficient to counterbalance the pressure of sandals, (made of untanned leather, of the fluids of the body. When we think softened by the damp) and a deer skin of the immense weight which every man apron, which they roasted and masticated. supports, and take into view the means In the latter operation, two hours were provided by an All-wise Creator to prevent occupied in getting through the part of fatal consequences, when we reflect upon the sole of a sandal. This singular aliment the properties of the atmosphere we supported their strength, and though the breathe, and with which we are surround- journey which was to have lasted only two ed, and realize that for the Almighty to days, occupied fourteen, they arrived at extract only one of its constituent parts, its termination in good health. They ocwould be death to the human species, casionally eat the core of the palm trees, how forcibly comes home to us the decla- but found that it sustained their strength rations of holy writ,“ in Him we live, and much less than a piece of the roasted leamove, and have our being.” “In His hand ther. is the soul of every thing living, and the breath of all mankind."
A Storm of Mud.—The following ac
count of a natural phenomenon is from the Immensity of Creation. Some astrono- Cosmopolitan, a paper published in Buenos nomers have computed that there are no Ayres, dated on the 15th ult. less than 75,000,000 of suns in this universe.--The fixed stars are all suns,
“ On Saturday last, between one and ing, like our sun, numerous planets re
two o'clock, a dense black cloud was obvolving round them. The Solar System,
served approaching from the westward. or that to which we belong, has about 30
The taste and apparent terror of street planets, primary and secondary, belonging passengers at the time, indicated to us the to it.—The circular field of space which
nature of the coming storm, and we turned it occupies, is in diameter three thousand to behold an object most terrifically subsix hundred millions of miles, and that
lime. The cloud at first resembled black which it controls much greater.—That sun
smoke rolling onwards with indescribable which is nearest neighbour to ours is called rapidity, driving before it flocks of affrightSirius, distant from our sun about twenty
ed birds, screaming in terror at see
seeming two billions of miles. Now, if all the fixed approaching destruction. In a moment it stars are as distant from each other as
was over our heads—the sun was hid from Sirius is from our sun; or if our solar sys.
us—we were in darkness-utter darkness. tem be the average magnitude of all the
We stood before an open window, but, for systems of the 75 millions of suns, what the space of nearly a minute, could not imagination can grasp the immensity of
perceive that it was one. Then was heard creation! Every sun of the 75 millions,
à loud peal of thunder, which was immecontrols a field of space about 10,000,000,000 diately succeeded by a shower of “mud," miles in diameter. Who can survey a
thick mud, -"and there was light”--the plantation containing 75 millions of circu- dark veil which enveloped us had been lar fields, each 10 billions of miles in dia. rent, a part falling to the earth,'mingled meter!-Such, however, is one of the
with water. On the reappearance of light, plantations of Him—" who has measured
surrounding objects presented themselves the waters in the hollow of his hand, and
in a different colour. The fronts of the meted out heaven with a span, and com
houses, which, but a moment before, apprehended the dust of the earth in a mea
peared to our view white as snow, now sure, weighed the mountains in scales, and wore a dingy robe. the hills in a balance;" he who “ sitting
“But it would be idle to attempt to give upon the orbit of the earth, stretches out accurate description of this dust the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth cloud.' We can only say that its appearthem out as a tent to dwell in.”
ance was awful indeed, and would, perHuman Nutrition.—At the Academy of haps, in any other country, cause dire Sciences in Paris, a letter was lately read
alarm. from M. Roulin, a young physician of eni- " We conversed yesterday with a gennent ability, in which he vindicated the tleman just from San Pedro, who states nutritive properties of gelatine, and point that in the neighbourhood of that place ed out the absolute necessity of salt enter- there has lately been a plentiful supply of ing into the regimen of animals upon whom rain, and that the lakes are well filled; the effect of different elementary sub- the cattle, however, had all strayed from stances was to be tried.
the estancias, during the drought, in pur. As a proof of the manner in which ani- suit of water, but the owners entertained mal strength may be supported, he related a hope that part of them would return."
