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tainous, and generally covered with woods sometimes I could hardly convince myself some feet high, among which there are that it was not a dream and illusion. more aloes than in any other part of the The 15th, a chief, named Botma, came colony. As the Doctor wished to preach
to visit us. His height was gigantic, and the next day to the troops at Fortwilshire, all the parts of his body so well proporwe were obliged to walk all night, and on tioned, that he might have formed a model Sunday morning we arrived at the fort. for a statuary. His clothing consisted of Captain Frend, commander of the garrison, one piece of stuff, without a seam; he showed us much kindness, and during the wore on his arm a bracelet of bones, a diswhole time that we remained at Fortwil. tinctive mark of the chiefs, and his air and shire we received various marks of friend- manner were indicative of gloom and me. ship from his family, and from many other lancholy. We asked him how it was that officers who had travelled in France. The all the other chiefs had missionaries while fort is situated near the Keiskama, and he had none. He replied, that he had althe government maintains there a military ways desired to have one, but that he and detachment to guard the frontiers. There his people were wanderers, and had no was service in the chapel morning and abode to offer. We then asked him how evening, and Dr. Philip officiated at both many warriors he had. “I do not know," services. In the afternoon a young officer replied he;" but if I had a missionary, he invited us to assist in a Sunday-school would write them, and then I should soon which he himself conducted, and we were know the number.” However, he began delighted with the zeal he displayed in the to count on his fingers by an interpreter; for education of these children, who, without each person whom the interpreter named this, would be deprived of all means of in- the chief extended a finger, and when he struction. The heat to day was excessive; had counted ten, he struck his hands one we had erected our tent on the borders of against the other and began again. This the Keiskama, and as the river only sepa- calculation lasted an hour, and then he rated us from Caffraria, we were visited found that he had 410 men under his comby a great number of Caffres. A few wo- mand. In the evening we had domestic men approached our tent; they all had worship as before. It was performed in little cane baskets, filled with curdled milk, Dutch, and a Hottentot, who knew the upon their heads, for the Caffre women Caffre language, translated the explanaare accustomed to carry every kind of bur- tion of the word of God and the prayers. den in this manner, and they do it with so On the 16th we went to visit a kraal, much address, that they seldom have oc- situated about a league from Fortwilshire, casion to support it with the hand, which on colonial territory. Before arriving there contributes to give them a light and grace. we met five men on horseback, riding at ful demeanour. Our Hottentots begged full speed; we saluted them, but they pro: their milk, and gave them meat in ex- ceeded without turning their heads. A change, with which they seemed well sa- little further on, three men, of immense tisfied; one of the youngest especially stature, were seated at the door of their talked with an astonishing volubility, and hut: one of them was staining his body struck her breast with both her hands, to with a sort of ochre, while the others were testify to the others her joy: Nothing occupied with their assegais. Stooping could be more simple and playful than down to look into their hut, I saw seven their expressions; their dress was the same children, more beautiful than any I have as that I have described above: some had, ever before met with ; and the first thought beside, a row of copper rings, which reach: that struck me in remarking them was, ed round the arm from the wrist to the that of the Christian ladies at Paris. “If elbow. I endeavoured to talk to them; but they were here,” said I to myself," with as I had no interpreter, I was obliged to what delight would they undertake the relinquish the attempt. They seemed in- education of this interesting family!" terested in all we did; they imitated our Having asked where the chief lived, they walk and gestures, and talked to each conducted us to his kraal, where we found other with much warmth; and they eat a him surrounded by about thirty men, all very coarse white root, of a sweet taste,
as strong as Hercules, but, like Saul, the which they passed from one to the other. chief surpassed all the others in stature. As our Holtentots dined before them with. They immediately asked for presents, and out offering them any thing, they began especially tobacco. The chief showed his to upbraid them in their language, exclaim- cloak, which was nearly worn out, to Dr. ing with a loud voice, “ Wolof! wolof! (0 Philip, intimating that he had need of anwolfs! wolfs !)”. By means of an interpre- other garment. " In England,” said he, ter, Mr. Read, in the evening, had domes- " there are so many chiefs; write to them tic worship in the tent, where many Caf- to send me their old clothes." We then fres assembled, while we were at the cha- asked them to show us how they conduct. pel. All night I was occupied by the scene ed their wars; when one of them took a we had witnessed during the day, and buckler of skin, which covered the whole
body, and went through all their military tonished that we could enjoy a moment's evolutions.
