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to the Christian religion. Indeed, when others, with all the female schools, were Hall, Newell, and Nott, first took their on the island of Bombay. It is an intereststand in Bombay,-without a knowledge ing fact, that most of the schools on the of the language; without books, or print. continent are under the instruction of Jewing press, or schools; without a chapel; ish teachers, who disallow the observance without the countenance of government, of heathenish customs in their schools. and wholly unknown to the native popu. These schools exert a favourable influence lation; when they contemplated the struc- on the character of the villages where they ture of society, so artificial and so connect- are situated, and the missionaries justly ed with the idolatrous systems of religion; regard them as so many lights burning and also the laws of India, which made the amidst the deep spiritual gloom which coforfeiture of property the penalty for re- vers the country. They are an important nouncing Hindooism, or Islamism;--they means of preparing the way for the publimust have regarded the visible and tangi- cation of ihe gospel, whether that publicable results of their labours as certainly tion be made through the medium of conremote. And so they did. But the note versation, preaching, or the press. of preparation was heard, immediately on Six of the female schools are patronised their arrival. The language was acquired; by the Bombay district committee of the the New Testament and some portions of Society for Promoting Christian Knowthe Old were translated and printed; books ledge. for elementary instruction, and tracts of Some of the natives, and among
them various descriptions, were published; three brahmins, profess to be serious inschools were established; a chapel was quirers into the truth of the Christian rebuilt in the centre of Bombay, and opened ligion, and hopes are entertained concernregularly for Christian worship; the mar. ing a few, that they have been renovated kets and other public places were fre. by the Spirit of God. quented for conversation and preaching; journeys were taken, and schools multiplied.
After twelve years, Mr. Hall declared BATTICOTTA.-Benjamin C. Meigs and it to be his conviction, that the facilities Danl. Poor, Missionaries, and their wives. for employing the appointed means of sal- Gabriel Tissera, Native Preacher and vation among the people had multiplied Tutor in the Seminary; Nathaniel Niles, ten-fold since his arrival in 1813.
Native Preacher; Ebenezer Porter, SuperThe means are now still greater, and intendent of Schools; P. M. Whelpley, Nathey are continually increasing. There tive Medical Attendant on the Seminary; are eight missionary stations within the Samuel Worcester, John Griswold, I. W. Presidency of Bombay, connected with no Putnam, and others, Teachers. less than five different societies in Great TillIPALLY.—Levi Spaulding, MissionBritain and America:-a fact which makes ary; and Mrs. Spaulding: it delightfully certain that a vast amount
Timothy Dwight, Teacher in the Prepaof benevolent interest, in different parts ratory School; John Codman, Assistant of the Christian world, is concentrated Teacher; Seth Payson, Native Assistant; upon the Mahratta people. And in the Charles Hodge, Catechist; Aziel Backus, city of Bombay itself there are, also, seven Cyrus Kingsbury, and others, Readers. societies of various names,
OODOOVILLE.--Miron Winslow, Missionly for co-operating with kindred institutions in Great Britain in spiritually illumi- ary, and Mrs. Winslow. nating that part of India. The govern. Nathaniel, Catechist; Saravary Mottoo,
Charles A. Goodrich, Native Preacher; ment, too, notwithstanding the complaints of uatives that the divine origin of their Superintendent of Schools; Rufus W. Bai. religion and its obligations are publickly ley, Teacher in the English School; John denied, tolerates the Christian missionary
B. Lawrence, Reader. in every part of the country, and protects PANDITERIPO.—John Scudder, M. D. him in his labours.
Missionary, and Mrs. Scudder. There has been no material change in Native Helpers not reported. the labours of the missionaries, or the num- MANEPY.-Henry Woodward, Missionber and character of the schools. The na
ary, and Mrs. Woodward. tive attendance at the chapel had some
Sinnatumby, Catechist; Nathaniel, Suwhąt increased. The schools, of which perintendent of Schools; C. A. Goodrich, there were 17 for boys, and 18 for girls, Teacher of English; Catheraman and Tumcomprised about 1000 boys, and not far ber, Readers. from 500 girls.