Not long since, the Protestants country a door for the preaching of the of France determined to take their gospel, we should request your consent to
establish there a missionary station. Since part in the glorious work of evan
he wrole, we have visited part of Caffraria, gelizing the heathen world. And
and have now returned to Bethelsdorp. I on the return of Dr. Philip to South purpose to explain to you, in the close of Africa,—whence he had gone to my journal, the motives which have induced Britain to plead the cause of the
that return; but previous to giving the de. oppressed Hottentots, and where
tails of our journey, I shall venture to make
some few general remarks on the country he did plead it with success -the
we have just visited. French missionaries accompanied The Caffre, or Amakosa tribe, now inhim, as their patron and director. habits that portion of land which lies beThe following letter is a report
tween the rivers Batha and Keiskama.
Not long since they extended to the Fish from one of these missionaries to
River; but now all the country on that side the society in Paris, that had sent the Keiskama is occupied by ihe colonists. him out. A French Protestant
The natural beauties of Caffraria are very missionary report, to a French great: its soil is peculiarly fertile, and it is
watered by an abundance of small streams. Protestant missionary society, is
Its population, according to a minute calan interesting novelty, even in this culation made by the missionaries, conage of missions. This has been sists of 100,000 souls, and is, consequently, with us one inducement to lay it
much larger than that of the colony. It before our readers. But beside
would be difficult to convey to you an idea
of the feelings with which we, for the first this, it gives the most recent ac
time, saw ourselves surrounded by a crowd count that we have seen, of the of savages. The children are absolutely progress of the whole mission in naked; the men wear a large carass, which, South Africa-one of the most
suspended from the shoulders, reaches to important in the world—and an
the knees, and of which they avail them
selves as a carpet when they wish to reinteresting exhibition of the man- cline. The dress of the women is rather ners of the people, and the nature more complicated; it consists of an apron, of the country where the mission- formed of skin, and fastened a little below aries are employed. We shall give much lower than that of the men, and to
the waist, and a cloak, which descends the whole report, although it will which, as an ornament, they fasten beoccupy a good deal of our space; tween the shoulders another skin, about a but we do not know how to fill it bet- foot long, covered with several rows of ter. The French letter, or report, give to their appearance an air of dignity.
buttons, which train on the ground, and was translated for the supplement Ån antelope's skin generally composes to the last volume of the Evange- their head-dress, part of which is curiously lical Magazine, from which we covered with grains of verroterie, and artake it.
ranged in the form of a turban. Instead of this they sometimes wear a handkerchief,
in the form of a crown; but they prefer the MR. LEMUR'S JOURNAL.
turban. Both sexes adorn themselves with
necklaces of verroterie, and ear-rings, Translated from the French, by a Friend
made of a still coarser grain. This serves of the Editor.
also for money. The men never go out unBethelsdorp, April 19, 1830. armed; they carry their assegais, which Gentlemen, and honoured Brethren in appear similar to those used by the anJesus Christ our Lord,- In the Journal of cients, and which they dart to a great disour brother Rolland, forwarded to you some tance. Each warrior has seven of these weeks since, he gave some account of the weapons, besides which he is armed with missionary institutions we had visited, and a stick, very large at one end, which is of the observations we had made during called kerri. It was in this costume that our journey from the Paarl to Bethelsdorp; they approached us; but, far from appearbe there told you that we proposed accom- ing formidable, they had an air of conpanying Dr. Philip to Caffraria, and that fidence, benevolence, and simplicity, that if Providence should open to us in that is not always found even among civilized
nations. The whole country being open to horror of death, that, when any one has them, they often change their residence: died, all the inhabitants of the kraal quit their flocks frequently induce these emio their habitations, reduce to ashes the hut grations; for when water or pasturage fails of the deceased, and all belonging to him, in one place, they must seek it elsewhere. and remove to another situation. They It is owing to this that we saw so many give the rights of sepulture to the chiefs huts empty, where we expected to have alone, and even then take such precaufound inhabitants. In general their kraals tions, that scarcely any one knows the are composed of from twelve to fifteen huts, place of burial. The belief in enchantments built in the form of hives; the largest are exercises a fatal influence throughout the fifteen feet in diameter and eight or ten in country. Every one knows that they atheight. The whole building is supported tribute a great part of their sicknesses to by stakes of wood; the fire burns in the the malice of sorcerers; but it is often only centre, and the smoke escapes by the door. a pretence to rid themselves of an indivi.