rest while they continued at a distance The 17th of March was the fair-day at from God. Fortwilshire, and we had never before After I returned to the tent, one of us seen so many Caffres together; there were read a portion of Scripture; an old Caffre 1500. We saw them descending the moun- translated the passage with much feeling, tains, carrying on their heads the articles and during the prayer they were all much they had to sell; some had horns and ox affected. hides, and others mats and baskets. Some On the 18th we left Fortwilshire, accomhad travelled a distance of 100 leagues panied by Capt. Frend, governor of the from the very limits of Caffraria, carrying fortress. Scarcely had we crossed the Keon their head an enormous ox hide, which iskana, when the country assumed a tothey wished to exchange for some buttons. tally different aspect. While in the coWe again saw the chief with whom we lony, we had no sooner descended one hill, had met the preceding evening, and who than another immediately presented itself now paid us a visit attended by all his peo- before us, while all was scorched by the ple. He wore a European dress, fastened rays of the sun; but here we discovered at around the waist by a shabby girdle; bis a distance the most beautiful plains, and attendants walked behind him, in three numberless little valleys crowned with verranks, in great order, and their cloaks re- dure. In the colony the summit of the sembled those of the ancient Romans, as mountains is almost always covered by represented in our poems.
rocks, which rise perpendicularly, and Some hours after the fair began. All which often resemble a wall falling to the Caffres placed themselves in ranks, ruins; but here the highest mountains that with their merchandise before them; and we saw were covered with trees, which in order to prevent the confusion which spread a sweet freshness through the whole might have been occasioned by so large a country. There the accacias are very numultitude, the sale of each article was in merous, and often planted at regular disturn announced by the sound of a trumpet. tances, as the apple trees in Normandy. The colonists were extremely anxious to But, as we advanced, we gradually lost the obtain the Caffre commodities, and gave traces of beaten paths, and were obliged in exchange little hatchets, knives, and to open new ones for ourselves through buttons; for, with the exception of a very the trees; we soon perceived Caffres ad. few Caffres, who lived on the frontier, vancing from behind the wood, armed with these people attach no value to colonial their assegais; most of them were entirely money. The women were most desirous naked, and a great many followed us to for handkerchiefs, which they arrange as ask presents. The word they employed for head-dresses in a very graceful manner; this object was “ basila,” which they conand we remarked, that the coarser the ma- tinually repeated in the most graceful terial, the more value they attached to it, manner. In the evening we stopped near a as they imagined it would last the longer. stream to pass the night. Mr. Brownlee Captain Frend had provided us with a sol- and his interpreter, the son of Tchatelion, dier to guard our carriages, lest any thing having heard of our arrival, had come to should be stolen from them; but all was meet us, and the latter preached to his conducted with the greatest order, and we countrymen, who assembled in great numwitnessed none of those disgraceful con- bers in our tent. tests which so often take place in large On the 19th we set out in the morning European fairs. The same fair occurs to reach the station of Mr. Brownlee. As every week, and there are never less than our course had been directed towards the 1200 Caffres present.
