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and satisfactory settlement of this question becomes daily of more pressing importance to the security of the state, and to the contentment and welfare of my people.” The rest of the speech is employed as usual in noticing a variety of topicks.-The distress of his British subjects, arising from “ the want of employment, the embarrassments of cornmerce, and the consequent interruption of the pursuits of industry.”.

." __ The disease of Sunderland, similar in its appearance and character to that which has existed in many parts of Europe"-" The systematic opposition made in Ireland to the payment of tythes,” its nature, effects, and need of speedy rernedy—“The conduct of the Portuguese government;" that repeated injuries inflicted on British subjects had prevented

a renewal of the diplomatic relations with that country,"_" The arrangements for the separation of the States of Holland and Belgium, followed by a treaty between the Five Powers and the king of the Belgians,"—the treaty not yet ratified, but expected to be soon, and then to be laid before parliament—" That a similar treaty had not yet been agreed to by the king of the Netherlands," but that be trusted it would be at no distant period, as the Five Powers had been unanimous in their award, and had impartially regarded all the interests concerned.” The next two items are so important that we give them entire.

“ I have the satisfaction to inform you, that I have concluded with the king of the French a Convention, which I directed to be laid before you; the object of which is the effectual suppression of the African slave trade. This Convention, having for its basis the concession of reciprocal rights to be mutually exercised in specified latitudes and places, will, I trust, enable the naval forces of the two countries to accomplish, by their combined efforts, an object which is felt by both to be so important to the interests of humanity.

“Regarding the state of Europe generally, the friendly assurances which I receive from foreign powers, and the union which subsists between me and my allies, inspire me with a confidential hope that peace will not be interrupted.”

The king then addressing the Commons exclusively, adverts to the estimates for the ensuing year, and gives an assurance that they shall be formed with the strictest regard to economy.” Then to the parliament generally he notices " the scenes of violence and outrage which have occurred in the city of Bristol, and in some other places," and says "the authority of the laws must be vindicated by the punishment of offences which have produced so extensive a destruction of property and so melancholy a loss of life;" and recommends the adoption of measures to prevent the occurrence of similar

He concludes his speech in the following words. “ Sincerely attached to our free Constitution, I never can sanction any interference with the legitimate exercise of those rights which secure to my people the privileges of discussing and making known their grievances; but in respecting those rights, it is also my duty to prevent combinations, under whatever pretence, which in their form and character are incompatible with all regular government, and are equally opposed to the spirit and to the provisions of the law; and I know that I shall not appeal in vain to my faithful subjects to second my determined resolution to repress all illegal proceedings, by which the peace and security of my dominions may be endangered.”

We have given so much of the king's speech, because it comprises all the important articles of intelligence from Britain, Belgium and Holland; and may be regarded as far more authentic than the statements of newspaper paragraphists. From accounts in relation to the Cholera, more recent than the delivery of the king's speech, it seems that this awful pestilence threatens to pervade the whole of Britain. In Scotland it was, when last heard from, inore prevalent than in any other part of the island. London had escaped as yet; but its appearance there was daily looked for. This engrossing topick excluded every other, even the interesting question of Reform-On that subject, however, anxiety had a good deal subsided, from the general understanding that the Lords would not stand out; or if they did, that there would be a creation of as many new Peers as would ensure the ministry a majority. It was expected that in any event an addition would be made to the Peerage.

FRANCE.—There has been an almost general insurrection at Lyons, among the numerous operatives employed in the various manufactories of that populous inanufac. turing city. The cause of the insurrection is said to have been, the entire insufficiency of the wages allowed to the workmen for the support of their families; and the depressed state of commerce not admitting of more being given them by their employers. The insurgents for a time carried all before them. A part of the military force in the city and vicinity refused to turn out against them; and the corps that appeared under arins were unwilling to fire on the insurgents. A few lives, however, were lost, and some damage done; and then it could hardly be told how or why,) things returned to much the same state they were in before the disturbance. The occurrence appears to have occasioned much alarm and anxiety at Paris. The ministry were inculpated by the liberals for not foreseeing and preventing it. But all was quiet, both at Paris and Lyons, at the date of the last accounts.

excesses.