Seventy-eight of the boys had Moham- EDUCATION.—This is conducted in a medan parents, and 130 were of Jewish Theological School, Seminary, Boarding origin. Ten of the boys’ schools were in Schools, and Free Schools, in which are different villages on the continent; the the following number of scholars.
Scholars. Boarding Schools. The one at Tilipal. Theological School,
20 ly contained 51 boys at the close of 1830. Mission Seminary,
91 The one at Oodooville contained 37 girls, Academy for Boys,
51 of whom seven were members of the Academy for Girls,
37 church. It is a singular fact, stated by Sir Free-Schools,
3367 Richard Ottley to be peculiar to the dis
trict of Jaffna which contains the mission Whole number,
3566 stations, that the landed property is prinThe Theological School is under the cipally vested in the females.
Free-Schools.--The number of freecare of Mr. Winslow, and is composed schools connected with the five stations is chiefly of young native men, who, having 89, containing 2,732 boys, and 635 girls; completed their course in the Seminary,
or 3,367 in the whole. are employed on a salary as assistants in the mission. They pay the expenses of sionaries has a congregation of natives on
Preaching, &c.—Each of the five mistheir own board and clothing, and divide the Sabbath varying in numbers from two their time between teaching and study. to five hundred-composed chiefly of Their services are important, and their
the children and youth belonging to the progress in learning, especially in the knowledge of the scriptures, is highly received with less respect and attention
schools. The native preachers, though gratifying and auspicious. A few have than the missionaries themselves, are use. received license to preach the gospel. Mr. Poor is Principal of the Seminary in the highways and villages.
ful helpers in the publication of the gospel The first class contains 22, the second 20,
The Mission Church contains 148 nathe third 19, the fourth 30. Including those
tive members in regular standing, who have finished their studies, and are
The mission has been repeatedly blessemployed as teachers in the Seminary, the
ed with effusions of the Holy Spirit. Prenumber is 102. The principal building is called Ottley had been received into the mission church.
vious to the year 1824, thirty-four natives Hall, in honour of Sir Richard Ottley, During the first three months of that year, chief justice of Ceylon, corresponding the mission was visited with very special member of the Board, and for ten years divine influence, and 41 natives were past an influential and liberal patron of the added to the church. Another time of remission. This edifice, including virandah rooms erected on one side and end, is 109 freshing was experienced near the close feet in length and 66 in breadth. Its height conversions in the succeeding years. A
of the same year; and there were hopeful is two stories. It is designed for public ex- third revival of religion was experienced aminations, lectures, the library, &c. A
near the close of the year 1830, as the sufficient number of rooms has been erect
first fruits of which 34 natives were added ed within the college yard to accommodate
to the chureh in the April following:
All the buildings at the station of Manea respectable philosophical and other ap' ward's effects, were consumed by fire
py, with the principal part of Mr. Woodparatus. The pneumatical and mechani.
March 30, 1831.
Elisha C. Bridgman and David Abeel,
Mr. Bridgman's time is devoted chiefly judices to be encountered are so invete
to the acquisition of the language. Mr.
Abeel has entered the service of the Board, rate, as not readily to yield even to ocular demonstrations.
and gone to explore the state of religion The mission library contains more than
among the degenerated Dutch churches 600 volumes, (besides class-books procured cilities for missionary effort in the king
in that part of the world, and also the fafor the Seminary,) and is in general well selected. The members of the Seminary sent out for the use of the China mission.
dom of Siam. A printing press has been have the use of this library.
The sum of $5,372 has heen collected for this institution among the friends of
The several branches of this mission are learning and religion in Ceylon and India, in Malta, Greece, Syria, Constantinople, all of which has been expended in erecting and to the Jews of Turkey. the necessary buildings. The residue of the expenditures for buildings, together Daniel Temple and Eli Smith, Missionwith the cost of books and apparatus, the aries; Homan Hallock, Printer: Mrs. board and clothing of the students, the pay Temple and Mrs. Hallock. of the teachers, and the salary of the prin- Malta is the book-manufactory for the cipal, has been provided for from the Trea- whole mission, as well as a central point sury of the Board.
of intercourse and union. The library
collected at this station is already valuable, the press at Malta. He expected to have
The schools are three in number.