east yesterday, we now proceeded to the In the evening we were visited by Bot- north, towards the source of the Keis. ma and the old chief Eno, the same that kama, when we traversed vast plains coreceived Dr. Van der Kemp, when he was vered with flocks. It rained to-day, and about to commence a mission in Caffraria. we were surprised to see the Caffres cast They passed the night in our tent, attend- off their cloaks. The missionary, Browned by iheir principal men. In seeing these lee, pointed out to us a mountain, where, men so interesting in their infantine sim- some time since, a Caffree, accused of sor. plicity, but so entirely sensual, and anxi. cery, had been put to death; after having ous only to satisfy their carnal desires, I fastened this unhappy man in his hut, they was obliged to retire and pour out my heart burnt his body with red hot stones, and in in secret before the Lord; they appeared this state he was exposed to the rays of the to me like children descended from illus- sun, in a place where there were a num. trious ancestors, but who were ignorant of ber of ants; and it was only after having their origin. Oh, that they inight learn to suffered these horrible turments that they know their Creator, and the incomprehen- took away his life. sible love which he has had for thein! I 22d March. We remained some days perceived in this moment the grandeur and with the missionaries Brownlee and Key. importance of the message with which The village, they have commenced God had charged us to them, and I felt as. has yet no name; it is situated near the
river Buffalo. Besides the dwellings of the we should bear the same name that we do missionaries, there are many houses built by in this. This question was embarrassing ; the natives, some huts, and a school which but we replied to him that the names of serves for a church: unhappily very few the elect were written in the book of life. children attend the school. Yesterday, be- “ Are the names of all men written there?" ing Sunday, seventy people attended di- he asked. “No," we replied, " those of vine service, and on leaving the church the good only; but those of the wicked are we saw all, great and small, retire to some written in the book of condemnation." distance behind the wood, to engage in se- The conversation lasted some time on the cret prayer. One must have been more same subject. This old man passes his than insensible to behold such a scene whole time in making pipes; he is very without emotion, especially in a country fond of praise, and when his friends wish where, but a few years ago, the people had for one of his pipes, they begin to extol the never heard of God. Yet we must not con- exploits of his youth and the nobility of his clude from this circumstance that all have origin; he then never fails to make them received a deep impression of the truths a present. of the gospel ; for, since the death of the Before quitting the station of Mr. Brownmissionary Williams, the habit of prayer lee, I visited one of the sons of the old chief has become very general through a great Tchatelion, who has long laboured under part of Caffraria. In the evening there an incurable malady. During the short was a catechetical exercise, when the mis- time we spent at this place, we had sevesionary questioned the Caffres as to what ral opportunities of seeing him, and he they had heard in the morning; many re- listened with much attention to all we said plied with great facility; but as it was in to him regarding the salvation of his soul. their own language, we could not judge of In the commencement of his sickness, the justness of their answers. Missionary when he felt the approaches of death, he Brownlee has translated the Gospels of Si. became sensible of the necessity of instrucMatthew and St. Mark, and the first Epis- tion, and of submitting his heart to Jesus tle of St. John. Except these they have Christ; he had long been convinced of the only manuscript translations, which are divinity of the gospel, and as his example used in the churches. Tchatelion, a young was likely to exert a great influence over chief to whom Van der Kemp gave a good others, he left his own dwelling, that he education, has been very useful in this im- might live near the missionaries. When portant work.
I went to bid him farewell, I found him There is in the work of Dr. Philip on seated on a mat, which served him for a South Africa a hymn, composed by a Caf- bed; his wife and a servant being with fre, and which many of the inhabitants of him. A large fire was burning in the midthis place know by heart, and often sing dle of the hut, which filled it with smoke; together. The air has something in it so his pale and interesting figure inspired me simple and yet so solemn, that it drew with an inexpressible compassion, and I tears from me the first time we heard it in could have wished to remain with him, to the church. This need not surprise you, repeat to him unceasingly those promises for they themselves were so absorbed in which Jesus Christ has made to those who this sacred exercise, that they seemed to believe and repent. I entreated him to have entirely forgotten this world. We place his confidence in God, and to seek attempted to sing this hymn, having ob- forgiveness of his sins through the cross tained the music of it, but it no longer pos- of the Saviour. When I was about to sessed their touching melody.