The great question about the Peerage of France has at length been settled, without disturbing the publick quiet. The occurrence, as stated in one of the latest Eng. lish papers, is as follows :-" The Hereditary Peerage of France Abolished.-On the 28th of December, the bill abolishing the Peerage finally passed the French Chamber of Peers, by a vote of 103 to 70. No particular public sensation was produced by this measure, as the ininds of the people were prepared for it.” Another English paragraphist, speaking of this transaction, says :" An hereditary Peerage has ceased to exist in France-that country, which is within three bours' sail of the English shores." The nobility of Britain may well fear the influence of this example. If they should throw out the Reform Bill a second time, they would be likely to fare worse than the Peers of France. A personal assault was committed upon the French Premier, M. Perrier, in the lobby of the Chamber of Deputies, on the 20th of December, by the Count Bouvier Duinolard, Prefect of the Department of the Rhone, and an Extraordinary Councillor of Slate. M. Dumolard having been summoned to Paris to give an account of the disturbances at Lyons, was in the gallery of the Chamber of Deputies, during a speech of M. Perrier, upon the subject of those disturbances. He took offence, and, on seeing the minister leaving the Chamber, met him at the door, and after a short altercation, seized him by the collar, and would have proceeded to a more serious assault, if a Questeur [a Serjeant at Arms, as we say] with two assistants, had not interfered and released the minister. Dumolard was afterward dismissed from his office as councillor. But he has commenced a paper attack on the minister, in one of the Paris pube lick papers; and the celebrated O.P.Q. thinks that he has justice on his side. He will probably worry the minister for a while, and thus the matter terminate. From some cause or other, M. Perrier has an influence in the Chambers, with the King, and with the publick at large, which hitherto the liberals have not been able to impair.

It would appear that political controversies no longer agitate the great body of the French people; yet the want of commerce and steady employment for the numerous working men of France, occasions a great deal of popular uneasiness. There has been a partial insurrection at Grenoble, and in other places an unquiet spirit is manifested.

It is said that the marriage contract between King Leupold, and the second daughter of the queen of France, has been actually signed.

Spain.—All attempts to make an impression in favour of free government in Spain, appear to be fruitless. Yet desperate attempts are still made. Recently the distinguished Spanish patriot, Torrijos, with two small vessels, and a party, we believe of about 180 of his revolutionary friends, left Gibraltar, and made an incursion into Spain -The following short article from a British paper, announces their fate. under the command of General Torrijos, having left Gibraltar for the purpose of landing in Spain and overthrowing the existing government, was driven on shore by some Spanish Guarda Costas five leagues to the west of Malaga, where they were surrounded by a large body of troops, and compelled to surrender. Orders were despatched from Madrid for their immediate execution, and the whole party, amounting to 53, were shot, including an Englishman, whom the representations of the British Ambassador could not save.

PORTUGAL.-Don Pedro, as stated in the last accounts of him, was at Paris. He is endeavouring to obtain the assistance both of France and Britain, to recover the crown of Portugal from the usurper who wears it, that it may go to his daughter Donna Maria, to whom he solemnly transferred it, when she was affianced to her perfidious uncle, Don Miguel—who having got the crown, chose not to take the wife. If he had renounced both crown and wife, he had done well

. But he is an unprincipled wretch, and a bloody tyrant. We find in the papers by the late arrivals, the following articles. “An expedition is preparing by Don Pedro, against Miguel, at Belle Isle-en

The arinament is said to have been commenced. Two English Colonels named Lillie and Leslie, are recruiting in England. The friends of Don Pedro proclaim in Paris, that when he shall have obtained possession of Portugal, he will send an army into Spain.—The French render no assistance, but appear not to interfere.”

Lisbon, Nov. 23d.-" The army of Don Miguel amounts to 30,000 of the troops of the line, which are distributed in four divisions. One occupies the province of Estremadura; another that of the Minho; a third that of Algarves, and the fourth Lisbon and its environs. They are all charged to watch the movements of the expedition of Don Pedro, and repel it should a landing be effected.”

ROME.—There is a rumour, it appears, in Britain and France, that a great revolution has broken out at Rome, and that the Pope has been killed, and the palaces of the cardinals pillaged-But the accounts seem to want authenticity--yet they may possibly prove true..

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Greece is still in a distracted state-The following is the last statement we have

“ The younger assassin of Capo d'Istrias has been shot at Napoli, and no tumult occurred. Mavromichalis addressed the people, and gave the signal, after having made a sign of farewell to his father, who witnessed the scene from the castle, where he is a prisoner. The funeral of Capo d'Istrias was attended with great pomp. Se. veral conspicuous persons have been arrested on suspicion The opposition concentrated at Hydra, is said to have little power.”