Scholars. cations at the Malta press since the year The Lancasterian Boy's school, con1829, has been received.
275 But the most important work executed The Boy's Scientific school, containat the Malta press, during the last year, ing
34 was the translation of the New Testament The Girl's Lancasterian school, conin the Armeno-Turkish language. The taining printing of this was commenced on the 8th of January, 1830, and the last sheet In all
534 was corrected in the press before the ex- The three schools have grown out of the piration of January, 1831. This transla
one established in January, 1828, by Mr. tion was prepared by Mr. Goodell from one
Brewer, at the expense of the Board. made by himself, with the aid of the Ar. When Mr. Brewer was about returning menian bishop Carabet, from the original to this country, he gave that school into Greek, and another made at Constantino. the hands of Dr. Korck. ple from the Armenian version, under the The Committee have never had any superintendence of Mr. Leeves, agent of thought of embarrassing their operations the British and Foreign Bible Society; and in Greece by any sort of connexion with was carried through the press by Mr. the Greek government. They were long Goodell, at the expense of that noble in- doubtful, indeed, what measures were exstitution.
pedient. The inquiries addressed to the The whole amount of printing perform- President of Greece in the spring of 1829, ed at Malta, since July, 1822, cannot be were merely for the purpose of gaining in. less than 12,000,000 of pages.
formation, and they elicited some facts, GREECE.
which deterred the committee from a class Jonas King, Missionary, and Mrs. King. of expenditures that would have been in
Mr. King has removed from Tenos to accordance with the popular feeling then Athens. While at Tenos he supported pervading our community, but might have and superintended a school of 60 or 70 fe. proved a fruitful source of disappointinent males, and distributed many copies of the
and regret. The Committee resolved to New Testament. In this school he freely direct almost their whole efforts, for a time, expounded the scriptures.
so far as Greece was concerned, to the Athens is the place, which Mr. King production of books for elementary instruchas been desirous, ever since he entered
tion, and to the introduction of these into Greece, of making the centre of his ope
the schools of that country. This they rations. But in the autumn of last year, publish the gospel to every creature, and
believe to be within their commission to there being a prospect of its speedy eva. cuation, Mr. King visited that celebrated
the most direct and effectual method of spot, and made arrangements for his fu. obeying this command, which the proviture residence. In April, of the present
dence of God has placed within their year, he made a second visit to Athens power; and his merciful guidance they and opened a Lancasterian school for both
would acknowledge with heartfelt grati
tude. The Committee are now ready to sexes, at the head of which he placed Niketoplos, formerly master of the Orphan provide Mr. King with an associate, and School at Ægina, and author of an epito
to authorize the establishment of schools, me of the gospels printed at Malta. On
where they will not interfere with those the 30th of May, this school contained 176 instituted by the government. scholars of both sexes. The Committee have sent Mr. King 500 slates and a pro- Isaac Bird and George B. Whiting, Mis. portionate number of pencils, and he will sionaries, and their wives. be amply furnished with school books from Messrs. B. and W. resumed the mission
JEWS IN TURKEY
in Syria in May, 1830, and were received Exploring Tour in Armenia. by many. of the natives with the usual
This occupied the year previous to May friendly salutations. Among those who 25, 1831, and extended from Constantinoreceived them gladly, were a few young ple, through Tocat, Erzeroom, Kars, Ti. men, over whoin the missionaries had re
fis, Shousha, Erivan, Etchmiazin, Tejoiced in former years, as the fruits of their
breez, and from thence through Bayazid labours, and who appeared to have remain
to Trebizonde on the Black Sea, and thence ed steadfast in the faith, and to have ho
by water to Constantinople. noured the gospel by their lives. The ad
Messrs. Smith and Dwight, always herents of the Romish church began im
courageous and enterprising, prosecuted mediately to oppose as in former years.
