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and benevolent character. One me this five-pound note, you will evening as he came down from his find many ways to employ it.” Oh, closet, with peace and benignity how Christians would astonish the beaming on his countenance, he world if they were to read their said to me, “Do you want any Bibles as this banker did his! The thing." I answered, “No; I have application-ah, the application, every thing I need.'

6 But I am of the text is the difficult, but pronot satisfied with that answer,” he fitable, part of it! Blessed be God, rejoined, “and will tell you why. that some opulent disciples bring I have just been reading the third their principles under the influence Epistle of John, where the apostle of the Bible! particularly commends his beloved A few years after this occurred, Gaius for his hospitality to the when some good old missionaries servants of Christ, who, for their were passing through the town in Master's sake had gone forth, ta- which I reside, a king nothing of the Gentiles;' and preached on this subject, and the the apostle says that our privilege above anecdote introduced, and the who stay at home is to receive effect was much to the comfort of such, and to bring them on their those labourers who had borne the journey after a godly sort, that we burden and heat of the day. might be fellow-helpers of the Perhaps these lines may furnish truth.' Now I wish to have this another banker with a good idea, privilege; I wish to be an imitator and another preacher with a hint of Gaius; I wish to help you; that may be useful on a similar therefore you must receive from occasion.

J. K.



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REVIEW of a Review in the Chris- nouncements of doctrine, in the

tian Spectator, entitled—“ CASE standards of the Presbyterian OF THE Rev, ALBERT BARNES- Church. Let anyone candidly The Way of Salvation, a Sermon look, first at what Mr. Barnes says, by the Rev. ALBERT Barnes.” and then at what the standards say,

and see if he thinks that any ex(Continued from page 652 of our last planations can reconcile the two. Volume.)

In several instances, we think the We have never proposed to go contrasted quotations are of as difthrough this review, and notice ferent import as yes and no. We every thing that we consider ex- are willing to leave the whole matceptionable. This would occupy ter here. . a space in our pages which we Immediately following the senthink we can fill with something tence on which we have heretofore much better calculated to edify our remarked, the Spectator says—"It readers. Beside, the review on is well known that a party in that which we remark is avowedly a church (the Presbyterian]-and we defence of the Sermon of Mr. are far from wishing to impeach Barnes; and in our present num- their motives—have long witnessber we have published the stric- ed with jealousy and apprehension, tures of the Presbytery of Phila- the rapid progress of New Engdelphia on that Sermon-in which land sentiments within the bounds a number of quotations, fairly of their communion.” Now, if our taken from the Sermon, are ac- readers will advert to the proceedcompanied by certain clear an- ings of the last General Assembly,

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and recollect Mr. Bacon's letter, Presbytery as having long been they will be able to determine whe- desirous of a proper occasion to ther there was not good reason for enter into a conflict with New Eng"jealousy and apprehension," in re- land sentiments; and as seizing on gard“ to the rapid progress of New the case of Mr. Barnes, to show England sentiments” in our church. that they were not afraid-allow This jealousy and apprehension us the homely but expressive however was denounced as secta- phrases to take the bull by the rian bigotry, and as grievously in- horns.” Now this was not exactly jurious to our New England bre- Some members of the Presthren, although the Spectator kind- bytery, perhaps a majority of them, ly forbears to “impeach our mo- had been for a good while dissatistives”—when, lo, at the last As- fied and anxious, at the prevalence sembly, New England sentiments of New Englandism, both in docturned the highest Judicatery of trine and church government. But the Presbyterian Church into a they were far enough, perhaps too Congregational Association, in the far, from being ready to take a decase of Mr. Barnes; and on a review cided stand against the threatening of the achievement, a Congrega- danger. They, on the contrary, tional delegate sings, lo triumphe! shrunk from it-they earnestly So much for Presbyterian credu- wished to avoid it. We have been lity and Congregational manage- asked by some who, we thought, ment. The Spectator proceeds- ought to have seen, without expla

" At length, as if resolved to try the nation, the difference between the question under circumstances the most

case of Mr. Barnes, and that of some unfavourable to themselves, they have other persons supposed to be as ertaken their stand in the case of a gentle. roneous as he, “Why did you not man, whose ministrations were recently begin with them? Why did you refollowed by one of the greatest revivals of religion ever known in our country; who

serve your discipline for this young was called from the former scene of his man and a stranger?” We have two labours to the City of Philadelphia by the answers to these questions The unanimous choice of one of the

oldest and first is, that there was no printed most distinguished churches of our land, and acknowledged publication, by and who brought with him from the Preshytery to which he previously belonged,

a member of the Presbytery, that the amplest testimonials to his piety and could be taken as a ground of proworth, to the soundness of his faith, and cedure; nor any other such palpathe fervour of his zeal in the cause of evan

ble and undeniable evidence of hegelical religion. As far, then, as the character of the individual, his former stand. resy, as could be made the subject ing in the church, and the wishes of the of judicial process, without much people are concerned, it is impossible to trouble, and a dubious issue. But conceive of any case, where an impeach in the case of Mr. Barnes, there ment could be less called for or expected, than the present.”