leave, he warmly pressed my hand, fixed 23d. The chief Tchatelion, who lives in his eyes upon me for a long time, and asthe station, came to see us this morning; sured nie, by means of his interpreter, that he is a very intelligent old man. Some 'he reposed all his hope in Christ. In the years since he seemed to take much plea- afternoon we set out for Mount Coke, situsure in following the instructions of the ated three leagues from the river Buffalo, missionaries; but since the Caffres have where we then were. This station was been at peace with the Europeans, and founded four years ago, by the Wesleyans. that consequently the latter have more We there found a very handsome house, a frequented Caffraria, their example has ex- school, and a considerable space of wellercised a fatal influence over him, and he cultivated ground. When we arrived, the now raises a number of objections. “If missionary, Shrewsbury, mentioned to us your religion is true,” said he," why do the Eole, a French wreck, which was cast, the white people behave as they do? If about a year ago, on the shores of Caffrathe gospel comes indeed from God, why ria; for he then occupied a station some has he so long delayed to send it to us? distance hence, and those of the crew who You
say that there is a devil, and that God survived the wreck lodged at his house. is Almighty, why, then, does not God de- In the account which some of them have stroy him, and hinder him from injuring since published, they speak with much men?". We spoke to him of the immorta- gratitude of the kindness shown to them lity of the soul, and of the final judgment; by the missionaries on this occasion. he then asked whether, in the other world, While we were at Mount Coke, Mr. Shrewsbury pointed out to us a Caffre co- fres than paint and perfume are in Europe, vered with scars. This unhappy man him- this petition was very significant. self told us, that having been accused of Ai this station a great number of poor sorcery by the raimnakee, all the inhabi- people have been received as members of tants of his kraal caused him to undergo the church, and a still larger number have the most cruel tortures, and condemned been baptized. Among the latter is a him to be burnt. There is nothing new young chief named Kama. The day after under the sun; for, not long since, we had our arrival he came to visit us with anoin France laws which sentenced sorcerers ther chief of the district: both were clothed to the flames. This young man being very in European costume." This dress gave robust, was happy enough to escape their them such an air of dignity, that they hands, and hastened to place himself under might have been taken rather for French the protection of the missionaries at Mount officers than Caffres. Mr. Young made Coke. His accusers enriched themselves them dine with us; and while we were at with his flocks, and, as he dares not again table their wives came to see us, and to appear among them, he is ignorant as to receive from us a present. Kama, who has the fate of his wife and children. This been baptized, has only one wife, and the man one day confessed to Mr. Shrewsbury religion of Jesus Christ exercises too great that he had formerly, in concert with an influence over his heart for him to many others, inflicted a similar treatment think of taking any more. Pato has, inon an inhabitant of the same kraal, and deed, taken the European costume, but his had shared in the distribution of the spoils. heart is not changed; his conduct is still Such an account cast sadness into our heathen, and forms a striking contrast hearts, and we found that the work already with that of the young and interesting effected by the missionaries in Caffraria, Kama. Among the wives of Pato there is compared with what remained to be done, one of a superior rank to the others, and was really nothing. On this evening, Dr. descended from the tribe of the TambooPhilip offered a prayer so fervent, and ,kies. It is from this tribe that the Caffre which so forcibly expressed all the feel- chiefs take their wives when they wish to ings which we experienced, that no one ennoble their descendants; and, for the could restrain his emotion; it seemed to us same reason, the Tambookies take their that God had granted our prayer, and that wives from the Caffres. Caffraria was about to be changed into a On the 26th of March we stopped on the land of peace and light.
banks of a stream between Wesleyville On the 24th we went to Wesleyville, and Mount Coke, near which we found a about five leagues from Mount Coke. Af. kraal: soon after we were surrounded by ter having travelled the whole day, through all the neighbouring inhabitants. As there a country where nothing but huts and sa- were a great number of children, Mr. vages were visible, without a single trace Read placed them in a circle round him, of civilization, we were agreeably surprised and began to instruct them on the new to find a complete village in the bosom of system of infant schools. The children Caffraria. Forty men and women came repeated the English with great ease, and out to welcome us on our arrival. In the were much delighted to imitate all the acevening we went to the chapel; the ser- tions of their master. After this exercise, vice was very solemn and instructive. which had much interested their parents, The missionary prayed in the Caffre lan- Dr. Philip spoke to them on the imporguage, and each petition was repeated in tance of education, and exhorted them to a simple and touching tone by the whole send their children to the school at the assembly. This form of worship, which neighbouring station. We happened to a little resembles that of the church of have a book, which contained a number of England and of the Moravians, has appear. engravings, and which we showed to them, ed to us to have this advantage, that each and the pictures of Caffres, represented in one takes in it a more active part, receives their costumes, of assegais, and different in his memory without difficulty the fun- things relating to their habits, astonished damental truths of religion. In this man- them exceedingly. We then made them ner more than one Caffre, who has often understand that this book told us what repeated in public these words, “ Lord passed among them, and that if they were have mercy upon us,” has learned to pray instructed they would be able to make sito God in the secret of his heart. We had milar ones regarding the manners of the a very interesting instance of this the fol. white people. Before quitting this intelowing day at the missionary Young's. resting tribe, Tchatelion, the disciple of The wife of a chief, lately converted to Van der Kemp, of whom I have spoken, Christianity, prayed with several others in read them a chapter from the gospels, and a room which joined ours, and besought addressed them in a discourse, to which God, in her simple language, to disengage they listened with the deepest attention; her heart froni the love of ochre and and when a prayer was offered, they all paint. As the women are accustomed to prostrated themselves with their faces on smear their bodies with a sort of red earth, the ground, after the manner of the Orienwhich is not less desired among the Caf
(To be continued.)