their object without rashness, until they Mr. Whiting is employed in learning appear to have ascertained satisfactorily the Arabic language. Mr. Bird is occupied what is practicable and expedient, and what in scattering the seeds of divine know- is not, for American Christians to attempt ledge, which fall, like those of the sower for the religious improvement of the Arin the parable, upon every description of menians in the Russia and Turkish domisoil. Among all classes of the people, nions, and also with respect to considerathere is a distressing apathy on the subject ble bodies of Nestorians on the south. The of education, as that does not enter at all larger portion of the results is yet to be into the ecclesiastical or civil policy of the submitted, with the facts by which they country. There is but little demand for are sustained, which will probably be done the Arabic copies of the word of God, personally by Mr. Smith, during a visit he though from twelve to twenty, persons is about making to his native land. But meet the inissionaries every Sabbath, for enough is known already to prove the purpose of reading a few chapters in pediency of the enterprise, and to justify the New Testament, which is accompa- all the costs, labours, and risks it has occanied by a brief expository and practical sioned. remarks. Many are believed to be dissatisfied with the religion taught in their churches, and it is generally conceded, William Gotleib Schauffler, Missionary. that there is no such thing as vital godli
Mr. Schauffler has gone to Paris, where ness found in the country. Indeed a great he will spend three or four months in amount of preparatory labour is yet to be completing his preparatory studies, and performed, before the foundations of the
then proceed to Turkey. His central pospiritual temple can be laid, and the walls
sition is expected to be Constantinople. begin to rise.
He is supported by the Ladies Jews So
ciety of Boston and Vicinity. William Goodell and H. G. O. Dwight,
General View. Missionaries, and their wives.
Mr. Goodell was instructed to leave The missionaries of the Board have traMalta as soon as he had carried his Arme- versed a vast extent of country around the no-Turkish version of the New Testament Mediterranean. We may trace their routes through the press, and take up his resi- from Tripoli to Tunis—from Alexandria dence at Constantinople, where he would to Thebes in Upper Egypt-from Cairo be more favourably situated for exerting through the desert to Gaza-through alan influence upon the Armenians, and de- most every district of Palestine-from Beytermining the value of his translation. root in Syria across the mountains of LeThis was in accordance with a plan of ope- banon to Damascus—thence to Aleppo and rations concerted at Malta, in the year Antioch-thence down the shore to Bey. 1829. Accordingly, he embarked for Con- root-from the Ancient Tarsus througle stantinople, with his farnily, on the 21st of the southern provinces of Asia Minor to May, in the Banian, Capt. Smith, which Smyrna-from thence through the central was to touch at Smyrna. He arrived at district of the same country to CæsareaSmyrna on the 29th of May, and at Con- from Smyrna through the country round slantinople on the 9th of the following about which embraced the Seven Churches month. Before leaving Malta, Mr. Goo- —from Smyrna to the Bosphorus—from dell had commenced a translation of the Constantinople through the northern proHebrew scriptures into the Armeno-Turk- vinces of Asia Minor to Erzeroon in Arish; and the prosecution of this important menia-thence to Tiflis among the mounwork will continue to occupy a portion of tains of Caucasus—thence through the his time.
northern parts of Persia, thence through Mr. Dwight, after completing his ardu. the inhospitable region of the Koords, and ous exploring tour through Armenia and through Armenia to Trebizonde on the the neighbouring countries, in company Black Sea. We may trace their route, with Mr. Smith, proceeded to Malta ; but also, in Europe, to five of the seven Ionian is expected to become associated, for the Islands, throughout the Peloponnesus, in present, with Mr. Goodell.
Attica, and to many islands in the Ægean.
The missionaries feel the importance of 1. ISLAND OF OAHU.
raising the qualifications of the schoolmas. Honolulu.--Hiram Bingham and
ters. Schools have been instituted for Ephraim W. Clark, Missionaries ; Gerrit
them in various places, under the immeP. Judd, Physician; Levi Chamberlain, diate instruction of the missionaries, their Superintendent of Secular Concerns, and
wives, or the single females connected
with the mission. Here are taught readInspector of Schools; Stephen Shepard, Printer, with their wives, and Miss Mary
ing, writing, and arithmetic. Soon geoWard.
graphy will be added, and the first princi
ples of astronomy; and, in process of time, 2. ISLAND OF HAWAII.
other fields of science will be opened upon KAILUA.-Asa Thurston and Artemas
the astonished minds of the islanders. Bishop, Missionaries, and their wives. WAIAKEA.-Joseph Goodrich, Mission.