was a printed sermon, to which

his name was attached, and of Here surely is a very pretty piece which he was the acknowledged of eulogy, but eulogists are apt to author. Nor was this all, for in be extravagant. We shall see how the second place, on this printed it is in the present instance. Our sermon the Presbytery were absoprincipal reason however for intro- lutely obliged to act. They could ducing this shining paragraph is, not get by it. The people who had that it will form a proper text for called Mr. Barnes had never heard some remarks--explanations if you him preach. In the very call which please, gentle reader--which we was laid before the Presbytery, the have been desirous for some time, usual words having good hopes but lacked opportunity, to com- from our past experience of your municate to the publick.

labours,” &c. were omitted. They The Spectator represents the could not have been inserted with

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truth. Beyond a very few of their been] recently followed by one of
number, the people had had no the greatest revivals of religion
experience of his labours. Co- ever known in our country.” We
pies of this notable sermon had think this assertion is calculated
been distributed, to show what to produce a material misappre-
were Mr. Barnes' doctrinal views, hension.We say not that it was
and his style of preaching. On this designed to have this effect. But
sermon his call was predicated; will the revival at Morristown
and the Presbytery were to say, compare for a moment, with the
under the solemnity and responsi- revival “in our country" in the
bility of their ordination vows, whe- time of Whitefield? Or with that
ther the doctrines of that sermon witnessed a few years since, in the
were to be delivered to a congre. western part of the State of New
gation, for whose spiritual welfare York? Or with several others that
they were sacredly bound to watch, might be mentioned ? Did it ex-
as setting forth the pure gospel of tend much, if at all, beyond the
Christmas showing the way of limits of Mr. Barnes' congrega-
salvation," as it is shown in the tion? And in that congregation it-
Holy Scriptures, and in the stan- self, were the additions made to
dards of the Presbyterian Church. the church, although admitted to
Every member of the Presbytery be large, greater than have been
was to say yea, or nay, on these made in some other churches, as
momentous inquiries, by voting the fruits of revivals of religion?
for, or against, the prosecution of We believe that each of these ques-
the call. In other words, every tions must be answered in the ne-
member of Presbytery was, by his gative. And if so, the expression
vote, to take, or to avoid, the re- of the Spectator is, we apprehend,
sponsibility of declaring that the calculated to produce a mistake,
doctrines of that sermon were the in regard to the facts of the case,
doctrines of the Bible, and of the at least in the mind of every cur-
Confession of Faith of our church, sory reader.
that might be profitably preached But we have a stronger objection
to a congregation of which the to the assertion on which we re-
Presbytery had the charge. Nay, mark, than the exaggerated state-
was the answer which a number ment: it contains, relative to the
gave; and which, it is believed, revival at Morristown. It is, that
would have been given, if instant there is a manifest attempt to make
death had been the penalty of such a revival of religion an evidence of
a vote.

the orthodoxy of him under whose Neither the Presbytery, then, nor ministrations it occurs.

Let it be any of its members, did, in the case considered to what consequences of Mr. Barnes, go aheretick hunting, a test of this kind would lead. They did not seize on an occasion There was at Morristown a revival for which they had long been wish- of religion among the Methodists, ing and waiting, to come in con- at the very time when that under fict with “ New England. senti- the ministrations of Mr. Barnes ments." They were, in the provi- took place; and the Methodists dence of God, called to this con- contend that their revival was more fict, in such a way that, with a powerful, and more extensive than good conscience, they could no that among the Presbyterians. Whelonger avoid it.

ther such was the fact or not, we, We proceed to notice the asser- pretend not to decide; but if revivals tion that in giving opposition to of religion, following certain miMr. Barnes, the Presbytery took nistrations, are to be evidence that “ stand in the case of a gentleman, those who perform these ministrawhose ministrations were [had tions should be received as ortho