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. Advices from Britain and France, are as recent as the 31st of March from the for. mer, and the 3d of April from the latter. While nearly the whole of Europe is more or less agitated, nothing of prime importance has transpired during the past month.
In BRITAIN, the publick mind is still chiefly occupied by two subjects—the Reform Bill, and the Cholera. The Reform Bill was ordered to its third reading in the Commons, on Thursday, March 22d, by a majority of 116 votes, in a house of 594 members. Last year the majority was 109, there being 581 present. It passed the house finally on the next day. On Monday, 26th, the members of the House of Com. mons, led by Lord John Russell and Lord Althorpe, entered the House of Lords, and presented the Reform Bill to the Lord Chancellor. On motion of Earl Grey the Bill was read a first time, and was ordered, after considerable debate, to be read a second time on Thursday, April 5th. It has since been adjourned to the 8th of that month. It appears that certain lords, in debate, expressed their purpose not to vote for the rejection of the Bill, on the second reading, as they did last year; but to favour its going to a committee of the house for discussion. They however declared themselves still hostile-to some leading features of the Bill, as too democratick. On the whole, it appears, that the passage of the Bill in the House of Lords, is very questionable, except with modifications to which the Commons will probably not consent. It is still stated, that the king and ministry are determined on creating, if necessary, a sufficient number of new lords to ensure the passage of the Bill. The existing nobility are highly indignant at the suggestion of this measure; and we find it hinted in a London paper, that they will, perhaps, affect a tolerance of the Bill till the final vote, and then reject it decisively. We doubt this. Such a course would not only increase the popular odium against them, which is already very strong; but the new lords would, in this event, be certainly sent into their house, and the Bill be got up again in a new session of Parliament.
The Cholera, it appears, notwithstanding the levity with which it was treated a month ago, was prevalent, and exceedingly fatal, in London. In six days 326 new cases had appeared, and more than half of them had proved fatal. There had been in all, between seven and eight thousand cases in England, and a large proportion of them had terminated in death. This awful calamity had also invaded both Scotland and Ireland-in the former, it had appeared in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and in the latter, at Dublin and Belfast. The prospect seemed to be, that it was likely to extend throughout the United Kingdom--with different degrees of violence in different places, but with no certainty of entire exemption in any. The intemperate and the necessitous poor are its favourite victims. There was great agitation still in Ireland, chiefly produced by the demand and refusal of tithes. Some measures of compromise were in prospect, which it was hoped would have a favourable influence.
FRANCE was tranquil at the date of the last advices. There had been a serious disturbance at Grenoble, which had been subdued by a military force, and for which the military authorities had received publick approbation. A treaty had lately been concluded with Belgium, which it was hoped would have a favourable influence in termi. nating the controversy between that State and Holland. A French military force had entered Ancona, one of the provinces of the Pope's territories in Italy, which had given grievous offence to his holiness; but the French troops maintained their position. France has, for some time, been extremely jealous of the undue influence of Austria, in what are called the States of the Church; and this lodgement of troops in Ancona, appears to be intended to check some of the military movements of Austria. It has been apprehended that the conflicting views of these rival powers, in regard to Italy, would lead to war; but of this there seems to be no great probability at present.
The Cholera was prevailing in Paris, and so many of the members of the Chamber of Deputies had left their post, that it was difficult to obtain a quoruin to do business. Arrangements were making to relieve and take care of the poor; but dissatisfaction had been excited among them by evil disposed persons, which produced a disturbance that called for the interposition of a military force to restore order. On the 2d of April, the date of the last account, an official report stated that in the preceding twenty-four hours, there had been 252 new cases and 100 deaths. The disease appears to have spread much more rapidly in Paris than in London. In several other towns and cities, in different parts of the kingdom, this fearful malady was also said to have occurred; but there was no official statement in relation to any city but the capital.
Spain and PORTUGAL remain in statu quo. Don Pedro was collecting and marshal. ling his forces for the invasion of Portugal at Terceira; and some expectation was entertained that the whole of the Azore or western islands would be brought to make their