Printing :-The mission press at the
Sandwich islands commenced its operaaty, and Mrs. Goodrich. WAIMEA.
tions, on the first Monday in January, 1.-Samuel Ruggles, Missiona. 1822. From that time, when the language ry, and Mrs. Ruggles. KAAVALOA.-Now vacant.
was just beginning to assume a written
form until March 20, 1830, scarcely ten 3. ISLAND OF MAUI.
years after the mission was commenced,
22 distinct books had been printed in the LAHAINA.-William Richards, Lorrin native language, averaging 37 small pages, Andrews, and Jonathan S. Green, Mis
and amounting to_387,000 copies, and sionaries, with their wives, and Miss Maria C. Ogden.
10,287,800 pages. This printing was done
at Honolulu, where there are two presses. 4. ISLAND OF TAUAI.
But besides this, 3,345,000 pages in the WAIMEA.–Samuel Whitney and Peter
Hawaiian language have been printed in J. Gulick, Missionaries, and their wives.
the United States, (viz. a large edition of A third reinforcement sailed from New
the gospels of Mathew, Mark, and John,)
which swells the whole amount of printBedford in the ship New England, captaining in this time, for the use of the islandParker, on the 28th of December, 1830,
ers, to 13,632,800 pages. Reckoning the consisting of
22 distinct works in a continuous series, Dwight Baldwin, Reuben Tinker, and
the number of pages in the series is 832. Sheldon Dibble, Missionaries; Andrew
Of these, 40 are elementary, and the rest Johnstone, Superintendent of Secular Con
are portions of scripture, or else strictly cerns, and their wives.
evangelical and most important matter, On the 26th of November, 1831, a fourth the best adapted to the condition and reinforcement sailed from the same place, wants of the people that could be selected in the ship Averick, Captain Swain, con- under existing circumstances. sisting of nineteen persons.
Perhaps never, since the invention of John S. Emerson, David B. Lyman, printing, was a printing press employed so Ephraim Spaulding, William P. Alexander, extensively as that has been at the SandRichard Armstrong, Cochran Forbes,
wich Islands, with so little expense, and so Harvey R. Hitchcock, and Lorenzo Lyons, great a certainty that every page of its Missionaries ; Doct. Alonzo Chapin, Phy: productions would be read with attention sician; and their wives; and Edmund H.
and profit. Rogers, Printer.
Improvement of the People in Know
ledge, Morals, Religion, &c.-Nothing Some of the missionaries in both of these
more will be attempted than to present the reinforcements were destined to form a
more remarkable facts. new mission in the Washington Islands.
The language of the islands has been Schools. There are about 900 schools in
reduced to writing, and in a form so prethe Sandwich Islands, instructed by as cise, that five vowels, and seven consomany native teachers. The number of nants, or twelve letters in the whole, rereaders and learners on the islards is esti
present all the sounds which have yet been mated at 50,000. The readers are not all
discovered in the native tongue. And as now members of the Schools. A view of
each of these letters has a fixed and cer. the schools is given in the following table. tain sound, the art of reading, spelling, Islands. Schools. Readers. Scholars. and writing the language is made far easier Oahu, 210 3,061 6,635 than it is with us. About one-third part Maui, 264 5,605 10,738 of the people in the islands have been Molokai,
603 1,485 brought into schools, and one half of these Lanai,
206 506 have been taught to read. Many are able Kahoolawe,
to write, and some are versed in the eleTauai, about 90 2,500 about 5,500 mentary principles of arithmetic. Nine Hawaii, ab’t 300 about 9,000 at l'st 20,000 hundred of the natives are employed as
schoolmasters. The historical parts of 908 20,989 44,895 the New Testament, and selections from