TURKEY.–We find the following article headed Turkey, taken from the British papers by the last arrivals, Accounts have been recesed from the Red Sea to the 12ih of July. The country about there had suffered greatly from sickness, scurvy, fever, and cholera morbus. The latter was particularly dreaded, as the strongest and healthiest men were carried off in 12 hours. At Mecca, and in the Hadee country, 45,000 souls were carried off in one month. The violent rains has produced great damage in Arabia. Half of Suez has been washed away. The locusts covered the water for miles and miles."

HOLLAND and BELGIUM.—The king of Holland has communicated to the conference a definite answer, declaring that he adheres to the 24 articles, except the right of navigation granted to the Belgians in the Dutch waters, which he refuses to recognise. He also complains of the unequal apportionment of debt to Holland, and that the boundaries of Belgium are not definitely fixed, on the side of Germany.

Russia and POLAND.-It stated that the emperor Nicholas has granted a free and entire amnesty and permission to return to their country, to all inferior officers and soldiers of the corps of the Polish Generals, Gielgud, Rohland, Chlapowski and Rybinski, who have sought refuge in the Prussian territory. Marshal Owrutsch has been condemned to death and his property confiscated, by a military tribunal. The emperor has commuted death to hard labour. A noble Pole of Kiew has undergone the same condemnation and commutation. A revolt in the military colonies of Russia has broken out; six generals and many officers were killed; being mutilated by the colonists, and then beaten to death. The emperor has not punished any, but has dissolved the colonies, which have been for a long time governed by General Witt. It results, from official data, that the losses of the Russian army, either on the field of battle, or in lazarettos and hospitals, have amounted to 180,000 men. In this enumeration, the capture of Warsaw alone appears to have cost 30,640 lives! The number of Poles at present in banishment, amounts to 62,000. The Prussian government will not deliver over by force to the Russians the Polish refugees, and they have the liberty to remain. Travellers froin Poland, estimate the Russian army there at 150,000 men.

We have, at unawares, left ourselves space to chronicle nothing very particularly, out of Europe.--The English and Chinese, at Canton," are still hostile to each other. Power is against the English, but it seems to us that right is on their side. Their case we perceive has come before the British House of Lords.- Nothing warlike is indicated as yet. The Liberia Herald, a newspaper printed at Monrovia, brought by a late arrival at Baltimore, announces, under date of Dec. 22, 1831, the arrival at the colony of two vessels, the Orion of Baltimore, and the Sarah Mercer of Philadelphia, the former bringing 34 emigrants, and the latter 9:—The vessels arrived in safety, and the Colony appears to be prosperous and rapidly increasing. In the Island of Jamaica there has been a great insurrection among the slaves. Many plantations have been burned, and some of the white inhabitants murdered. The last accounts represent the military as engaged in conflict with the slaves, who have, to some extent, been able to arm themselves. There will probably be much bloodshed, before the affair is terminated.-Our own Congress appear to be busily employed in committees and debates; but nothing of great interest has yet reached maturity, except the ratio of representation for the next Congress, fixed at 44,000.

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*** We are glad to acknowledge the reception of a continuation of the essays on Mental Science. But the number in hand came too late for insertion this month.

*

F Just as we were closing our present Number, we received the melancholy information of the death of the Reverend and patriarchal Joseph Patterson, of Pittsburgh. We are promised an obituary article, relative to him, for our next Number.

THE

CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE.

ADVOCATE.

MARCH, 1832.

Heligious Communications.

LECTURES ON THE SHORTER CATE

CHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS-
SEMBLY OF DIVINES-ADDRESSED
TO YOUTH.