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dox ministers of the Presbyterian qualified to fill the sacred office in Church, we know not on what the Presbyterian Church. God in ground we shall exclude the Me- his sovereignty may, and we bethodists, provided they be willing lieve sometimes does, bless that to adopt our church government portion of truth which is mingled and discipline. Will it be said, that with great error, in the addresses we do not admit that what they call of those who profess to preach the revivals of religion are such in real- gospel. But this is no reason why ity? For ourselves, we are not pre- important error should be countepared to say this. For, although nanced, or knowingly suffered, in we have been represented as ene- a minister of the gospel. In the mies to religious revivals, we de- Presbyterian Church, we ought to clare, that amidst all the wild fire, admit no other evidence or test of irregularities, and false doctrine, orthodoxy-no other presumption under which, as we think, many of that a man is qualified to be a the Methodist revivals of religion preacher-but the conformity of take place, yet we verily believe his doctrinal views and teachings they are productive of numerous with the infallible oracles of God, real conversions. Nay, as in some as explained in our publick standparts of the Presbyterian Church, ards. Depart from this rule, and we have ministers who seem dis- be the pretence what it may, our posed to outdo the Methodists, in church will speedily be filled with their own way of getting up and confusion and heresy, and hasten conducting revivals, we see not to deserved ruin. why the Methodist conversions The Spectator next asserts, that should not be considered as good, Mr. Barnes was called from the if not better, than those of their scene of his former labours to the imitators and outdoers. Or will it city of Philadelphia, by the unanibe said, that we must take into inous choice of one of the oldest view the doctrine preached? Then and most distinguished churches we answer, that there are, at this of our land.” It is doubtless true time, ministers in the Presbyterian that Mr. Barnes“ was called from Church, whose doctrines we con- the scene of his former labours to scientiously think quite as excep- the city of Philadelphia,” and we tionable, and even more so, than also readily admit, that it was “to those generally taught by the Me- one of the oldest and most distinthodists. In this category we place guished churches of our land.”every thorough-going pupil of the And we add, that if it had been New Haven School: and it is our to a church of a different characdeliberate conviction that the ser- ter, in the bounds of the Presbymon of Mr. Barnes, entitled “The tery of Philadelphia, it is our soWay of Salvation," is not, to say lemn conviction that the call would the least, a better exhibition of never have been put into his hands. gospel truth, or in any respect a Had the call been made by an obsafer guide to inquiring sinners, scure country congregation, and than numerous sermons that are the Presbytery had had the printpreached, and some of them print- ed sermon before them entitled ed too, among the Methodists. “The Way of Salvation," and Who sees not then, that revivals known that this publication was of religion-taking the terms as considered by the people as so high they are now commonly received- a recommendation of its author, ought not to be viewed as any that they were eager to call him to evidence whatever, that a man un- be their pastor, without ever seeder whose ministrations they are ing him in their pulpit, or having alleged to have occurred, is to be heard him deliver a single disesteemed sound in the faith, and course we have not a doubt that

the Presbytery would have said-- selves. They are swayed by other “No brethren, as your spiritual motives than a consideration of the guardians and watchmen, we can. abstract principles of right and not consent to the prosecution of wrong. The apostle James found this call. The sermon you present it necessary to guard even the prito us is so erroneous that we should mitive churches against an inflube unfaithful to our sacred trust, ence of this character: and eccleif we yielded to your wishes in siastical history will show, that this instance. We regret that you with scarcely an exception, declenshould desire a pastor who will sion and corruption in every age, teach you such doctrine as this have commenced in metropolitan publication contains; and we can- churches. Would to God, that the not make ourselves parties to its Presbyterian Church in the United propagation among you. It is with States were not likely to suffer, regret that

we withstand your from the same worldly and unholy wishes, but on our responsibility influence. to the Great Head of the church, It was manifestly intended by we feel ourselves bound to do it the Spectator, to be set forth as an your call must be arrested.” That important and imposing considesuch, or similar, would have been ration, that Mr. Barnes was called the language and the course of the “by the unanimous choice of one of Presbytery, if the call to Mr. Barnes the oldest and most distinguished had not been made by “one of the churches of our land.” Let the oldest and most distinguished whole truth therefore be told. Out churches in our land,” and in “the of a congregation consisting of two city of Philadelphia," was not hundred and twenty qualified voters, merely our conviction, but that of only fifty voted for the call to Mr. the brethren with whom we acted, Barnes. This has heretofore been during the repeated discussions published, and we have never heard and meetings of the Presbytery, in that it has been denied or controreference to the case under consi- verted. deration and the conviction was Those who did vote on the occagrievous in the extreme. But to sion were, we believe, unanimous; act in opposition to wealth and sta- or if, as we have heard, there was tion—to resist hospitality, and a single dissentient voice, it might courtesies, and persuasions, and be thought not worth reckoning. blandishments, and plausible repre- But the great body of the qualified sentations—to stand in the midst voters, more 'than three-fourths, of an assembly composed of men did not vote at all.—They either of high respectability as citizens, did not attend the meeting, or left and graced with female beauty and it before the vote was taken. We fashion too--and in the very sanc- believe it is true, notwithstanding, tuary in which a called clergyman, –and we wish to conceal nothing himself present, is expected to mi- that after the call was forwarded nister--and to witness frowns and to Mr. Barnes, and he appeared smiles distributed to speakers, just before Presbytery to be received as as they utter what is agreeable or a member, the desire of the condisagreeable to the auditors--and gregation that he should be rein the face of all, to say with firm- ceived and installed, was both geness and decision, “my vote must neral and ardent. go to refuse you the man of your We hope to conclude this review choice”--this requires a degree of in our next number.-Our readers moral courage which all men--even may be assured that we take no good men--are not found to possess. delight in this controversy. But They act under an influence which our debt to the Christian Spectator they do not recognise to them- must be paid. He has not only offi


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