When we visited them, they received us dual whom they hate, or whose flocks they very cordially. Our dress atiracted their desire. When a chief envies the riches of attention but little; what struck them a neighbour, he sends for the fundis or most was the colour of our skin: they doctor. They then assemble all the inhadrew their hands over their ow? faces, and bitants of the neighbouring kraals, and, at then pointing at ours, they talked to each the end of some dances and certain cereother with an amazing volubility, and monies, the fundis points out the guilty laughed aloud. The women brought their person, and the unhappy man is condemnchildren to us to receive presents; we gave ed to suffer death by burning, while his them buttons, when they immediately took accusers divide his riches among thema little basket, which they use as a basin, selves. Notwithstanding, the missionaries and after having filled it with milk, offer. told us that these abuses already have beed it to us.
come more rare, and that when the Caf. The Caffres keep their milk in a lea. fres have resolved on an auto-da-fé of this thern bag, which they stretch on the sort, they are very careful to conceal their ground, and keep continually supplied, so design from the missionaries, who thus that it immediately contracts a sour taste. often do not hear of the evil till it is too The first time we tasted it, we thought it late to apply a remedy. But, thanks to the extremely disagreeable, but very soon be- mercy of God, soon these horrors will no came accustomed to it. Milk, meat, maize, longer exist ; already the light of the gosand a sort of grain that the women culti- pel has shown brightly through the counvate, form almost the whole of their nour- try: the missionary stations are as cities ishment: they are very robust, and as the set on mountains, whence light issues in country is very fertile, and they have much all directions: many chiefs have embraced cattle, they pass the greater proportion of the gospel, and conduct themselves as true their time in idleness.
Christians; a great number of others reguAlthough to those wearied of the cor- larly attend on divine worship, and strongruption and excess which predominate in ly approve the instructions of the missionpolished society, this savage life may as- aries, although they confess that they sume a pleasing aspect, yet we must not themselves have not yet the happiness of suffer it lo deceive us : with this simplicity being Christians. The work of the Lord of nature great vices are mingled. After has not, then, been in vain, since in Caf. all, the Caffres are sensual, and must be fraria we find many churches, composed of so, since all their hopes are limited to this a considerable number of the faithful, who life. When we hear of a country where have the same faith, the same hopes, and the knowledge of the true God has not the same love to Jesus Christ as European shone, and where the principles of Chris. Christians. Persuaded that you follow us tianity are unknown, we may at once con- with your remembrances, and receive the fidently conclude that nothing, either spi- smallest details that we communicate as a ritual or divine, will be found among the father receives news of his children who people who inhabit it, and that, in spite of are in a foreign land, I shall proceed to natural law, immorality will be found pre- give you an extract of my journal. dominant. We must not, therefore, be as- The 13th of March we left Graham's tonished that polygamy has been establish- Town, with Dr. Philip and Mr. Read, who ed among the Caffres. Geika, who died had accompanied us from Bethelsdorp with last year, had six wives; all the chiefs the intention of visiting the missionary stawhom we have seen have three or four, tions. Mr. Munro, missionary at Graham's and the others take as many as they please. Town, and Mr. Yeoland, a very pious mi. It is by no means an unusual thing to see litary man,
with whom we had lodged, families abandoning those of their rela- conducted us to Herman's kraal. The tives who appear near death, in a wood, roads being very bad, this day's travelling thus exposing them to become the inevita- was very difficult, and what rendered it ble preg of wild beasts. They have such a still moro so, the country was very mounCh. Adv.-Vol. X.