LECTURE LXV.

crucifiers of our blessed Lord, that this was intended to be their primary application: and there was a striking fulfilment of the prophecy on the day of Pentecost,

when many of those who had been In our last lecture, we entered concerned in the actual crucifixion on the consideration of the im- of Christ, “ were pricked in their portant doctrine of repentance, as heart, and said unto Peter and to stated in our catechism; and I the rest of the apostles, men and proposed to make the several brethren, what shall we do?” But clauses of the answer relative to this, though the special, was not inthis doctrine, the subject of dis- tended to be the exclusive applicacussion, in the same order in tion of the prophecy, it was doubtwhich they stand in the answer less intended to exhibit the feel. itself. Without recapitulating any ings of all, who truly repent of thing already said, I now ask your their sins under the gospel disattention to the clause which pensation, in a view of their guilt states, that in repentance unto as exhibited in the cross of Christ. life, a sinner “doth, with grief and Scott's remarks on this passage, in hatred of his sin, turn from it unto his commentary, is unquestionably God.”

just. He says "Whilst we conThere is a very striking passage demn the conduct of him who bein the prophecy of Zechariah, [xii. trayed, and of those who crucified 10] which will furnish us with a the Lord of glory, we shall not exjust view of the chief source, and culpate ourselves. We shall rethe just measure, of that grief member, that in fact our sins were which a true penitent will feel on the cause of the Redeemer's cruciaccount of his sin—“They shall fixion; our ingratitude and disholook upon me whom they have nourable conduct have often tenpierced; and they shall mourn for dered towards the guilt of crucifyhim, as one mourneth for his only ing him afresh. We may thereson, and shall be in bitterness for fore all look to him whom we have him, as one that is in bitterness pierced, and upon our sins as the for his first born.” We know thorns, the nails, and the spear. from the quotation of these words This will increase the poignancy by the beloved apostle, [John xix. of our sorrow and remorse, while 37] and his referring them to the we hope for mercy through that

Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.

وو

M

SUS

blood which we helped to shed to the hope of heavenly bliss, was When our sins are viewed in this wounded for my transgressions, glass, we see more cause to mourn was bruised for my iniquities, that for them, than for the loss of any the chastisement of my peace earthly object; and we become in- was upon him, and that with his consolable, save by the consola- stripes I am healed.” My dear tions of the blessed gospel.” To youth, such grief for sin as this, this place I have reserved what is discriminating. The ungodly might have been added, and if world know nothing of the kind. strictness of method had alone The carnally minded may indeed been considered, should have been weep, and I believe they someadded, as a third particular, when times do in fact weep, when they I showed in my last lecture, what hear a lively description of the is included in a true sense of sin. sufferings of Christ. But they But as the deepest mourning does weep, just as they do at a tragedy commonly arise in the mind of the in the theatre. They never, I believer, from a view of his sin as pect, weep in secret; and I am sure being concerned in the awful and they never grieve and weep under inconceivable sufferings and igno- a view of their own sins, as the minious death of his Saviour, it crucifiers of the Lord of life and seems peculiarly proper to point glory—They never weep at the inyour attention to this source of dignities and anguish which their godly sorrow, when speaking dis- guilt caused to him who must save tinctly of the true penitent's grief them, if saved they ever are, from for sin. Often when he thinks of the awful wrath to come. This is the ineffable agony and unparal- a weeping and a grief, which beleled humiliation of the Son of long only to the genuine and parGod, at the time that the com- doned penitent. bined inflictions of heaven, earth, The sensibilities of some minds and hell, fell upon him, he is ready are much keener and stronger than to cry out—"My sins had a share those of others, and this difference in it all; yes, those very sins which of natural temperament will, as I he thus suffered and died to ex- have heretofore remarked, compiate, were

concerned

in de- monly show itself in religion, as in grading, and tormenting, and mur- every thing else.

every thing else. But that indivi. dering my blessed Saviour. What dual who has tears in abundance a guilty wretch have I been ! -'0 to shed over earthly losses-over that my head were waters, and my the loss of relatives, of property, eyes a fountain of tears, that I of personal reputation, or of pubmight weep day and night for lic calamity—and yet never weeps those crimson and scarlet crimes, for his sins-knows nothing of which insulted and slew the Re- the repentance which is unto life. deemer in whom is all my hope. Think of the strong language of He has indeed forgiven me all; the text I have quoted—“ they but that matchless generosity, shall mourn as one mourneth for grace, and goodness, is the very his only son, and shall be in bitterthing that touches me the most ness as one that is in bitterness for tenderly; so that when I think his first born.” Can any construcwhat to him was the cost of his tion be given to this language, forgiveness of me, I am ready to which can render it applicable to ask, how shall I ever forgive my- those who think of their sins with self? Shall I not forever grieve to but a slight and seldom repeated think that the best friend of my sorrow? Truly I am ready to besoul, he who has delivered me from lieve, that he who has been for any eternal perdition, and raised me length of time in the profession of

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